RECONSTRUCTION By: Dr. Yolanda Romero
After the Civil War (1865-1877) Reconstruction Era
State of the country <ul><li>North </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Barely touched by the war. There was only one major battle fo...
State of the country <ul><li>The West </li></ul><ul><li>After the Civil War, massive movement to the west resulted in conf...
War Time Reconstruction <ul><li>President Abraham Lincoln had planned for Post-Civil era long before the war ended. His ma...
<ul><li>In 1863 he passed the Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction. Under the Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruc...
<ul><li>II. Reconstruction </li></ul><ul><li>The term Reconstruction era refers to the 12 years period after the Civil War...
<ul><li>Two obstacles stood in the way of Recontruction. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One was President Andrew Johnson who became...
<ul><li>Another obstacle to Reconstruction was the redeemers who wanted to bring back the old Southern society to what it ...
<ul><li>To overcome the first obstacle, Republican Congress issued a sequences of laws over President Johnson’s veto that ...
<ul><li>However, no matter how much Congress convened, the southerners had a hard time accepting the Northern terms of Rec...
<ul><li>Black Codes </li></ul><ul><li>Crop lien system </li></ul><ul><li>Share Cropping </li></ul><ul><li>Freedmen’s Burea...
<ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Congressional / Military Reconstruction </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reconstructio...
<ul><li>III. End of Reconstruction </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Election of 1876 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Compromi...
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Reconstruction

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Reconstruction

  1. 1. RECONSTRUCTION By: Dr. Yolanda Romero
  2. 2. After the Civil War (1865-1877) Reconstruction Era
  3. 3. State of the country <ul><li>North </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Barely touched by the war. There was only one major battle fought in the North </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Republican party was the strongest party before and after the war </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Before the Civil War, immigrants came from Western Europe. They’re Irish and German </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>After the Civil War, immigrants came from South Eastern Europe. They’re Italian, Spanish, Russian, Jews, and Catholic. They were looked down on </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>South </li></ul><ul><li>Had over 5 billion dollars in property damage. </li></ul><ul><li>Had 10 percent of what the North had for industry </li></ul><ul><li> needed new economy because black slaves (4 million) were freed. </li></ul><ul><li>Democrat party was the strongest after the Civil War </li></ul><ul><li>Southerners were for state right, small government, secession </li></ul>
  4. 4. State of the country <ul><li>The West </li></ul><ul><li>After the Civil War, massive movement to the west resulted in conflicts between the Indians and the Whites. </li></ul><ul><li>1849 Gold Rush </li></ul>
  5. 5. War Time Reconstruction <ul><li>President Abraham Lincoln had planned for Post-Civil era long before the war ended. His main concern was how to preserve the United States. He understood that when the war ended, there had to be major reforms in the southern society. </li></ul><ul><li>People in the Old Confederacy had to adjust to new changes in there life. They had to accept the fact that all men are equal, regardless of race, and a new economy that is empty of slave labor. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>In 1863 he passed the Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction. Under the Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction, all Southerners would be allow to come back to the Union if they accept the new federal laws would end slave labor, and if ten percent of the population swore allegiance to U.S constitution. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>II. Reconstruction </li></ul><ul><li>The term Reconstruction era refers to the 12 years period after the Civil War when the North reformed the society and the economy of the South, under the North terms. For the first time in American history the South was forced to grant African-Americans civil and political rights. </li></ul><ul><li>The Republican Congress was determined to reform the old Confederate along the lines of the North. </li></ul><ul><li>13th amendment declared no human being can own another human being as property. </li></ul><ul><li>15 th amendment declared all citizens had the right to vote. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Two obstacles stood in the way of Recontruction. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One was President Andrew Johnson who became president after Lincoln was assassinated. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Another obstacle to Reconstruction was the redeemers who wanted to bring back the old Southern society to what it had been before the Civil War. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>To overcome the first obstacle, Republican Congress issued a sequences of laws over President Johnson’s veto that made it possible for African Americans to vote, hold political office, and enjoy other important civil rights. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>However, no matter how much Congress convened, the southerners had a hard time accepting the Northern terms of Reconstruction. They continued to be prejudice against the African Americans, and bitter because they lost the war. </li></ul><ul><li>Using violence and intimidation to oppress the African Americans, the South was able to defeat Reconstruction laws and made African Americans succumb to economic and social inferiority. The Black Codes curtailed the rights and privileges of African Americans. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Black Codes </li></ul><ul><li>Crop lien system </li></ul><ul><li>Share Cropping </li></ul><ul><li>Freedmen’s Bureau </li></ul><ul><li>Jim Crow </li></ul><ul><li>Ku Klux Klan </li></ul><ul><li>Lynching </li></ul><ul><li>Freedmen’s Bureau </li></ul><ul><li>13 th amendment </li></ul><ul><li>14 th amendment </li></ul><ul><li>15 th amendment </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Congressional / Military Reconstruction </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reconstruction Acts </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>13 th Amendment </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>14 th Amendment </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>15 th Amendment </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tenure of Office Act </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>President Limited powers </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Impeachment failed </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>III. End of Reconstruction </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Election of 1876 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Compromise of 1877 </li></ul></ul></ul>

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