Austin Retractor Place down on bone, retracts cheek and protects
Bone Thickness The thinnest bone is on the lingual of the third molar region Most common place to find bone spicules If bone spicule is attached to bone, reflect flap If bone spicule is separated, pull it out with tweezers, adson forceps
Forceps Designed to attached to the anatomical crown of teeth 150 max. universal 151 mand. universal 150S/151S- pedo max. and mand.
Forceps Maxillary forceps have a gradual S- shaped curve Mandibular forceps have 90 degree bend
Broken Crowns Due to IRM, Deep decay, Temp. crowns, RCT “brittle teeth” 88R, 88L- maxillary 1st and 2nd molars Need furcation to engage forceps 1 prong between buccal roots 2 prongs cradle the palatal root Expands the buccal plate, can break roots and crush tissue