Organization 2 ,organizational behaviour by mr. rohit banskota

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  • 1. PRESENTATION ON ORGANIZING-II PRESENTERS :  SANTOSH ADHIKARI  ROHIT BANSKOTA  ABHINANDAN GUPTA  BINITA PUN  ROJINA MAGAR  SUNIL THAPA
  • 2. INTRODUCTION MEANING BENEFITS DETERMINANTS TYPES DELEGATION OF AUTHORITY CENTRALIZATION AND DECENTRALIZATION
  • 3. ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE: DESIGN INDIVIDUAL ASSIGNED ROLES A COMMON PATTERN OPTIMUM USE OF HUMAN SKILL
  • 4. STEPS IN THE ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE  DETERMINATION, IDENTIFICATION AND ENUMERATION OF ACTIVITIES  GROUPING AND ASSIGNING OF ACTIVITIES  DELEGATION OF AUTHORITY
  • 5. BENEFITS OF A GOOD ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE  PROPER COORDINATION  ELIMINATS OVERLAPPING AND DUPLICATION OF WORK  FACILITATES PROMOTIONS OF PERSONNEL  AIDS IN WAGE AND SALARY ADMINISTRTION  COMMUNICATION IS EASIER  IT ENCOURAGES CREATIVITY
  • 6.  DIVISION OF LABOUR BY FUNCTIONAL SPECIALIZATION  A WELL –DEFINED HIERARCHY OF AUTHORITY  A SYSTEM OF RULES COVERING THE DUTIES AND RIGHTS OF ALL EMPLOYERES  A SYSTEM OF PROCEDURES FOR DEALING WITH THE WORK SITUATIONS  IMPERSONAL RELATIONS AMONG PEOPLE MECHANISTIC STRUCTURE
  • 7. TASKS AND ROLES ARE LESS RIGIDLY DEFINED DECISION MAKING IS MORE DECENTRALIZED THE ATMOSPHERE IS MORE COLLEGIAL DEPARTMENTAL BOUNDARIES ARE FLEXIBLE ORGANIC STRUCTURE
  • 8. DETERMINANTS OF ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE  ENVIRONMENT  TECHNOLOGY  LIFE CYCLE
  • 9. TYPE OF ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE  THE LINE STRUCTURE PRESIDENT PLANT MANAGER FOREMAN A FOREMAN B FOREMAN C WORKERS WORKERS WORKERS
  • 10. DEPARTMENTATION  THE FUNCTIONAL STRUCTURE  DIVISIONAL STRUCTURE:  PRODUCT STRUCTURE  CUSTOMER STRUCTURE  GEOGRAPHIC STRUCTURE
  • 11. MANAGEMENT by OBJECTIVES PROCESS  CENTRAL GOAL SETTING  MANAGERS SUBORDINATE INVOLVEMENT  MATCHING GOALS AND RESOURCES  FREEDOM OF IMPLEEMENTATATION  REVIEW AND APPARISAL OF PERFORMANCE
  • 12. ADVANTAGES  Result oriented – Detail planning – Better overall management system  No ambiguity  Periodic evaluation
  • 13. DISADVANTAGES
  • 14. Delegation of authority
  • 15. Delegation of authority  Delegation is the downward transfer of formal authority from one person to another.  It reduces the burden of chief executives by sharing some of his duties with his immediate subordinates.  Its becomes necessary as the organization grows.
  • 16. Principles of delegation of authority  Functional clarity  Matching authority with responsibility  Unity of command  Principles of communications  Principles of management by exception
  • 17. Process of delegation  Assignment of task  Granting authority to subordinate  Creating responsibility and accountability
  • 18. Advantages of dELEGATION Quick and better decision. Motivation and moral. Training and development. Minimize work load of manager. Benefit of specialization.
  • 19. Problems of delegation UNWILLINGNESS OF EXECUTIVE Lack of time to explaining and lack of belief on subordinates ability.  A management may lack confidence & trust in subordinates Lack of manager abilities to delegation  Feeling insecure with subordinates Fear of being lazy & lack of creating the impression of “ Hardworking Executive “
  • 20. OVERCOME OF OBSTACLES  DELEGATION TO BE COMPLETE AND CLEARLY UNDERSTOOD  PROPER SELECTION AND TRAININGOTIV  MOTIVATION OF SUBORDINATE  TOLERANCE WITH SUBORDINATE’S MISTAKES
  • 21. Centralization  It is the situation in which the decision making power is at the top of an organization & there is no delegation of authority.
  • 22. Decentralization  Distributing power and decision making among each other or within the organization.
  • 23. Need & its variable  Mission, Goal, Objective, of the organization  Size and complexity of the organization  Location of the target market  Competency of subordinates  Desirability of creativity in the organization  Time frame of decisions  Adequacy of communication system  Types of tasks  External factors
  • 24. Advantages of centralization  It adopt & enforce uniform policies to achieve coordination & conformity  Decision are made by the top level management  Centralization balance achieve among activities of different department and functional areas  Management handle to equipped any emergencies & it save time in decision making
  • 25. Advantages of Decentralization  It provides foundation for development of future executives  It relives excessive work load to the top level management  It is highly motivational for subordinates  Decentralization leads to prompt action & quick decisions  Decentralization results in effective control over operations and processes