Introduction to VMware Product Suite: Virtualization Solutions

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  • 1. Copyright © 2013 Rockwell Automation, Inc. All Rights Reserved.Rev 5058-CO900DAn Introduction to VMware VirtualizationReduce IT expenses while boosting efficiency and agilityRajesh SinghTechnical Evangelist, Embedded OEM
  • 2. Copyright © 2013 Rockwell Automation, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 2AgendaFeatures Enabled by VirtualizationVirtual Machine LifecycleWhat is a Virtual MachineAn Introduction to the Hypervisor
  • 3. Copyright © 2013 Rockwell Automation, Inc. All Rights Reserved.The Magic of the HypervisorWhat is a hypervisor? A hypervisor, also called a virtual machine manager (VMM), is a thin layer of codethat allows multiple operating systems to share a single hardware host. The hypervisor is actually controlling the host processor and resources, allocatingwhat is needed to each operating system in turn and making sure that the guestoperating systems (called virtual machines) cannot disrupt each other. The VMware hypervisor enables the operating system within the virtual machine,called the guest operating system, to run unmodified and to behave as if it isrunning on physical hardware.
  • 4. Copyright © 2013 Rockwell Automation, Inc. All Rights Reserved.Hypervisors Traditional – 1:1 coupling of an OS andHardware. Type I Hypervisor – installs directly on thehardware - “Bare metal” [vSphere]. Type II Hypervisor – Installs on top of anOperating System. [Workstation, Player,Fusion].
  • 5. Copyright © 2013 Rockwell Automation, Inc. All Rights Reserved.What is a Virtual Machine? A VM is a software computer that runs an operating system andapplications. VMs are comprised of a set of specification and configuration filessupported by the physical resources of a host. Every VM has virtual devices that provide the same functionalityas physical hardware plus additional benefits in terms ofportability, manageability, and security. A VM consists of various files that you store on a storage device.[VMX, VMDK, NVRAM setting file, and the log file.] VMs are created and configured through the vSphere Web Clientor the vSphere Client.
  • 6. Copyright © 2013 Rockwell Automation, Inc. All Rights Reserved.VMwareInherent Characteristics of Virtual MachinesEncapsulation Entire state of the virtual machine can be saved to files Move and copy virtual machines as easily as filesPartitioning Run multiple operating systems on one physical machine Divide system resources between virtual machinesIsolation Fault and security isolation at the hardware level Advanced resource controls preserve performanceHardware Independence Provision or migrate any virtual machine to any similaror different physical server
  • 7. Copyright © 2013 Rockwell Automation, Inc. All Rights Reserved.Virtual Machine Lifecycle
  • 8. Copyright © 2013 Rockwell Automation, Inc. All Rights Reserved.Virtual HardwareVMware has created virtual devices that emulate a chipset, BIOS,memory, network adapter, storage adapter, and other devices.These virtual devices are implemented in software and function inexactly the same way as their physical counterparts—for example, thebehavior of the virtual Intel network adapter isidentical to that of the equivalent physical Intel network adapter.The guest operating system interacts with the hypervisor’s abstractionlayer of virtual hardware and not the physical hardware.
  • 9. Copyright © 2013 Rockwell Automation, Inc. All Rights Reserved.Virtual Hardware Stability Deploying IT Solutions in a virtual machine Tie your application and VM to specific vHW version Enables that solution to remain stable for the duration of the vHW’s lifecycle. Upgrade the underlying ESX release and physical hardware vHW version 8 has a supported lifecycle of +14 years.VirtualHardwareVersionFirst ESX version to supportvirtual hardware versionLast ESX version to supportvirtual hardware versionESXVersionRelease dateESXVersionEnd ofSupportEnd ofTechnicalGuidance3 ESX 2.0 07/21/2003 ESX 4.0 5/21/2014 5/21/20164 ESX 3.0 06/15/2006 ESX 5.0 8/24/2016 8/24/20187 ESX 4.0 05/21/2009 ESX 5.0 8/24/2016 8/24/20188 ESX 5.0 08/24/2011 ESX 5.0 8/24/2016 8/24/2018** Virtual Hardware version 8 will be supported by future releases
  • 10. Copyright © 2013 Rockwell Automation, Inc. All Rights Reserved.Resource PoolsMemory Pool Storage Pool Interconnect PoolCPU Pool
  • 11. Copyright © 2013 Rockwell Automation, Inc. All Rights Reserved.vSphere 5.1 – Extended Support Matrix Updated for VMware Tools 5.1 and Virtual Hardware 9 Virtual Hardware now referred to as VM CompatibilityvSphere 5.0 vHW 4vHW 7vHW 8vSphere 5.1Tools 5.1Tools 4.xTools 5.0vHW 9Virtual Hardware / CompatibilitySupported ToolsvSphere ReleaseESX 3.5 andlaterESX 4.x andlaterESX 5.0 andlaterESX 5.1 andlaterupgrade
  • 12. Copyright © 2013 Rockwell Automation, Inc. All Rights Reserved.Virtual Hardware LifecycleESX 3.5Dell R910HW v4 HW v8HW v7HP DL 585 vSphere 5.1vSphere 5.1
  • 13. Copyright © 2013 Rockwell Automation, Inc. All Rights Reserved.vMotion™Description:Enables the live migration of virtual machinesfrom one host to another with continuousservice availability.Benefits:• Revolutionary technology that is the basis forautomated virtual machine movement• Meets service level and performance goals
  • 14. Copyright © 2013 Rockwell Automation, Inc. All Rights Reserved.Storage vMotion – Live Migrationextended to storageLive migration of VMs acrossstorage disks with nodowntimeMinimizes planned downtime
  • 15. Copyright © 2013 Rockwell Automation, Inc. All Rights Reserved.VMware High AvailabilityResource PoolXDescription:Enables the high availability of virtualmachines by restarting them on adifferent vSphere host in the event of afailureBenefits:• Minimizes downtime and IT servicedisruption• Reduce cost and complexity comparedto traditional clustering
  • 16. Copyright © 2013 Rockwell Automation, Inc. All Rights Reserved.VMware Distributed Resource Scheduler(DRS)Description:Dynamically allocates and balances virtualmachines to guarantee optimal access toresources.Benefits:Align resources to meet businessgoalsIncrease system administratorproductivityAutomate hardware maintenanceMinimizes power consumptionwhile guaranteeing service levels(DPM)Resource Pool
  • 17. Copyright © 2013 Rockwell Automation, Inc. All Rights Reserved.VMware Fault Tolerance
  • 18. Copyright © 2013 Rockwell Automation, Inc. All Rights Reserved.VMware Fault Tolerance [FT]Single identical VMs running inlockstep on separate hostsZero downtime, zero data lossfailover for all virtual machines incase of hardware failuresZero downtime, zero data lossNo complex clustering or specializedhardware requiredSingle common mechanism for allapplications and OS-esVMware vSphere™OSAPPOSAPPOSAPP
  • 19. Copyright © 2013 Rockwell Automation, Inc. All Rights Reserved.VMware vCenter Site RecoveryManager Simplifies and automatesdisaster recovery workflows: Setup, testing, failover Turns manual recoveryrunbooks into automatedrecovery plans Provides central management ofrecovery plans from the VMwarevSphere ClientWorks with VMware vSphere to makedisaster recovery rapid, reliable,manageable, affordableSite Recovery Manager leverages VMware vSphere to deliver advanced disasterrecovery management and automation
  • 20. Copyright © 2013 Rockwell Automation, Inc. All Rights Reserved.VMware Fault Tolerance,High Availability,DRS Maintenance Mode,VMotionServerServerSiteRecoveryManagerSiteSiteStorageVMotionStorageStorageNIC Teaming,MultipathingComponentComponent DataDataVMware Data Recovery, VMware ReadyData Protection solutions from third-party partnersVMware offers protection at every level
  • 21. Copyright © 2013 Rockwell Automation, Inc. All Rights Reserved.Rev 5058-CO900DQuestions?
  • 22. Copyright © 2013 Rockwell Automation, Inc. All Rights Reserved.Rev 5058-CO900DThank you for participating!Please remember to tidy up your work area for the next session.We want your feedback! Please complete the session survey!