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02-CAMERA MODES
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02-CAMERA MODES

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Quick info on camera modes. Most are standard on each camera.

Quick info on camera modes. Most are standard on each camera.


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  • 1. Skills to turn good pictures into Great Photos!
  • 2. Modes & Adjustments
  • 3. Becoming Standardized. Each Mfg. has algorithms to calculate focus, exposure, saturation, etc in camera depending on setting. - Slight differences in color, saturation, noise, sharpn ess, etc. but overall similar results
  • 4. Sets ISO, Aperture, and Shutter speed Activates Flash if necessary Also selects focal points, white balance, metering mode, etc. AUTO
  • 5. Camera only calculates the exposure. User selects all other features including ISO (unless ISO=Auto) Program
  • 6. ISO already selected (unless in Auto) User Selects desired Shutter Speed (1/125) Camera adjusts with corresponding aperture to make a good exposure. *Blinking Aperture* too much or too little light for good exposure Shutter Priority
  • 7. Aperture Priority ISO already selected (unless in Auto) User Selects desired Aperture (f/8) Camera adjusts with corresponding Shutter Speed to make a good exposure. *Blinking Shutter Speed* camera shake, too little or too much light
  • 8. Manual ISO already selected (unless in Auto) User Selects BOTH Shutter Speed (1/125) and Aperture (f/4.5) *Blinking Aperture or Shutter Speed value* too much or too little light for good exposure
  • 9. • User tells the camera what focal points are required • Camera calculates the best aperture to match the shutter speed • Not available on all cameras • Primarily for Close photography, patter ns, and creative uses. Automatic Depth of Field
  • 10. Portrait Pre-set • Head and Shoulders portrait • not suited for full- length portraits or group shots • Tells camera to default: • Slow Film Speed • Large Aperture • result is very low noise, & blurred background. • Cautions: • small DOF leads to blurred image. • can trigger the on-board flash.
  • 11. Landscape Pre-set • Used in settings (landscape or not) that need a large depth of field • Camera defaults to: • smallest aperture. • CAUTIONS: • Small aperture means slow shutter speed • Some cameras also adjust ISO
  • 12. Close-up Pre-set • Tells camera the subject is very close (fill frame) • Chooses a shallow depth of field to focus on the subject. • Useful to take a photograph of an image smaller than your hand. • CAUTIONS: • Macro mode will NOT give you super close up images. Macro lens is needed. • Works best in bright conditions • May need a tripod because DOF is narrow
  • 13. Action Pre-set • Designed to stop the action/motion • Tells camera to default: • Fastest Shutter Speed available • Fastest Film Speed needed • CAUTIONS: • decreases the amount of light • Can result in very noisy image
  • 14. Night Pre-set • Seeks slow shutter speed to allow enough light • flash fires at some point during exposure • results is foreground & background are properly exposed. • useful in taking low- light images where you do not want the background to be pure black. • CAUTIONS: • Setting varies per camera • Setting will often require a tripod
  • 15. NO Flash • Necessary for places that do not allow flash photography (e.g. museums) • Useful for low-light creative photos such as candlelight, campfir e, fireworks, etc.
  • 16. Photography Posture Lesson