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CENSUSES CIVIL BMD RECORDS About 1840 PARISH RECORDS GENES REUNITED GENUKI , FHS, GOONS, ETC GOOGLE, ROOTSWEB and OTHER LISTS Ancestry.co.uk LDS 1881 Findmypast.com FreeBMD Ancestry Findmypast.com Local BMD sites LDS Microfiche LDS IGI / BVRI
You cannot view the actual birth, marriage or death certificates online or at local record offices, copies must be ordered from the General Register Office, either by post or online.
Certificates are significantly cheaper if you provide the Register Office with some basic details about the certificate you require, referred to as the ‘GRO index’. You can get this information from a number of places.
Local County Records Office (CRO); personal search of an individual county’s records on Microfiche
FreeBMD.co.uk website; partially complete records of BMD with good search facility
Birth Index data included “Mother’s Maiden Name” from 1912
Death Index data included “Age” of deceased from 1870
Death Index data included “Date of Birth” from 1970
To help one find the correct BMD index ref:-
To Obtain a Certificate, you need to accurately identify the District (Parish), Year, Quarter, Volume and Page of the appropriate Index for the person you want
Free BMD This free website for post 1837 events is being developed by volunteers and already includes many millions of entries copied from the General Register Office indexes of births, marriages and deaths. With over 170m records, it is not yet complete. We typically use Free BMD via the internet to identify these events
The indexes to the registers are quarterly rather than annually - the four quarters being known as March, June, September and December. Each of these covers the month itself and the two preceding months, as follows:
January, February, March registrations in the March quarter
April, May, June registrations in the June quarter
July, August, September registrations in the September quarter
October, November, December registrations in the December quarter
The name, year and quarter, district, volume number and page number are the details you need to include on the application for a certificate. In many cases, FreeBMD have also made an image of the original index available to download free of charge.
Always search the quarter following the approximate birth. The legal registration of a birth is required within 42 days so could occur in the following quarter. After that a fine could be issued – it is worth checking the next couple of quarters if you still cannot locate the birth.
If a relative has given you the DOB of a deceased relative (e.g. 25 December 1915) and you cannot find the person in the indexes it is worth searching the same quarter in adjacent years (e.g. 1913-1917) because people tend to remember birthdays but get confused about the year of birth.
If you are trying to work back a generation to discover a mother’s maiden name from an ancestor’s birth certificate but are having problems locating the certificate because of your ancestor’s common name (e.g. John Thomas), then search the indexes for a sibling with a more unusual name (e.g. Elias Thomas). There is more chance that you will order a correct certificate. N.B. Look on the census for siblings and approximate ages.
The indexes record each marriage under the names of both bride and groom, so for every one marriage there will be two entries in the indexes.
From March 1912 the spouse's name was recorded on the indexes so, if you know both names, the correct entry should be immediately identifiable. Before that date, where you know both names you will need to cross-reference any candidate entries against the other surname to see if there is a match.
You are looking for a name match first and foremost but need to verify this against the registration district, volume and page number, which will always be identical.
It is sensible to search under the more distinctive of the two names, unless you believe that this surname is at serious risk of being mis-spelt or being subject to spelling variation.