The Past Perfect Tense

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The Past Perfect Tense

  1. 1. GENERAL FORMULA I/you/he/she/it/we/they + had + V3/ed
  2. 2. Exceptions in spelling when adding ed after a final e only add d love – loved final consonant after a short, stressed vowel is doubled admit – admitted final r is doubled if it is preceded by a stressed vowel prefer-preferred  BUT!!!! final r is not doubled if it is preceded by a diphthong appear-appeared
  3. 3. Exceptions in spelling when adding ed final l is doubled if it is preceded by a short vowel stressed or unstressed travel-travelled final y after a consonant becomes i and remains unchanged if it is preceded by a vowel hurry – hurried play - played
  4. 4. We use the Past Perfect: A) for an action which happened before another past action or before a stated time in the past. She had finished work before she met her friends for coffee.
  5. 5.  B) for an action which finished in the past and whose result was visible in the past He was happy. He had signed an important contract.
  6. 6. NOTE!  The Past Perfect Tense is the equivalent of the Present Perfect Tense. He can’t find his watch. He has lost it. He couldn’t find his watch. He had lost it.
  7. 7. PRESENT PERFECT Have/has done past nowPAST PERFECT Had done past now
  8. 8.  The Past Perfect Tense is used with the following time expressions: Before - До After - після Already - вже Just - тільки For – протягом Since - з Till/until – до тих пір, поки When - коли By - до By the time – до того часу, як never- ніколи
  9. 9. The Past Perfect Tense is also used  In the if-clause of the third conditional. If he had come, we would have spent time together. We would have spent time together if he had come.
  10. 10. Affirmative Sentences I You He/ She/ It DONE We had PLAYED You WRITTEN They FIXED
  11. 11. I had done all my home assignment before I visited my friend Marko.When Sarah arrived to the party, Peter had already left.The woman sitting near me was nervous. She had never flown before.
  12. 12. QUESTIONS I you he/ she/ it DONE? PLAYED? HAD we WRITTEN? FIXED? you they
  13. 13.  Had Peter left before Mary arrived to the party? Had we cooked dinner before mom came?
  14. 14. Negative Sentences I YouHe/ She/ It DONE HAD NOT PLAYED We WRITTEN You FIXED They
  15. 15.  The woman was a complete stranger to me. I had not(=hadn’t) seen her before. The man was hit by a car because the driver hadn’t seen him. The apartment was really dirty. They had not cleaned it for many days.

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