Skills to turn good pictures into Great Photos!
Modes & Adjustments
Becoming Standardized.
Each Mfg. has algorithms to
calculate
focus, exposure, saturation, etc
in camera depending on setti...
Sets ISO, Aperture, and
Shutter speed
Activates Flash if
necessary
Also selects focal
points, white
balance, metering
mode...
Camera only calculates
the exposure.
User selects all other
features including ISO
(unless ISO=Auto)
Program
ISO already selected
(unless in Auto)
User Selects desired
Shutter Speed (1/125)
Camera adjusts with
corresponding apertur...
Aperture Priority
ISO already selected
(unless in Auto)
User Selects desired
Aperture (f/8)
Camera adjusts with
correspond...
Manual
ISO already selected
(unless in Auto)
User Selects BOTH
Shutter Speed (1/125)
and Aperture (f/4.5)
*Blinking Apertu...
• User tells the camera
what focal points are
required
• Camera calculates
the best aperture to
match the shutter
speed
• ...
Portrait Pre-set
• Head and Shoulders
portrait
• not suited for full-
length portraits or
group shots
• Tells camera to de...
Landscape Pre-set
• Used in settings
(landscape or not)
that need a large
depth of field
• Camera defaults to:
• smallest ...
Close-up Pre-set
• Tells camera the
subject is very close
(fill frame)
• Chooses a shallow
depth of field to focus
on the ...
Action Pre-set
• Designed to stop the
action/motion
• Tells camera to
default:
• Fastest Shutter Speed
available
• Fastest...
Night Pre-set
• Seeks slow shutter
speed to allow
enough light
• flash fires at some
point during exposure
• results is fo...
NO Flash
• Necessary for places
that do not allow
flash photography
(e.g. museums)
• Useful for low-light
creative photos ...
Photography Posture Lesson
02-CAMERA MODES
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02-CAMERA MODES

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Quick info on camera modes. Most are standard on each camera.

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02-CAMERA MODES

  1. 1. Skills to turn good pictures into Great Photos!
  2. 2. Modes & Adjustments
  3. 3. Becoming Standardized. Each Mfg. has algorithms to calculate focus, exposure, saturation, etc in camera depending on setting. - Slight differences in color, saturation, noise, sharpn ess, etc. but overall similar results
  4. 4. Sets ISO, Aperture, and Shutter speed Activates Flash if necessary Also selects focal points, white balance, metering mode, etc. AUTO
  5. 5. Camera only calculates the exposure. User selects all other features including ISO (unless ISO=Auto) Program
  6. 6. ISO already selected (unless in Auto) User Selects desired Shutter Speed (1/125) Camera adjusts with corresponding aperture to make a good exposure. *Blinking Aperture* too much or too little light for good exposure Shutter Priority
  7. 7. Aperture Priority ISO already selected (unless in Auto) User Selects desired Aperture (f/8) Camera adjusts with corresponding Shutter Speed to make a good exposure. *Blinking Shutter Speed* camera shake, too little or too much light
  8. 8. Manual ISO already selected (unless in Auto) User Selects BOTH Shutter Speed (1/125) and Aperture (f/4.5) *Blinking Aperture or Shutter Speed value* too much or too little light for good exposure
  9. 9. • User tells the camera what focal points are required • Camera calculates the best aperture to match the shutter speed • Not available on all cameras • Primarily for Close photography, patter ns, and creative uses. Automatic Depth of Field
  10. 10. Portrait Pre-set • Head and Shoulders portrait • not suited for full- length portraits or group shots • Tells camera to default: • Slow Film Speed • Large Aperture • result is very low noise, & blurred background. • Cautions: • small DOF leads to blurred image. • can trigger the on-board flash.
  11. 11. Landscape Pre-set • Used in settings (landscape or not) that need a large depth of field • Camera defaults to: • smallest aperture. • CAUTIONS: • Small aperture means slow shutter speed • Some cameras also adjust ISO
  12. 12. Close-up Pre-set • Tells camera the subject is very close (fill frame) • Chooses a shallow depth of field to focus on the subject. • Useful to take a photograph of an image smaller than your hand. • CAUTIONS: • Macro mode will NOT give you super close up images. Macro lens is needed. • Works best in bright conditions • May need a tripod because DOF is narrow
  13. 13. Action Pre-set • Designed to stop the action/motion • Tells camera to default: • Fastest Shutter Speed available • Fastest Film Speed needed • CAUTIONS: • decreases the amount of light • Can result in very noisy image
  14. 14. Night Pre-set • Seeks slow shutter speed to allow enough light • flash fires at some point during exposure • results is foreground & background are properly exposed. • useful in taking low- light images where you do not want the background to be pure black. • CAUTIONS: • Setting varies per camera • Setting will often require a tripod
  15. 15. NO Flash • Necessary for places that do not allow flash photography (e.g. museums) • Useful for low-light creative photos such as candlelight, campfir e, fireworks, etc.
  16. 16. Photography Posture Lesson

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