Planting With Natives
ADVANTAGES <ul><li>For the Birds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Safety </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Protection from the elements </li...
<ul><li>Diversify  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Height </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Remember… little trees grow up </li></ul></...
DIVERSITY
DIVERSITY <ul><li>Example of a typical rural habitat </li></ul><ul><li>Birds fill every niche of every habitat </li></ul><...
DIVERSITY <ul><li>Greater vertical diversity means greater diversity of species </li></ul><ul><li>Birds fill every niche o...
DIVERSITY <ul><li>Try to plant something that will provide benefit during each season. </li></ul><ul><li>Seasonal Diversit...
TIMING <ul><li>Hummingbirds move through SW MN quickly in spring, by depart slowly leave in autumn. </li></ul><ul><li>Find...
KNOWLEDGE OF BIRDS
RESOURCES <ul><li>moumn.org </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Minnesota Ornithologists’ Union </li></ul></ul></ul>
MIGRATION INFORMATION
RESOURCES <ul><li>moumn.org </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Minnesota Ornithologists’ Union </li></ul></ul></ul>
MIGRATION DATES
NESTING SPECIES Spring Migration Fall Migration POTENTIAL NESTING SPECIES Arrival Departure Arrival Departure Wood Duck 2-...
FRUIT EATERS FRUIT EATERS Arrival Departure Arrival Departure Red-eyed Vireo 6-May 3-Oct Gray Catbird 27-Apr 12-Nov Brown ...
SEED EATERS SEED EATERS Arrival Departure Arrival Departure Mourning Dove 15-Apr 2-Oct Red-breasted Nuthatch 23-May 18-Aug...
OTHERS OF INTEREST OTHERS Arrival Departure Arrival Departure Sharp-shinned Hawk 3-Mar 10-Aug Cooper's Hawk 5-Mar Ruby-thr...
PLANT BENEFIT GROUPINGS
Planting With Natives <ul><li>Plant Type Groupings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Based on structure and bird use </li></ul></ul><u...
CONIFERS <ul><li>Primarily Use –  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nesting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shelter (esp. winter) </li></ul...
FRUITING <ul><li>Possible to provide fruiting plants from June through winter </li></ul><ul><li>Native plants offer best s...
GRASSES <ul><li>Native grass plantings offer nesting cover as well as food.  </li></ul><ul><li>Typically need 5 acres to p...
NECTAR <ul><li>Attracting bugs may be more beneficial than attracting hummingbirds in Southwest Minnesota </li></ul><ul><l...
WINTER PERSISTENT <ul><li>Many crabapple varieties hold fruit throughout winter. </li></ul><ul><li>Several winter persiste...
LOCATING PLANTS
PROTECTION <ul><li>Birds need safety from predators and distance from “false” flyways </li></ul><ul><li>Windows :  </li></...
PROTECTION <ul><li>Predators :  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Opportunity Perches near open areas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ambus...
SUNLIGHT <ul><li>Think long-term in to the future. </li></ul><ul><li>Landscape may need to change with the years </li></ul...
VANTAGE POINTS <ul><li>Your enjoyment is primary and equally beneficial to the habitat you provide. </li></ul>CONSIDERATIO...
 
<ul><li>BOOKS </li></ul><ul><li>LANDSCAPING FOR WILDLIFE  </li></ul><ul><li>–  CARROLL HENDERSON </li></ul><ul><li>PROJECT...
All About Birds <ul><li>Attracting Birds tab </li></ul>
singingwings.rohair.com <ul><li>Plants for Wildlife tab </li></ul>
Questions
ROGER JAY SCHROEDER [email_address] (507) 531-0856 http://singingwings.rohair.com
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Native plants for birds

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Considerations for selecting hardiness Zone 4 native plants to invite birds to your yard landscape.

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Transcript of "Native plants for birds"

  1. 2. Planting With Natives
  2. 3. ADVANTAGES <ul><li>For the Birds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Safety </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Protection from the elements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nesting habitat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Food Source </li></ul></ul><ul><li>For the Environment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Low Water Use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not Invasive </li></ul></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>Diversify </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Height </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Remember… little trees grow up </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bloom/Production </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Benefit Type </li></ul><ul><li>Location[s] </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Safety </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Water Use </li></ul>CONSIDERATIONS
  4. 5. DIVERSITY
  5. 6. DIVERSITY <ul><li>Example of a typical rural habitat </li></ul><ul><li>Birds fill every niche of every habitat </li></ul><ul><li>Diverse height offers diverse food sources </li></ul><ul><li>Usage Zones – Natural Habitat </li></ul>DIVERSITY
  6. 7. DIVERSITY <ul><li>Greater vertical diversity means greater diversity of species </li></ul><ul><li>Birds fill every niche of every habitat </li></ul><ul><li>Diverse height offers diverse food sources </li></ul><ul><li>Usage Zones – Residential Area </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Vertical Diversity </li></ul></ul></ul>DIVERSITY
  7. 8. DIVERSITY <ul><li>Try to plant something that will provide benefit during each season. </li></ul><ul><li>Seasonal Diversity </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Consider the timing of flowering/fruiting </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>FLOWERS </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Attracting insects, butterflies, and hummingbirds </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>FRUITING SHRUBS </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Most fruits produce mid-late summer </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Some shrubs/trees hold fruit throughout winter </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>SEED-BEARING PLANTS </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Seeds eaten by finches on the plant, or sparrows on the ground </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>DIVERSITY
  8. 9. TIMING <ul><li>Hummingbirds move through SW MN quickly in spring, by depart slowly leave in autumn. </li></ul><ul><li>Find blooms that peak each season. </li></ul><ul><li>Hummingbird Migration Timing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spring Bloom Peak </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2nd week of May </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rhododendron, Flowering Crab, Lilac </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Autumn Bloom Peak </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mid-august </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trumpet vine, jewelweed, canna </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>MIGRATION TIMING EXAMPLE
  9. 10. KNOWLEDGE OF BIRDS
  10. 11. RESOURCES <ul><li>moumn.org </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Minnesota Ornithologists’ Union </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 12. MIGRATION INFORMATION
  12. 13. RESOURCES <ul><li>moumn.org </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Minnesota Ornithologists’ Union </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 14. MIGRATION DATES
  14. 15. NESTING SPECIES Spring Migration Fall Migration POTENTIAL NESTING SPECIES Arrival Departure Arrival Departure Wood Duck 2-Mar Hooded Merganser 1-Mar American Kestrel 21-Mar 20-Oct Eastern Phoebe 21-Mar 31-Oct Purple Martin 5-Apr 15-Sep Tree Swallow 20-Mar 18-Oct House Wren 17-Apr 14-Oct Eastern Bluebird 1-Mar
  15. 16. FRUIT EATERS FRUIT EATERS Arrival Departure Arrival Departure Red-eyed Vireo 6-May 3-Oct Gray Catbird 27-Apr 12-Nov Brown Thrasher 13-Apr 22-Dec American Robin 1-Apr 1-Nov Cedar Waxwing 15-Apr 15-Oct WARBLERS 28-Sep Baltimore Oriole 29-Apr 23-Sep
  16. 17. SEED EATERS SEED EATERS Arrival Departure Arrival Departure Mourning Dove 15-Apr 2-Oct Red-breasted Nuthatch 23-May 18-Aug Spotted Towhee 3-May 7-May 30-Sep 15-Oct Eastern Towhee 16-Apr 10-Nov Chipping Sparrow 26-Mar 10-Nov Clay-colored Sparrow 21-Apr 14-Oct Fox Sparrow 13-Mar 29-Apr 19-Sep 20-Dec Song Sparrow 21-Mar Lincoln's Sparrow 12-Apr 25-May 31-Aug 9-Nov White-throated Sparrow 20-Mar 27-May 29-Aug 16-Dec Harris's Sparrow 3-Apr 22-May 22-Sep 19-Dec White-crowned Sparrow 21-Apr 21-May 16-Sep 13-Dec Northern Cardinal 1-Apr 15-Dec Rose-breasted Grosbeak 28-Apr 15-Oct Indigo Bunting 4-May 9-Oct House Finch 20-Mar 31-Dec Purple Finch 17-May 27-Aug American Goldfinch 14-May 3-Oct
  17. 18. OTHERS OF INTEREST OTHERS Arrival Departure Arrival Departure Sharp-shinned Hawk 3-Mar 10-Aug Cooper's Hawk 5-Mar Ruby-throated Hummingbird 4-May 13-Oct Yellow-bellied Sapsucker 28-Mar 19-Oct Least Flycatcher 1-May 26-Sep Northern Shrike 5-Apr 15-Oct Swainson's Thrush 26-Apr 1-Jun 12-Aug 17-Oct Hermit Thrush 28-Mar 16-May 14-Sep 12-Dec
  18. 19. PLANT BENEFIT GROUPINGS
  19. 20. Planting With Natives <ul><li>Plant Type Groupings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Based on structure and bird use </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Conifers </li></ul><ul><li>Fruiting </li></ul><ul><li>Grasses </li></ul><ul><li>Nectar </li></ul><ul><li>Winter persistent </li></ul>
  20. 21. CONIFERS <ul><li>Primarily Use – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nesting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shelter (esp. winter) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Secondary Use – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Food Source </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Shelter - Nesting Sites </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spruce, Pines </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Food Producing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Juniper, Red Cedar </li></ul></ul>
  21. 22. FRUITING <ul><li>Possible to provide fruiting plants from June through winter </li></ul><ul><li>Native plants offer best success </li></ul><ul><li>Buy locally grown if only hardy to Zone 4 </li></ul><ul><li>Zone 2 and 3 plants are best purchased from local latitude and north </li></ul><ul><li>Summer-Fall Migration (winter) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dogwood, plum, viburnums, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>highbush cranberry, chokecherry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mountainash </li></ul></ul>
  22. 23. GRASSES <ul><li>Native grass plantings offer nesting cover as well as food. </li></ul><ul><li>Typically need 5 acres to provide safe and suitable nesting cover </li></ul><ul><li>Ornamental grasses (non-native) are okay as long as not invasive. </li></ul><ul><li>Seed benefit for late fall migrants provides the best benefit for birds </li></ul><ul><li>Cover – Ground Nesters </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bluestem, Indian Grass </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Food Source in Autumn </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Canada Wild Rye, Switchgrass </li></ul></ul>
  23. 24. NECTAR <ul><li>Attracting bugs may be more beneficial than attracting hummingbirds in Southwest Minnesota </li></ul><ul><li>Non-native plants such as Canna are okay as they are not invasive </li></ul><ul><li>Full sun, and partial shade combination offers diversity </li></ul><ul><li>Hummingbirds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>and butterflies & pollinators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>often attract insect eating birds </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Virginia Creeper, Honeysuckle, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Touch-me-not </li></ul></ul>
  24. 25. WINTER PERSISTENT <ul><li>Many crabapple varieties hold fruit throughout winter. </li></ul><ul><li>Several winter persistent plants have beneficial spring blossoms for attracting beneficial insects. </li></ul><ul><li>Nut/Acorn producing shrubs/trees may take decades to rpoduce </li></ul><ul><li>Fruits and Seeds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Crabapples, bittersweet vine, apples </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Nut-Acorn </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hickory, Oak </li></ul></ul>
  25. 26. LOCATING PLANTS
  26. 27. PROTECTION <ul><li>Birds need safety from predators and distance from “false” flyways </li></ul><ul><li>Windows : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Take a Bird’s Eye View </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Look for fly-through opportunities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Solutions: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Silhouettes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Netting </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Feeders Closer to Windows </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Structures : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Place stations/plantings with 10’ flyway to aid in avoiding collisions </li></ul></ul>PROTECTION
  27. 28. PROTECTION <ul><li>Predators : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Opportunity Perches near open areas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ambush locations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(cats, etc.) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Traffic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Do not place stations/landscaping that will require birds to cross traffic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Study local current flyways </li></ul></ul></ul>PROTECTION
  28. 29. SUNLIGHT <ul><li>Think long-term in to the future. </li></ul><ul><li>Landscape may need to change with the years </li></ul><ul><li>Bird species will change with the years (benefit?) </li></ul><ul><li>Consider long-term implications </li></ul>CONSIDERATIONS
  29. 30. VANTAGE POINTS <ul><li>Your enjoyment is primary and equally beneficial to the habitat you provide. </li></ul>CONSIDERATIONS <ul><li>Bird WATCHING is half the fun! </li></ul>
  30. 32. <ul><li>BOOKS </li></ul><ul><li>LANDSCAPING FOR WILDLIFE </li></ul><ul><li>– CARROLL HENDERSON </li></ul><ul><li>PROJECTS FOR THE BIRDER'S GARDEN </li></ul><ul><li>FERN MARSHALL BRADLEY </li></ul><ul><li>INTERNET </li></ul><ul><li>ALL ABOUT BIRDS ( HTTP://WWW.ALLABOUTBIRDS.ORG/ ) </li></ul><ul><li>SINGING WINGS ( HTTP://SINGINGWINGS.ROHAIR.COM/ ) </li></ul>Resources
  31. 33. All About Birds <ul><li>Attracting Birds tab </li></ul>
  32. 34. singingwings.rohair.com <ul><li>Plants for Wildlife tab </li></ul>
  33. 35. Questions
  34. 36. ROGER JAY SCHROEDER [email_address] (507) 531-0856 http://singingwings.rohair.com

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