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Dr. Vinton G. Cerf
Dr. Vinton G. Cerf
Dr. Vinton G. Cerf
Dr. Vinton G. Cerf
Dr. Vinton G. Cerf
Dr. Vinton G. Cerf
Dr. Vinton G. Cerf
Dr. Vinton G. Cerf
Dr. Vinton G. Cerf
Dr. Vinton G. Cerf
Dr. Vinton G. Cerf
Dr. Vinton G. Cerf
Dr. Vinton G. Cerf
Dr. Vinton G. Cerf
Dr. Vinton G. Cerf
Dr. Vinton G. Cerf
Dr. Vinton G. Cerf
Dr. Vinton G. Cerf
Dr. Vinton G. Cerf
Dr. Vinton G. Cerf
Dr. Vinton G. Cerf
Dr. Vinton G. Cerf
Dr. Vinton G. Cerf
Dr. Vinton G. Cerf
Dr. Vinton G. Cerf
Dr. Vinton G. Cerf
Dr. Vinton G. Cerf
Dr. Vinton G. Cerf
Dr. Vinton G. Cerf
Dr. Vinton G. Cerf
Dr. Vinton G. Cerf
Dr. Vinton G. Cerf
Dr. Vinton G. Cerf
Dr. Vinton G. Cerf
Dr. Vinton G. Cerf
Dr. Vinton G. Cerf
Dr. Vinton G. Cerf
Dr. Vinton G. Cerf
Dr. Vinton G. Cerf
Dr. Vinton G. Cerf
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Dr. Vinton G. Cerf

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  • Transcript

    • 1. Tracking the Internet into the 21 st Century Vint Cerf June 2007
    • 2. Internet Evangelist at Work
    • 3. Internet - Global Statistics (approx. 3.6 Billion Telephone Terminations including 2.5 B mobiles and 1 Billion PCs [Comp. Industries Assoc.]) 22.5 Million Hosts (Bellcore June 1997) 50 Million Users (NUA Jul 1997) 433 Million Hosts (ISC Jan 2007) 1,114 Million Users (InternetWorldStats.com, Mar 19,2007)
    • 4. #3 UCSB 940 The Original ARPANET Dec 1969 360 PDP 10 #2 SRI #4 UTAH #1 UCLA Sigma 7
    • 5. The SRI Packet Radio Van
    • 6. Packet Satellite Ground Station ETAM W. VA
    • 7. First Three-Network Test of Internet November 22, 1977
    • 8. Internet 1999
    • 9. Internet Penetration Jan 2007
      • Asia 398.7 M
      • No. Amer. 233.2 M
      • Europe 314.8 M
      • Latin Am 96.4 M
      • Africa 33.3 M
      • Mid-east 19.4 M
      • Oceania/AU 18.4 M
      • Total 1,114 M
      Source http://www.internetworldstats.com/ No. AM Europe Asia Latin Am Africa Mid East Oceania 16.9% total penetration
    • 10. Technology Shapers
      • Internet uses any communication service (IP on everything!)
      • IP carries anything digital
      • End/End Principle (neutrality and user freedom)
      • Radio supplies mobility
      • Fiber/Cable/DSL supplies speed
      • Broadband (choice, symmetry)
      • IPv6 supplies address space
    • 11. IPv4 runout diagram (Geoff Huston) http://www.potaroo.net/tools/ipv4/index.html
    • 12. Internet Traffic Statistics
      • HTTP downloads include traditional text and images represent 45% of all Web traffic.
      • Streaming video is 36%
      • Streaming audio is 5%
      • YouTube is 20% of all HTTP traffic and thus nearly 10% of all Internet traffic
      • Source: Ellacoya, June 2007
    • 13. Socio-Economic Effects of Internet
      • Information Consumers are becoming Producers
      • Democratic access to the world’s information
      • “ Internet is for Everyone” – Internet Society
      • New educational alternatives and outlets
      • New business models (value add, low digital media costs)
      • Risk factors (spam, viruses/worms, social abuse, misinformation, fraud)
      • Innovation at the edge (e.g. wikipedia)
      • Localization (information, interfaces, cultural styles)
    • 14. Mobility and Mobiles
      • 2.5 Billion Mobiles and counting
      • Short Message Systems
      • Payment systems
      • Innovative interfaces (challenges!)
      • Navigation systems
          • GPS, Galileo, Google Earth/Maps,…
      • Geo-location based services
    • 15. Internet-enabled Devices
    • 16. Internet-enabled Devices
      • Programmable – Java, Python, etc.
      • Examples:
      • WebTV, Personal Digital Assistants, Mobiles,Video games, Picture Frames, Washing Machines, Surf Board!
      • Refrigerator (and the bathroom scales)
      • Automobiles (Japan, Germany)
      • Internet-enabled wine corks (also note new quantum theory of wine: Schr ö dinger’s wine bottle)
      • Internet-enabled socks (clothing)
      • Universal Remote Controls
    • 17. Internet Research Problems
      • Security at all levels
      • Internet “Erlang” formulas
      • QOS debates (smart routers?)
      • Internationalized Domain Names (ccTLDs & GTLDs)
      • Distributed Algorithms
      • Presence (multi-level)
      • Mobility, persistence (processes, connections)
      • Multihoming
      • Multipath routing
      • Broadcast utilization
      • Mesh and Sensor networks
      • Scaling (of everything) – IPv6
    • 18. Information management
      • Semantic Networking
      • automatic tagging, improved indexing and relevance
      • Modal indexing (video, audio, text, databases?)
      • Time and Location as organizing paradigms for data
      • Are there other semantic organizing principles? People?
      • What to do about Information decay (Bit Rot)?
      • is it like fighting tooth decay?
      • need to preserve bits, software, OS and hardware?
    • 19. New Application Challenges
      • IPTV and effects of Symmetric Broadband
      • vPOD practices
      • Dynamic and interactive advertising
      • Merging of Virtual and Real Environments
      • linking of real instruments to virtual spaces
      • advertising in virtual environments
    • 20. Unsustainable Trends
      • Increasing Carbon Emissions
      • % of world population that is poor
      • Increase in GDP for Health Care
      • Decreasing ecological diversity
      • Increasing ocean fishing
      • Increasing number of nuclear weapons
      • Decreasing retirement age
      • Persistant Oil production
      • US Trade Deficit
    • 21. Sustainable Trends
      • Increasing computing power, network capacity, storage capacity
      • Decrease in the cost of everything
      • Increasing globalization
      • Increasing labor mobility
      • Increasing lifetime and productivity
      • Increasing urbanization
      • Increasing IQ
      • Increasing human enhancement (e.g. implants, augmentation)
    • 22. InterPlaNetary Internet
    • 23.  
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    • 29.  
    • 30. 2003-2004 Missions to Mars
      • Spirit
        • launched 6/10/2003
        • arrived Jan 4, 2004
        • Gusev Crater in Gusev Plain
      • Opportunity
        • Launched 7/7/2003
        • arrived Jan 25, 2004
        • Meridiani Planum
    • 31.  
    • 32. Mars Orbiters
      • Mars Odyssey (NASA)
      • Mars Express (European Space Agency)
      • Mars Global Surveyor (NASA) [RIP Nov 2, 2006 – 10 yrs]
      • Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (NASA)
      • Mars Odyssey relays 95% of all data from Spirit and Opportunity
    • 33. Interplanetary Internet:“InterPlaNet” (IPN)
      • Planetary internets
      • Interplanetary Gateways
      • Interplanetary Long-Haul Protocol
      • Delayed Binding of Identifiers
      • Email-like behavior
      • TDRSS and NASA in-space routing
      • Delay and Disruption Tolerant Protocols
          • Tactical Mobile applications (DARPA)
          • Civilian Mobile applications (SameNet!)
    • 34.  
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    • 38.
      • End-to-end information flow across the solar system
      • Layered architecture for evolvability and interoperability
      • IP-like protocol suite tailored to operate over long round trip light times
      • Integrated communications and navigation services
    • 39.  
    • 40.  

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