Published on


Published in: Design, Technology, Spiritual


  1. 1. ogy 1 “Visual symbols will be made meaningful if we can use them as summaries of our own indirect experiences…A little can stand for a lot!” Visual Symbols
  2. 2. Visual symbols - are representations of direct reality, which comes in the form of signs and symbols. The following is a detailed discussion on the different kinds of visual symbols, which are drawings, sketches, cartoons, comics or strip drawing, diagrams, charts and graphs, maps, and posters. ogy 1
  3. 3. Rules of Thumbs in Using Visuals 1. Visuals must be directly relevant to the audio content. 2. Redundancy between visuals and audio must be avoided. If words are displayed, viewers must be given time to read it. 3. Visual displays should be big enough to be seen by the farthest pupil. 4. Visual displays must be attractive. 5. Visual displays must be aesthetically presented to maintain good taste.
  4. 4. Kinds of Visual Symbols ogy 1
  5. 5. A. DRAWINGS - Concrete visual or a representation of a real thing. It helps illustrating our lecture through freehand sketching in a chalkboard. ogy 1
  6. 6. ogy 1
  7. 7. B. CARTOONS - Another kind of visual symbol. It tells its story metaphorically. The perfect cartoon needs no caption. The symbolism conveys the message. -It could also be used as a springboard for a lesson or a concluding activity. ogy 1
  8. 8. ogy 1
  9. 9. C. STRIP DRAWINGS -commonly called comics or comic strip. It is educational and entertaining at the same time. - it could also serve as motivation and a starter of a lesson. It can also be given as an activity for students to express insights gained at he conclusion of a lesson. ogy 1
  10. 10. D. DIAGRAMS - Any line drawing that shows arrangement and relations as of parts to the whole, relative values, origins and development, chronological fluctuations, distributions, etc. – DALE The word GRAPH is sometimes used as a synonym for diagram.
  11. 11. Types of a Diagram ogy 1
  12. 12. •Affinity Diagram ogy 1 - used to cluster complex apparently unrelated data into natural and meaningful groups. - is a tool that gathers large amounts of language data (ideas, opinions, issues) and organizes them into groupings based on their natural relationships .
  13. 13. ogy 1
  14. 14. Tree Diagram ogy 1 - Used to chart out, in increasing details, the various tasks that must be accomplished to complete a project or achieve a specific objective.
  15. 15. ogy 1
  16. 16. Fishbone Diagram ogy 1 - Also called cause-and-effect diagram. It is a structured form of brainstorming that graphically shows the relationship of possible causes and sub causes directly related to an identified effect/problem. It is most commonly used to analyze work-related problems.
  17. 17. ogy 1
  18. 18. E. CHARTS ogy 1 - diagrammatic representation of relationships within an organizations. • Time Chart • Tree or Stream Chart • Flow Chart • Organizational Chart • Comparison and Contrast Chart • Pareto Chart • Run Chart or Trend Chart
  19. 19. Types of Chart
  20. 20. Time Chart ogy 1 - tabular time chart that presents data in ordinal sequence.
  21. 21. ogy 1
  22. 22. ogy 1 Tree or Stream Chart -depicts development, growth and change by beginning with a simple course with spread outs into many branches.
  23. 23. ogy 1
  24. 24. Flowchart - visual way of charting or showing a process from beginning to end. It is a means of analyzing a process. By outlining every step in a process, you can begin to find inefficiencies or problems.
  25. 25. Organizational Chart - shows how one part of the organization relates to other parts of the organization. ogy 1
  26. 26. ogy 1
  27. 27. Comparison and Contrast Chart ogy 1
  28. 28. ogy 1
  29. 29. Pareto chart - type of bar chart, prioritized in descending order of magnitude or importance from left to right. ogy 1
  30. 30. ogy 1
  31. 31. Gant chart - it is an activity time chart.
  32. 32. F. GRAPHS - pictures that help us understand amounts. These amounts are called data. - A graph is a picture designed to express words, particularly the connection between two or more quantities. ogy 1
  33. 33. Types of a Graph
  34. 34. Circle Graph - is shaped like a circle. It is divided into fractions that look like pieces of pie, so sometimes a circle graph is called a pie graph. Many times the fractional parts are different colors and a key explains the colors. ogy 1
  35. 35. ogy 1
  36. 36. Bar Graph - uses bars to show data. The bars can be vertical (up and down), or horizontal (across). The data can be in words or numbers. ogy 1
  37. 37. ogy 1
  38. 38. ogy 1 Picture Graph - uses pictures or symbols to show data. One picture often stands for more than one vote so a key is necessary to understand the symbols.
  39. 39. ogy 1
  40. 40. G. Map - is a visual representation of an area — a symbolic depiction highlighting relationships between elements of that space such as objects, regions, and themes. ogy 1
  41. 41. H. Posters - a poster is combination of bold designs and color primarily intended to catch attention on a significant fact, idea or message. Simply stated, a poster is a picture with appropriate caption.
  42. 42. Prepared by: Rodel Moreno Jr. Mariemay Miguel Fely Ganal Katrina Pangilinan