On October 23rd, 2014, we updated our
By continuing to use LinkedIn’s SlideShare service, you agree to the revised terms, so please take a few minutes to review them.
a) To ensure supply of pure and wholesome food to the consumer
b) To prevent fraud or deception.
Definition of term-adulteration
Powers to consumer organization to draw legal samples and initiate legal proceedings.
Regulation on quality of imported foodstuffs.
Provision of warranty by a manufacturer, distributor or dealer.
Provision of disposal of foods, unfit for human consumption.
If it does not meet the specifications prescribed in appendix-B of FPA
If it contains injurious substances
If any inferior substance is added
If any constituent is abstracted from the food
If product had been prepared ,packed or kept under unsanitary conditions whereby it become contaminated
If any particle of food consists ant filthy, putrid, rotten, decomposed or diseased substances is unfit for human consumptions
Food is said to be adulterated when:
Part 6 : Deals with colouring matters
Part 7 : Deals with labeling and packaging of food
Part 8 : Provides for prohibition and regulation of sales
Part 9 : Deals with condition for sale and licence
Part 10 : Deals with preservatives
Part 11 : Deals with crop contaminants and naturally occurring toxic substances
► 17 parts, 6-17 has direct consequence to the food preservation and processing industry.
Part 12 : deals with the use of anti oxidants emulsifying/stabilizing and anti-caking agents.
Part 13 : Deals with flavouring agents and related substances
Part 14 : Deals with use of insecticides and pesticides in food products
Part 15 : Solvent extracted oil and edible flour
Part 16 : Sequestering and buffering agents
Part 17 : Deals with Irradiation of foods.
Appendix-A and Appendix-B
F ruit P roduct O rder
Issued in 1946 but bought under essential commodities act 1955
Comes under the MOFPI
Compulsory for F&V industry
samples of products from the manufacturers and markets which are analyzed in the laboratories to test their conformity with the specifications laid under FPO.
Fruit Product Order lays down tie minimum requirements for:
Sanitary and hygienic conditions of premises, surroundings and personnel.
Water to be used for processing.
Machinery and equipment.
Besides this, maximum limits of preservatives, additives and contaminants have also been specified for various products
Standards of Weights and Measures Act,1976
To regulate inter state trade or commerce in weights ,measures and goods which are sold or distributed by weight, measure or number
To provide for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.
By this Act package must have:
Plain and conspicuous declaration showing the identity of the commodity in the package.
The net quantity in terms of the standards units of weights and measure and if in nos. the accurate number there in.
The unit sale price of commodity and the sale price of the particular package of that commodity
The names of the manufacturer and also of the packer or distributor should also be mentioned on the package.
Codex Alimentarius Commission
Joint committee of WHO/FAO
Under the codex:
Fair practices in trade
So far codex has :
Formulated standards for 237 food commodities
Formulated 41 codes of hygienic practices
Evaluated 185 pesticides.
Prescribed limits for contaminants
Develop guidelines for 25 contaminants
Evaluated 1005 food additives
Evaluated 54 veterinary drugs
Codex in India : National Codex Content Point (NCCP)
International Organization for Standardization
► To promote the development of standards in the world with a view to facilitate international exchange of goods and services
► To Develop mutual co-operation in the sphere of intellectual, scientific, technological and economical activity.
Helps in the harmonization of food standards throughout the world
Facilitates exchange of scientific knowledge between countries
Promote economic development
Promotes exchange of goods
Promotes fair global trading with strategic partnership with WTO
Standards helps to revise levels of quality , safety, reliability, efficient, compatibility and inter-exchangeability
TheWorld Trade Organization deals with regulation of trade between participating countries; it provides a framework for negotiating and formalising trade agreements, and a dispute resolution process aimed at enforcing participants' adherence to WTO agreements which are signed by representatives of member governments and ratified by their parliaments .
The Agreement on Agriculture came into effect with the establishment of the WTO at the beginning of 1995. The AoA has three central concepts, or "pillars": domestic support , market access and export subsidies .
Under the SPS agreement, the WTO sets constraints on members' policies relating to food safety (bacterial contaminants, pesticides, inspection and labelling)
i.e. EU wants to reduce duty on wine in India. (Ref. E.T. of 25/9/09)
Laws related to Industrial Relations
Laws related to Wages
Laws related to Working Hours, Conditions of Services and Employment
Laws related to Equality and Empowerment of Women
Laws related to Deprived and Disadvantaged Sections of the Society
Laws related to Social Security
Laws related to Labour Welfare
Laws related to Employment & Training
Some other important Acts
Essential Commodities Act, 1955 (Ministry of Food & Consumer Affairs).