Bloody Tudors
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Bloody Tudors

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Henry VIII, Mary Tudor & Elizabeth I biographies

Henry VIII, Mary Tudor & Elizabeth I biographies

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  • 1. BLOODY TUDORS
  • 2. Henry VIII • Henry VIII (28 June 1491 – 28 January 1547) was King of England from 21 April 1509 until his death. Besides his six marriages, Henry VIII is known for his role in the separation of the Church of England from the Roman Catholic Church. Henry's struggles with Rome led to the separation of the Church of England from papal authority,and his own establishment as the Supreme Head of the Church of England.
  • 3. • His desire to provide England with a male heir led to the two things for which Henry is most remembered: his six marriages and the English Reformation. Henry became morbidly obese and his health suffered, contributing to his death in 1547. He is frequently characterised in his later life as a lustful, egotistical, harsh, and insecure king.
  • 4. Mary Tudor • Mary I (18 February 1516 – 17 November 1558) was Queen of England and Ireland from July 1553 until her death. Her executions of Protestants caused her opponents to give her the sobriquet "Bloody Mary". • She was the only child born of the ill-fated marriage of Henry VIII and his first wife Catherine of Aragon who survived to adulthood.
  • 5. • Her younger half-brother, Edward VI, succeeded Henry in 1547. When Edward became mortally ill in 1553, he attempted to remove Mary from the line of succession because of religious differences. On his death, their cousin Lady Jane Grey was at first proclaimed queen. Mary assembled a force in East Anglia and successfully deposed Jane, who was ultimately beheaded. In 1554, Mary married Philip of Spain, becoming queen consort of Habsburg Spain on his accession in 1556.
  • 6. • As the fourth crowned monarch of the Tudor dynasty, Mary is remembered for her restoration of Roman Catholicism after the short-lived Protestant reign of her half-brother. During her five-year reign, she had over 280 religious dissenters burned at the stake in the Marian persecutions. Her re-establishment of Roman Catholicism was reversed after her death in 1558 by her younger half-sister and successor, Elizabeth I.
  • 7. Elizabeth I • Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was queen regnant of England and Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death. Sometimes called "The Virgin Queen", "Gloriana" or "Good Queen Bess", Elizabeth was the fifth and last monarch of the Tudor dynasty. The daughter of Henry VIII, she was born into the royal succession, but her mother, Anne Boleyn, was executed two and a half years after her birth, with Anne's marriage to Henry VIII being annulled, and Elizabeth hence declared illegitimate..
  • 8. • In 1558, Elizabeth succeeded her halfsister, during whose reign she had been imprisoned for nearly a year on suspicion of supporting Protestant rebels • In the mid-1580s, when Spain finally decided to attempt to conquer England in 1588, the failure of the Spanish Armada associated her with one of the greatest military victories in English history.
  • 9. • Elizabeth's reign is known as the Elizabethan era, famous above all for the flourishing of English drama, led by playwrights such as William Shakespeare and Christopher Marlowe, and for the seafaring prowess of English adventurers such as Francis Drake. • Elizabeth's rival, Mary, Queen of Scots, was imprisoned in 1568 and eventually executed in 1587. • Her 44 years on the throne provided welcome stability for the kingdom and helped forge a sense of national identity.
  • 10. • Elizabeth's reign is known as the Elizabethan era, famous above all for the flourishing of English drama, led by playwrights such as William Shakespeare and Christopher Marlowe, and for the seafaring prowess of English adventurers such as Francis Drake. • Elizabeth's rival, Mary, Queen of Scots, was imprisoned in 1568 and eventually executed in 1587. • Her 44 years on the throne provided welcome stability for the kingdom and helped forge a sense of national identity.