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Constitution Article One

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Ms Rocky's History 8: The Constitution Article One

Ms Rocky's History 8: The Constitution Article One

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  • THIS IS THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 45TH & 46TH PRESIDENT ARLENEA BALLARD(MARIE)23978554917479-79-44726491-756489-456274-9161-89-816492 & CHIEF OF MESA LIC#246189, NEW YORK LIC#446192 POLICE AS WELL AS THE CHIEF OF THE SHERRIF'S DEPARTMENT LIC#24716472 BENCH WARRANT I WOULD LIKE THIS WARRANT TO BE ISSUES TO OBAMA BARACK. WARRANT NO.74926793 SUBPOENA NO.471769764756191. COURT ORDER NO.447261-FBI AGENT GEORGE MASON MURRAY YOU HAVE BENCH WARRANT FOR YOUR ARREST. BENCH WARRANT NO.44718192647174 & SUBPOENA NO.44719391-7492 & COURT ORDER NO.9710891. REQUESTING PICK-UP AND ESCORT NOW OR JAIL TIME!!!!!!!!! FORMER PRESIDENT OBAMA BARACK & FBI AGENT BISHOP: GEORGE MASON MURRAY.
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  • 1. ARTICLE ONE Requirements, Duties, and Characteristics of the Legislative Branch.
  • 2. Bicameral Legislature Article 1, Section 1: …which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.
    • Our Congress is split in two houses:
      • The House of Representatives has proportional representation
      • The Senate has equal representation
  • 3. Bicameral Legislature Article 1, Section 1: …which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.
    • The Senate : 100 people
      • 2 Senators per State
      • Changes only when States are added or subtracted
    • The House of Representatives : 435 people
      • Divided every 10 years to reflect the most current census/population figures
  • 4. What is Fair? How should representing the states balance the big and the small? NJ Plan: Equal Representation Pro: all have equal say. Con: people’s votes aren’t equal. VA Plan : Proportional Representation Pro: people’s votes are now weighted evenly. Con: small states have little say vs Great Compromise: Create a legislature with 2 houses, balance responsibilities between the two, and create a more perfect union of big and small.
  • 5.
    • A balance is created between the big and the small states.
    • In 200o, Bush won more states than Gore, but Gore won more people.
    • Ideally, this example represents the idea of both plans.
  • 6. A balance in population is a little more clear here. This map shrinks/expands each state based on population.
  • 7. The Census & Congress
    • The Reapportionment Act of 1929:
      • Capped the size of the House at 435
    • The Census 2000 apportionment population was 281,424,177
      • 1990 : Census apportionment shifted 19 seats
      • 2000 : 12 seats shifted from one state to another
      • 2010: ?????
  • 8. The Congress decides the method to calculate the apportionment
    • Several apportionment methods have been used
      • 1st Census – 1790
      • Census 2000 - calculated using the method of equal proportions, in accordance with the provisions of Title 2, U.S. Code
        • Used in every census since the 1940 census
        • First, each state is assigned one congressional seat, as provided by the Constitution
        • The apportionment formula allocates the remaining 385 congressional seats one at a time among the 50 states until all 435 seats are assigned
        • The goal of apportionment is to produce the most equitable distribution of congressional seats among the states
        • The method of equal proportions attains this by minimizing the percentage differences in the size of the congressional districts.
  • 9. Population Per Representative from 1793 thru 2003
  • 10. Total Size of the US House from 1793 thru 2003
  • 11. Apportionment Map
  • 12. Party Distribution of the House (Feb ‘10)
  • 13. Characteristics of the 2 Houses Article 1, Section 2 (Clauses 1 & 2); Section 3 (Clauses 1,2 &3) All Reps/Senators are elected by direct election – the people vote directly for them. Senate House of Representatives 6 Years Length of Term 2 Years 30 Years Old Age Minimum 25 Years Old Live anywhere in state Residency Requirement Live in district 9 year US citizen Citizenship Requirement 7 year US citizen 100 Total # 435 2 From IL 19 New Jersey (NJ) Plan – favors small states More Like: Virginia (VA) Plan – favors big states
  • 14. Our Congress People Are:
    • Representative Maize Hirono (D) – 2 nd District
      • Serving in her 4 th year (2 terms ) * up for reelection in ’10*
      • Senator Daniel Inoyue (D) – elected January 3, 1963
        • Serving in his 47 th year (10 terms) * up for reelection in ’10*
    • Senator Daniel Akaka (D) – elected May 16, 1990
      • Serving in his 10 th year (5 terms) * up for reelection in ’10*
  • 15. Leadership of the House Article 1, Section 2, Clause 5: The House of Representatives shall choose their Speaker and other Officers
    • Speaker of the House is voted on by the Representatives.
      • Currently Nancy Pelosi (D-CA)
      • Considered to be the “most powerful person in the US,” as s/he controls which bills get voted on and when.
    • Republicans and Democrats also elect leaders to represent their causes, mainly the Minority Leader .
    • Whips : both parties have them – responsible for getting people “on board” with votes.
  • 16. Leadership of the Senate Article 1, Section 3, Clause 4: The Vice President of the United States shall be President of the Senate, but shall have no Vote, unless they be equally divided.
    • The Vice President “leads” the Senate as the President of the Senate.
      • The Vice President only votes to break ties.
      • The VP does not run day-to-day business
      • Acts as a “presence” to remind the Senate of the President’s wishes and power.
    Article 1, Section 3, Clause 5: The Senate shall choose their other Officers, and also a President pro tempore, in the Absence of the Vice President, or when he shall exercise the Office of the President of the United States.
  • 17. Leadership of the Senate Article 1, Section 3, Clause 4: The Vice President of the United States shall be President of the Senate, but shall have no Vote, unless they be equally divided.
    • The Senators also have a president pro tempore . (Daniel Inouye of D – HI)
      • Only formally takes charge when the VP is not there
      • The highest-ranking official in the Senate
    Article 1, Section 3, Clause 5: The Senate shall choose their other Officers, and also a President pro tempore, in the Absence of the Vice President, or when he shall exercise the Office of the President of the United States.
  • 18. Impeachment Process Article 1, Section 2, Clause 5; Section 3, Clauses 6 & 7
  • 19. Other Requirements Article 1, Sections 4, 5, & 6
    • Since 1872, Congress requires all states to hold elections for Senators and Reps on the same day
    • Rules are set (and are very long and detailed)
    • Each house sets quorum :
      • Senate : 51members
      • House : 218 members
  • 20. Other Requirements: Quorum Article 1, Sections 4, 5, & 6
    • A quorum is the minimum number of members of a
    • deliberative assembly : a body that uses parliamentary procedure, such as a legislature
    • necessary to conduct the business of that group.
    • According to Robert's Rules of Order Newly Revised, Tenth Edition , the "requirement for a quorum is protection against totally unrepresentative action in the name of the body by an unduly small number of persons."
    • The term quorum is from Middle English wording of the commission formerly issued to justices of the peace, derived from Latin quorum , "of whom."
  • 21. Other Requirements Article 1, Sections 4, 5, & 6
    • Congressional Record – all votes, speeches and actions are recorded everyday and available to the public (now online)
    • $$$ - All make $170 k, with leadership making more
    • Cannot be arrested or sued ( immunity ) for something they say during debate, unless it is a criminal act
    • Cannot hold another government job while serving in Congress
  • 22. Congress’ Primary Job: Make Laws Article 1, Section 7: Law Making Process
    • Vesting clause : all the government’s power to write laws lies in the legislative branch. Nowhere else.
  • 23. “ How a Bill Becomes a Law”
  • 24. Enumerated powers of Congress Article 1, Section 8, Clauses 1-18: Congress shall have the power…
    • Collect Taxes for the common defense and general welfare
      • Taxes must be the same in all parts of the country.
      • Also gives Congress power to spend money like Paige at the mall!
    • Borrow money through bonds bought by Americans.
    • Establish laws on Naturalization :
      • The process by which an immigrant becomes an American citizen.
    • Regulate all trade (between states or countries).
  • 25. Enumerated powers of Congress Cont… Article 1, Section 8, Clauses 1-18: Congress shall have the power…
    • Coin Money!
      • Determine the value of each piece.
      • Also regulates weights and measures.
    • Punish counterfeiting.
    • Establish Post Offices, delivery of mail.
    • Develop a system of patents and copyrights.
    • Establish courts.
      • Congress determines the number of courts and judges at each inferior, or lower court (as in lower than the Supreme Court).
  • 26. Enumerated powers of Congress Cont… Article 1, Section 8, Clauses 1-18: Congress shall have the power…
    • Military Powers:
      • Declare War : The President may NOT do this!
      • Create an Army, Navy.
      • Make rules and raise/spend money for it.
      • Call for the militia (or National Guard) to defend nation.
    • Elastic Clause – Congress’ greatest power!
      • “ make all laws necessary and proper.”
      • Congress can make laws it feels are needed.
        • Also called the “general welfare” and “necessary and proper” clause.
  • 27. Congress is May Not : Article 1, Section 9: Powers denied to the Federal government.
    • Suspend Habeas Corpus
      • Remember what the means?
    • Create Ex post facto laws
      • EPF laws are created to punish something LEGAL by making a new law to make that act ILLEGAL. You cannot be arrested for actions in the past.
    • Create a Royalty
    • Tax Exports
    • Spend money without passing a law first
    • Pass bills of attainder
      • A legislative act declaring a person guilty with no trial.