Almere Fiber Pilot  Experiences with Broadcast IPTV Ger Bakker Co-founder and CTO UNET
Agenda <ul><li>UNET started the first fully digital Multi Service FttH Network in the Netherlands. Broadcast TV is deliver...
<ul><li>In 2003 through an RFP UNET was selected as the operator/ service provider for pilot optical fiber services in the...
<ul><li>In Almere public/private partnership combines both community development and commercial interests, including compe...
<ul><li>In the Almere Fiber Pilot we required technical solutions that were future-proof, scalable and at the same time us...
<ul><li>The strategy is to focus on one shared open infrastructure and to create an abundance of content and services: </l...
<ul><li>Almere selected UNET based on it’s service offering, aligning with Almere’s notion that fully digital triple-play ...
Service Center <ul><li>The Service Center is fully automated to deliver service provisioning and business processes:   </l...
Passive Network Design <ul><li>The passive network needs to be low maintenance and future proof, design decisions: </li></...
<ul><li>Design characteristics:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Service Separation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital Convergence <...
Active Network Design for Services Networking Access Switch Distribution Switch Internet Service Network TV-VLAN DHCP Serv...
Active Network Implementation Networking
Residential Active Design Home CPE switch Media Player with SCART connection  for the TV and Video TV Ethernet ports on th...
Residential Gateway <ul><li>The customer connection is future proof and easily maintained and upgraded:  </li></ul><ul><ul...
IP radio/TV content <ul><li>Service Characteristics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MPEG-2 over IP Multicast </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
IP TV architecture  IP TV
IP TV delivery <ul><li>Settop boxes are currently the only way to connect a TV set in Ethernet </li></ul><ul><li>UNET uses...
IP TV quality <ul><li>Quality Characteristics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>BW: uncompressed PAL 270 Mb/s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><...
IP transport <ul><li>IP transport quality issues need to be addressed in the network design phase: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>T...
Future of IPTV <ul><li>At UNET we are working to add exciting new dimensions to the TV and our unlimited bandwidth makes t...
Lesson Learned <ul><li>IP TV is feasible </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A stable service has been accomplished </li></ul></ul><ul><...
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Ir. Ger Bakker, Founder and CTO, UNET

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  • Ir. Ger Bakker, Founder and CTO, UNET

    1. 1. Almere Fiber Pilot Experiences with Broadcast IPTV Ger Bakker Co-founder and CTO UNET
    2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>UNET started the first fully digital Multi Service FttH Network in the Netherlands. Broadcast TV is delivered the the homes over optical fiber using IP/Ethernet. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Almere Fiber Pilot </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Design for IP based services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IPTV </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Networking fro IPTV </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Experiences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The future of IPTV </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conclusions </li></ul></ul>Agenda
    3. 3. <ul><li>In 2003 through an RFP UNET was selected as the operator/ service provider for pilot optical fiber services in the City of Almere, the Netherlands; services started in March 2004. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>City of Almere, e-city </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>180,000 people </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fastest growing city in NL </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>250 km 2 reclaimed land, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UNET, broadband innovator </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Founded 2003 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Privately funded </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>35 employees </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>profitable </li></ul></ul></ul>The players and the playground Almere Fiber Pilot
    4. 4. <ul><li>In Almere public/private partnership combines both community development and commercial interests, including competition: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>City of Almere </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Economical development </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Open ICT infrastructure </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Increased social cohesion </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>BB expertise center in NL </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UNET </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Service broker role </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Managed services </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Managed shared network </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New service development </li></ul></ul></ul>Goals and strategies Almere Fiber Pilot
    5. 5. <ul><li>In the Almere Fiber Pilot we required technical solutions that were future-proof, scalable and at the same time using proven technology. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Passive Network </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Future proof, Secure, Low Management Costs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Active network </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Manageable, Scalable, Affordable </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Service Center </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Automated Customer and Management Processes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple Broadband Services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Open, Extendable, Automatically Provisioned </li></ul></ul></ul>Requirements
    6. 6. <ul><li>The strategy is to focus on one shared open infrastructure and to create an abundance of content and services: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>FttH infrastructure has to be simple, and future proof </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Star based SM fiber network </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>IP/Ethernet 100 Mb/s and 1000 Mb/s </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>VLAN separated services </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Separate network and service management </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UNET’s Open services model </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Service broker role </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Managed services, wholesale vs. retail </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Highly automated provisioning and customer care </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Customer orientation </li></ul></ul></ul>Deployment Strategy Almere Fiber Pilot
    7. 7. <ul><li>Almere selected UNET based on it’s service offering, aligning with Almere’s notion that fully digital triple-play is a basic requirement and just the starting point for further services: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>UNET Triple Play </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>10 Mb/s symm internet </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>75 digital TV, 20 radio </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>VoIP </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Web page, community portal, data vault </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UNET additional services (2005) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Managed VPN </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Remote backup </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>LAN connectivity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hosting, etc. </li></ul></ul></ul>Content and Services Almere Fiber Pilot
    8. 8. Service Center <ul><li>The Service Center is fully automated to deliver service provisioning and business processes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Order Processing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Order Provisioning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Auto Provisioning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Change Management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>On-line Ordering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paperless Billing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Customer Care Desk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quality Management </li></ul></ul>Control
    9. 9. Passive Network Design <ul><li>The passive network needs to be low maintenance and future proof, design decisions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Star Architecture into the building </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minimize Active fiber Sites </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Single Mode fiber </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Single homes/buildings fiber connected </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multi-dwelling internal cabling in UTP Cat 6 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Optical fiber is cheap, reliable and long-lasting </li></ul></ul>Networking
    10. 10. <ul><li>Design characteristics: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Service Separation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital Convergence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High Bandwidth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Redundant Routing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Design decisions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IP/Ethernet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>100 Mb/s homes/SME’s, 1 Gb/s Business </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VLAN separation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>L3 & L2 Services </li></ul></ul>Active Network Design Networking
    11. 11. Active Network Design for Services Networking Access Switch Distribution Switch Internet Service Network TV-VLAN DHCP Server TV Server Network Management Service Network Internet-VLAN Local Content LAN Local Portal Gaming Server Residential Web Cam Server Residential Switch Dedicated TV-VLAN Dedicated Internet-VLAN Dedicated VoIP-VLAN PSTN VoIP Gateway Soft Switch
    12. 12. Active Network Implementation Networking
    13. 13. Residential Active Design Home CPE switch Media Player with SCART connection for the TV and Video TV Ethernet ports on the switch Internet Access Ethernet ports Media Player with SCART connection for the TV and Video CO location <ul><li>Cat5 cabling or Wireless LAN in-house </li></ul><ul><li>CPE in the wiring closet </li></ul><ul><li>Media Player for the TV/radio services </li></ul><ul><li>10/100Mbps Ethernet for internet PCs </li></ul>
    14. 14. Residential Gateway <ul><li>The customer connection is future proof and easily maintained and upgraded: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Auto-installation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>100 Mb/s to 1 Gb/s upgrade path </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fully Managed and Monitored </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Automatic Firmware Upgrading </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Full Control over Services </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Important: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Residential Gateway firmware delivers the content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t cut corners here </li></ul></ul>Home
    15. 15. IP radio/TV content <ul><li>Service Characteristics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MPEG-2 over IP Multicast </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>80 Channel TV Package </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dutch: 11 Channels </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Local: 6 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>International: 21 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>News: 6 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sports: 5 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nature/Science: 8 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Music: 13 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Entertainment: 10 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>20 Channel radio package </li></ul></ul>IP TV
    16. 16. IP TV architecture IP TV
    17. 17. IP TV delivery <ul><li>Settop boxes are currently the only way to connect a TV set in Ethernet </li></ul><ul><li>UNET uses 3 brands </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Telsey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I3Micro </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Amino </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Settop box characteristics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Memory size </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decoding Algorithms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OS: WIN CE vs Linux </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MPEG-2 or 4 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other features </li></ul></ul>IP TV
    18. 18. IP TV quality <ul><li>Quality Characteristics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>BW: uncompressed PAL 270 Mb/s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MPEG-2 VBR: 3 – 14 Mb/s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MPEG-2 CBR: 5 Mb/s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>80 channels feed requires ±400 Mb/s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Picture quality, VBR vs CBR </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Buffering vs zap time </li></ul></ul>IP TV
    19. 19. IP transport <ul><li>IP transport quality issues need to be addressed in the network design phase: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>TCP or UDP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unicast or Multicast </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Latency, jitter and packet-loss </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quality of Service </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VLAN for services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Design for IPTV </li></ul></ul>IP TV
    20. 20. Future of IPTV <ul><li>At UNET we are working to add exciting new dimensions to the TV and our unlimited bandwidth makes that feasible: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2005 HD TV with surround sound (1080p and 5.1) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2005 VOD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2006 Interactive channels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3D TV </li></ul></ul>IP TV
    21. 21. Lesson Learned <ul><li>IP TV is feasible </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A stable service has been accomplished </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lot’s of channels, and beyond the satellite there is more </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High quality picture and sound </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low overhead </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Never forget </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Make the right choice of Set top box supplier </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is all software </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Design your network for IP TV </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be prepared and plan for the unexpected! </li></ul></ul>Concluding
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