Leadership

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Leadership – the ability to influence the behavior of other people. In organizational context, the leader exerts influence in order to accomplish the objectives.

~ Richard A. Johnson, Fremont E. Kast, and James E. Rosenzweig ~

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Leadership

  1. 1. Scope ofPresentation:Leadership DefinedNature and Elements ofLeadershipFunction of Leadership
  2. 2. Leadership is the ability to influence thebehavior of other people. In organizationalcontext, the leader exerts influence inorder to accomplish the objectives.~ Richard A. Johnson, Fremont E. Kast, and James E. Rosenzweig ~“the activity of influencing people to cooperatetoward some goal which they come to finddesirable”~Orward Tead~
  3. 3. “as the behavior of an individual who isinvolved in directing group activities”~John K. Hemphill~“the art that stresses the attainment of mutualends through coordination and motivation ofboth individuals and groups”~John D. Pffifner and Robert Presthus~How would you define leadership?
  4. 4. LEADERSHIP BEGINS WITHSELF-KNOWLEDGE“Self-knowledge is the basis for character...Character is the root of integrity...Integrity provides the foundation for leadership”.(Lombardi, 2001)What do you know about yourself as a leader?
  5. 5. LEADERSHIP FOUR (4) BASICESSENTIALS:1. The dissection of its part and their relationshipwith internal as well as external elements.2. The projection of components in terms of theirrespective nature and bases.3. Its basic issue of unity or desirability.4. Possibilities of sharing or withdrawing it.“Leadership is the ability to direct people,more important, to have those people accept thatdirection”.(Lombardi, 2001)
  6. 6. Nature and Elements of LeadershipThe organization’s primary resource is itspeople. By his qualities, a leader can createworthy aspiration. By precept and example, he canconvert his people to that aspiration.It is, therefore, obvious that essentials for goodleadership must depend on the personal traits ofthe leader.
  7. 7. Elements of Leadership:1. Interpersonal influence2. Rising to situations3. Strong communication skill4. Ability to direct the attainment of a specific goalor goals.
  8. 8. PERSONAL TRAITS OF THE LEADER: Physical proficiency and resiliency – It enables theleader to quickly recover under times of exceptionalstress and immediately continue his work. Intelligence – It enables the leader to thoroughlyunderstand his job and his people, as well asanticipate critical problems. Character – It strongly determines the individualityof the leaders and his attitudes toward hisresponsibilities.
  9. 9. CHARACTER TRAITS OF THELEADER: Judgment – It is the power of the mind to weighvarious factors and arrive at a sound decision. Unselfishness - It is the avoidance of providing forone’s own comfort or advantage at the expense ofothers. Decisiveness- It is the ability to make decisionspromptly and express them clearly. Enthusiasm- It is the display of sincere interest inthe performance of all duties.
  10. 10. CHARACTER TRAITS OF THELEADER: Loyalty- It is the quality of faithfulness to superiors,subordinates and the organization where the leadersbelong. Dependability – It is the certainty of powerperformance of duty with loyalty to superiors andsubordinates. Integrity- It is uprightness of moral character and thequality of honesty and truthfulness. Courage- It is the mental quality which recognizes butenables the individual to accept or meet challenges withcalmness and fearlessness.
  11. 11. CHARACTER TRAITS OF THELEADER: Knowledge- It is the acquired knowledge of theprofession not only on the job, but also on thesubordinates. Bearing- It is the act of creating a favorableimpression in personal conduct at all times. Initiative-It is the quality of seeing what needs tobe done and initiating a course of action.
  12. 12. CHARACTER TRAITS OF THELEADER: Tact- It is the ability to deal with others withoutgiving offense. Endurance- It is the leader’s mental andphysical stamina moved by the ability to standpain or hardships. Justice- It is the ability to be impartial andconsistent in dealing with subordinates.
  13. 13. QUALITIES OFLEADERSHIP» Leadership qualities are demonstrated in a leader’sbehaviour, not their position.“Leadership is not just one quality but rather ablend of qualities”.(Lombardi, 2001)
  14. 14. LEADERSHIP QUALITIES» Enable direction and structureby the group» A clear vision» Charisma» Enable motivation and enthusiasm» Make a difference» People-oriented skills» Skilful communicator» Build character» Empathy(McConnell, 2000)What leadershipqualities do you have?» Vision and passion» Strong communicating skills» Role model» Have integrity and honesty» Be organised(Trenberth and Collins, 1994)
  15. 15. LEADERSHIP ISSUPERIORITY + POSITION + PERSONALITYStructures ComponentsLearnedExperienceSUPERIORITY . . . . . . . . AdaptabilityDependabilityEnergyPOSITION . . . . . . . . . . . . ( ResponsibilitySincerityHumilityPERSONALITY. . . . . . . . . InspirationPerseverance    
  16. 16. LEADERSHIP ASEMPOWERMENT“A good leader inspires people to haveconfidence in their leader.A great leader inspires people to have confidencein themselves”.(Anonymous)
  17. 17. LEADERSHIP ASEMPOWERMENTCurrent ideas on leadership involve empowering followers toself-lead.This is important in a coach-leadership role as empoweringathletes enables them to make their own decisions and self-leadduring performance.“The best leaders - people do not even notice their existence.The next best - people honour and praise.The next the people fear.The next the people hate.When the best leader’s work is done the people say ‘we did it ourselves’.”(Lao-Tzu in Morris, Willcocks and Knasel, 2000)
  18. 18. LEADERS BUILDLEADERSHIPTo build leadership the leader has to enableparticipant independence so they can performwith freedom and autonomy to make informeddecisions without the leader around.(Hinkson, 2001)
  19. 19. THE LEADERSHIP ROLEA good leader is a person who:» Is a good teacher» Doesn’t put down those they are working with» Gets the most from those they are working with» Works within the framework of the rules“A leader is one who knows the way, goes the way,and shows the way.”John C. Maxwell
  20. 20. THE INGREDIENTS OF A SUCCESSFULLEADER» Create and practise values» Develop committed followers» Inspire lofty accomplishments» Model appropriate behaviour» Focus attention on important issues» Connect the group to the outside world(Lee & King, 2001)What other ingredients are important to be asuccessful leader?
  21. 21. WHAT IS SUCCESSFULLEADERSHIP?Successful leaders get the most out of the participantsand enable them to learn:»How to lead and follow within the team»How to make good decisions»Not to be afraid to fail»Character values»How to be successful leaders and people»To be the best they can be(Adapted from Hinkson, 2001)
  22. 22. THE LOMBARDI LEADERSHIP MODEL(2001)Which of these leadership traits are the hardest for you?Character Belief HabitCourage Responsibility SacrificeWillpowerHard workMental Toughness Discipline
  23. 23. Finally...Leadership is a combination of characterand competence; of who you are and whatyou can do.(Covey, 2004)
  24. 24. REFERENCESLeveriza, Jose P. (2012). Public Administration The business of GovernmentSecon Edition. Chapter 17: Leadership. Cacho Hermanos, Inc. Pines cor. UnionsSts. Mandaluyong CityBennis, W. (2003). On becoming a leader. New York, NY: Perseus Publishing.Covey, S.R. (2004). The 7 Habits of highly effective people. New York, NY: FreePressHinkson, J. (2001). The art of team coaching. Canada: Warwick Publishing Inc.Lee, R. J. & King, S.N. (2001). Discovering the leader in you: A guide to realisingyour personal leadership potential. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.Lombardi, V. Jr. (2001). What it takes to be #1: Vince Lombardi on leadership.New York: McGraw-Hill.McConnell, R. (2000). The successful coach: A practical guide for beginners andexperts. Auckland: Harper Collins Publishers.Morris, S., Willcocks, G., & Knasel, E. (2000) How to lead a winning team.Harlow, UK: Prentice HallPeters, A.L. & Austin, S.J. (1985) A Passion for Excellence- the LeadershipDifferenceTrenberth, L. & Collins, C. (1999). Sport business management in New Zealand.Palmerston North: The Dunmore Press Limited.

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