Psychoanalysis freud


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Psychoanalysis freud

  1. 1. Psychoanalysis Author: EagletonPresentation made by Ronald Simoes Psychoanalysis 1
  2. 2. 18 Century th Enlightenment or Age of Reason was an elite cultural movement of intellectuals in 18th century Europe that sought to mobilize the power of reason in order to reform society and advance knowledge. Jean-Jacques Rousseau. "Man is born free, but is everywhere in chains". Immanuel Kant - We do not see true reality, nor do we speak of it. All we know of reality is appearances. Psychoanalysis 2
  3. 3. 19th Century Evolution – Charles Darwin Free market – Adam Smith Marxism – Marx Psychoanalysis 3
  4. 4. 19th and 20th century Friedrich Nietzsche Hegel Auguste Comte ( positivism) George Eliot – writer-Use of psychological insight Émile Durkheim Arthur Schopenhauer - Metaphysical analysis of will, his views on human motivation and desires. Freud – Psychology Max Weber - Anti-positivism Psychoanalysis 4
  5. 5. Freud The motive of human society is in the last resort an economic one. ( need to labour) We repress our tendencies to pleasure and gratification. Freud - Internal Marx - External Need to work - Need to work – social psychical life terms Represssed desires - Concious about uncouncious reality Psychoanalysis 5
  6. 6. Id, Superego and Ego Sublimation: Transfer desire to more socially valued end Repression Sick: neurosisPleasure principle Reality principleId Super EgoEGO EGO Psychoanalysis 6
  7. 7. Defense Mechanisms Psychoanalysis 7
  8. 8. Only penis Freuds Psychosexual Stages  At this moment, a person might become narcissistic Psychoanalysis 8
  9. 9. Lacan and FreudInfants development No clear distication between object and subject, itself and the external world. Freud: Pre-oedipal stage Lacan: Imaginary Lacks any defined center of self. Psychoanalysis 9
  10. 10. Oedipus and Electra complex Oedipus complex is for Freud the beginnings of morality, conscience, law and all forms of social and religious authority. 1:29 does this commercial contradict the classical Oedipus complex? Psychoanalysis 10
  11. 11. Girls develops penis envy – Electra complex Psychoanalysis 11
  12. 12. Problems What are the possible problems for this model (Oedipus complex)? Sexist? Psychoanalysis as a medical practice is a form of social control? Labeling individuals as “normal” or not. Justifies capital relations? Only one model? Indigenous societies with a 3rd gender? Western- centered? Psychoanalysis 12
  13. 13. Concious and uncouncious Both emerges form the Oedipus complex. The subject is split. Dreams represent the symbolic fulfilment. Not expressed directly Because it might be shocking. (Symbolic texts) parapraxes unaccountable slips of the Dreams arent the only acess tongue to the unconcious. mislaying Failure of memory jokes Psychoanalysis bunglings 13 misreadings
  14. 14. Neurosis Obsessions ( Obsessive-compulsive disorder)Ex: Having to touch every green color Hysteria (in which anxiety may be discharged through a physical symptom)Ex: Developed a paralyzed arm for no good organic reason. PhobiasEx: Being unreasonably afraid of something, like open spaces. Psychoanalysis 14
  15. 15. Internal and external relations Alternative delusional Reality Uncouncious overcomeInternal EgoConflicts Psychoanalysis 15
  16. 16. Eros and ThanatosEros is the drive of life, love,creativity, and sexuality, self-satisfaction, and speciespreservation.Thanatos, from the Greek word for"death" is the drive of aggression,sadism, destruction, violence, anddeath. Psychoanalysis 16
  17. 17. Psychoanalytical reading of the novelContent analysis: looking at what is said rather than how it is said.SubtextsIt is divided into four kinds depending on what it takes as its object of attention:1) Author of the work2) Works contents3)Formal construction4) The reader Psychoanalysis 17
  18. 18. CriticsKristeva - patriarchal sexual and social orderTranscendental signifier of the phallus dominated by the law which the father embodies.The language of the semiotic as a meansof undermining the symbolic orderSemiotic is fluid and plural. It is not an alternative to the symbolic order. It is a process within our conventional sign-systems, which questions and transgresses their limits. Psychoanalysis 18
  19. 19. Id, Superego and Ego Psychoanalysis 19
  20. 20. Thank you! Psychoanalysis 20