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PortfolioUrban design & planning Robin Boelsums MSc.
Table of contents      About me     Interests, education,          fascination              p. 3                          ...
About me    Fascination                                                      Interests                                    ...
Urban design & planning        Living next to a   IJsselmonde     Rotterdam GPS   Spaarne North    flagship development   ...
Urban planning      Living next to a flagship development                 Urban design                                    ...
Living next to a flagship development    R e s e a rc h    What are the possible benefits and disadvantages a             ...
Living next to a flagship development    Strategic plan    From research to strategic plan                              Mi...
Living next to a flagship development                                                                      Goal 2: Inform ...
Living next to a flagship development    Urban design    Research to design                                            Con...
Living next to a flagship development                                       Five goals for local benefits                 ...
Living next to a flagship development     Goal 4: Inclusive, outward focus     The urban fabric of the urban design should...
Living next to a flagship development                                       Goal 5: Connect neighbourhoods                ...
Analysis         Centralitieseconomical actvities          / ACTING IJsselmonde of IJsselmonde      INTER      networks   ...
Centralities IJsselmonde     Analysis & theor y     “It has been noted that three main factors contribute        The devel...
Centralities IJsselmonde      Regional vision                                                                             ...
Research      GPS tracking Rotterdam                                    Field work                                        ...
GPS tracking Rotterdam                 R e s e a rc h & f i e l d wo r k                 The field work for this project c...
GPS tracking Rotterdam     U r b a n d e s i g n i n t e r ve n t i o n     The Katendrechtse Lagedijk street is one of th...
GPS tracking Rotterdam     Urban design intervention Katendrechtse Lagedijk19
Analysis       Spaarne North - Haarlem                                                                                    ...
Spaarne North - Haarlem     Analysis     Open space is defined as the space that is unbuilt or rela-     tively low dense....
Spaarne North - Haarlem                                           Building on water                Building along water   ...
Spaarne North - Haarlem Urban design                           This area is approximately 500 by 500 meters, 25 hectares. ...
Spaarne North - Haarlem In the image below can be seen how the six principles have been used in the design. This shows onl...
& cetera     Selection of works   Play - design   Paintings                          competition           p. 26          ...
Selection of works     Santos                                                    New Binckhorst     This renovation projec...
Play - design competition                   Design competition                                                      Interi...
Modern art     Paintings                  Paintings                                   Hobby                 From left to r...
PORTFOLIOby Robin Boelsums MSc.August 2012Layout: R. BoelsumsImages: R. BoelsumsMore information and download of portfolio...
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Transcript of "Portfolio 2012 Robin Boelsums "

  1. 1. PortfolioUrban design & planning Robin Boelsums MSc.
  2. 2. Table of contents About me Interests, education, fascination p. 3 Urban design & planning Living next to a IJsselmonde Rotterdam GPS Spaarne North flagship development centralities tracking p. 5 p. 13 p. 16 p. 20 & cetera Selection of works Play - design Paintings competition p. 26 p.27 p.282
  3. 3. About me Fascination Interests Education Coming from a traveller’s family, I had the spirit of travel- One of my main interests in urbanism is a very idealistic My education started at Delft, University of Technology. ling already as a young child. Trips to the USA, Istanbul, one: the even distribution of benefits and opportunities This university takes part in the IDEA league, which is a Barcelona and many others broadened my scope of the in a city for everyone. Especially in Large Urban Projects network of five leading universities of technology and sci- world. My fascination for the city grew when I started my one can see the disbalance between the opportunities ence. The architecture and urbanism studies rank among Bachelor studies in Architecture. Choosing Urbanism as given to less fortunate (local needs) and wealthy people the top 10 of the world. a master was a decision I made, for I loved the societal (regional/global needs). LUPs such as mega-events and During the electives of my study, I chose to go to Rot- aspect of it. Now, I am highly interested in the spatial, eco- flagships developments are my particular topic of inter- terdam to study and work at the Veldacademie (field nomic and social influence that urbanism has on people. I ests, the latter of which I used in my graduation project academy). This academy is a collaboration between TU studied in Delft, Rotterdam and Vienna and recently took (p. 5). The combination of sociology and economics fasci- Delft and the municipality of Rotterdam. Here I learned to the step to move to Munich to find a job. nates me when asking myself how this can be influenced cooperate with the inhabitants of an area, and to explain Globalisation takes part in my personal life, I like to think by spatial interventions. to them (layman in urbanism, but experts in their area) that the world is my backyard. But what consequences This is an aspect that also takes a major part in less fortu- what kind of interventions we propose. I was discussion does this have on urban planning, urban design, and nate or deprived neighbourhoods. I believe it is the task leader and presenter of that year’s study group. more important on the people, on the inhabitants of the of urbanists to be concerned with the well-being of peo- For half a year I attended Spatial and regional planning world? ple, especially those living in deprived areas. This regards at the Technical University of Vienna, which gave me a Despite globalisation, I believe cities will never be the for instance crime, social cohesion, economic opportuni- broader inside in the theoretical aspects of urbanism. same for exactly those aspects that one cannot plan ties and spatial fragmentation. or design: their culture and inhabitants that shape the My graduation project, that takes an entire academic year, atmosphere in a place. One can never design a place, Besides urbanism, took place in Amsterdam. I got involved in the plan- without regarding its history, culture and inhabitants. I am highly inter- ning process, by interviewing key actors in the case such It is the task of urban designers and planners to take the ested in architec- as private developers, public stakeholders and urban current specificities to a place in the future. ture of all centu- designers. ries, discovering different cultures all over the world, and modern art. In my spare time I practice paint- ing (p.28), graphic design, music and travelling. Istanbul (2010) Painting on canvas (2010)3
  4. 4. Urban design & planning Living next to a IJsselmonde Rotterdam GPS Spaarne North flagship development centralities tracking p. 5 p. 13 p. 16 p. 204
  5. 5. Urban planning Living next to a flagship development Urban design ResearchDescription of the projectFor the graduation project every studentwas free to form an own assignmentwithin the scope of their chosen chairs.My focal point for this project was flag-ship development and the possible ben-efits it can bring to its adjacent residentialneighbourhoods. A key case in Amster-dam has been studied to function as anexample for further research on this topic.The goal stated for this case: the resi-dential neighbourhood Van der Pekbuurtbenefits from the adjacent flagship develop-ment Overhoeks Amsterdam and vice versa,in socioeconomic and spatial terms.The project consisted of research andanalysis leading to two final products: the Chairaltering of the planning process that cur- Spatial planning and designrently takes place in the key case; a newurban design, replacing existing plans. AssignmentA literature study and interviews with Graduation projectkey actors in Amsterdam exposed the fact Individual workthat a disbalance between the global andlocal effects of flagship development is End productspresent. Flagships cause many benefits Strategic planon a regional and global scale, however Urban designmany disadvantages on a local scale. Master thesis Oral presentationThe strategic plan shows recommenda-tions in the planning process for the Key wordsdevelopers of Overhoeks and Van der Flagship developmentPekbuurt in order to reposition their aims Deprived neighbourhoodto be more inclusive. De-industrialisation GlobalisationThe urban design for Van der Pekbuurt Neoliberalismand Overhoeks aims to enable local,mutual benefits by proposing an integral Dateplan for an inclusive audience. 5 Sep 2011 - Jun 2012
  6. 6. Living next to a flagship development R e s e a rc h What are the possible benefits and disadvantages a al. 1992; Doucet, 2009; Loftman and Nevin, 1995; Majoor, €350 social housing residential neighbourhood can derive from its adjacent 2011) €550 flagship development, in west European cities? €650 market rent for sale - mid prices Papers written by -amongst others- Loftman and Nevin Which mutual, local benefits and disadvantages are for sale - high prices (1995), Doucet (2009) and Bianchini et al. (1992) appeared applicable to the Van der Pekbuurt and Overhoeks in to be extremely useful to formulate the basic understat- Amsterdam? ing of the issue. The result was a list of possible benefits To be able to give recommendations on the development and disadvantages that flagship projects could provide of Overhoeks (the flagship development in Amsterdam) for local communities, as found in the literature study. and Van der Pekbuurt (its adjacent residential neighbour- This study has shown that flagship development can hood), it was necessary to research the possible local cause many disadvantages on a local scale, of which the benefits and disadvantages in more depth. Interviews most important are spatial fragmentation, social polarisa- provided much information to understand the current tion and an unwelcoming appearance. But also individual process regarding the development of the project and planning and less resources or attention to the areas the current state of both neighbourhoods. Key actors of adjacent to the contemporary developments, can have a the private and public developers explained the aims of negative impact caused by the development of the flag- the development at Overhoeks: in the past it did focus on Current prices of Overhoeks and Van der Pekbuurt ship projects. (Doucet, 2009; Loftman and Nevin, 1995; local benefits but along the process, these aims were not Bianchini et al., 1992) applied any more. The municipality did not steer this in a very large park aimed at attracting tourists and inhab- The most important spatial and socioeconomic benefits an inclusive direction either, on the contrary. In Amster- itants of Amsterdam. Several amenities are planned at that flagship development can generate for its surround- dam, the rule that developments need to have thirty per Overhoeks, which aimed on the affluent, cosmopolitan ings and inhabitants are: providing facilities, amenities, cent of social housing aims at diluting the gap between inhabitants. In general, the opportunities to provide inclusive urban spaces, public transport and the pos- affluent and less affluent spaces. The development of beneficial possibilities that answer to the local needs and sibility for a housing career. Regarding the developers’ Overhoeks however, was exempted from this rule, and is wishes are present, but not being exploited by the key planning strategy, benefits can be found in e.g. resident allowed to provide only twenty per cent of social housing. actors. Two important recommendations could help the participation in planning the flagship development and The research on the two neighbourhoods showed the local benefits being created and exploited by the local rethinking the goals that key actors formulate, in order to applicability of benefits and disadvantages mentioned in community of Van der Pekbuurt. First, benefits should be more inclusive and balance the global/regional and the first research question. All of these effects are more or be provided in the flagship area aimed at an inclusive local needs and wishes. (Doucet et al., 2010) less applicable to the key case. One of the most important audience; second, the disadvantages that prevent the opportunities is to provide the possibility for a housing surrounding inhabitants of Overhoeks from benefitting The literature study showed that currently private career from social housing at Van der Pekbuurt towards from the area, should be diminished. developers rarely aim for local benefits, but concentrate rental housing from the market sector at Overhoeks. instead on the needs of ‘external‘ users (office users and However, figures by private developers Ymere (2012) and higher income dwellers, generally connected to an idea Vesteda (2012), showed that the gap between rent prices of a globalised world). Only municipal aims showed in both areas is far too large to enable a housing career. awareness of the importance of local benefits mainly in Other local opportunities are for the Overhoeks area to the provision of facilities and public spaces. (Bianchini et provide inclusive urban spaces, that now consists only of6
  7. 7. Living next to a flagship development Strategic plan From research to strategic plan Mission The research (literature study, interviews, site analysis) Create mutual, local benefits between the flagship development Overhoeks and its adjacent residential neighbour- provided a list of benefits that a flagship development hood Van der Pekbuurt, Amsterdam could bring to its adjacent neighbourhood. Several points can be reached by altering the urban design (page 9) and others by changes in the planning process, which can be Goal 1 Goal 2 Goal 3 Goal 4 read here. Reposition aims Inform local Local community Integration plans community participation Benefits for stakeholders The reasons that flagship developers and other involved Sub goals actors should create mutual, local benefits in Overhoeks for the local communities are: • Focusing on local benefits fits with the idea of Corpo- Put mutual, local benefits on Create enthusiasm amongst Frame the preferences and Make mutual, local benefits rate Social Responsibility the agenda local communities needs of local residents possible to employ • Adding mutual, local benefits can help gaining public approval and enthusiasm for the flagship develop- ments themselves Create enthusiasm amongst Increase viability of Over- Create enthusiasm amongst Decrease fragmentation and • Creating benefits for everyone fits in a democratic local community hoeks local communities social polarisation society • The outcomes may add to spatial quality of cities, increasing quality of life Gain public approval and Make Overhoeks attractive Make Overhoeks attractive • Aiming for an inclusive audience helps to gain a enthusiasm for broader audience for broader audience greater support for facilities in Overhoeks area • Enthusiasm of local community can help the develop- ment of Overhoeks Residents trust expenses of Increase viability of Over- • The development of Overhoeks becomes attractive for government hoeks much broader audience The most important advantage for the developers of Overhoeks and Van der Pekbuurt is: • Mutual, local benefits improve the viability of the development Overhoeks and Van der Pekbuurt Many of the previously mentioned aspects contribute to the latter.7
  8. 8. Living next to a flagship development Goal 2: Inform local community When interviewing several actors involved in the flagship process of the key case, I could conclude that the local community of Van der Pekbuurt feels like they are not taken seriously by the developers. This is one of the dis- advantages the local residents experience, and this might lead to distrust municipal expenses and other negative perceptions. Whether these perceptions are based on facts or on personal opinions, it is a perceived disadvan- tage for the local community so it should be diminished or removed. Goal 3: Local community participation The participation of the local community in the new de- velopments can be of importance not only for decisions in the urban design (e.g. the choice for amenities, facili- ties, urban places), but also in order to make the com- munity feel involved and feel less suspicious about the flagship area. When the local community has a say in the building of facilities and amenities, this can have a posi- Target group at Overhoeks tive effect on the success of these, because more people Target group at Van der Pekbuurt will make use of these functions. Area to create benefits The strategic plan and urban design focus on the selected areas Goal 4: Integrate plans The integration of urban plans of the flagship are and Goal 1: Reposition aims adjoining neighbourhoods is crucial to ensure beneficial In the answer of the first research question can be read possibilities. It also means that the development activ- that none of the aims that private flagship developers ity of the adjacent neighbourhood can be raised and of put forward are focused on benefits for the adjacent course adapted according to the flagship plans. local community. As Doucet (2009) mentions, for mutual benefits it is crucial that flagship developers reposition their aims to be more inclusive. It means that developers will focus more attention to the adjacent neighbour- hoods. This can also contribute to the success of flagship development, as the facilities and amenities can be used by a broader public and thus be more successful.8
  9. 9. Living next to a flagship development Urban design Research to design Concept Phasing The benefits that flagship developments can bring to their surroundings and that can be influenced by chang- Residential area ing the urban design, will be proposed here. Public green area Facilities, amenities Facilities area Benefits for local community should be Phase 1 provided: • More inclusive spaces • Provide possibilities for housing career • Amenities • Possibilities for transport Phase 2 • Recreational facilities • Housing • Urban places • Economic opportunities (jobs) Disadvantages for local community should be diminished: Phase 3 • Fragmentation of cities • Social polarisation • No public resources for deprived neighbourhoods Conceptual drawing of urban design • Residents distrust expenses of govern- ment • Alien, unwelcoming appearance of flagship area • Delay, curtailment, failure of projects Amenities, facilities Welcoming, inclusive appearance Coherence and connections betw Transport possibilities First of all the concept of the design and the phasing of Routing the project will be shown Next, the different points that aim at providing local ben- Housing career efits and diminishing disadvantages, will be explained in Social returns the form of five goals that answer to all of these points. Connecting urban fabrics Phasing of urban design9
  10. 10. Living next to a flagship development Five goals for local benefits Goal 1: Create social returns One of the aims of flagship developers should be to create social returns. This means that the flagship area provides economic opportunities for the local community. Jobs will be created and this helps to retain social networks, and reduces social polarisation. Goal 2: Amenities, facilities, transport possibilities The design and planning for amenities, facilities and transport possibilities should fo- cus on an inclusive audience. When doing so, the local communities of Van der Pekbu- urt and Overhoeks can benefit from this type of programme. Facilities and amenities that focus on an inclusive, broader audience, can be more eco- nomically viable and thus help the success of the flagship project. Goal 3: Housing career possibilities By giving the possibilities for a housing career in the local community’s own (adjacent) neighbourhood, the social network can be maintained. It has been shown that people that live longer in one neighbourhood, feel responsible and attached to their environ- ment (Van Kempen, 2000). €350 social housing Public resources aim on the €550 possibilities for the local €650 market rent community. The residents for sale - mid prices that live in Van der Pekbuurt for sale - high prices have more reasons to visit Overhoeks if their friends/ neighbours have moved there. Beside that, the area of Overhoeks appears less unwelcoming, for a part of the inhabitants of the areaInterventions: New building are not from a totally differ- Buildings ent background, but origin New building (no groundfloor) Buildings (no ground floor) Existing building Grass space (no cartraffic) of the Van der Pekbuurt. Public Public space (no car traffic) Public green space Main roads(all traffic) Main road (all traffic) Secondary roads(all traffic) Secundary road (all traffic) Pedestrian, cycle path Pedestrian-, cyclepath Housing pricesExisting: 10 Buildings Grass
  11. 11. Living next to a flagship development Goal 4: Inclusive, outward focus The urban fabric of the urban design should be inclusive, to attract a broad audience on not only the global or regional scale, but also on the local scale. When doing so, the flagship area can be more welcoming to the local community of Van der Pekbuurt. This stimulates the local residents to visit the contemporary area and trust the municipal spending Residential block sight lines concept on the development. View in residential apartment blocks Main attractors Sightline to main attractor Network of public squares Public green space Network of public places and sight lines to main attractors Section at canal between Overhoeks and Van der Pekbuurt11
  12. 12. Living next to a flagship development Goal 5: Connect neighbourhoods Fragmentation between Overhoeks and Van der Pekbu- urt prevents the local communities from employing the future benefits. Creating connections counteracts fragmentation. Beside that, the groups of people living in both areas can get more easily acquainted and thus social cohesion can be strengthened. Aligning buildings Pedestrian-, cyclebridge Bridge (all traffic) Urban fabric12
  13. 13. Analysis Centralitieseconomical actvities / ACTING IJsselmonde of IJsselmonde INTER networks central places Regional planningDescription of the project ChairIJsselmonde is a region in the Nether- Spatial planning and designlands, containing the southern part ofthe municipality of Rotterdam and other Assignmentsmaller towns, such as Barendrecht and MSc 2 projectRidderkerk. This area is typified by the Group work (4 students)high percentage of unemployed, and lowincome households. End productsThe assignment was to focus on the trans- Regional planformation of centralities in the area. Based Strategic visionon a definition of the word, the different Oral presentationcentralities were identified and valued.The characteristics of a centrality are: adensity of people, a diversity of activities Key wordsand connections to other places. CentralityThe hierarchy and complementarity Networkbetween centralities were guiding for the Nodestrategic plan, that aims at a balancednetwork of nodes in 30 years time. Date Feb - Mar 2010 Legends infrastructure central spatial function central place in island (small scale) existing commerce industry logistics and transportation working central place national highway o e national railway creative industry station metro line sports tram line sporting park commercial cental placeproposed recreational park new highway recreation new metro line education central place out island residence new tram line medical facilities central place 13 new recreational route
  14. 14. Centralities IJsselmonde Analysis & theor y “It has been noted that three main factors contribute The development of a specific and programmatic profile, The area of IJsselmonde is highly dense, in terms of towards the condition of centrality.” regarding the node and place value, will decrease the inhabitants, and consists of a high percentage of low risks of competition and can be used as a guiding / ACTING Inter/Acting as a strategic approach INTER central places • the density of people, using the centrality princi- income households and unemployed. There is a disbal- networks • the diversity of activities of the centrality itself ple for a strong network of central nodes. ance between the density of people Complete the network, providing a coher 1. and the economic • the connectivity of the centrality with other centrali- Existing opportunities provided in this region. Goal is to improve connections situation ties (Mendes & Morgado 2008) The analysis of different transport networks show the lack the job opportunities at the central-nodes. transportation connections Add public - Adress a multimodal approach of integration amongst these. Goal is to improve these networks by connecting them at the centralities. 2. the concept of the The following picture in black shows Transformation oriented development vision; the next page shows the spatial outlook of the - Optimize the local conditions for centraliti regional vision of IJsselmonde. - Spatial integration of activities and the ne INTER / ACTING Inter/Acting as a strategic approach central places INTER / ACTING Inter/Acting as a strategic approach central places networks networks 1.existing Complete the network, providingstrategy a cohere Existing Vision 1. Complete the network, providing a coherent framework of connections activities central economic transform and Existing situation connections - Add national e ect public transportation connections nationa situation - Add public transportation connections a multimodal approach - Adress e ect regional regiona - Adress a multimodal approach local e ect local e 2.access of spatial node to networks Transformation oriented development transformatio Train network 2. Transformation oriented development spatial node access non- - Optimize e ect local conditions for centralitie national the nationa - Optimize the local conditions forSpatial integration of activities and the net - centralitiesect national e nationa - Spatial integration of activities and the network national e ect nationa networks national e ect highway regiona Metro network national e ect railway local e regional e ect metro local e existing strategy Vision existing strategy central economic activities transform and Vision central economic activities transform and strengthen national e ect national national e ect national e ect regional e ect regional regional e ect regional e ect local e ect local e e local e ect local e ect Tram network access of spatial node to networks transformation access of spatial node to networks transformation and integration non- spatial node access non- spatial node access national e ect national national e ect national e ectect-central economic activy national e national national e ect national e ectect-central economic activy national e national national e ect networksnational e ect-central economic activy networks national e ect highway regional e Nodes national e ect highway national e eect railway regional ect tram local e e national e ect railway regional eect tram local e ect metro local e e IJsselmonde in the Amsterdam-Antwerp corridor regional e ect metro local e ect recreation path14
  15. 15. Centralities IJsselmonde Regional vision IC M M M M IC M M M M M M M M M M M M M M M M M M M M IC M M S M M M M M M M M M core spatial node (best integrated with networks and divers activities) colour inside / activities IC LEGEND urbanarea regional economic important spatial node highway network IC intercity station greenarea sports economic ( well-integrated with networks national network train station water related business urban economic but not divers activities) railway network M metro station transformation E education knowledge economic assitante spatial node metro network tram station other industry S ship building technology economic ( connect to the networks and not divers activities)15 15 tram network non-water business special centre (the core nodes have high quality public transport complementary relationships)
  16. 16. Research GPS tracking Rotterdam Field work Urban design intervention Chair Urban design AssignmentDescription of the project Elective Group work (field work)For this project the pedestrian movement Individual work (design)of 50 seniors (age of 55+) living in Oud-Charlois in Rotterdam was tracked, by End productsmeans of GPS tracking devices. GPS mapsWith the use of the computer program Urban design interventionGIS, the tracks were converted into maps Oral presentation for inhabit-as seen on this page. antsThe tracks exposed the places that arefrequently visited, but also places that are Key wordsless often visited. As my project focused GPS trackingon the social safety of the neighbour- Seniorshood, the latter was of most importance Social safetyfor my design intervention. An individualdesign aimed to improve the public space Datein order to let seniors be more attracted Apr - Jun 2010to 16 this space. use
  17. 17. GPS tracking Rotterdam R e s e a rc h & f i e l d wo r k The field work for this project consisted of two parts: GPS Two out of eight criteria can be influenced by active These indicators were translated into a design, which tracks of seniors and a questionnaire filled in by the same seniors that live in the neighbourhood: presence of other aims to enable more seniors to use this street, in stead people. Over 50 seniors that lived in the neighbourhood people, and involvement/responsibility of the neighbour- of avoid using. The first step is to define the rules that lie Oud-Charlois, Rotterdam, were approached to wear a GPS hood. Several ways to measure and influence them, are at the base of the urban intervention, seen in the image device for four days and to fill in the questionnaire. mentioned below (the highlighted ones are used for the below. Afterwards, the data of the devices was -anonymously- urban intervention). retrieved in GIS. The questionnaire results were converted to schemes and charts and analysed in combination with Presence of other people: the GPS tracks. - formal surveillance (police, security) - semiformal surveillance (street coaches, shop owners) Oud-Charlois is one of the most deprived areas of Rot- - informal surveillance (neighbours, passer-by) terdam, based on a high percentage low income house- - feeling of presence of other people holds, low subjective and objective safety and the highest crime rate of the city. Therefore, the urban design inter- Involvement/responsibility of neighbourhood: vention focused on social safety. - low moving tendency - design of public space Based on literature of Van der Voordt (2003) and the - ability to recognise co-users specificities of the neighbourhood, eight criteria were - stimulation use of collective space selected to measure the social safety in Oud-Charlois: - creating opportunities for semi-public use of spaceal Charlois Social safety*ofcriteria *note: both actual safety as feeling safety 1. Presence of other people 2. Visibility Current Proposal 3. Involvement/responsibility Small transition zone Large transition zone No semi public place to Semi public place to 4. Attractiveness of the area show involvement show involvement 5. Accessibilityc Steps before entrance Entrances on street level 6. Vulnerability of potential targets Poor accessibility Good accessibility Criteriaincidents as feeling of unsafety *note: both actual for social unsafety* Cars in the street Exclusion of cars 1. Presence of potential Not attractive for Quiet street, attractive offender (perpretator) yellow/green people for yellow/green peoplechecklist tene gebouwde 2. Presence of potential target Gelegenheidstheorie - rational action theory 17
  18. 18. GPS tracking Rotterdam U r b a n d e s i g n i n t e r ve n t i o n The Katendrechtse Lagedijk street is one of the streets that -according to the GPS data- seniors avoid using. Therefore this street will be the one of the design inter- vention, aimed to be more attractive for seniors. After applying the rules of the previous page, the street sections will look as below: Katendrechtse Lagendijk 1:500 private transition zone public Section with no transition zone Section with small transition zone18
  19. 19. GPS tracking Rotterdam Urban design intervention Katendrechtse Lagedijk19
  20. 20. Analysis Spaarne North - Haarlem Masterplan Urban design interventionDescription of the project ChairThe task for this project was to make an in-depth analysis of the landscape and city of Haarlem. After Landscape architecturethis, formulate a problem statement and an individual masterplan on a part of the city.Haarlem is an old Dutch city that developed along the river Spaarne in the 13th century. Large expan- Assignment MSc1 projectsions followed in the 20th century, instigated by infrastructural advantages. Group work (3 students: analy-However, over time the city of Haarlem has formed a spatial fragmented urban pattern which pre- sis, masterplan)vents inhabitants and users of the areas to benefit optimally from the possibilities that Haarlem has to Individual work (urban designoffer. That is the reason for the masterplan to aim for connecting the areas and herewith bring people intervention)closer to the possibilities that are already present.The masterplan shows six principles that have been followed in order to reach the aim of connecti- End productsvity. An elaboration on a crucial detail shows the urban design of a part of the masterplan. Masterplan Urban design Booklet research & design Oral presentation Key words Fragmentation Landscape Connectivity Date Sep 2010 - Nov 2010 20
  21. 21. Spaarne North - Haarlem Analysis Open space is defined as the space that is unbuilt or rela- tively low dense. The urban patches in between, are the relatively high dense areas. What can be found in these spaces? How do they relate to the edges of the urban patches around? We take a look at the green structure and its functions, and the water functions. Furthermore we investigate the crossings on the infrastructure, and the building typolo- gies on the edges that are shown in the right figure. The fragmentation of Haarlem can be explained by the historical growth of the city. Haarlem grew to be a fortress in the 19th century, with surrounding waters, forming the first boundaries. In the 20th century the city grew respec- tively along train and car infrastructure. The final expan- sion area was built with a surrounding green structure, a Nolli-map (and its inverse) of the open space and the built space in Haarlem boundary that is still there this present day. The open space (colour), built edges (grey), highly dense area (white) 13th centur y 1450 1822 1915 1930 1960 2010 Development of Waarderpolder, North, and Schalkwijk First settlement on sandbank Jump across the river Fortress of Haarlem Extension in East and West First major extension along infrastructure Second major extension along infrastructure21
  22. 22. Spaarne North - Haarlem Building on water Building along water Sight line towards water Masterplan The masterplan was built upon six rules, guiding the Public space attracts people design to make Spaarne North be less fragmented, but to stay at the waterside. This connected in its neighbourhood. ensures a relation. Spatially it creates chambers Houseboats and bridges can along the linear space of the be built on the water. In order Spaarne. The open space is Building on water Building along water to be able to create a road pulled Sight line towards water into the urban patch. along the eastern riverbank, Public space along water The open space is part cycle path Pedestrian and of the Follow shape of waterbank along water two bridges need to be estab- open space as well as part of Car road along water Building on water lished in theBuildingand south middle along water Sight line towards water urban fabric. the part. Living on the water will be in the two branches on the The roads are part of the open East. By building on the water, space as well as of the urban the urban fabric is mixed with fabric. Therefore it creates a the open space. transition between the two. This bank side road is already The urban fabric is an active Public space along water Pedestrian and cycle path present at theshape of waterbank Follow West, but will spaceBuilding along water where a lot happens. along line towards water be established in the East, for Building on water Sight water Bringing this urbanised space Car road along water pedestrians and cyclists. close to the water creates a Pedestrian and cycle path Public space along water relation between the spatial Follow shape of waterbank Following the shape of the two. along water water bank is copying the This in contrastroad along water Car with for exam- form of the space to the urban Building along water ple an unused line towards water Sightindustrial area, fabric. Using this shape not that denies any relation with only at the riverside, but also the water. further inland can create a new relation. It goes without saying that Public space along water Pedestrian and cycle path sight lines towards the water Follow shape of waterbank along water create spatial connections. A Car road along water traditional way of building is applied in the design, which ensures that the sight lines cutater Pedestrian and cycle path building blocks intoof waterbank the Follow shape pieces. along water Sight line towards water Car road along water Masterplan Spaarne North in Haarlem 22
  23. 23. Spaarne North - Haarlem Urban design This area is approximately 500 by 500 meters, 25 hectares. Industry in the city is generally slowly shifting out of the city. For this approach in Haarlem this shifting is encour- aged. But Haarlem has almost no places where this indus- try can shift to, so the use of the groundspace should be intensified. The Waarderpolder will be transformed into an area with a mixed function of dwellings and offices. How can dwellings be combined with offices and industry? The light industry will therefore be converted from wide, low buildings, to smaller, high buildings with parking lots un- derground. The industry should be surrounded by offices, since in most cases it is not allowed to build dwellings next to it. Next to the offices can be a mixture of offices and dwellings. All of this will be established within the frame of the six principles. The new residential areas are developed with green surroundings. In Haarlem there is a lack of public green therefore it is good to always keep this in mind when designing public space. Some building blocks have an inner garden, but all blocks have an outer garden or private zone. This makes the transition zone between public and private. This ensures that the transition from the open space of the river to the public space around it to the actual dwellings is as sufficient as possible.23
  24. 24. Spaarne North - Haarlem In the image below can be seen how the six principles have been used in the design. This shows only the new added principles. There is built on and along the water, there are sightlines towards the water, public spaces and continuous roads along the Spaarne, and the shape of the riverbank has been followed. View from office building towards water Crucial detail of the masterplan, showing the six principles View between residential blocks24
  25. 25. & cetera Selection of works Play - design Paintings competition p. 26 p.27 p.2825
  26. 26. Selection of works Santos New Binckhorst This renovation project for the Santos building in Rot- This project redeveloped the industrial area ‘Binckhorst’ in terdam was designed to be developed into a short-stay Den Haag into a mixed residential area. apartment building for expats. The urban design aims to combine existing industrial buildings with residential buildings, offices and facilities. The existing brick monument was covered by an exten- The rigid grid is made out of closed building blocks, with sion in wood, that made a connection in the surrounding a flexible designed, informal inner courtyard. urban fabric. Home zone in New Binckhorst The existing buildings and urban places form the excep- tions on the grid to form a lively, vibrant and moreover legible neighbourhood. Exterior Santos (model in Maya) Floor plan New Binckhorst Concept of grid with industry, residences and monuments or other exist- Interior Santos (model in Maya) ing buildings Street view along the river26
  27. 27. Play - design competition Design competition Interior design Prize Second prizeDescription of the project Assignment Design competitionThe assignment for this competition was Group work (4 members)to design the interior of the Gasthuisfab-riek in Amsterdam. A temporary exhibi- End productstion of young, modern artists would take Maya model and rendersplace for two weeks. The winning design Oral presentation for judgewas constructed.“Play” enhanced the idea of several fo-cal points in the area, with a clear but Key wordsvital and varied routing following all the Playattractions. The main attraction was a Urban guerillaspecifically designed stage that could Interior designgive place for young performers to show Temporary designtheir act. Budget design“Play” received a second prize in the Date 27competition. Dec 2007
  28. 28. Modern art Paintings Paintings Hobby From left to right, up to down: Hidden Acrylic on canvas Night fire Acrylic on canvas Morning rain Acrylic on canvas Secret Acrylic on canvas View from train Acrylic on canvas28
  29. 29. PORTFOLIOby Robin Boelsums MSc.August 2012Layout: R. BoelsumsImages: R. BoelsumsMore information and download of portfolio,presentations and master thesis:www.slideshare.net/robinboelsums
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