Rgulatory Aspects for F&V Industry
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Rgulatory Aspects for F&V Industry Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Regulatory aspects of fruits and vegetable industry By: Vaghela Nirav (06FT322) Thakkar Ronak (06FT340)
  • 2. Contents
    • State level
    • Gujarat Agri.- Business Policy
    • G.P.C.B(E.T.P)
    • National food Legislation
    • PFA act,1954
    • FPO,1955
    • Standards of weights and measures,1976
    • International food Legislation
    • CAC
    • ISO
    • W.T.O
  • 3. Objective
    • Protecting public health by reducing the risk of food borne disease.
    • Protecting consumer from unsanitary, unwholesome, mislabeled or adulterated food.
    • Contributing the economy development by maintaining consumer confidence/morale in the food system.
    • Providing sound regulatory foundation for domestic and international trade in food.
  • 4. PFA act,1954
    • P revention of F ood A dulteration
    • Deals with all the types of food.
    • Into the effect from June 1955
    • Main objective
    • a) To ensure supply of pure and wholesome food to the consumer
    • b) To prevent fraud or deception.
  • 5. Salient features
    • Definition of term-adulteration
    • Powers to consumer organization to draw legal samples and initiate legal proceedings.
    • Regulation on quality of imported foodstuffs.
    • Provision of warranty by a manufacturer, distributor or dealer.
    • Provision of disposal of foods, unfit for human consumption.
  • 6. Adulteration
    • If it does not meet the specifications prescribed in appendix-B of FPA
    • If it contains injurious substances
    • If any inferior substance is added
    • If any constituent is abstracted from the food
    • If product had been prepared ,packed or kept under unsanitary conditions whereby it become contaminated
    • If any particle of food consists ant filthy, putrid, rotten, decomposed or diseased substances is unfit for human consumptions
    Food is said to be adulterated when:
  • 7. Continue…
    • Part 6 : Deals with colouring matters
    • Part 7 : Deals with labeling and packaging of food
    • Part 8 : Provides for prohibition and regulation of sales
    • Part 9 : Deals with condition for sale and licence
    • Part 10 : Deals with preservatives
    • Part 11 : Deals with crop contaminants and naturally occurring toxic substances
    ► 17 parts, 6-17 has direct consequence to the food preservation and processing industry.
  • 8. Continue….
    • Part 12 : deals with the use of anti oxidants emulsifying/stabilizing and anti-caking agents.
    • Part 13 : Deals with flavouring agents and related substances
    • Part 14 : Deals with use of insecticides and pesticides in food products
    • Part 15 : Solvent extracted oil and edible flour
    • Part 16 : Sequestering and buffering agents
    • Part 17 : Deals with Irradiation of foods.
    • Appendix-A and Appendix-B
  • 9. FPO, 1955
    • F ruit P roduct O rder
    • Issued in 1946 but bought under essential commodities act 1955
    • Comes under the MOFPI
    • Compulsory for F&V industry
    • samples of products from the manufacturers and markets which are analyzed in the laboratories to test their conformity with the specifications laid under FPO.
  • 10. Fruit Product Order lays down tie minimum requirements for:
    • Sanitary and hygienic conditions of premises, surroundings and personnel.
    • Water to be used for processing.
    • Machinery and equipment.
    • Product standards.
    • Besides this, maximum limits of preservatives, additives and contaminants have also been specified for various products
  • 11. Standards of Weights and Measures Act,1976
    • To regulate inter state trade or commerce in weights ,measures and goods which are sold or distributed by weight, measure or number
    • To provide for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.
  • 12. By this Act package must have:
    • Plain and conspicuous declaration showing the identity of the commodity in the package.
    • The net quantity in terms of the standards units of weights and measure and if in nos. the accurate number there in.
    • The unit sale price of commodity and the sale price of the particular package of that commodity
    • The names of the manufacturer and also of the packer or distributor should also be mentioned on the package.
  • 13. CAC
    • Codex Alimentarius Commission
    • Joint committee of WHO/FAO
    • Under the codex:
    • Processing
    • Labeling
    • Packaging
    • Nutrition
    • Consumer health
    • Fair practices in trade
  • 14. So far codex has :
    • Formulated standards for 237 food commodities
    • Formulated 41 codes of hygienic practices
    • Evaluated 185 pesticides.
    • Prescribed limits for contaminants
    • Develop guidelines for 25 contaminants
    • Evaluated 1005 food additives
    • Evaluated 54 veterinary drugs
    • Codex in India : National Codex Content Point (NCCP)
    • New Delhi.
  • 15. ISO
    • International Organization for Standardization
    • Objective:
    • ► To promote the development of standards in the world with a view to facilitate international exchange of goods and services
    • ► To Develop mutual co-operation in the sphere of intellectual, scientific, technological and economical activity.
  • 16. Functions:
    • Helps in the harmonization of food standards throughout the world
    • Facilitates exchange of scientific knowledge between countries
    • Promote economic development
    • Promotes exchange of goods
    • Promotes fair global trading with strategic partnership with WTO
    • Standards helps to revise levels of quality , safety, reliability, efficient, compatibility and inter-exchangeability
  • 17. W.T.O.
    • TheWorld Trade Organization deals with regulation of trade between participating countries; it provides a framework for negotiating and formalising trade agreements, and a dispute resolution process aimed at enforcing participants' adherence to WTO agreements which are signed by representatives of member governments and ratified by their parliaments .
    • The Agreement on Agriculture came into effect with the establishment of the WTO at the beginning of 1995. The AoA has three central concepts, or "pillars": domestic support , market access and export subsidies .
    • Under the SPS agreement, the WTO sets constraints on members' policies relating to food safety (bacterial contaminants, pesticides, inspection and labelling)
    • i.e. EU wants to reduce duty on wine in India. (Ref. E.T. of 25/9/09)
  • 18. Labor Act
    • Laws related to Industrial Relations
    • Laws related to Wages
    • Laws related to Working Hours, Conditions of Services and Employment
    • Laws related to Equality and Empowerment of Women
    • Laws related to Deprived and Disadvantaged Sections of the Society
    • Laws related to Social Security
    • Laws related to Labour Welfare
    • Laws related to Employment & Training
  • 19. E.T.P.
  • 20. Some other important Acts
    • Essential Commodities Act, 1955 (Ministry of Food & Consumer Affairs).
    • The Insecticide Act, 1968.
    • Environment Protection Act, 1986. (carbon credit,Green credit)
    • Export (Quality Control and Inspection) Act, 1963.
    • (i.e. APEDA)
  • 21. Gujarat Agri Business Policy-2008
    • 1. Back Ended Interest Rate Subsidy.
    • 2. 100 % Stamp Duty Exemption.
    • 3. Electricity Duty Exemption for Additional 5 Years.
    • 4. Preparation of Reports.
    • 50 % Limited Rs. 5 Lakh
    • 5. R & D for Value Addition & Post Harvest technology
    • 50 % Limited 20 Lakh
    • 6. Prize for Good Farming, Post Harvest Management
    • & Value Addition.  
    • 7. Patent Registration.
    • 0%vat for perishable.
    • & so many,so much............................subsidies
    • 8. 5%custom duty on import of m/c.
  • 22. Conclusion
    • Must Follow Rules for creating Win-Win situation for all.
    • “ we are trusties of society” – Gandhiji
  • 23. Any Quick Questions? My Vision 2020 Gujarat requires LLB (Agribusiness) course. History says, In current decade MBA (Agribusiness Management ) and BEFPT has been started.
  • 24. Thank you for your kind attention. Have a great day.