SCHOOL INTEGRATION IN INTERNATIONAL TRADE AND      ECONOMY BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION       SCHOOL OF INTERNATIONAL TRADE AND...
TABLE OF CONTENTSTask 1: Expressions Studied In Class .......................................................................
Task 1: Expressions Studied In Class   PRESENT VERB         PAST VERB              NOUNS        ADJECTIVESSleep           ...
Task 2: Exercises From The Web Link   a) READ AND CHOOSE THE CORRECT ALTERNATIVE:1. He has waited              for the lif...
4. He still has not had        a shower.5. My football team has won          the cup twice so far.6. The alarm clock rang ...
8. I have already finished                    my paperwork.9. did you take              a lot of pictures when you visited...
2. Paul has just started (just/start)     reading a new book.3. He has never eaten (never/eat)                such delicio...
6. I have already done (already/do)                the laundry. Now I need to do some ironing.7. Did they wash (they/wash)...
10. Sarah has worked (work)                   in this company since she was very young.   b) Find in the grid and in any d...
15. say - said - said    16. see - saw - seen                                                         17. sell - sold - so...
1    She read (read) the book yesterday.2    Three people have come (come) to visit him so far.3 They have just visited (j...
1   We sung (sing) a song on Monday.2 The children have sat (sit) still during the lesson.3 He waited (wait) for 3 hours.4...
Task 3: Room Project 1. About Animals in EcuadorThe Condor lives in the Andes of South America, crevices or caverns in the...
Task 4: New Inventions                             THE LAST INVENTIONS                                 INTRODUCTIONIn the ...
Cell phones give users a sense of security. In an emergency, having a cell phonecan allow help to arrive quickly and could...
Task 5: Shopping In Tulcan                              SHOPPING IN TULCANTulcán is an interesting city with lots of thing...
-17-
Task 6: Countable and Uncountable Nouns                 COUNTABLE AND UNCOUNTABLE NOUNSCountable nouns: have both a singul...
Countable                Uncountable                               Nouns                     Nouns • SINGULAR             ...
COUNTABLEBANANATABLEPENCILONIONLAPTOP         UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS                -20-
TOMATO JUICEYOGURTHSOUPWATER               -21-
Task 7: Abiligations and Needs In Your CareerHello my name is Rommel Malgua. I study in the state polytechnic university o...
I have to classify the merchandise to be exported or cared.I have to know the export procedures and import.I have to ident...
Task 8: Reasearch about Suggestions           WORDS OR EXPRESSIONS USING TO GIVE SUGGESTIONSThe following English words an...
"I advise you to buy a good dictionary."AdviceAdvice is an uncountable noun. This means that we cant say an advice. Instea...
Task 9: How to Learn English   http://www.myenglishpages.com/site_php_files/grammar-lesson-infinitive.phpYou should use si...
Task 10: Research about Infinitive FormsTOPIC:      Infinitive FormsWHAT IS THE INFINITIVE?The infinitive of a verb is its...
Example:       I made/bade/let/had him do it.       (However, make takes a to-infinitive in the passive voice.           o...
o    As an object.              Examples:                   o I intended to marry her.                   o He wanted to kn...
Task 11: Food Habits                                      FOOD HABITSEvery day in breakfast I want to drinksome tomato jui...
Task 12: All. Both. Neither. EitherTOPIC: THE USE OF ALL, BOTH, NEITHER, EITHER, NO ONEBOTHBoth refers to TWO people or th...
None refers to more than two people or things. It has a negative meaning andisn’t followed by a noun.Are there any biscuit...
Neither of + singular / plural nounNeither of them is / are at home now.Neither of you is / are lazy.Neither of us was / w...
menWe use neither and neither of with asingular verb.                            Neither day was suitable.                ...
You cannot take any.)You can’t have both of them. (You cannot take both. You can take onlyone)All , None & Both, NeitherBo...
Task 2: Eucadorian TvTOPIC: THE ECUADORIAN TELEVISISONEcuadorian television in recent                  In journalism as Hi...
-37-
Task 13: Pasive VoiceTopic: The Active To Pasive Voice Transformation In Present And In Past                              ...
Portfolio                                 DIGITAL TARIFFI STUDY IN UNIVERSITY OF CARCHI EESTATAL POLYTECHNIC SCHOOLOF FORE...
ARANCEL DIGITAL TARIFFAREAS OF LABOR / MANAGEMENTTariff Nomenclature and ClassificationCustoms ValuationCustoms techniques...
ACCORDING TO CONSTITUENT MATERIALCATEGORY                     ANIMAL          VEGETABLE        MINERALa) Natural products,...
SECTIONS (I -------- XXI)Grouping of goods stored general characteristics.It is expressed in Roman numerals.Section I: Liv...
It is a 6 digit code that designates one or more items or categories of goods forthe chapter they belong.They are of 3 typ...
-44-
Conclusions     All merchandise entered or withdrawn intended the country must be     clearly identified and Classified   ...
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Rommel malgua 4th_ portfolio

  1. 1. SCHOOL INTEGRATION IN INTERNATIONAL TRADE AND ECONOMY BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION SCHOOL OF INTERNATIONAL TRADE AND NEGOTIATION ENGLISH PROJECT STUDENT ROMMEL MALGUA 4TH LEVEL MARCH – AUGUST – 2012 -1-
  2. 2. TABLE OF CONTENTSTask 1: Expressions Studied In Class ............................................................................................... 3Task 2: Exercises From The Web Link ............................................................................................. 4Task 3: Room Project 1. About Animals in Ecuador ..................................................................... 13Task 4: New Inventions ..................................................................................................................... 14Task 5: Shopping In Tulcan .............................................................................................................. 16Task 6: Countable and Uncountable Nouns................................................................................... 18Task 7: Abiligations and Needs In Your Career............................................................................. 22Task 8: Reasearch about Suggestions ........................................................................................... 24Task 9: How to Learn English ........................................................................................................... 26Task 10: Research about Infinitive Forms ...................................................................................... 27Task 11: Food Habits ......................................................................................................................... 30Task 12: All. Both. Neither. Either .................................................................................................... 31Task 2: Eucadorian Tv ....................................................................................................................... 36Task 13: Pasive Voice ....................................................................................................................... 38Portfolio ................................................................................................................................................ 39 -2-
  3. 3. Task 1: Expressions Studied In Class PRESENT VERB PAST VERB NOUNS ADJECTIVESSleep Slept Mario BeautifulWash Washed Hat RedRun Ran Daniel bigBreak Broke Table BlueWin Won Dania wonderfulWork Worked Camp niceSing Sang Disco UglySee Saw Book RedClean Cleaned Roon YellowCut Cut Tomato Orange 1. Mario slept in a beautiful bed yesterday 2. Andy washed his red hat last week 3. Daniel ran a big track last month 4. Carlos broke a blue table two days ago 5. Dania won a wonderful dog last week 6. Juan worked in the camp nice two years ago 7. Fanny sang in a disco ugly last Saturday 8. I saw the red book in the basement last week 9. Maria cleaned his yellow bedroom yesterday 10. I cut the orange tomato yesterday -3-
  4. 4. Task 2: Exercises From The Web Link a) READ AND CHOOSE THE CORRECT ALTERNATIVE:1. He has waited for the lift for over 10 minutes.2. has he found any gold yet? - Yes, he has.3. Richard bought the tickets for "Avatar" yesterday. -4-
  5. 5. 4. He still has not had a shower.5. My football team has won the cup twice so far.6. The alarm clock rang at 7 a.m.7. Kevin did not catch the school bus last Monday. -5-
  6. 6. 8. I have already finished my paperwork.9. did you take a lot of pictures when you visited Paris?10. He was Uniteds best football player in 2008.Read and complete the sentences with either the Present Perfect or the simple past of the verbs in brackets:1. I did not go (not go) to school last week because I was (be) sick. -6-
  7. 7. 2. Paul has just started (just/start) reading a new book.3. He has never eaten (never/eat) such delicious cookies.4. Michael drank (drink) too much last night.5. Have you ever been (you/ever/be) late for school? -7-
  8. 8. 6. I have already done (already/do) the laundry. Now I need to do some ironing.7. Did they wash (they/wash) their fathers car on Sunday?8. I arrived (arrive) from Italy yesterday morning.9. Lindas husband only left (leave) 5 minutes ago and she already misses him. -8-
  9. 9. 10. Sarah has worked (work) in this company since she was very young. b) Find in the grid and in any direction the missing verb forms and fill in the table: 1. begin - began - begun 2. break - broke -broken 3. build- built - built 4. choose - chose - chosen 5. come - came - come 6. do - did - done 7. drive - drove - driven 8. feel- felt - felt 9. forget - forgot - forgotten 10. give- gave - given 11. go - went - gone 12. know - knew - known 13. make – made - made 14. Meet - met - met -9-
  10. 10. 15. say - said - said 16. see - saw - seen 17. sell - sold - sold 18.sleep - slept - slept1 I visited (visit) Bob last month.2 We have promised (promise) to help them already.3 She has never done (never/do) anything bad.4 She went (go) on holiday three weeks ago.5 We have not done (not/do) our work yet.6 She has seen (see) the film three times.7 They swam (swim) in the sea last summer. -10-
  11. 11. 1 She read (read) the book yesterday.2 Three people have come (come) to visit him so far.3 They have just visited (just/visit) me.4 When has she (she/promise) you to do it?5 She brought (bring) pizza at 9 o’clock.6 They bought (buy) a bike last month.7 She taught (teach) many children since she finished school herself. -11-
  12. 12. 1 We sung (sing) a song on Monday.2 The children have sat (sit) still during the lesson.3 He waited (wait) for 3 hours.4 Then she has wanted (want) an ice-cream.5 They have slept (sleep) a lot today.6 While I have spoken (speak) to you he came home.7 She has stood (stand) at the bus stop the other day.8 We have taken (take) three books from the library recently.9 His grandfather is dead. He made (make) the bench. -12-
  13. 13. Task 3: Room Project 1. About Animals in EcuadorThe Condor lives in the Andes of South America, crevices or caverns in themountains. They eat carcasses of dead animals (like cattle in the mountains orsea lions and birds on the coast). You can fly over the 7,000 meters, the condor ismarried to the man because he believes that the meat of the condor and eventheir bodies are sources of virility or offer remedy for aches and human diseases.FLAMES live in the highlands of altitudes between 2300-4000 from near Pasto inColombia to central Chile and northern Argentina. They eat grass and leaves, arehunted by man. To get wool, skin, fat, there are approximately 3,800,000 animals.Spectacled bears live in the Andes the Peruvian Andes from Bolivia, Colombia andEcuador, even part of Venezuela and Panama in the higher areas and wild. Itfeeds on fruits of palm sprouts, figs, leaves, small animals and insects. Hedestroys their habitat. They are hunting for the skin.Sheep are social animals, are located throughout the Andes mountain range. Theirfood is legumes, shrubs and grass. Sheep farming is primarily focused on raisinglambs for meat production of sheep for wool and milk. -13-
  14. 14. Task 4: New Inventions THE LAST INVENTIONS INTRODUCTIONIn the world there are a lot of things that have been invented for some people.There are some invents that are good, but others are bad for people. We shouldknow to use all the things that are to disposition of people because some of themcan be very dangerous for us when we don´t have information about them.However at the moment the most of things are easier to do with the help of someequipment that we have in our houses and can be useful. For example acomputer, a calculator, a cell phone, a washing machine, a microwave, etc.EXPLANATIONFlash MemoryFlash memories are important because they can carry a lot of information and stillbe able to be stored in your pocket. This allows you to always keep yourinformation secured and ready for viewing when you need it to be. Is alsophysically more difficult to break.The flash unit also lets you share information with others who have a flash drive onyour computer. This is the perfect solution for those who have to do presentationsfor work or are working on a project with someone.Cell TelephoneCell phones have become a necessity for many people around the world. Theability to keep in touch with family, colleagues. Cell phones today are able not onlyto receive and make phone calls, besides storing data, taking pictures. -14-
  15. 15. Cell phones give users a sense of security. In an emergency, having a cell phonecan allow help to arrive quickly and could save lives. Modern cell phones are ableto access the Internet, send and receive pictures and files, and some mobilephones are equipped with GPS technology, allowing its use in most places aroundthe world and allowing you to find someone anywhere in the world .LaptopA laptop is more convenient because you can take to various places and you candownload and share information in your school, besides being able to use in theclassroom when you have some type of exposure and have to connect to theprojector, laptop and more cheaper than before, is more accessible now have oneof these computers a few years ago when they left.A laptop can be light depending on the model as well as having great capacity,laptops are essential to students, not see it as a waste, many adults have thebelief that only used for playing games and this is not true, now one can bringthese books and computers to do homework at home from their peers.CONCLUSIONSThese inventions are important because it allows people to integrate orcommunicate via cell phone, so students need a laptop that allows them to do theirhomework and flash memory allow students to bring information to any locationthus allowing time and be cut faster. -15-
  16. 16. Task 5: Shopping In Tulcan SHOPPING IN TULCANTulcán is an interesting city with lots of thing to see and do. There are many mallsto go shopping. First In the north of the city we can visit the inter duty free. In thecenter of city. We found the BAHIA mall. Here WE CAN buy many things forexample: toys for children, bicycles, soccer balls, wall clock and decorations forthe house. Other mall there is in front of San Miguel market .this mall is ELJARDIN DEL NORTE. Here we can do SEVERAL THINGS for example: we canenjoy a candy, we can buy shoes. Here there are lawyers offices, also center ofcomputation, the radio integration 101.3.Dentistry offices, hairdressers, stationeries. The URACAN mall is big and beautifulbecause it doesnt have tiers. Here we can buy clothes for example:Shoes, dress, caps, shirts, gloves, scarfs, pants and many garments of dressing.infront it is the YOLIS mall. It mall is big. It has a lot of offices. Here we can buy:Clothes, Accessories, Footwear, in diverse cases, toys, music (cd - dvd), movies,andan infinity of things. If we visit to the mall of Tulcan can buy the fashion andcomplements that renovate you each season, the gifts for your dear beings, thewhims that give you that happiness... -16-
  17. 17. -17-
  18. 18. Task 6: Countable and Uncountable Nouns COUNTABLE AND UNCOUNTABLE NOUNSCountable nouns: have both a singular and a plural form and we can countthem. We use a or an and numbers before countable nouns.For example:  A table - two tables  An orange – ten oranges  An apple – five applesuncountable nouns: Only have a singular form and we cannot count themfor example:  coffee  sugar  milk  orange juicewe don´t use a / an or numbers before uncountable nouns but we often use someand any .A: Is there any milk?B:No, but there´s some coffe. -18-
  19. 19. Countable Uncountable Nouns Nouns • SINGULAR • a carrot • milk • PLURAL • carrots •x a(n) + singular countable nouns some + plural countable nouns some + uncountable nounsExample:  There´s an orange and some ice cream in the refrigerator  There are some apples, too. -19-
  20. 20. COUNTABLEBANANATABLEPENCILONIONLAPTOP UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS -20-
  21. 21. TOMATO JUICEYOGURTHSOUPWATER -21-
  22. 22. Task 7: Abiligations and Needs In Your CareerHello my name is Rommel Malgua. I study in the state polytechnic university of theCarchi in 4th Level of the school of Foreign Trade And International TradeNegotiation.ObligationsI must read the Código Orgánico De La Producción De Comercio E Inversiones(COPCI).I must relate the COPCI with practices itI must learn terms of Foreign Trade.I must Defend the principles and the university patrimonyI must attend technical and practical tours, the established schedulesI must attend on time all the cultural, social and sport activities that it organizes theschool of Foreign Trade And International Trade Negotiation.I must make good use from the on goods to their service and to collaborate withthe preservation of the same ones.I must Student of the school of Foreign Trade and International Trade Negotiationmust know economic blocks.I must not know commercial agreements that has Ecuador.NecessitiesWhen I do an export. I have to know the incoterms 2010.I have to study the different cases of external trade.I have to realize classroom projects.I have to know the tariff type that applies equator to the imports -22-
  23. 23. I have to classify the merchandise to be exported or cared.I have to know the export procedures and import.I have to identify the import documents and export.I have to know the requirements to be importer or exporter. -23-
  24. 24. Task 8: Reasearch about Suggestions WORDS OR EXPRESSIONS USING TO GIVE SUGGESTIONSThe following English words and expressions are all used to make suggestionsand give advice to people.Should"You should try to practice English.""You shouldnt translate too much."Why dont you"Why dont you join an English club?"Ought to"You ought to read more."If I were you, Id…"If I were you, Id watch more television."*All these expressions are followed by a verb, without to. For example: "Heshould visit the Eiffel Tower." (Not "he should to visit the Eiffel Tower.")Suggest and recommendEither use a verb + ing"I suggest visiting the Eiffel Tower." (We should all go.)OR use that + a verb without to"I suggest that you visit the Eiffel Tower." (Im not going.)OR use a noun"I recommend the lasagne." (Its a very good dish to choose in this restaurant.)Advise -24-
  25. 25. "I advise you to buy a good dictionary."AdviceAdvice is an uncountable noun. This means that we cant say an advice. Instead,we say some advice or a piece of advice."Let me give you some advice.""She gave me a very useful piece of advice: to buy a good dictionary." -25-
  26. 26. Task 9: How to Learn English http://www.myenglishpages.com/site_php_files/grammar-lesson-infinitive.phpYou should use simple English sentence Many people think that exercises and testsstructure that you know is correct, so that arent much fun. However, by completingyou can concentrate on getting your exercises and taking tests you can reallymessage across. improve your English. One of the best reasons for doing lots of exercises andYou should use words and phrases you tests is that they give you a benchmark toknow in new situations. compare your future results with. Often, itYou should translate into and from your is by comparing your score on a test youown language. This takes too much time took yesterday with one you took a monthand will make you more hesitant. or six You should You shouldn´ttake notes in English, put English books speak too fast! Its important to use aaround your room, listen to English natural rhythm when speaking English, butlanguage radio broadcasts, watch English if you speak too fast it will be difficult fornews, movies and television .Also you people to understand you.should Watch English Films andTelevision, Listen to English Music andcan you really improve your knowledge of You should speak without Fear. Theany language. biggest problem most people face in learning a new language is their own fear. -26-
  27. 27. Task 10: Research about Infinitive FormsTOPIC: Infinitive FormsWHAT IS THE INFINITIVE?The infinitive of a verb is its basic form with or without the particle to:Examples:  do or to do  be or to beThe infinitive without to is called bare infinitive (do, be)The infinitive with to is called full infinitive (to do, to be)THE BARE INFINITIVE 1. The bare infinitive is used as the main verb after the dummy auxiliary verb do or most modal auxiliary verbs (such as will, can, or should.) Examples: o I do know him o I do like you. o I can do it. 2. Several common verbs of perception, including see, watch, hear, feel, and sense take a direct object and a bare infinitive. Examples: o I saw it happen o I watched it happen 3. The bare infinitive is also used with several common verbs of permission or causation, including make, bid, let, and have. -27-
  28. 28. Example: I made/bade/let/had him do it. (However, make takes a to-infinitive in the passive voice. o I was made to do it. 4. The bare infinitive is also used after had better. Example: o You had better leave now 5. The verb help is followed by the bare infinitive. Example: o He helped them do it. ("He helped them to do" it is also possible) 6. With the word why. Example: o Why say it?THE FULL INFINITIVEThe full infinitive is used as follows:  The full infinitive can function as a noun phrase. In this case it is used as follows.  as a subject.Examples: o To err is human, to forgive is devine. -28-
  29. 29. o As an object. Examples: o I intended to marry her. o He wanted to know the whole truth. It can also be used like an adjective or adverb. Examples: This is the game to watch. (to watch functions as an adjective, modifying the noun game) This is the problem to think about. (to think about functions as an adjective modifying the noun the problem) He went to his friends house to study. (to study functions as an adverb answering the question why he went to hois friends house) He is ready to go. (to go functions as an adverb, modifying the adjective ready.) -29-
  30. 30. Task 11: Food Habits FOOD HABITSEvery day in breakfast I want to drinksome tomato juice. I like to eat somebread with some cheese. I don´t like todrink milk for breakfast. After I enjoyreading about FOOD HABITS sometimes in the morning. I like to eat all kinds of vegetables. Because this is good for my health.I think junk food is bad but I like to eat thisBefore the lunch I suggest to eat afruit. Because it help to grow healthyand strong. In the lunch I like to eatsome soup. I like to eat fish because. Ineed to have strong muscles. -30-
  31. 31. Task 12: All. Both. Neither. EitherTOPIC: THE USE OF ALL, BOTH, NEITHER, EITHER, NO ONEBOTHBoth refers to TWO people or things. It has a positive meaning and it takes averb in the plural. It’s the negative of NEITHER / NOT EITHER.EXERCISESJames and Robin are students.Both James and Robin are students.They are both students.Both of them are students.Both boys are students.I play the guitar and sing a song.I both play the guitar and sing a song.John can drive a car. Tom can drive a car.Both John and Tom can drive a car.They both can drive a car.Both of them can drive a car.Both boys can drive a car.ALLAll refers to more than two people or things. It has a positive meaning and takesa verb in the plural. It is the opposite of none.All the children laughed.All of them laughed.They all laughed.All three of them laughed.NONE -31-
  32. 32. None refers to more than two people or things. It has a negative meaning andisn’t followed by a noun.Are there any biscuits left? - no, none.How much coffee do you want ? – none.None ofNone of is used before nouns or object pronouns followed by a verb eithersingular or plural. It is the opposite of ALL.None of us know you.None of the students came early.None of four boys know how to ride a bikeEITHER / NEITHEREither (= any of two)Neither (=not one and not the other)Either and Neither refer to two people or things and are used before singularcountable nouns.ExamplesWould you like to drink coke or fanta?Either. (it makes no difference.)Neither. (none of the two)Either ofEither of + singular / plural nounEither of the students is / are intelligent.Either of them is / are married.Either of us was / were at home last night.Neither of -32-
  33. 33. Neither of + singular / plural nounNeither of them is / are at home now.Neither of you is / are lazy.Neither of us was / were at home last weekend.Either, neither, bothThe table shows us the meaning of either, neither and both.One of the tricky things about either, neither and both is knowing when theyshould followed by singular or plural nouns and verbs. The rules, withexamples, are given below:Either, neither, bothWe use either, neither and both when we are talking about two things. > Would you like tea or coffee? > Either. I dont mind.either = one OR the other This means: You can give me tea OR coffee. I have no preference. > Would you like ham or beef in your sandwich? > Neither. I am a vegetarian. I dont eatneither = not one and not the other meat. This means: I dont want ham and I dont want beef. I take both milk and sugar in my coffee.both = the first AND the second This means: I take sugar. I also take milk.We use either with a singular noun. either car, either personWe use either of with a plural noun. either of the chairs, either of the peopleWe use either and either of with a Either day is fine for me.singular verb. Either of the days is fine for me.We use neither with a singular noun. neither house, neither manWe use neither of with a plural noun. neither of the houses, neither of the -33-
  34. 34. menWe use neither and neither of with asingular verb. Neither day was suitable. Neither of the days was suitable.We use both with a plural noun. both houses, both men both of the houses, both of the menWe use both with a plural verb. Both (of) my brothers are tall.We need of before the pronouns us, both of us, both of you, either of them,you, them. neither of them, etc.Between of and a noun we need to use both of those houses, neither of mythese, those or my, your, Johns, etc., brothers, both of Johns sisters, eitheror the. of the cinemasNeither & Either & Both & all & None — The difference betweenby englishEither – NeitherEither and Neither can be used with of ile kullanılabilir. Verb may besingular or plural . neither has a negative meaning.Neither of my parents likes / like my friends.Either of the candidates is / are ideal for the job.Neither of them know / knows the answer.Either of those suits are / is suitable for the meeting.I saw neither of them = I didn’t see either of them.She finished neither of the books. = She didn’t finish either of the books.Neither of the students are here. = Either of the students aren’t here.Either & BothYou can’t have either of them. (you cannot take this one or the other one. / -34-
  35. 35. You cannot take any.)You can’t have both of them. (You cannot take both. You can take onlyone)All , None & Both, NeitherBoth and neither are used to talk about two things, all and none are usedto talk about things more than two.They have two cars. Both of them are expensive. Neither of them is blue.They have three cars. All of them are expensive. None of them is blue. -35-
  36. 36. Task 2: Eucadorian TvTOPIC: THE ECUADORIAN TELEVISISONEcuadorian television in recent In journalism as Higuera Hernányears has been known for its and Eduardo Narvaez, Ecuavisatransparency of information, chain achieved the King of Spainpresenting information and sport, prize in the television categoryculture, science, society and so on. organized by EFE.Each channel features series fordifferent ages as soap operas forhousewives and childrens animatedseries, the film weekend of action,horror etc. Some journalists say shut the president wants to journalism.IN SICIAL I think information toreach those high standards. Thereporter must prepare and play inthe workplace all the risks in order toinform the Ecuadorian people andbe a leader in social communication.But in reality the president wants tobe all real and transparency. Thisallows the journalists to be better. -36-
  37. 37. -37-
  38. 38. Task 13: Pasive VoiceTopic: The Active To Pasive Voice Transformation In Present And In Past Active Voice Passive VoiceWho discovered Amazon Francisco Orellana The amazon river wasRiver? discovered the amazon discovered by Francisco river OrellanaWho did the breakfast? My mother does the The breakfast was done breakfast by my motherwhat do money use in The use the dollar in The dollar is used inEcuador Ecuador EcuadorWho keep the money The Banc keeps the The money is kept in the money BankWho liberated five Simón Bolivar liberated Five nations was liberatednations? five nations by Simón BolivarWho watch the cartoon The Boys watched the The cartoon programs areprograms? cartoon programs watched by the boysWho wrote the Odisea? Dante writes the novel The novel Odisea was Odisea written by DanteWho create the laws in a The government creates The laws in each countrycountry? the laws in each country. are created for the The governmentWho did homework? Daniel did the homework The homework was done by DanielWhich animal visited the Dog visited the moon The moon was visited bymoon? dogWhere do Nancy travel Nancy visited Teresa aunt Teresa was visited bythe last vacations in Mexico NancyWho wrote the novel Don Servantes wrote the novel the novel Don Quijote deQuijote de la mancha And Don Quijote de la mancha la mancha And SanchoSancho Panza? And Sancho Panza Panza was written by Servantes.Who discovered America Cristóbal Colon America was discovered discovered America by Cristobal ColonWho control the goods SENAE control the goods the goods for export arefor export? for export controlled for SENAEWho painted La Mona Leonardo Da Vinci La Mona Lisa was paintedLisa? painted La Mona Lisa by Leonardo Da Vinci -38-
  39. 39. Portfolio DIGITAL TARIFFI STUDY IN UNIVERSITY OF CARCHI EESTATAL POLYTECHNIC SCHOOLOF FOREIGN TRADE AND INTERNATIONAL TRADE NEGOTIATIONS.FOLLOWING YOU IS THE SUBJECT CLASSIFICATION TARIFFOBJECTIVES• To facilitate international trade.• To facilitate the standardization of trade documents and data transmission.SPECIFIC:Provide a basis for:• tariff nomenclature, the development of Customs Tariffs• tariff and statistical nomenclature in the development of Customs Tariffs of theParties to the declaration of goods at Customs. INTRODUCTIONThis course is intended to show the importance of tariff nomenclature in trade ingoods under the customs nomenclature only as language and business,contributing substantially to facilitate international trade.The Andean Group member countries, especially customs administrations andprivate sector companies directly linked to customs activity may, in a systematicand methodological. -39-
  40. 40. ARANCEL DIGITAL TARIFFAREAS OF LABOR / MANAGEMENTTariff Nomenclature and ClassificationCustoms ValuationCustoms techniquesRules of OriginFUNCTIONSStudying the goodsCustoms Control Techniques DevelopMaintain current TariffAdvise GovernmentsTARIFF NOMENCLATUREIt is a descriptive listing, orderly and methodical goods subject of InternationalTrade, identified by a code number and product description.Example: 2001.90.10 ----------- Olives 0603.10.40 ----------- Roses 0106.19.00 ----------- DogsEXAMPLES OF NOMENCLATURE Nomenclature Base 6 Digits 8 Digits (Nandina Regional) 10 National Digit -40-
  41. 41. ACCORDING TO CONSTITUENT MATERIALCATEGORY ANIMAL VEGETABLE MINERALa) Natural products, even Section I: Section II: Section V.after being subjected to Live Animals, Vegetable Mineralmanipulations that do not Animal products Productshave such distorted Productscharacter of the naturalproduct. Section III: Oils and fats of both animal and plantb) Natural products having section VIII Section IX and Section XIII,undergone such skins X XIV, XVmanipulations have Wood - Paper Stones /distorted character of the abrasives /natural product. metals Section XI: Textiles Animal / Vegetable / Mineral or Chemical HARMONIZED SYSTEM STRUCTURE -41-
  42. 42. SECTIONS (I -------- XXI)Grouping of goods stored general characteristics.It is expressed in Roman numerals.Section I: Live animals and animal productsSection II: Vegetable productsSection XI: Textiles and textile articlesHARMONIZED SYSTEM STRUCTURECHAPTERSIt is part of a sectionIt is expressed in Arabic numeralsThere are 96 chaptersChapter 77 is emptyChapter 98 (national tariff)TARIFF ITEMIt is a 4-digit code that designates one or more items or categories of goods forthe chapter they belong.Games are specific or generic.Total games: 1226 games.Example: 07.01 -------- Papas (potatoes), fresh or chilled. 07.02 --------Tomatoes, fresh or chilled 07.03 --------Onions, garlic ---Designates the chapter number ---Determines the number of ordering of heading within this chapter.Subheading TARIFF -42-
  43. 43. It is a 6 digit code that designates one or more items or categories of goods forthe chapter they belong.They are of 3 types:closed 6113.00.00 Clothing made with knittingFirst Level 6114.40.00 -Of man-made fibersSecond Level 6115.10.10 Of synthetic fibers, title less than 67 decitex per single yarn -43-
  44. 44. -44-
  45. 45. Conclusions All merchandise entered or withdrawn intended the country must be clearly identified and Classified Allows for statistics and monitoring of goods The Tariff Classification of goods is the first step to a successful foreign trade operation and this is important to fully identify the goods.BibliographyWorld Customs Organization - Official Homepagewww.wcoomd.org/home.htm -45-

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