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Bird Classification and Organization • Kingdom: animal • Phylum : Aves • Order : Passerformes • Family : Cardinalidae • Genus : Cardinalis • Species : cardinalis Common Name: Northern Cardinal Scientific Name: Cardinalis cardinalis
Bird Classification and Organization Common Name: Rose-breasted Grosbeak Scientific Name: Pheucticus ludovicanus • Kingdom: animal • Phylum : Aves • Order : Passerformes • Family : Cardinalidae • Genus : Pheucticus • Species : ludovicianus
Diversity & Distribution• Birds fill every niche of every habitat – Habitat: an area of similar composition where something lives • Riparian Forest Habitat • Prairie Habitat • Oceanic Coastline • Your House
Diversity & Distribution– Niche: places within a habitat that serve a specific purpose for a specific species • Within the Riparian Forest Habitat: – Upper Canopy – Trunk – Root area
Basic Observation Mantras• Look at the Bird, not the Book• Take Good Notes• Knowledge is Power
Bird ObservationSpend Your Time Looking at the Bird!!!
Identification Characteristics• Characteristics (Markings) • Size • Shape (bird, bill, tail, wings) • Color (general, patterns) • Specific Identification Markings • throat, breast, and belly • underwing pattern • head and face • tail pattern • wing bars and eye rings • soft parts color • miscellaneous • Behavior, Geography, and Season
Observation Basics• Knowledge is Power • Bird Family Identification Characteristics • 99 Birds to know • Repetition • Hawk Ridge, Spring Ducks • Study in Small Sections • Seasonal • Families • Backyard Birds
Identification Characteristics• Each Family tends to have one or two field marks used to distinguish species within that family
Throat, Breast, & Belly • Sparrows, warblers, finches – Lark Sparrow and Song Sparrow
Front Markings• Palm Warbler and Northern Waterthrush
Eye Markings • Blue-headed Vireo and Tennessee Warbler
Bird ObservationField Notes and Sketches • FIRST: Take Notes (when the bird is present) • SECOND: Take More Notes (after the bird is gone) • Don’t forget behavior, vocalizations, feeding, habitat • THIRD: Look in the book• Know the field marks to look for in each family. • (Yes, that means studying)• Develop a strategy that works for you • Example Field Notes Pages