Technology and Distance Learning Major developments in History ROMINA CONDE
<ul><li>1800-1900 CORRESPONDANCE COURSES </li></ul>In 1722, an ad for lessons via weekly correspondence appeared in a Boston paper. The International Correspondance School became the first generation of distance learning ONE-WAY AUDIO RADIO the first eduactional radio license was issued in 1920
<ul><li>1950s TVs are introduced in schools. </li></ul>First College credit for courses via TV broadcast. In 1952 the National Educational Television Center (NET) was created to assist in the creation and maintenance of an educational television service. Television gave classrooms a chance to receive instructional programming.
<ul><li>1960s the NET has 53 affiliations with the primary goal of sharing films and coordinating scheduling </li></ul>PLATO (Programmed Logic for Automated Teaching Operations) was the first computer based – learning system. It was the beginning of the CALL (Computer Asssisted Language Learning) programmes. Allows students at terminals to access lessons, tests and other schooling information from remotely located professors. BEHAVIORAL CALL
<ul><li>IBM launches MT / ST (Magnetic Tape / Selectric Typewriter) </li></ul>A predecessor of the modern WORD processor. It recorded text typed on Magnetic Tapes. The first reusable storage medium for typed information, which later were replaced by FLOPPY DISKS
<ul><li>By using MT/ST and FLOPPY DISKS files could be shared. </li></ul>This was the beginning of portable and accessible learning. VIDEO CONFERENCING a viable means of distance education. <ul><li>One way video / two way audio </li></ul>To access video conferencing, the user needed a floppy disk to install the programme. Later Floppy disks were replaced by CD-ROMs.
ARPANET the first connection made between computers. It will later evolve into INTERNET <ul><li>1980s PERSONAL COMPUTERS </li></ul>Became a tool for distance learning to type up papers to be sent via correspondance. In the late 80s, INTERNET started and the papers were submitted via e-mail.
The First Computer Assisted Programme ; it is a ny computarized system that provides instructions and feedback to students. They used digital files transferred via CD-ROMS. ITS (Intelligent Tutoring System) became available IRC (Internet Relay Chat) was invented. It allowed people to have real-time conversations either one-on-one or in a chat room setting IRC contribute to the usage of telecommunication in Education. It was later replaced by INSTANT MESSAGING COMMUNICATIVE CALL
ARPANET ended and the World Wide Web started. The creator was Tim Bernes Lee. The University of Phoenix opened its E-DOORS , becoming the first university to offer online bachelor's and master's degrees. <ul><li>1990s to Present ONLINE COURSES </li></ul>Students participated in discussions, projects and lectures entirely through the computer. Jones International University was founded, becoming the first fully online university with accreditation from the Higher Learning Commission In 1999, Jones International became the first online university to receive full accreditation. CMS (Course Management Systems) such as Blackboard and WebCT allowed every college to offer Online courses .
INTEGRATIVE CALL Embrace Multimedia and the Internet The INTERNET is a readily available world of information for the language learner, purely immerse in a language context. CMS / LMS (Learning Management System) have been expanding since the 90s. This Applications help in the creation of learning resources delivered via INTERNET
REFERENCES Koble, M. (2010). History of Internet Education. Retrieved April 19, 2011, from http://www.ehow.com/about_6695764_history-internet-education.html Singhal, M. (n.d.). The Internet and Foreign Language Education: Benefits and Challenges. Retrieved April 19, 2011, from http://www.gse.uci.edu/ed168/resume.html History of the Internet in Education. Retrieved April 19, 2011, from http://www.xtimeline.com/evt/view.aspx?id=751322 Intelligent Tutoring System. Retrieved April 17, 2011, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intelligent_tutoring_system Cobb, S. (2004). Timeline for distance education learning . Retrieved April 20, 2011, from www.scobb.com/UALR/timeline.pdf Computer-assisted language learning. Retrieved April 20, 2011, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Computer-assisted_language_learning#History Educational Technology Timeline. (1999). University of illinois in urbana-champaign . Retrieved April 17, 2011, from ttp://www.isrl.illinois.edu/~chip/projects/timeline.shtml Learning Management System. Retrieved April 20, 2011, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Learning_Management_System