The Islamic Civilization
Reported by:
Ms. Rodmie Colene M. Tamang
BSED-SS II-1
The Coming
of Islam
Arabia
• The birthplace of Islam.
• The largest peninsula in the world.
• It is a hilly, arid land dotted with occasional ...
The Founding of Islam
• Muhammad was born in Mecca about 570 C.E.
• He married Khadija at the age of 25.
Mecca Yathrib
Hegira
622 C.E.
Mecca Yathrib
630 C.E.
Muhammad returned to Mecca and captured the city. He went directly
to Kaaba
There is but one
God, a...
Muhammad died in 632 C.E.. After, his death, his followers carried the
message of Islam in many directions.
Teaching of Islam
• The word Islam means “submission.”
• Islam prays slow or assembles at a mosque, the Muslim temple.
• A...
Five Pillars of Islam
Shahada
Salat
Zakat
Sawm
Hajj
Belief in one God
Praying 5 times a day
Giving alms
Fasting during Ram...
Between 622 and 732 C. E. Islam spread with amazing speed. Arabs
carried their religion to the people of Palestine and Syr...
Islamic Empire
When Muhammad died, he left no heir to lead Islam. Abu Bakr, a
friend of Muhammad was elected caliph. A cal...
The Umayyad Dynasty
• In 661 C.E. a leading family of Mecca established the Umayyad
Dynasty.
• The Umayyad made Damascus i...
The two branches differed over who was the rightful successor to
Muhammad.
The Sunnites
supported the
Umayyads.
The Shiite...
The Abbasids Dynasty
The early Abbasid rulers were strong leaders. They build a splendid
new capital in Baghdad.
Around th...
The Seljuk Turks invaded the Islamic Empire. Although they were
converted to Islam, their traditions differed from those o...
The
Contribution
of Islam
Medicine
The Muslim set up a system of medical training which included
qualifying exams for Doctors and Pharmacists. Arab ...
Literature
Poets held an honored place in the world. Romantic themes often
inspired poetry.
Science
Muslim used the magnetic needle, which was invented by the Chinese,
to produced their own version of the Mariner’s...
Economy
Cities and commerce prospered the Islamic world at a time when
people in Western Europe lived on small isolated ma...
Logic
Islam brought new life to many fields of learning. Muhammad taught
that the “ink of the scholar is holier that the b...
Arts
Muslims designed their temple.
Architecture
Outside the Mosque, architects designed slender towers called
Minarets, from which the people were called to ...
Mathematics
Muslim mathematicians studied the works of ancient scholars such as
Euclid. They also adopted the decimal syst...
The END 
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

The islamic civilization

1,686

Published on

Published in: Education, Spiritual
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,686
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
96
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

The islamic civilization

  1. 1. The Islamic Civilization Reported by: Ms. Rodmie Colene M. Tamang BSED-SS II-1
  2. 2. The Coming of Islam
  3. 3. Arabia • The birthplace of Islam. • The largest peninsula in the world. • It is a hilly, arid land dotted with occasional oasis or fertile areas with enough water to support trees and plants. Oasis Arabia
  4. 4. The Founding of Islam • Muhammad was born in Mecca about 570 C.E. • He married Khadija at the age of 25.
  5. 5. Mecca Yathrib Hegira 622 C.E.
  6. 6. Mecca Yathrib 630 C.E. Muhammad returned to Mecca and captured the city. He went directly to Kaaba There is but one God, and Allah is his name
  7. 7. Muhammad died in 632 C.E.. After, his death, his followers carried the message of Islam in many directions.
  8. 8. Teaching of Islam • The word Islam means “submission.” • Islam prays slow or assembles at a mosque, the Muslim temple. • An Imam leads the worshippers in prayer. • Muslims rely on the Koran, their holy book, for guidance in all matters. It is written in Arabic.
  9. 9. Five Pillars of Islam Shahada Salat Zakat Sawm Hajj Belief in one God Praying 5 times a day Giving alms Fasting during Ramadan Pilgrimage to Mecca
  10. 10. Between 622 and 732 C. E. Islam spread with amazing speed. Arabs carried their religion to the people of Palestine and Syria and across North Africa into Spain. By 732 C.E. Muslim forces had crossed the Pyrenes Mountains and advanced into France, until they were stopped by Charles Martel at the Battle of Tours.
  11. 11. Islamic Empire When Muhammad died, he left no heir to lead Islam. Abu Bakr, a friend of Muhammad was elected caliph. A caliph means successor to the prophet
  12. 12. The Umayyad Dynasty • In 661 C.E. a leading family of Mecca established the Umayyad Dynasty. • The Umayyad made Damascus in Syria the capital of the Islamic Empire. • Mecca remained as the spiritual center of Islam. Problems appeared within the Islamic Empire. Some of the people who have been absorbed into the empire began to assert their independence. And at the same time, two competing branches developed within Islam.
  13. 13. The two branches differed over who was the rightful successor to Muhammad. The Sunnites supported the Umayyads. The Shiites were loyal to the religious leader who traced his family back to Ali- Muhammad’s soon in law. In 750 C.E. violence erupted. A new dynasty overthrew the Umayyads.
  14. 14. The Abbasids Dynasty The early Abbasid rulers were strong leaders. They build a splendid new capital in Baghdad. Around the year 700 under Harun Al-Rashid, the Islamic Empire enjoyed the Golden Age. Later, Abbasid rulers left the rule of the government to corrupt officials; and after 100 C.E., the empire weakened.
  15. 15. The Seljuk Turks invaded the Islamic Empire. Although they were converted to Islam, their traditions differed from those of the Arabs. In 1258, the Mongols destroy Baghdad and ended the Abbasid’s rule. Eventually, the Ottoman Turks reunited Egypt, Syria, Iraq and Arabia into an Islamic State that lasted until 1918.
  16. 16. The Contribution of Islam
  17. 17. Medicine The Muslim set up a system of medical training which included qualifying exams for Doctors and Pharmacists. Arab Doctors informed the world about their scientific discoveries by publishing their findings.
  18. 18. Literature Poets held an honored place in the world. Romantic themes often inspired poetry.
  19. 19. Science Muslim used the magnetic needle, which was invented by the Chinese, to produced their own version of the Mariner’s Compass.
  20. 20. Economy Cities and commerce prospered the Islamic world at a time when people in Western Europe lived on small isolated manors. The Islamic empire, from its center in the Middle East, headed the trade routes of the world.
  21. 21. Logic Islam brought new life to many fields of learning. Muhammad taught that the “ink of the scholar is holier that the blood of the martyr.” Encouraged by his idea, scholars flocked to the center of learning that grew up in the cities of the Islamic Empire.
  22. 22. Arts Muslims designed their temple.
  23. 23. Architecture Outside the Mosque, architects designed slender towers called Minarets, from which the people were called to pray.
  24. 24. Mathematics Muslim mathematicians studied the works of ancient scholars such as Euclid. They also adopted the decimal system and system of numerals from India. In fact the word Algebra is based on Arabic term.
  25. 25. The END 
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×