Making monographs available:
OAPEN Library
The European Library Annual Meeting
17 September 2013
Ronald Snijder
• Monograph crisis
– OAPEN as possible solution to monograph crisis?
• OAPEN Library
– Collection
– Connections
– Users
Ag...
Sales of monographs is in decline since the 70’s:
• Greco & Wharton: library purchases
– 70’s: 1500
– Now: 200-300
• Thomp...
Serials costs
Serial Expenditures
(+379%)
Serials vs. monographs costs: a large
difference
Monographs Purchased
(5%)
Monograph Expenditures
(+73%)
Serial Expenditur...
Goals of OAPEN:
• Developing an OA business model
• Building a network
• Aggregating a collection of OA books
2008 – EU fu...
The OAPEN Library
• Selection:
– Monographs
– Open Access – full text available
– Quality assurance: peer review
• Multiple subjects
• Multi...
Connecting the OAPEN Library
Academ ic
libraries
Search
engines
Data
Aggregators
• Connecting to partners:
– Europeana
– WorldCat
– BASE
– DOAB
• Integration with information systems:
– Academic librarie...
Success?
0
20000
40000
60000
80000
100000
120000
140000
Overview: August 2012 - July 2013
Unique visitors
Visits
Books dow...
August 2012 – July 2013:
• Unique visitors: 396,640
• Books downloaded: 972,375
• Books per visitor: 2.43
Usage data
Who are our users? - Countries
18%
12%
12%
8%7%
5%
4%
2%
2%
2%
28%
Downloads, first half 2012
Germany
Netherlands
USA
Grea...
Who are our users? - Type
19%
3%
2%
25%
50%
1%
Downloads, first half 2012
Academic
Business
Government
ISP
"General public...
• OAPEN Library as possible solution to
monograph crisis
• Collection:
– Based on publication type, not on subject
– Quali...
• Adema, Janneke, & Rutten, P. (2010). Digital Monographs in the Humanities and Social Sciences: Report on User Needs. Soc...
More on OAPEN:
• www.oapen.org
• www.oapen.nl
• www.oapen-uk.jiscebooks.org
• Twitter:@Oapenbooks
Directory of Open Access...
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OAPEN: making monographs available - The European Library

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OAPEN: making monographs available - The European Library

  1. 1. Making monographs available: OAPEN Library The European Library Annual Meeting 17 September 2013 Ronald Snijder
  2. 2. • Monograph crisis – OAPEN as possible solution to monograph crisis? • OAPEN Library – Collection – Connections – Users Agenda
  3. 3. Sales of monographs is in decline since the 70’s: • Greco & Wharton: library purchases – 70’s: 1500 – Now: 200-300 • Thompson: print runs & sales – 70’s: 2000-3000 (print runs) – Now: 50% < 500 – majority < 750 (sales) • Result of ‘serials crisis’ Monographs: declining sales
  4. 4. Serials costs Serial Expenditures (+379%)
  5. 5. Serials vs. monographs costs: a large difference Monographs Purchased (5%) Monograph Expenditures (+73%) Serial Expenditures (+379%)
  6. 6. Goals of OAPEN: • Developing an OA business model • Building a network • Aggregating a collection of OA books 2008 – EU funded project 2011 – OAPEN Foundation OAPEN as possible solution
  7. 7. The OAPEN Library
  8. 8. • Selection: – Monographs – Open Access – full text available – Quality assurance: peer review • Multiple subjects • Multiple languages • Growing collection, now > 1,700 Collection of the OAPEN Library
  9. 9. Connecting the OAPEN Library Academ ic libraries Search engines Data Aggregators
  10. 10. • Connecting to partners: – Europeana – WorldCat – BASE – DOAB • Integration with information systems: – Academic libraries: metadata export – Aggregators – Search engines Connecting the OAPEN Library
  11. 11. Success? 0 20000 40000 60000 80000 100000 120000 140000 Overview: August 2012 - July 2013 Unique visitors Visits Books downloaded
  12. 12. August 2012 – July 2013: • Unique visitors: 396,640 • Books downloaded: 972,375 • Books per visitor: 2.43 Usage data
  13. 13. Who are our users? - Countries 18% 12% 12% 8%7% 5% 4% 2% 2% 2% 28% Downloads, first half 2012 Germany Netherlands USA Great Britain Indonesia Italy Belgium Pakistan France Singapore Others
  14. 14. Who are our users? - Type 19% 3% 2% 25% 50% 1% Downloads, first half 2012 Academic Business Government ISP "General public" Non-profit
  15. 15. • OAPEN Library as possible solution to monograph crisis • Collection: – Based on publication type, not on subject – Quality assurance • Connecting to other networks is crucial Conclusion
  16. 16. • Adema, Janneke, & Rutten, P. (2010). Digital Monographs in the Humanities and Social Sciences: Report on User Needs. Social Sciences (p. 144). Retrieved from http://project.oapen.org/images/documents/d315 user needs report.pdf • Adema, Janneke, & Schmidt, B. (2010). From service providers to content producers: new opportunities for libraries in collaborative open access book publishing. New Review of Academic Librarianship, 16(Suppl. 1), 28–43. doi:10.1080/13614533.2010.509542 • Bargheer, M. (2010). Discover the OAPEN Library. Retrieved from http://youtu.be/GgLZh6YwcTM • Bargheer, M., & Schmidt, B. (2008). Göttingen University Press: Publishing services in an Open Access environment. Information Services and Use, 28(2), 133–139. • Collins, E., & Milloy, C. (2012). A snapshot of attitudes towards open access monograph publishing in the humanities and social sciences – part of the OAPEN-UK project. Insights: the UKSG journal, 25(2), 192–197. doi:10.1629/2048-7754.25.2.192 • Howard, J. (2013). Open-Access Movement Makes Inroads Beyond Science - Publishing. The Chronicle of Higher Education, (25 july 2013). Retrieved from http://chronicle.com/article/Open-Access-Movement-Makes/140549/#disqus_thread • Kempf, J., Adema, J., Rutten, P., & OAPEN. (2010). Report on Best Practices and Recommendations. Retrieved from http://project.oapen.org/images/D316_OAPEN_Best_practice_public_report.pdf • Snijder, R. (2010). The profits of free books: an experiment to measure the impact of open access publishing. Learned Publishing, 23(4), 1–13. doi:10.1087/20100403 • Snijder, R. (2013a). A higher impact for open access monographs: disseminating through OAPEN and DOAB at AUP. Insights: the UKSG journal, 26(1), 55–59. doi:10.1629/2048-7754.26.1.55 • Snijder, R. (2013b, May 6). Measuring monographs: A quantitative method to assess scientific impact and societal relevance. First Monday. doi:10.5210/fm.v18i5.4250 • Steele, C. (2008). Scholarly Monograph Publishing in the 21st Century: The Future More Than Ever Should Be an Open Book. Journal of Electronic Publishing, 11(2). doi:10.3998/3336451.0011.201 • Svensson, A., & Eriksson, J. (2013). Monographs and Open Access. ScieCom Info, 9(1). Retrieved from http://www.sciecom.org/ojs/index.php/sciecominfo/article/view/6126 • Williams, P., Stevenson, I., Nicholas, D., Watkinson, A., & Rowlands, I. (2009). The role and future of the monograph in arts and humanities research. Aslib Proceedings: New Information Perspectives, 61(1), 67–82. • Withey, L., Cohn, S., Faran, E., Jensen, M., Kiely, G., Underwood, W., … Keane, K. (2011). Sustaining Scholarly Publishing: New Business Models for University Presses. Journal of Scholarly Publishing, 42(4), 397–441. doi:10.3138/jsp.42.4.397 Further reading
  17. 17. More on OAPEN: • www.oapen.org • www.oapen.nl • www.oapen-uk.jiscebooks.org • Twitter:@Oapenbooks Directory of Open Access Books: • www.doabooks.org • Twitter: @Doabooks Contact me: • r.snijder@oapen.org • Twitter: @Ronaldsnijder Thank you!
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