Action Research_Narrative Writing

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  • 1. EL DEPARTMENT
    • Using Narrative Films to Improve Writing
    PLC Project 2011
  • 2. Movie Trailer Movie Trailer
  • 3. http://www.educate.ece.govt.nz/learning/exploringPractice/EducationalLeadership/EffectiveProfessionalLearning/TeachersAsResearchers/ActionResearch.aspx Where we are now?
      • Conduct a diagnostic test to find out what the pupils know and can do about narrative writing
      • Collect pupil’s composition scripts for data collection
  • 4. http://www.educate.ece.govt.nz/learning/exploringPractice/EducationalLeadership/EffectiveProfessionalLearning/TeachersAsResearchers/ActionResearch.aspx Where do we want to be?
      • Work out what makes a good piece of narrative writing.
      • Indirect characterisation
  • 5. How do we get there?
    • Research Questions
    • How can the use of indirect characterisation techniques help pupils to show what a character is like in their story?
    • How do the techniques applied help to improve pupils’ writing process?
    • How does the use of visual and auditory cues help pupils to infer characters’ thoughts and emotions?
    • Does the use of novelisation approach help Sec 2 pupils to portray characters using dialogue, facial expression, body language and actions in writing narratives?
    • Does the use of narrative films help pupils understand characterisation and develop characterisation techniques in their writing?
  • 6. Action – explore, challenge, plan, trial
    • Data Collection
    • Appearance - Physical features, Attire, Facial expressions
    • Actions – how, Where, When, Why and the actions that are carried out
    • Speech – Dialogue, the manner of speaking (synonyms for ‘said’), Action - Reaction
    • Impact on others – Observations, thoughts, feelings of others
  • 7. Action – explore, challenge, plan, trial
    • Data Collection
    • Which pupils’ scripts?
    • Based on:
    • SA 2 2010 EL Results (Paper One – Free Writing / Situational Writing
    • S:Hong Kah SecDepartmentEnglishPLC Project - component mark
    • Scripts of pupils:
      • Top 7 in EL Paper One
      • Bottom 3 in EL Paper One
  • 8. Reflection and Implementation
    • Lesson Plans
      • Guided Discovery
      • AfL
        • - use narrative films and rich texts to engage pupils in understanding how characters are portrayed and developed
        • - focus on indirect characterisation – appearance, actions, speech, impact on others and background information about the character – as a technique to show rather than tell what a character is like
  • 9. Reflection and Implementation
    • COLLECT EVIDENCE
      • Pupils Learning Preference
      • Pupils’ Evaluation Checklist
      • Pupils’ Worksheets
      • Pupils’ Pre and Post-test papers
      • Pupils’ Pre and Post-test Assessment Rubrics analysis
  • 10. Action Research on Narrative Writing
    • CONTEXT
    • Action research can be used as a tool to collect data for project or dissertation work. Here are two diagrams which help to explain the process. These can be adapted to use in a research methods type class.
    • THE ACTION RESEARCH CYCLE
    • There are four basic steps in the action research cycle:-Plan, act, observe/collect, reflect/review.
    Action Research diagrams, Teaching Resource Exchange, Hospitality, Leisure, Sport and Tourism Network
  • 11. Action Research on Narrative Writing
    • PLAN
      • Conduct a diagnostic test to find out what the pupils know and can do about narrative writing
      • Collect pupil’s composition scripts for data collections
      • Decide on the assessment rubrics to assess success criteria in character analysis:
      • “ Are the characters alive / “living people”?(Ernest Hemingway)
      • Identify the strategies that pupils use to develop characters
      • Plan an intervention lesson to teach pupils to teach pupils to show characterisations by applying certain techniques.
    Action Research diagrams, Teaching Resource Exchange, Hospitality, Leisure, Sport and Tourism Network
  • 12. PLC - nARrate
    • Action Research on Narrative Writing
    Abstract: The purpose of this Action Research is to find out the effectiveness of using narrative films and rich texts to help pupils write better narratives with realistic settings and engaging characters. The pupils are introduced to the language of narrative films such as scenes and camera shots in order to make them see the relationship between narrative films and its equivalent narrative texts. Since ‘characters are what drive a storyline along’ (Pearson, All about EL, Sec 2), the focus of the research is to evaluate the use of indirect characterisation – appearance, actions, speech, impact on others and background information - as a way to show rather tell what a character in a story is like.
  • 13. Developing Research Questions
    • What topic / area interests you?
    • What exactly in it (the topic)? What specific points interest you in that topic?
    • How is the info going to be collected? How is it going to be analysed? What methods?
    • What material / source are you going to use? Have you checked it?
    • What sample?
    • Any specific time frame? Any specific location/region/country? Any specific group of people/institutions?
    • Is it realistic? Are you looking at too many things?
    • Is it too general of an idea?
    • http ://www2.hull.ac.uk/fass/pdf/PAL_RQ_Examples.pdf
  • 14. Developing Research Questions
    • one single sentence (possibly two) stating what your research topic is and how you will address it. Even if you then have to amend it again.
    http://www2.hull.ac.uk/fass/pdf/PAL_RQ_Examples.pdf
  • 15. Research Questions
    • Research Questions
      • (1) How can the use of indirect characterisation techniques help pupils to
      • show what a character is like in their story?
      • (2) How do the techniques applied help to improve pupils’ writing process?
      • (3) How does the use of visual and auditory cues help pupils to infer characters’ thoughts and emotions?
      • (4) Does the use of novelisation approach help Sec 2 pupils to portray characers using dialogue, facial
      • expression, body language and actions in writing narratives?
      • (5) Does the use of Narrative films help pupils to improve writing skills in Narrative topics / vocabulary skills
      • in Narrative writing
      • We will look for evidence of the above in pupils’ compositions to identify the skills which are lacking.
  • 16. Data collection – vivid words / phrases
    • Things to look up for in writing: (Pearson Sec 2 Exp p.80-86
    • Appearance
      • Physical features
      • Attire
      • Facial expressions
    • Actions
      • how
      • Where
      • When
      • Why
        • the actions are carried out
    • Speech
      • Dialogue
      • The manner of speaking (synonyms for ‘said’)
      • Action - Reaction
    • Impact on others
      • Observations
      • Thoughts
      • Feelings
        • Of others
    • To rate above as:
    • - none
    • - below
    • - average
    • - above expectation
  • 17. Data collection
    • Which pupils’ scripts?
    • Based on:
    • SA 2 2010 EL Results (Paper One – Free Writing / Situational Writing
    • S:Hong Kah SecDepartmentEnglishPLC Project - component mark
    • Scripts of pupils:
      • Top 7 in EL Paper One
      • Bottom 3 in EL Paper One
  • 18. Action Research on Narrative Writing
    • ACT
      • Lesson Plan
        • IBL approach
        • AfL
          • using narrative films and rich texts to engage pupils in understanding how characters are portrayed and developed
          • to focus on indirect characterisation – appearance, actions, speech, impact on others and background information about the character – as a technique to show rather than tell what a character is like
    Action Research diagrams, Teaching Resource Exchange, Hospitality, Leisure, Sport and Tourism Network
  • 19. Action Research on Narrative Writing
    • COLLECT
      • Pupils Learning Preference
      • Pupils’ Evaluation Checklist
      • Pupils’ Worksheets
      • Pupils’ Pre and Post-test papers
      • Pupils’ Pre and Post-test Assessment Rubrics analysis
    Action Research diagrams, Teaching Resource Exchange, Hospitality, Leisure, Sport and Tourism Network