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OA academic book publishing – OAPEN Library and DOAB

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  • 1. OA academic book publishing – OAPEN Library and DOAB EIFL General Assembly 2 July 2012 Ronald Snijder
  • 2. Agenda• Introduction• Monograph crisis• OAPEN – OAPEN as possible solution to monograph crisis? – OAPEN library – New project: DOAB
  • 3. IntroductionRonald Snijder• Amsterdam University Press: projectmanager digital publications• OAPEN Foundation: technical coordinator
  • 4. Monographs: declining salesSales of monographs is in decline since the 70’s:• Greco & Wharton: library purchases – 70’s: 1500 – Now: 200-300• Thompson: print runs & sales – 70’s: 2000-3000 (print runs) – Now: 50% < 500 – majority < 750 (sales)• Result of ‘serials crisis’
  • 5. Serials costs Serial Expenditures (+379%)
  • 6. Serials vs. monographs costs: a large difference Serial Expenditures (+379%) Monograph Expenditures (+73%) Monographs Purchased (5%)
  • 7. OAPEN as possible solutionGoals of OAPEN:• Developing an OA business model• Building a network• Aggregating a collection of OA books2008 – EU funded project2011 – OAPEN Foundation
  • 8. OAPEN: results• OA model for academic books – Awareness of need for alternative business model – Involvement of stakeholders in Europe and beyond• OAPEN Platform – OAPEN Library: 30+ publishers; 1000+ OA books – Tools and services to facilitate OA publishing• Further activities – Pilot projects: testing and developing model in national context – Foundation to promote and expand OA book publishing
  • 9. The OAPEN Library
  • 10. Properties of the OAPEN Library• Collection – OA Monographs (several licenses) • Free to read • Free to share – Quality assurance: peer review• Search and browse, multilingual search• Social media, export citation
  • 11. OAPEN Library: connectedOAPEN Library as part of other networks• Connected: – WorldCat – DOAB• Integration: – Academic libraries: metadata export – Aggregators – Search engines
  • 12. Connecting the OAPEN Library
  • 13. Integrating the OAPEN Library Data AggregatorsAcademic Search libraries engines
  • 14. Integrating the OAPEN Library• Search engines: – Site map – based on www.sitemaps.org protocol – www.schema.org model for books• Data aggregators: – Serials Solutions (ProQuest) – Primo Central (ExLibris) – EBSCO Discovery Service• Academic Libraries: – MARC XML and other metadata feeds – OAI harvesting – Examples: • Union catalogue of the GVK-GBV, large library network in Germany • Universiteitsbibliotheek Gent • James Hardiman Library of the National University of Ireland
  • 15. Integration through data feeds
  • 16. Success? Usage: visitors, visits and book downloads60000500004000030000 Unique visitors Visits20000 Books downloaded10000 0
  • 17. Usage dataApril 2011 – May 2012:• Unique visitors: 236,665• Books downloaded: 392,778• Books per visitor: 1.65
  • 18. Directory of Open Access Books
  • 19. DOAB: New service by OAPENDirectory of Open Access Books (DOAB)• Discovery service for peer reviewed OA books• Publishers provide – and maintain – metadata• Full text books on OAPEN Library or publisher’s website• Beta version, launched in April 2012June 2012: – 1098 monographs – 27 publishers
  • 20. DOAB: data from publishers and OAPEN Library
  • 21. Integrating DOABAcademic Data libraries Aggregators
  • 22. DOAB and OAPEN Library OAPEN Library DOABContents • Full text Metadata only • MetadataLicense • Free to read Free to share only • Free to shareSearch • Full text • Metadata • Metadata • Classification: LCC • Classification: BIC
  • 23. Integrating DOABDOAB as part of other networks:• Academic Libraries: – MARC XML and other metadata feed – OAI harvesting• Data aggregators: – Primo Central (ExLibris) – EBSCO Discovery Service
  • 24. Conclusion• Paper monographs are struggling• Possible solution: OA publishing – High availability may lead to higher impact• OAPEN Foundation supports this – Quality assurance (peer review) – Connected platforms – Working together
  • 25. Thank you!More on OAPEN:• www.oapen.org• www.oapen.nl• www.oapen-uk.jiscebooks.org• Twitter:@OapenbooksDirectory of Open Access Books:• www.doabooks.org• Twitter: @DoabooksContact me:• r.snijder@aup.nl• Twitter: @Ronaldsnijder

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