Culture Presentation- Germany Prepared By : Group 3 Keshav Kesher Ronak Rutvi Saurabh Shantanu Vibhor Vivek
Germany – Key Factors Germany officially the Federal Republic of Germany is a country in Western Europe. It is a major power with the world's fourth largest economy by nominal GDP and the fifth largest in purchasing power parity Germany is a federal parliamentary republic of sixteen states Literacy Rate : 99% ( male & female both) The capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany is a member of the United Nations, NATO, the G8, the G20, and the OECD.
The Celts are believed to have been the first inhabitants of Germany.
Followed by Franks (870), Roman Empire till 1806.
The Thirty Years' War, 1618-48
dispute over the succession to the Bohemian throne.
left the empire divided into hundreds of small principalities virtually independent of the emperor.
The Peace of Westphalia largely settled German affairs for the next century and a half.
Most important German power after the Peace of Westphalia were Austria and Prussia.
Prussia joined with Austria and Russia to defeat Napoleon at the Battle of Leipzig in late 1813 and then to the final victory over Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815.
Despite Napoleon's defeat, some of the changes he had brought to Germany during the French occupation were retained. As a result of these reforms, some areas of Germany were better prepared for the coming of industrialization in the nineteenth century.
The Rise of Bismarck and the Birth of the Second German Reich
Struggle between Austria and Prussia for supremacy in Germany continued, reaching its climax in the defeat of Austria in the Seven Weeks' War (1866) and the formation of the Prussian-dominated North German Confederation (1867). The architect of this new German unity was Otto von Bismarck, a conservative, monarchist, and militaristic Prussian prime minister.
After King Wilhelm I & Bismarck, under Wilhelm II Germany got diplomatic
isolation and the disastrous defeat in World War I (1914–1918).
Added to this were a crippling currency debacle, a tremendous burden of reparations, and acute economic distress.
Post-war Germany With consent of victorious countries, guiding principles of the Allied Control Council was of Germany's complete disarmament and demilitarization, destruction of its war potential, rigid control of industry, and decentralization of the political and economic structure. For purposes of control, Germany was divided into four national occupation zones. The city of Konigsberg (now Kaliningrad) and its adjacent area was transferred to the USSR. The U.S., Britain, France, and the Benelux countries agreed to set up a German state comprising the rest three Western zones. The USSR reacted by clamping a blockade on all ground communications between the Western zones and West Berlin, an enclave in the Soviet zone.
West & East Germany The Federal Republic of Germany was proclaimed on May 23, 1949, with its capital at Bonn. In free elections, West German voters elected the Christian Democrats. The East German states adopted a more centralized constitution for the Democratic Republic of Germany, put into effect on Oct. 7, 1949. The Western allies declared that the East German Republic was a Soviet creation undertaken without self-determination and refused to recognize it. In 1955 under an agreement, West Germany and Italy became members of the Brussels treaty organization created in 1948 & renamed the Western European Union. West Germany also became a member of NATO. The division between West Germany and East Germany was intensified when the Communists erected the Berlin Wall in 1961.
Berlin wall falls, Germany reunifies Helmut Kohl of the Christian Democrat Party became chancellor in 1982. The fall of the Communist government in East Germany left only Soviet objections to German reunification to be dealt with. On the night of Nov. 9, 1989, the Berlin Wall was dismantled, making reunification all but inevitable. In July 1990, Kohl asked Soviet leader Gorbachev to drop his objections in exchange for financial aid from (West) Germany. Gorbachev agreed, and on Oct. 3, 1990, the German Democratic Republic acceded to the Federal Republic, and Germany became a united and sovereign state for the first time since 1945. A reunited Berlin serves as the official capital of unified Germany
Religious Tradition Church Tax North East – Protestant South & West Catholic Non Religious – Hamburg & East German Jewish Population Substantial Muslim minority 31% - Roman Catholic 33% - Protestantism
Meat Pork Beef Poultry
vegetables Peas Carrots Cabbage
Potatoes Mashed Fried
Cuisines Similar to English and American Cooking Styles – (The Netherland, France, Poland, Austria) Sausage is the most famous food product Available in Restaurants
It is the part of Germany with the most different landscapes in one area There are hills and flatlands in every type. Also there are many forests
Climate Main-region Taunus one of the warmest region in Germany Vogelsberg rainy and rough weather
Dance in Germany Renowned for dancing as it consists of 250 ballet companies & more than 1600 dancers employed by theatres. Dominated by traditional classical approach. “Tanz-Theatre”- most popular dance form
Music: A Vibrant Spectrum of styles Krautrock, Hamburger Schule, Volksmusik, Classical, Trance & German Hip-hop. More Music forms came into existence during World War I & World War II. First form of German pop music was Cabret. Beethoven , the famous German music legend
One in three Germans belongs to Sports Organization
Features of German Sports
Autonomy-free from Govt. Intervention
Sponsoring sports through 91000 German Sports association (non profit organization)- Not liable to tax
Federal Youth Games Festival held annually from 1951 to develop young’s people interest in sports
Youth Trains for Olympia is a school team event to promote co-operation between schools and sports club
Football/Soccer Most popular 2 million play just for fun Interest was only about a 100 years ago. Bundesliga (Federal League) is the highest level league
Men’s World Cup Sponsored by ADIDAS Won first title in 1954 Has won 3 world cup titles 1954 vs. Hungary 1974 vs. Netherlands 1990 vs. Argentina
Women’s World Cup More popular than Men’s Champ 2003 Renate Lingor, up for the FIFA Player of the Year (12/18)
Cycling/Radsport Jan Ullrich was first winner for Germany in 1997 No German winner ever since the race started in 1903 1996-2005 He finished second in 1996. Finished 4th in 2005
Winter Olympics From the first Winter Olympics to 2002, Germany is ranked first. Germany hosted its first and only Winter Olympics in 1936. Supposed to host in 1940, but was cancelled because of WWII
Summer Olympics From the first Olympics to 2004, overall Germany ranks third. Hosted two Summer Olympics 1936 Berlin and 1972 Munich.
Work Hierarchy The basic German business structure is highly hierarchical with strongly defined roles. “TOP DOWN” approach prevalent. Senior management makes the strategic decisions, while middle and lower management are responsible for operational day-to-day management. The proper term for German "teamwork" is probably "consensus-seeking"
Work Structure Deep seated rules and regulations. Believe in “time is money”. Very clear defined roles. Averse to the "open-office" principle Greater “power distance”. Difficult to bring “social change”
Work Structure Cont… Likes to work in teams. Roles clearly defined and leader authority is final and he/she has the last call. Direct communication is valued. Don’t hesitate to tell a distinct “NO” if not happy with other’s work.
Work Management Way to address Corporate attire Making appointments Negotiation Entertainment for business success Conduct
Way to address First names are usually reserved for family members, as well as friends and close colleagues The highest ranking person enters the room first, regardless of gender or age Professional rank and status in Germany are largely determined by the individual's achievements. Therefore, if you come from a highly hierarchical culture
Corporate attire Germans tend to dress in more conservative, muted colours, both in business and social environments Suits are seldom worn by clerks and other office staff, and are standard dress for only managers at the upper levels. On a daily basis that Germans tend to “dress up” much more than North Americans.
Making appointments Never underestimate the importance of punctuality Make your appointments well in advance Preferred times for business appointments are between 10:00 a.m. and 1:00 p.m. or between 3:00 p.m. and 5:00 p.m. Avoid scheduling appointments on Friday. Germans generally have six weeks of paid vacation. Therefore, be prepared to take this into consideration when making appointments
Negotiation When designing your card, keep in mind that German businesspeople will want to learn as much about your background and qualifications as possible Rational reasoning is the cornerstone of business negotiations and communication. personal feelings and relationships cannot be relevant to business negotiations, as this can compromise the fairness or integrity of the deal. German businesspeople are traditionally less impressed by glitzy advertising illustrations, and memorable slogans
Negotiation cont.. Personal matters are not to be discussed during business negotiations Decision-making in German business culture is slow, protracted, and every detail relating to your proposal will be painstakingly examined Interruptions are also quite common if the other person has the feeling you are getting off topic
Entertainment for business success Breakfast meetings are not part of German business culture. Lunch is the primary meal for business discussions and is usually served from 12:00 to 1:00 p.m The person who extends the invitation will be the person who pays
Conduct Giving compliments is not part of German business protocol and Compliments, especially from strangers or very casual acquaintances can, in fact, be taken with suspicion Group harmony and the other's “face” are generally secondary to individual needs and comfort. Substantial gifts are not usual, and certainly not before a deal has been reached if you don't want your intentions to be misinterpreted Fine chocolates can also be an appropriate gift when you are invited to a home. An elegant, tasteful silk scarf can be an acceptable gift for the lady of the house