What is?Rules - Playing field - Duration - Teams - Positions - BallLeagues and team structure
It is a sport played between two teams of 15players on a rectangular grass pitch. Theobjective of the sport is to score points by passingthe ball through the other teams goals, a set oftwo upright posts separated by a crossbar 2.5metres.
The grass pitch is rectangular,stretching 130–145 meters longand 80–90 meters wide. Thereare H-shaped goalposts ateach end, formed by twoposts, which are usually 7 mhigh, set 6.5 m apart, andconnected 2.5 m above theground by a crossbar. Lines aremarked at distances of 13 m,20m and 45 m from each end-line. Lines are marked atdistances of 13 m, 20m and 45m from each end-line.
The majority of adult football and all minor andunder-21 matches last for 60 minutes, dividedinto two halves of 30 minutes, with theexception of senior inter-county games whichlast for 70 minutes. Draws are decided byreplays or by playing 20 minutes of extra time.The under-12s have a half of 20 minutes or 25minutes in some cases. Half-time lasts for about15 minutes.
Teams consist of fifteen players plus up tofifteen substitutes, of which five may beused. Each player is numbered 1–15,starting with the goalkeeper , who mustwear a jersey from a different colour thanthat of his or her teammates.
The following are the positionsin the Gaelic sports of Gaelicfootball, hurling and camogie.Like rugby and baseball, andunlike soccer, these have setpositions which haventchanged in decades. In mostcases, each player sticks firmlyto his position, althoughplayers sometimes switchpositions at the order of theircoach, manager or captain.
The game is played with around leather football madeof 18 stitched leather panels,similar in appearance to atraditional volleyball, with acircumference of 69–74 cmweighing between 370–425g when dry. It may be kickedor hand passed. A handpass is not a punch butrather a strike of the ball withthe side of the closed fist,using the knuckle of thethumb.
All Gaelic sports are amateur; easing the strictness with which this isinterpreted is advocated by the Gaelic Players Association. Thebasic unit of each game is organised at the club level, which isusually arranged on a parish basis, with various local clubs playingto win the County Championship at various levels: Name DescriptionSenior the better adult teamsIntermediate teams between Senior and Junior levels weaker adult teams, often from smallerJunior communitiesUnder-21 under 21Minor under 18Under-age all ages from under-17 down to under-6