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IJsselmonde centralities

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  • 1. central places AR2U080 R&D STUDIO: SPATIAL STRATEGIES FOR THE GLOBAL METROPOLIS (2009-2010 Q3) Tutors: Remon Rooij & Verena BalzINTERnetworks / ACTING Ashley Ballantine 1302396 / Robin Boelsums 1275267 / Tuofu Hu 4046374 / Sven van Oosten 1257730 / Yuli Zhou 4039106 central places INTER networks / ACTING Networks and central places of economic activity on the island of IJsselmonde
  • 2. INTER networks / ACTING central places Current economic conditions of the island give urgency for interventions Shift & Transformation of th national highway network knowledge central place creative economic central place national road network business central place spatial node ( central place) urban road network cosumer central placesource: Han Meyer; City and Port, 08-02-2010 IC IC M M Hillegersberg-Schiebroek Overschie 40.900 Prins Alexander 15.800 89.200 M M ROTTERDAM-NOORD 200.000 M M Noord Kralingen-Crooswijk M M Capelle a/d IJssel IC IC 49.000 52.000 M M M M M 65.400 M M M M M M M M M Schiedam M M M M 75.750 Delfshaven M M M M 70.290 Krimpen a/d IJssel M M M M M M 28.900 M M M Vlaardingen M M M Centrum Feijenoord M M 70.400 30.300 72.300 M M M M ROTTERDAM-ZUID IJsselmonde Pernis 60.900 M M M 4.560 200.000 M Charlois 66.000 M Ridderkerk M 44.800 Hoogvliet Alblasserdam M M 36.600 19.000 M M M Poortugaal Rhoon M M M 9.800 12.700 M M Barendrecht 46.500 M M Spijkenisse Hendrik-Ido-Ambacht 72.500 M 26.800 ISLAND OF IJSSELMONDE M M 425.000 Papendrecht M 31.800 Oud-Beijerland 23.600 Zwijndrecht 44.400 IC IC Dordrecht 118.600 national railway IC intercity station spatial node ( central place) national railway IC intercity station spatial node ( central place) metro M metro station tram metro station metro M metro station water bus water bus station tram metro station water bus water bus station 23m IC M Weena M M M IC M M Rotterdam Bolnes M M M M M M IC M 43m M M M M M M M M M 33m M Rotterdam Bolnes M Ridderkerk 30m M M Barendrecht 40m 56m (Hogendorpsingel) Ridderkerk M 27m 28m Barendrecht Hoogvliet (Riederhof ) Hendrik Ido Ambacht 32m (Kouwenaardseweg) 33m M 38m M M 28m M Spijkernisse Barendrecht Barendrecht (Riederhof ) (Hogendorpsingel) M 43m Hendrik Ido Ambacht M M Zwijndrecht M 13m 33m Zwijndrecht 23m Dordrecht IC Dordrecht IC IC existing intercity station (Johan de Wittstraat) national highway network spatial node ( central place) existing national way existing core economical central place existing railway existing important economical central place national road network harbor related activities national railway IC intercity station national highway municipality border existing assistant economical central place existing metro logistics services etc. metro M metro station urban road sub-municipality border urban road network existing tram tram water bus station existing water bus water bus
  • 3. central places INTER networks / ACTING IJsselmonde of economical actvitiesLegendsinfrastructure central spatial function central place in island (small scale)existing commerce industry logistics and transportation working central place national highway office national railway creative industry station metro line sports tram line sporting park commercial cental placeproposed recreational park new highway recreation new metro line education central place out island residence new tram line medical facilities central place new recreational route
  • 4. central placesINTERnetworks / ACTING The island, linking the Delta with the AmA corridor Amsterdam AMSTERDAM AM INTERNATIONAL SEA PORT LONDON ANTWERPEN DUSSELDORF FRANKFURT Rotterdam ATIO LOCATION OF ISLAND SEL OF ISSELMONDE PARIS Antwerp
  • 5. central places INTER networks / ACTING Using the theme of Centralities to introduce the strategy of Inter/ActingDefinition “In classic urban geography and in particular in classic location theory, the notion of centrality is generally defined in terms of at- Develop with regards Conditions to node/place value tractiveness, related to the close co-location of activities, services Diversity and employment, in short their spatial agglomeration.” Source: Losch, 1952; Isard, 1956; Alonso, 1964; Herbert and Ste- vens, 1960)Conditions “It has been noted that three main factors contribute towards the condition of centrality.” The density of people, using the cen- trality; the diversity of activities of the centrality itself; the con- Density € Definition Connectivity nectivity of the centrality with other centralities. Development of specific profileSource: Mendes, Morgado 2008 €Network Conditions The development of a specific and programmatic profile, re- garding the node and place value, will decrease the risks of competition and can be used as guiding principle for a strong network of central nodes.
  • 6. central placesINTERnetworks / ACTING IJsselmonde has a lack of economic activities Activities in: main service sector Regarding the high density of the higher education consumers economy area, there is a lack of economic creative economy activities. Not only facilites are missing, also job opportunities. Residential area’s providing density for activities / services
  • 7. central places INTER networks / ACTING Integration of different public transportation networksTrain The integration between different networks (tram, metro etc.) is poor and needs to be improved to be able to use the network optimal.Metro Long traveltimes as consequense of poorly integrated networkTram 33m Rotterdam Bolnes 40m Ridderkerk 28m Hoogvliet (Kouwenaardseweg) 32m 33m 38m Spijkernisse Barendrecht Barendrecht (Riederhof ) (Hogendorpsingel) 43m Hendrik Ido Ambachtnodes 33m Zwijndrecht 23m Dordrecht (Johan de Wittstraat)
  • 8. INTER networks central places / ACTING Integration of economic activities with the networkseparation of economic activity and network National spots not integrated in national public transport An activity with a national scale Rotterdam serving area, needs to have good ac- cess to the national network. Goal is Island of IJsselmonde to improve these incohesions. Feyenoord Ahoy Dordrecht
  • 9. central placesINTERnetworks / ACTING Inter/Acting as a strategic approach 1. Complete the network, providing a coherent framework ofExisting connectionssituation - Add public transportation connections - Adress a multimodal approach 2. Transformation oriented development - Develop specific programmatic profiles - Optimize the local conditions for centralities - Spatial integration of activities and the network existing strategyVision central economic activities transform and strengthen national effect national effect regional effect regional effect local effect local effect access of spatial node to networks transformation and integration non- spatial node access national effect national effect-central economic activy national effect national effect-central economic activy national effect national effect-central economic activy networks national effect highway regional effect tram national effect railway local effect tram regional effect metro local effect recreation path
  • 10. INTERnetworks central places / ACTING Complementary set of keyprojectsHart van Zuid Ridderkerk Waalhaven Lombardijen Stadium Park Town - community - centers y Cre Creative industry center National sporting center - Impulse: - Impulse: - Impulse: - Impulse: - Impulse: Metro & tram connection High quality tram connection New metrostop + metroline New medical boulevard New Intercity station - Main Scale effect: - Main Scale effect: Transformation of harbour area - Scale effect: New metro connection National, Ahoy Regional, recreational facilities -Main Scale effect: Regional, hospital New Stadium Regional, shopping center Local, community centers Regional, creative industry Local, park routes - Scale effect: Education National, Natioanl stadium Regional, topsport center Local, sportingfields
  • 11. / ACTING Har v Zuid t an central placesINTERnetworksLocation Condition Design ReflectionOne of the largest centralities of Rotterdam South
  • 12. / ACTING Har v Zuid t an central placesINTERnetworksLocation Condition Design ReflectionShopping and culture Facilities People Ahoy - event hall - Immigrants - Lower/middle income households - Youth 18-25 Zuidplein - shopping mall Business & hospital
  • 13. / ACTING Har v Zuid t an central placesINTERnetworksLocation Condition Design ReflectionAppreciation of the infrastructure Proposal design for Hart van Zuid education 100m labour hospital hospital 1m12s school leisure culture 5min culture commercial food & drinks shopping metro swimming labour tram P parking pedestrian area motorway M metro station grass area bus station pedestrian corridor B GF/1st floor parking T tram station trees bus station area pedestrian crossing T residential area above GF crucial detail M B Aims 1 - Integration of different infrastructural networks T Bring pedestrians to the ground floor 2 - New economic activities More activity in theatre + theatre square, addition of economic develop- ment 3 - From impersonal to intimate Improved integration of network with facilities by defining edges Strategy Don’t deny but appreciate infrastructure There is a lot of different infrastructural networks in this area. We have to accept that and use it as a quality to link facilities with the networks. We can do that optimal if the infrastructural networks are well integrated within.
  • 14. / ACTING Har v Zuid t an central placesINTERnetworksLocation Condition Design Reflection1 - Integration of different infrastructural networks - current situation Pedestrian routes between facilities B P M Old situation labour P parking crossing pedestrians and cyclists hospital M metro station poor integration of networks school B bus station improved integration of networks culture T tram station
  • 15. / ACTING Har v Zuid t an central placesINTERnetworksLocation Condition Design Reflection1 - Integration of different infrastructural networks - proposal Pedestrian routes between facilities T B P M T Current situation - a lot of people walk through the shopping mall without noticing other facilities. - people cross the motorways with a bridge and therefor both users Proposal do not integrate with each other Proposal labour P parking crossing pedestrians and cyclists - new pedestrian corridor created under shopping mall: people hospital M metro station poor integration of networks walk on ground floor via the theatre square school B bus station improved integration of networks - bridges removed: people walk on crossings on ground floor culture T tram station
  • 16. / ACTING Har v Zuid t an central placesINTERnetworksLocation Condition Design Reflection2 - New economic activities - proposal labour E Economic development area education 100m hospital hospital 1m12s school leisure culture 5min culture commercial food & drinks shopping metro swimming labour tram P parking pedestrian area motorway M metro station grass area bus station pedestrian corridor B 1 T tram station GF/1st floor parking trees bus station area pedestrian crossing T residential area above GF crucial detail 2 M 3 B T Current situation - already a lot of economic activities, but the area can be more eco- nomically vital - need for more jobs for low/middle educated people 4 - need for cinema Proposal Proposa p 1 N cinema - answering the need of inhabitants New Proposal 2 D Development of theatre square - an economically vital, p public place 3 D Development labour area - to provide jobs for low/middle e educated people 4 Zuiderpark pavilions - in addition to the festivals in the Park, Z t will provide continuous economic activity this
  • 17. / ACTING Har v Zuid t an central placesINTERnetworksLocation Condition Design Reflection development of theatre square development of theatre square development of theatre square Zuiderpark pavilions
  • 18. / ACTING Har v Zuid t an central placesINTERnetworksLocation Condition Design Reflection3 - From impersonal to intimate - concept regional road building edge line of trees as edge improvement edge edges to define space researched edge res earc he de dg Current situation e - along the main motorway a lot of edges are undefined and cause an impersonal environment with poor integration with surrounding facilities Proposal - define edges to create intimate, defined space with good integra- tion with surrounding facilities
  • 19. / ACTING Har v Zuid t an central placesINTERnetworksLocation Condition Design Reflection3 - From impersonal to intimate - analysisTheory Reference 1 Prins Bernardplein 1,5 1 Zuiderparkweg 3i - 2:1 - alley, claustrophobicii - 1:1 - comfortable urban street Iiii - 1:2 - good sense of enclosure Prins Bernardpleiniv - 1:3 - weak sense of enclosure Zuiderparkwegsource: Carmona et al. 2003 II Zuiderparkweg 1 1 Zuiderparkweg 1,3 1,5Zuiderparkweg
  • 20. / ACTING Har v Zuid t an central placesINTERnetworksLocation Condition Design Reflection3 - From impersonal to intimate - current situation Zuiderparkweg - impersonal
  • 21. / ACTING Har v Zuid t an central placesINTERnetworksLocation Condition Design Reflection3 - From impersonal to intimate - proposal Zuiderparkweg - intimate
  • 22. / ACTING Har v Zuid t an central placesINTERnetworksLocation Condition Design Reflection3 - From impersonal to intimate - analysis Theory rese arch ed e dge i - 2:1 - alley, claustrophobic ii - 1:1 - comfortable urban street iii - 1:2 - good sense of enclosure iv - 1:3 - weak sense of enclosure source: Carmona et al. 2003 1 T 1,5 no edges
  • 23. / ACTING Har v Zuid t an central placesINTERnetworksLocation Condition Design Reflection3 - From impersonal to intimate - current situation Zuidplein Strevelsweg - impersonal
  • 24. / ACTING Har v Zuid t an central placesINTERnetworksLocation Condition Design Reflection3 - From impersonal to intimate - proposal Zuidplein Strevelsweg - intimate
  • 25. / ACTING Har v Zuid t an central placesINTERnetworksLocation Condition Design ReflectionAmbitions regional scale Complementarity and hierarchy1 - Integration of different infrastructural networks Hart van Zuid together with the centre of Rotterdam, the Erasmus Univer-With the construction of a tram line, the integration of networks of dif- sity and the Stadium Park creates a strong lozenge of centralities. To beferent scales is improved. The local tram provides possibility to transfer certain of a strong network complementarity should be persued. Is Hartto regional bus or metro lines. Also pedestrian paths are being better in- van Zuid complementary to the other places? Comparing it to the sportstegrated with other infrastructure, for instance by removing the bridges focus of Stadium Park and the educational focus of Erasmus University,across the motorways. the complementarity is defenitely present. But the centre of Rotterdam -like Hart van Zuid- focuses among other things on shopping. The centre2 - Providing sufficient economic activities has more to offer, has a larger target group and a larger area. That makesThis area is already economically vital. The question is if there is really Hart van Zuid minor, which creates a healthy hierarchy. But we cannota need of new economic activities here. According to research new job state that these centralities are complementary. Here we have to defineopportunities should be provided. But it is not certain whether there is the succeeding of Hart van Zuid by comparing the well achieved hierar-enough economic support for more facilities. The necessity of a new cin- chy with the little achieved complementarity to the centre.ema is therefor not well underpinned.3 - Spatial integration of network with facilities Generic value - evaluation of toolsThe integration is improved on some spots by the defining of the edges. Bringing people to the ground floor - tool to let pedestrians integrate withThis strategy can be used on the whole Hart van Zuid to improve integra- other infrastructuretion and to make the environment more intimate. This tool I found very This tool can be used in a lot of other designs. It can be a very useful tooluseful and can be implemented on several designs. in an area with a high number of facilites, that has infrastructural barriers. The barriers should then not be crossed by bridges, because that causes a poor connection with the underlying roads. The barriers should be ap- preciated, and integrated with other networks to ensure it is not a barrier anymore. The barrier then becomes a part of the whole area. Defining the edges - tool to make more connection to edges, facilities, and to create an intimate environment Definining space by creating edges is a well known traditional tool. It can be succesfully used in many designs. It generates awareness of the sur- roundings so I found this tool very useful.
  • 26. central places RidderkerkINTERnetworks / ACTING town - Community - centersLocation Condition Design Reflection Rediscovering IJsselmonde’s Dikestructure
  • 27. central places RidderkerkINTERnetworks / ACTING town - Community - centersLocation Condition Design Reflection Local qualities, regional problemsDistribution of Facilities + industiral economic zone 1. Ridderkerk is a Selfsufficient town 2. Ridderkerk shares Deltapoort problems 60 % of the workingpopulation lives and work in Ridderkerk Employment Consumerseconomy Aeging population Little Complementarity 60 % of the workingpopulation lives and work in Ridderkerk Ridderkerks daily consumers econmy provides sufficient Young families are leaving town by its housingmarket and its The Deltapoort is characterized by unidirectional development opportunities and is equal in size, for example to Zuidplein. quality of life, the Deltapoort is one of the weakest subregions* and has little attraction to international oriented businesses and Source: De Zuidvleugel: motor in de Delta, 2006 professionals* Source: De Zuidvleugel: motor in de Delta, 2006 Zuidplein Ridderkerk Zwijndrecht - ridderhof - walburg source: Structuurvisie Ridderkerk (2009) source: Structuurvisie Ridderkerk (2009) source: Vele steden maken nog geen Randstad (2009)
  • 28. central places RidderkerkINTERnetworks / ACTING town - Community - centersLocation Condition Design Reflection Conflicting local and regional orientation Lf Lf Lf Lf3. Dominant road network 4. Complete regional bike networkDominant orientation on the regional roadstructure inconflict with a qualitative living environmentExternal relationships poor spatial quality, no orientation Unexpected historical qualitysource: Structuurvisie Ridderkerk (2009) source: Google streetview source: Google streetview
  • 29. central places Ridderkerk INTER networks / ACTING town - Community - centers Location Condition Design Reflection Rediscovering Ridderkerks Dikestructure Aim Lf - derrived from local conditions- Maintain Economic vitality and Lf Lf improve the quality of the living Lf environmenten) / Stadium Strategy: Bikedike -relate regional ambitions to local conditions- -Integration of different networks Develop a new bikeroute system, re- lated to public transport tranferpoints From the bikedike Ridderkerk is easily accessible, by reinventing this local quality people should stay at- +Bike tracted to the town -Integration of economic activities & network Strengthen by adding programme along the dike The dike will be introduced as a new central element within the town, along which programme can be added. Ridderkerks clublife and local tourism will in this first stage benefit Bikedike route Additi Addi Addition of programm organised diti New public TOOL: -Activate stakeholders around Integration of different networks ound nd transportation Let local conditions guide Dike transformationzone one Shoppingcenter stage 1 Technical Education & specialization (consumers economy) attraction of programme Industrial Tourism, Dayrecreation Cultural relic transformationaxis 1: stage 2 +Bike Bike parking & Rental Waterbus & Ferry Stage 2, Mixed Deltatechnology axis Clubhousing & leisure industiral areaers economy)
  • 30. central places RidderkerkINTERnetworks / ACTING town - Community - centers Location Condition Design Reflection Local conditions guiding the attraction of programmeRegenerate local tourism, connect to cultural relics Visits South Holland, decreasing The dike as part of regional bike routes, national ‘Prinsenroute’ cyclingroute Lf Lf Lf Lf Targetgroups: - local, regional inhabitants -Day recreation -Tourist nationwide - Bicycle vacation / Groupaccomodations - International tourist - daytrip kinderdikeProvide Ridderkerks clublife with accomodations Ridderkerk has a rich history of Programmatic Reference: Heerlijkheid Hoogvliet social club life, represented by WIMBY different immigrant and religous Leisure facilities for a local target groups groups, and developed with local residents. but also accesibile for others. Targetgroups: “Dikeclubs” -Hogar Recreativo Cultural “Andalucía” -Scheeps Modelbouw Vereniging Ridderkerk -Yoga studio Yorton -’Kerken in Ridderkerk”Strenghten cooperation between schools and local businesses - Lower education technical students Existing Education in Ridderkerk Dominant economic sectors in Rid- o AKA, Arbeidsmarktgekwalificeerde - Local businesses assistent derkerk - Regional deltatech education institute o Local construction firms o Helpende Zorg en WELZIJN (niveau 2) dance o Horeca-assistent sp on o local orientated retail & reparations corre firms o Kok Little o Transport Logistics & distribution o Particulier Beveiliger
  • 31. central places RidderkerkINTERnetworks / ACTING town - Community - centersLocation Condition Design Reflection Organisation of activities along the dike Lf Lf Waterbus - Dike - connect with attractions Lf Commuting seasonal Lf to / from region weekdays knowledge network Dike - connect with residential area’s +Bike Dike - connect with residential area’s Regional system of Bikerentals & parkings +Bike Tram - Commuting +Bike Dike - connect with attraction to region Week-days Dike - connect with residential area’s Day recreation to Ridderkerk Weekend
  • 32. central places RidderkerkINTERnetworks / ACTING town - Community - centersLocation Condition Design Reflection Bicycle transferium as Ridderkerks central node Focus, shift from regional roads to high qualitypub- Line 26: (Lombardijen) / Stadium lic transport connection with Rotterdam +Bike 1: References Ecological zone Industrial area (logistics & consumers economy) - OV fiets system ns.nl - Brik, competion entry POSAD The reference of POSAD’s Dikezone entry for a bycycle friend- ly neighborhood, shows that bike parking can be combined with more at- tractive facilities, contrib- uting to the central qual- ity of the townsquare. i P+Bike Ridderkerk choirs i Bike
  • 33. central places RidderkerkINTERnetworks / ACTING town - Community - centersLocation Condition Design Reflection Strenghtening the local identity, prevent unidirectional development Lf Spinoff effect The intended spinoff effect is Lf not to transform large parts Lf of the industrial area Lf as intended, in current planning documents *motor in de delta, 2009 *Deltapoort 2040, 2010 Gouwe Greep prize competition, Posad - Goudse Poort Bringing in natural landscape in an mixed industrial area But to keep investing in the spatial qualities by a mixture of functions, perpendicular on the dike route +Bike wonen op bedrijventerreinen, 2by4 architects, 2007
  • 34. central places RidderkerkINTERnetworks / ACTING town - Community - centersLocation Condition Design Reflection Complementary conditions of Ridderkerks town center in relation to Evaluation of regional IJsselmonde’s main centers (different scales) ambitions Notion of scale (node place value) Attracting economic activities By the intervention of the bike dike Ridderkerk will develop with respect to its node place value: - The dike as local connection supports the most important commuting flows. Ridderkerk is yet provided with a lot of economic activities. - With the development of the tramline Ridderkerk will be more able to benefit from regional - The design concept improved the spatial conditions of these activities facilities to maintain and or improve its vitality for the coming years. - With the improved connection Ridderkerk will more likely support as critical mass for - More unidirectional development is prevented by relating local spatial condi- metropolitan facilities in the region. tions to socio- economical development. -However this could also be a threath to companies which only seek for cheap Target groups (development of specific profile) parcels for thier businesses and are less interested in better spatial conditions. - The focus on local target groups, residents and existing companies contributes in general this could contribute to express the variety of identities across the island. Integration of the network (public transport) - The attraction of target groups from other parts of region for new leisure functions, will create added value to the island as a whole. - An alternative to car mobility is given by combining local bikeroutes with However, this also brings risks of competition on a local scale. regional high quality public transportation. - However, the regional road structure is of vital importance to the economic activities around the town. The plan does not get rid of the dominating road structure, but only shifts the orientation to the dike. Integration of activities and the network Generic value; complementary development of - The dike is a very large structure and cannot function as a central element as a town community centers in IJsselmonde (similar scale) station area would. But by increasing program and activities along the dike the activity on the dike is increased and become a meeting place for different mainly The Ringdike is not unique for Ridderkerk. IJsselmonde has a complex dike structure which also local target groups. meets other mainly local centers of economic activity on various locations on the island. - Different target groups can benefit from the improved condition along the dike. - Some programs will be strengthened by the development of a network over the island; - Delta technology knowledge cluster - Leisure network related to IJsselmonde’s cultural relics - When developing multiple nodes of the same scale, diversification of the program is neccecary For example regarding the development of the leisure network: - Different activities, different target groups - Relate to local conditions Ridderkerk: Estate& Ruin related to functions like Museum, children playground Rhoon: Castle & House Pendrecht related to functions: Dining, Hotel Generic value: Extending the bike dikes and completing a leisure network on IJsselmonde
  • 35. INTERnetworks central places / ACTING HAppy STreetLocation Condition Design Reflection HAppy STreet Strategic Plan of A Local Centrality Site: Lombardijen Station Area Yuli Zhou 4039106
  • 36. INTERnetworks central places / ACTING HAppy STreetLocation Condition Design ReflectionLocation: Lombardijen Station Area Legends infrastructure central spatial function central place in island (small scale) existing commerce industry logistics and transportation working central place national highway office national railway creative industry station metro line sports tram line sporting park commercial cental place proposed recreational park new highway recreation new metro line education central place out island residence new tram line medical facilities central place new recreational route
  • 37. INTERnetworks central places / ACTING HAppy STreetLocation Condition Design ReflectionLocal Network Zuidpleir Lombardijen Stadium 66 76 2 20 48 63 77 90 91 92 101 130 136 137 143 70 71 76 144 145 160 164 166 167 180 184 90 91 92 143 144 145 163 183 139 146 170 171 172 173 174 176 177 190 191 263 179 187 190 191 192 290 395 396 663 691 64 691 Lombardijen Station area is of good accessibility by train, tram, buses and cars. It is well connected with AHOY and residential districts on the southeast part of IJsselmonde. Though there is no public transport line going to the staduim, but it will just take 20 minutes walking to that place. So there is no need to introduce new public transport lines in the regional scale. According to our vision of IJsselmonde, there will be a new Inter City station at the stadium to address the acivities of the island into the national scale. As a result, few people will come to use the station of Lombardijen. However, there will be a new hospital right next to the station, which will attract new groups of people. Lombardijen AHOY Railway Line As shown in the street view picture, the spacial quality of the station area is poor. The station is not visible from the street. The heavy traffic line make a huge border in the position. And the local Metro Line routes are not well integrated with the station. Tram Line The Lombardijen station area will be a local centrality serve local residents Tram Line Pass Lombardijen and emplyees, combining with some regional facilities. It is not going to Bus Line Pass Lombardijen compete with the national and regional centralities. How to fit the staion in Bus Line Pass Lombardijen the local space and make it accessible also for pedestrian will be the main Bus Line Pass Lombardijen issues.
  • 38. INTERnetworks central places / ACTING HAppy STreetLocation Condition Design ReflectionSpacial ContextMy design area will be spacecovered by the circal of 1000meters and the surrounding areas,consisting some neighbourhoodsand some light industral areas alongthe railway line. 1000 M 500 MThere are some green areas whichare not functioning well. Anextension of water surface mustbe prepared for next 25 to 30 yearsof Lombardijen, ensuring a betterquality. The spacial influence andconnection of the hospital shouldalso be considered.
  • 39. INTERnetworks central places / ACTING H HAppy STreetLocation Condition Design Reflection ReflectProposal based on local interviewsURBAN AREA- improve existing quality- maintain the good structure- solve parking problemWATER- provide better quality of water- water storage and surface extension issues TRAGET GROUP - commutersGREEN - local emplyees- highlight the green structure - students- solve issues like lack of safety and activity facilities - elderly people - patientsSTATION - visitors of the hospital: conference / patients- a transport centre with good accessibility for all travellers- serve local working and living areaHOSPITAL- the largest employ group of south Rotterdam- training center and school
  • 40. INTERnetworks central places / ACTING H HAppy STreetLocation Condition Design Reflection ReflectConcept of Key Project Strategy The station will function as a local central node of Lombardijen, serving people of different groups The recreational framework will support the centrality of Staion Water Network Lombardijen. Recreation Framework Motoway Connectiion Though the two way approach, the design is Spatial Effect aiming to provide a better environment for local people and attract new labors and residents. Station (Central Node)
  • 41. INTERnetworks central places / ACTING H HAppy STreetLocation Condition Design Reflection ReflectCritical Detail station (central node) parking P pavement green pavement water non-moto route
  • 42. INTERnetworks central places / ACTING H HAppy STreetLocation Condition Design Reflection ReflectCrucial Detail: Station TRANSFER STOP & BRIDGE CAFE SUPER MARKET OPEN SPACE
  • 43. INTERnetworks central places / ACTING H HAppy STreetLocation Condition Design Reflection ReflectCrucial Detail: Station Reference: Sint Niklaas Station
  • 44. INTERnetworks central places / ACTING H HAppy STreetLocation Condition Design Reflection ReflectStreet View
  • 45. INTERnetworks central places / ACTING H HAppy STreetLocation Condition Design Reflection ReflectStreet View
  • 46. INTERnetworks central places / ACTING H HAppy STreetLocation Condition Design Reflection ReflectStreet View
  • 47. INTERnetworks central places / ACTING HAppy STreetLocation Condition Design ReflectionEvaluations of Regional Ambitions Reflection on the regional problem statement Complementary conditions of Lombardijen station area in relation to IJsselmonde’s main centres (different scales) Attracting economic activities - The design introduces a recreation framework to improve the working environment along the railway, also aiming to remove the segration between the industry district and Notion of scale (node place value) neighborhoods, and attracting more investments to this area. - The centrality of Lombardijen station area is trying to complement with the centralities - Add more facilities in the station like supermarket and cafes, which could also bring of national and regional scale instead of competing with each other. more economic values. - Encourage public transport and cycling by introducing a slow traffic system, so as to achieve a more sustainable economy. - Highlight the recreation framework by regarding the existing context instead of making Integration of the network (public transport) too much intervention. - The accessibility by both public transportation and private motor transportation network of the design area are already good. As a result, there is no need to introduce new transport connections. Target groups (development of specific profile) - The recreation framework will give better accessibility for cycling and pedestrians - The design is focus on specific target groups based on research, trying to improve the through the neighbourhoods and working districts. non-motor accessibility and provide more facilities for them. -The station will be a bridge cross the border caused by railway and motorway - The whole design area will benefit from the complementary of the recreation structure focus on the central node, which will attract more people of the target groups and bring more value to the larger scale. Integration of activities and the network - Strengthen the centrality of the station by providing more daily use economic facilities, to attract local people to come and stay. - To Avoid of competing with the other centralities, the local centrality of Lombardijen station should not add many similar functions like culture and sports. Generic value; Strengthen a local scale effect centrality of station centres (similar scale) - After weeks of stuck, I found that a local centrality neither form with a main facility like a station or a hospital, nor with functions of large scale effect like a commercial centre. Their influences reflect on how they serve the local people and how they are supported by its surrounding area. Not only motor traffic, but also non-motor routes are important. - The approach of this strategic plan could also be an example of other station based centralities in the similar scale.
  • 48. central places WAALHAVE ZUIDINTERnetworks / ACTING CREATIVE INDUSTRY CENTERLocation Condition Design Reflection Name: Hu Tuofu Student Number: 4046374 E-mail: hutuofu@hotmail.comWAALHAVEN ZUILD - CREATIVE INDUSTRy CENTER
  • 49. central places WAALHAVE ZUIDINTERnetworks / ACTING CREATIVE INDUSTRY CENTERLocation Condition Design Reflection BACKGROUNDExisting Center: Images of the Waalhaven Zuid Logistics Center and Activities source: pictures from http://www.waalhaven-group.nl
  • 50. central places WAALHAVE ZUIDINTERnetworks / ACTING CREATIVE INDUSTRY CENTERLocation Condition Design Reflection Regional Scale: Why Transform Waalhaven Zuid to New Working Central Place Daily commuting flows>6000 1. the island of isselmonde has very high population but low job opportunities. 2. the commuter flows show that the number of commuters from Rotterdam to other cities are more thant those from other cities to Rotterdam 3. the document “ Stadsvisie Rotterdam, spatial development strategy 2030, Gemeente Rotterdam, 2007” shows that there are lots of labour unemployment in Rotterdam south, and high-educated graduation can not find suitable job in Rotterdam. Rotterdam need more attractive job opportunities to solve the social problems.
  • 51. central places WAALHAVE ZUIDINTERnetworks / ACTING CREATIVE INDUSTRY CENTERLocation Condition Design Reflection Transformation Strategy of Waalhaven Zuid and the Port Port Transformation of Regional Scale: Port transformation is a long-term and slow process, the condition for the maritime economic activities in waalhaven seawarding is the construction of Maasvlakte 2. The construction and the replacement are long-term approach. Port Transformation of Local Scale: Maasvlakte 2 Port Transformation started from riverside to inland side. It is a slow process. Transformation trend of east part is creative industry, office and Waalhaven service. Increasing the attraction to high-educated graduation. Port Transformation Regional Scale (document: Urban Vision Rotterdam 2030, Gemeernet 2007, http://www.cityportsrotterdam.com/uk_index.html) Transformation trend of west part is intensifying the terminal function by replacing the fruit transhipment to this area from source: Han Meyer; City and Port, 08-02-2010 *own elaboration Merwehaven. (document: http://www.cityportsrotterdam.com/uk_index.html) 2006 Port city Rotterdam, mixed-use offices 2015 2030 2030 030 030 3 2002 Dockworks, mixed-use offices Two office interventions located in the east part as a critical project to show the trend, and as a important kick-start. 20 2 2002 0 00 Strateggy for Transformation of Waalhaven Zuid: 2006 0 06 Waalhaven Zuid is the logistics center, which will be transformed with the demolishing of terminals and port. The strategy is to transform it from the Logistis Center into Port Transformation Trend Local Scale the Creative Industrial Center
  • 52. central places WAALHAVE ZUIDINTERnetworks / ACTING CREATIVE INDUSTRY CENTERLocation Condition Design Reflection According to the regional problem statement, there are problems with: 1. the integration of different networks 2. The integration of spatial node 3. The economic activites The local condition will analysis the three aspects respectively. 1-1: Existing Networks LEGENDS highway national way bus line railway metro tram M metro station highway access M
  • 53. central places WAALHAVE ZUIDINTERnetworks / ACTING CREATIVE INDUSTRY CENTERLocation Condition Design Reflection 1-2: Prolem of the Integration of Networks
  • 54. central places WAALHAVE ZUIDINTERnetworks / ACTING CREATIVE INDUSTRY CENTERLocation Condition Design Reflection 2-1: Existing Spatial Integration 1 LEGENDS 1 empty water front transition between Waalhaven Zuid 2 and neighbourhood 3 empty rail terminals zone abandoned goods railway dike 2 1 2 3 3
  • 55. central places WAALHAVE ZUIDINTERnetworks / ACTING CREATIVE INDUSTRY CENTERLocation Condition Design Reflection 2-2: Problem of Spatial Integration LEGENDS 1 empty water front transition between Waalhaven Zuid 2 and neighbourhood 3 empty rail terminals zone abandoned goods railway dike barrier of transition zone and urban road: the transition zone, dike and aban- doned railway form a big barrier bet- ween neighbourhoods and port, trans- 1 form the barrier could intergrate the 2 port area with urban area. rail terminals: since the port activites start to seaward, the transportation demonds for this rail terminals is reducing, there area lots of unnecessary rails wast the space. 3 economic empty spot creates littel value: these ecomic activities empty spot wast a lot of space, generate spatial and evironmental problems but creat few value. restructuring this are could inten- sify the job opportunities in there areas
  • 56. central places WAALHAVE ZUIDINTERnetworks / ACTING CREATIVE INDUSTRY CENTERLocation Condition Design Reflection 3-1: Existing Economic Activities LEGENDS maritime relevant core terminal business logistics business transport service shipyard construction and producing terminals area maritime irrelevant special education and research restaurant and cafe garden transition zone
  • 57. central places WAALHAVE ZUIDINTERnetworks / ACTING CREATIVE INDUSTRY CENTERLocation Condition Design Reflection 3-2: Problem of Economic Activities 1. Terminals Dominant the main economic activities in Waalshaven is the terminals group. it cost lots of space and generate huge value but low employments. the transformation can not remove these activities till the construction of sea port finish. 3. Unefficient economic activities 2. Logistics Dominant there are several unefficient economic activities such as ship yard, relating to the terminals, logistics is also the main economic maching manufacturing, and some small logistics in Waalhaven Zuid. activities in Waalhaven Zuid. It also costs lots of space but low which can be removed and restructured by new job opportunities. employments. source: pictures from Google Earth source: pictures from Google Earth
  • 58. central places WAALHAVE ZUIDINTERnetworks / ACTING CREATIVE INDUSTRY CENTERLocation Condition Design Reflection Top- Down Reference: Transformation Port to Creative Industry Center Media Port, Dusseldorf, Germany: The media port in dusseldorf is a successful example of port transformation from the terminals to a creative industiral centers. It is now the media port, urban highway with many famous news paper , publishing, journal transformation area offices. although it is based on the German context, there are some similarities between the example and design project: 1. Transformation of port, 2. spatial node on different network, 3. between neighbourhood and the terminals, close to the rail terminals. terminals 4. connect to other centeral places. logistics area neighbourhood rail terminals tram source: map from Google Earth source: pictures from Hu Tuofu
  • 59. central places WAALHAVE ZUIDINTERnetworks / ACTING CREATIVE INDUSTRY CENTERLocation Condition Design Reflection Transformation Concept: Logistics Center to Creative Industry Park LEGENDS existing terminals and logistic area plan transformation urban road: 1. accessibility to highway 2. accessibility to North center new tram 1. east: connecting the existing tram 2. west: extension to Schidam new metro station 1. using the existing metro line 2. located on the node of networks railway keep the nesseccary rails to connect creative office sea port with rail networks transition zone transformation: low-densed creative industy creative industry combined with green space rail terminals transformation: high-densed creative industy logistics center transformation: re-use the existing for mixed-use creative industy and service service water front transformation: creative high-densed mixed-use creative office creative industry logistics terminals: creative after the seaward operation, the area industry could follow the experience, transforming into a mixed-use creative center. effect labour job opportunities, for labour in surrounding neighbourhoods high-educated job opportunities, for high graduation in Rotterdam, and attract graduation from other cities
  • 60. central places WAALHAVE ZUIDINTERnetworks / ACTING CREATIVE INDUSTRY CENTERLocation Condition Design Reflection According to the problem statement, the design tries to fix the problem from three aspects respectively, including: 1. how to improve the integration of different networks 2. how to transform the spatial barrier, in order to adapt creative industiral activities and integrate the node into urban area. 3. how to transform the existing logistics center and activities to creative industry area and more urban services. 1-3: Improved Integration of Networks LEGENDS improvement of highway access: improve the east highway access, extend the existing road to the access to connect the spatial node to highway directly. improvement of metro: extend the existing metro and add a new metro station for the spatial node. improvement of tram line: extend the existing tram line to the central place, add new metro line to M north-west.
  • 61. central places WAALHAVE ZUIDINTERnetworks / ACTING CREATIVE INDUSTRY CENTERLocation Condition Design Reflection2-3: Transformation of the Spatial Barrier 1 2 Reference: Port City Waalhaven, Rotterdam, (Source: Pictures from Port of Rotterdam Athority) 1. Transform the waterfront to creative office area, use the existing example in this area: to rebuild the ground, extend the ground to ineffecient water area, and add new intervention. 3 Reference: Skill Bill, Waalhaven, Rotterdam, (Source: Pictures from MAXWAN)3. Transform the rail terminals into the creative-industry service area, there are forty rails but less than ten have been fully 2. Transform the transition zone into mixed-use creative industryultilized. the transformation could demolish the inefficient rails and free up lots of space. The new service intervention area, the green space provide precondition as public space forcould provide service both for neighbourhoods and creative industry, and integrate the space into urban area. both working area and neighbourhoods.
  • 62. central places WAALHAVE ZUIDINTERnetworks / ACTING CREATIVE INDUSTRY CENTERLocation Condition Design Reflection3-3: Transformation and Improvement of the Existing Economic Activities 1. Transform the shipyard to creative office area, the inefficeint shipyard can be replaced to the sea port, the free space c a n b e u s e d fo r more high-densed use, such as mixed- use creative office. there are some existing example in rotterdam, such as red apples. 1 Reference: Wijhavenland, Red Apple, Rotterdam, (Source: Pictures from KCAP) 2. Transform the logistics center to 2 creative indust y area. the logistics center space has lots of possibilities and flexibilities. The 798 zone can be a example, to transform the fac tior y and logistics space into creative (art and design) use. Reference: 798 zone, Beijing, (Source: Pictures from http://images.google.com )
  • 63. central places WAALHAVE ZUIDINTERnetworks / ACTING CREATIVE INDUSTRY CENTERLocation Condition Design Reflection Bottom-Up Reference: Crucial Intervention for Creative Indutry Transformation source: design from MAXWAN, http://www.maxwan.com Charlois Free Zone, Waalhaven, the Netherlands (design by MAXWAN) This design example located in Waalhaven east. the intervention include a mixed-use working building and residential urban design programs. This example shows that how to use crutial intervention for transforming the port. how to integrate the port area with the neighbourhood. how to transform the barrier such as dike and rails.
  • 64. central places WAALHAVE ZUIDINTERnetworks / ACTING CREATIVE INDUSTRY CENTERLocation Condition Design Reflection Crucial Detail Design: Metro Station Centered C-I Transformation LEGENDSExisting Situation infrastructure rail way metro tram urban highway tunnel urban road local road bike path dike program metro station creative industry mixed-use creative industry serviceThe design include: maritime business1. Improved integration of different networks and service2.Transformation in the transition zone: mixed- local street serviceuse creative industry and green public space forneighbourhoods green area landscape3.Transformation in the rail terminals: Mixed-useCreative industry and Services on the street4. Transformation in the logistics center: transform theinefficient buildings and enterprises, re-use some goodquality space and improve the open space from truckoriented to human oriented.
  • 65. central places WAALHAVE ZUIDINTERnetworks / ACTING CREATIVE INDUSTRY CENTERLocation Condition Design Reflection Metro Station: Start of TransformationExisting SituationThe metro station makes use of the existing tramline, locate d be t we e n the waalhave n zuid andneighbourhoods, with relevent urban ser viceand facilities around it. this station could play therole of integrating the new working area into theneighbourhoods. As the important public transportationtool, it could act as the starter for the transformation ofthe whole area.
  • 66. central places WAALHAVE ZUIDINTERnetworks / ACTING CREATIVE INDUSTRY CENTERLocation Condition Design Reflection The improved urban highway could connect the highway network, C-I center, Rotterdam center. The design increses the motor lane for more traffics, reuses the spatial barrier such as the abandoned rails for tram, and add the mixed-use interventions in transition zone, transform some inefficient buildings and the logistics space to creative industrial use and more interated urban space. Urban Highway: Main Access to C-I ParkExisting Situation
  • 67. central places WAALHAVE ZUIDINTERnetworks / ACTING CREATIVE INDUSTRY CENTERLocation Condition Design Reflection Service Street: Main Meeting Place in C-I ParkExisting SituationThe service street redevelopes the existinglogistics road between rail terminals andlogistics center. the interventions include thenew tram line, the new urban service andmixed-use creative industry in rail terminalzone, the re-use of existing logistics centerplace.
  • 68. central places WAALHAVE ZUIDINTERnetworks / ACTING CREATIVE INDUSTRY CENTERLocation Condition Design ReflectionTime Line of Transformation The logistics center transformation is a slow process, the implementation should be carried out step by step. 1. The First phase star ts with the 2. The second phase starts the transformation 3. The third phase starts the transformation improvement of networks, demolishment of around the metro station and new highway o n t h e p e r i p h e r y o f t h e m e t ro s t a t i o n rails and transition zone. the goal is to make access area, with new intervention in free area, including new interventions in the the central place more accessible and free up zone, and redevelopment of logistics center, transionzone, water front area and rest logistics land for further development. the goal is to improve the economic vitality center part. the goal is to strengthen the and integrate the node to urban space. economic activities and spatial integration. 2 3 3 3 Plan Level 3 2 2 3 3 2 3 Detail Design Level
  • 69. central places WAALHAVE ZUIDINTERnetworks / ACTING CREATIVE INDUSTRY CENTERLocation Condition Design Reflection Social Effect: Upgrated Job Opportunities For Whom: From Where: Labour Focus on Island of Isselmonde ie. unemployed labour in the location of new working central place surrounding neibourhoods Background Map: creative economic activities high density low density ie. low income labour who travel long distance to work in other cities High-Educated Focus on the Region and Cities ie. graduation from universities who can not location of new working central place find corresponding job ie. existing enterprises who wish to expand the businesssource: pictures from http://image.google.com
  • 70. central places WAALHAVE ZUIDINTERnetworks / ACTING CREATIVE INDUSTRY CENTERLocation Condition Design Reflection Economic Effect: Improved Economic Activities p 1. Advertising After comparing different working 2. Architecture activities, the creative industry can: High-Educated 3. Arts and antique markets 4. Design (see also communication design) 5. Designer Fashion Creative 1. provide sufficient jobs for both High 6. Film, video and photography 7. Software, computer games and electronic publishing Educated people and labours. Industry 2. some activities have very flexible 8. Music and the visual and performing arts 9. Television and radio spatial demands, which could reuse the 10. Publishing existing logistics building. Labour 11. Crafts 3. it needs relevant service which could possilbely integrate the spatial node into ( Defined by DCMS, 2006) neighbourhoods, and networks. Example: Crafts High-Educated Labour = + Design, Management, Business, Producing, Maintaining, Repairing, Organization...... Serving......source: pictures from http://image.google.com
  • 71. central places WAALHAVE ZUIDINTERnetworks / ACTING CREATIVE INDUSTRY CENTERLocation Condition Design ReflectionComprehensive Evaluation for Individule ProjectProgram Data:urban area 75 ha. port 15 ha. water 45 ha.creative industry 115 ha. infrastructure 10.6 km. jobs 14,000 unit Bottom-up Approach:service 20 ha. landscape 20 ha.The Comprehensive Evaluation of Key Project will be carried out on both Top-down and Bottom- Economical: Activity Effectup way. In the Top-down part, the evaluation will focus on the question that if the key project Existing: the existing dominant economic activities are terminals group and logistics, which havecould fully reflect and contribute to the regional strategy. In the bottom-up part, the discussion the international effect, but are separated from the urban daily economic activities.will figure out the cost and profit of the new intervention spatially, economically and socially. Change: the Creative Industry will become the dominate economic activities. Some creative industry economic activities have the regional effect, mainly focus on the urban effect,Top-Down Approach: besides the job places for both high-educated people and unemployed labour in surrounding neighbourhoods, the intensive trade will lead better economic profit and investmentThe key project of Waalhaven Zuid is developed from the regional strategy, which focus on: environment. the assistant activities such as the service have the local effect. Comparison: the creative industry can hardly achieve the international effect as the logisticsEconomic Activity: do. But because the transformation is inevitable, and the new creative industry can generateThe project will transform the logistics centre into a creative industrial working centre, which sufficient economic profit on different level.based on the comprehensive consideration of three main regional problems: 1. the seawardprocess of port will empty the existing economic activities. 2. there are lots of unemployed Social:Target Grouplabours in the south Rotterdam neighbourhoods. 3. the high-educated graduation can hardly Existing: The logistics centre has mono-functional activities, which are irrelevant to thefind suitable job in Rotterdam. neighbourhoods and daily urban activities. With the development of technology, modernThe transformation concentrate on increasing working activities, which could distinguish logistics has low labour demands, which means low job opportunities.itself from the other selected centralities, as well as the the Rotterdam North Center- the Change: the Creative Industry will create diverse activities. Besides main economic activities,comprehensive working center, in order to avoid the fatal competition. there will be relevant trade, service, education, which means providing jobs for different type of people. Some daily activites could benifit both the local commuters and surroundingIntegration of Different Networks: neighbourhoods, which will integrate the working center into the city.Publicly, the project will propose a new metro station on the existing metro line, and extend two Comparison: the creative industry has better social effect, since it will enlarge the target groupsexisting tram lines to connect the metro station. With the existing bus lines, the public networks with diverse activities.will become complete.Privately, the project will extent a urban road to the highway, and extend another to Schiedam Spatial:Qualitycentre directly. Existing: The logistics centre space is truck transportation oriented, which focus on the functionalBasically, the project also integrates public with private networks. All new networks connect demands, with loft space building typologies and rough open space both functionally andWaalhaven Zuid to the surrounding central places straight. People can easily realize the transfer visually.among public regional network, urban network and local network. Change: The creative centre will be the human public use oriented, which focus on the feeling of commuters. By reorganizing the public open space and redesign the poor quality building, asIntegration of Network and Activity: well as new public interventions, the aim is to provide a comfortable working environment andThe new creative industry activity will increase the urban commuters and visitors. The new spacially achieve the integration.public lines are necessary and urgent for the low-income commuters who depend on the public Comparison:The transformation mainly keep the advantages of the existing space and turn thetransportation intensively. The improved private networks will support commuters using the spatial barriers into more valuable urban space. the cost of some big infrustructure interventionprivate motors, and advance activities such as business and goods transportation. such as tunnel to highway will be very expensive.To sum-up, the group strategy can be reflected in the key project in all three aspects. The key To sum up, the transformation will keep most advantages of the existing central place andproject can be regarded as the crucial intervention to realize the regional vision. generate new value for both the central place and city.
  • 72. central placesINTERnetworks / ACTING Stadium ParkLocation Condition Design Reflection Location
  • 73. central placesINTERnetworks / ACTING Stadium ParkLocation Condition Design Reflection Purposes Problems Rotterdam Center Erasmus University Sporting node IC Ridderkerk Zuidplein Dordrecht strong connected node in local, regional and national Complementary nodes who can networks profit from each other. Area difficult to reach because of huge barriers Opportunities WC 2018 Parken 0 - 50% Olympic games 2028 51 - 70% >70% Third of the people are youths under the age of 24 en this is becoming more and more. Sport is an enormous attractor strong ambitions in parks for young foreign people like in Hillesluis. In compare to other neighbourhoods there are less park facilities in the south and a place for youth people is necessarry in Hillesluis. sources: http://www.pactopzuid.info/index.php?pageID=17&itemID=1 ; http://www.cos.rotterdam.nl/Rotterdam/ Openbaar/Diensten/COS/MOR/PDF/Samenvatting%20groenonderzoek%20Rotterdam%202008.pdf ;
  • 74. central placesINTERnetworks / ACTING Stadium ParkLocation Condition Design Reflection Photo Reportage p g 12 11 10 9 1 2 1 Stadionweg 2. Stadionweg 8 3 7 4 6 5 3. Marathonweg 4. Stadionviaduct 5. Stadionviacuct 6. Breeweg 7. Colloseumweg 8. Olympiaweg 9. Stadionweg 10. Laan op Zuid 11. Varkenoordseviaduct 12. 2e Rosestraat
  • 75. central placesINTERnetworks / ACTING Stadium ParkLocation Condition Design Reflection Thinking about barriers Result of Barriers References of barriere interventions Kop Van Zuid: build on top of barrier Bos en Lommer: no experience of bridge build- Roofpark Rotterdam: a dike, park, railway and Kop Van Zuid: Slow knock on effect, be- ings over barrier shopping place in one design cause of huge barriers Current developments Development of Parkstad, next to Stadiumpark. The railway emplacement next to Stadiumpark will be removed and influence the changes of our key project.
  • 76. central placesINTERnetworks / ACTING Stadium ParkLocation Condition Design Reflection Scenarios + no more experience of railway + not expensive + many new develop changes - railway still functions as a barrier + no more experience of barrier + many develop changes - extreme expensive + no more experience of barrier + green meeting point on a clear spot between different neighbourhoods (interaction) + many develop changes for diffent neighbourhoods + not extreme pricey
  • 77. central placesINTERnetworks / ACTING Stadium ParkLocation Condition Design Reflection Research for design It is important to have a strong relation between park and urban context. source: Jane Jacobs in ‘The Death and Life of Great American Cities’ Different Morphological structures Current dominant structure in relation with park IC + possible relation with new bridge The best location for the IC station is strong embedded in the There is a trend to shift recreational and valuable sporting places - complex curves southern city structure. Furthermore, it is possible to retain the to the edges of the city, because many people see it as open gaps - not along the existing railway platforms existing railway platforms. in the city to develop. In the plan many of these sportfields will be prevent. + it goes along the existing platform of the trains + no complex curves + line stronger embedded in area
  • 78. central placesINTERnetworks / ACTING Stadium ParkLocation Condition Design Reflection Concept Key park urban public space public sport- recreational sporting park-line design attractive waterfront attractive private ribbon New Sport Complex New Station Metro Y Tram House of Sports (former Museum St Clara Hospital) Y Youth Center facilities for free payed facilities living (young people) and offices that both could relate to the sporting facilities Other develop changes (flexibility with account of excisting morphology) IC Inter City Station M Metro Station Tr Tram Station In the design the Stadium Park will become an important place on different scale levels, with the focus on sports. The current railway barrier will be removed by making a park hill on top of this. The park will function as a local meeting place, because of the many public facilities. Beside this, there is also space for some regional and national attractors, like Feyenoord and other professional sports. Sustainable phasing is possible, because the existing morphologies are not damaged in the design. Beside the sporting facilities, local people can also profit from facilities like cinemas and restaurants around this sports area. The Stadium Park will be transformed into a livable and vital place for everyone.
  • 79. central placesINTERnetworks / ACTING Stadium ParkLocation Condition Design Reflection program illustration Y Museum
  • 80. central placesINTERnetworks / ACTING Stadium ParkLocation Condition Design Reflection parking P+R P P P P P P P P P P P+R P P P P Y P P Museum P P P P P+R ´Achitectural´ parking garages with urban plint insdie perimeter blocks Qualitative use of existing and new roofs for parking Integration of parking under the parkline Integration of parking in the stadium
  • 81. central placesINTERnetworks / ACTING Stadium ParkLocation Condition Design Reflection Green axes in Varkenoord Museum Location of interventions A park line character arround the recreational areas. the current private axes coulde be better integrated into the environ- The existing ‘poor’ facilities should be redeveloped ment by adding attractive sporting program with a relation with the street. In combination with a better public space the complete as will become mor
  • 82. central placesINTERnetworks / ACTING Stadium ParkLocation Condition Design Reflection xisting areas located at the north Location of interventions Attractive waterfront with public ‘plints’ Strong relation with the street Control of peakflows inside urban blocks in stead of huge open spaces
  • 83. central placesINTERnetworks / ACTING Stadium ParkLocation Condition Design Reflection Key Project: area around the Kuip Y Museum Location of interventions Around the park: Urban perimeter blocks with different functions Possible streetview in the new urban blocks (living, leisure and offices) with the focus on sport. (reference: Alm- ere Poort by MVRDV architects) People enjoying the training of the former squad of Feyenoord on the front of the stadium Possible urban space around new Stadium (reference Emirates Sta- Urban space around old Stadium dium, London)
  • 84. central placesINTERnetworks / ACTING Stadium ParkLocation Condition Design Reflection Phasing 2010 2015 2020 2025
  • 85. central placesINTERnetworks / ACTING Stadium ParkLocation Condition Design Reflection Park & Station Y Museum Reference images Dakpark Rotterdam M Cross section of station with the preserved platforms. There is also a parking place included in de design. Park design: integrated in morphology of the city
  • 86. central placesINTERnetworks / ACTING Stadium ParkLocation Condition Design Reflection Conceptual Scheme Station S S Platform Railway Platform Existing platforms Platform S Kiosks S Platform Underground Underground Platform Station Platform Stadion Viaduct Bus lines Bus lines Platform Railway Platform Stadium Viaduct S S Staircases integrated in park Use of Stadiumviaduct for the Station with relation to different transport platforms for buses, underground and inter- city trains. There are also 4 other stairs points for the intercity station. These are integrated in the park.
  • 87. central placesINTERnetworks / ACTING Stadium ParkLocation Condition Design Reflection Reflection When we look at the problem statements we have to do with connectivity, integration and activity. It is important to look two directional to the area: top down and bottom up. The solutions of these problem statements are sustainable at economical, social and environmental levels. These levels have all to do with each other. Looking from the top down the Stadium Park has a very interesting location in the network. It is situated next to a national railway network between important places on local and regional scale that are already connected with a metro. Next to this, it already is an important place with many sports activities. Some of them are nowadays attractive on a national scale. The area could be an important place in compare to other complementary places that are related with the network . These arguments are the reason that we take the chance to enforce this place inside the network by giving the place an Intercity, tram and metro station. This will also generate a better economical climate for residential and offices. The bottom up approach in the design of Stadium Park has to do with the spatial integration, where huge barriers are removed. In the design the activity is stenghtened by adding different mainly sporting facilities. The place will become more an attractor for different people from local, regional and national origin. Research shows us that the surrounding neighbourhoods demand for more sports facilities for young people. This is why there are many sporting fields, a youth center and other important public facilities designed in the plan. This area would function as a lo- cal meeting point between different people. The attraction of different groups of people with the relation with sport makes it an important and recognizable spot. Furthermore we can link the social sustainability to the economic vitality. A place with a fine social climate is also interesting for offices to settle in. Because of spatial and network interventions there is a better climate arround the area to exploit, think about residential and offices. This makes it possible to densify the centrality, whereby the surroundings will focus to it. This concentration will contravene the urban sprawl, what happened the last 30 years in the island. A specific example is visible by the recreational sporting fields of amateur clubs. They are not shifted to the edges of the city, because they have a certain value for the neighbourhood. Furthermore it would be strange if a sport area has not the quality to handle with the local amateur clubs.
  • 88. central placesINTERnetworks / ACTING Synergy between bottom up and top down elements IC M Evaluation: M M M IC M M M M M M M M M M M M M M During the proces the strenght of this project has been M M M M M M IC M M M proven to be its two directional approach of top down M M M M M Top - Down: and bottom up elements. The vision consists the syn- ergy between both approaches. M M M core spatial node Based on Regional (Randstad) (best integrated with networks LEGEND highway network national network IC intercity station train station u urbanarea greenarea g w water related business and divers activities) colour inside / activities regional economic sports economic urban economic important spatial node ( well-integrated with networks but not divers activities) IC and Sub-regional (Island of Feed back to national and international context Isselmonde) scale condition railway network M metro station transformation t E education knowledge economic assitante spatial node metro network tram station other industry o S ship building technology economic ( connect to the networks and not divers activities) The experienced proces of developing a spatial strategy for tram network non-water business n special centre (the core nodes have complementary relationships) International Concept Vision Design a regional plan goes together with several pitfalls: - In general; Forget about local spatial conditions dur- ing the first phase of a top down approach. Top - Down: Bottom - Up: - Regarding the method of approaching a project from IC M M M M IC a single theme; the theme could incorrectly be used as M + M M M M M M M M M M M M M M M M M M Based on Local ( central place a startingpoint for finding the local problem instead of M IC M M M and surrounding urban aera) M M M M M using the theme as a tool to introduce a strategy. scale condition M M M core spatial node (best integrated with networks and divers activities) colour inside / activities IC - Regarding the theme of centralities; One could get Five Key Project LEGEND u urbanarea regional economic important spatial node highway network IC intercity station greenarea g sports economic ( well-integrated with networks national network train station w water related business urban economic but not divers activities) lost in a overload of information and different theories. railway network M metro station t transformation E education knowledge economic assitante spatial node metro network tram station o other industry S ship building technology economic ( connect to the networks and not divers activities) tram network non-water business n special centre (the core nodes have complementary relationships) As a solution one needs to be selective and in the same time create a consistent storey which povides a frame- work for the further proces Evaluation of Regional Strategy and Design The positive effects of individual projects supporting a bot- tom up approach: Integration and Combination of Top-Down and Bottom-up The bottom up approach from different individual per- Approach spectives proves to be usefull to show a variety of solu- tions which can support the regional strategy. Vision Design
  • 89. central placesINTERnetworks / ACTING Evaluation Top down vs. bottum up elementsTop - Down:Based on Regional (Randstad) and Sub-regional (Island of Isselmonde) scale conditionTheme choose: - What is centrality theoryTheoretic Information Collection - What can we do with centrality Bottom - Up: Based on Local ( central place and surrounding urban aera) scale condition - Criteria from the VisionBackground Condition: - Port transformation - Local ConditionInformation collection - Unbalanced economic activitiesInformation Analysis - Social-economical problems - Networks - Theory study Existing central places analysis: - Spatial ConditionsReference Study: - Case study - Economic Activities - Economic activities - Theory studySpatial Problem Analysis Reference Study: - Networks - Case studyand Problem Statement - Adapt Local Strategy to Sub-region Strategy - Transform the existing economic central places Strategy and design: - Concept desginStrategy: - Crutial detail Design - strengthen the economic activitiesVision Design: - Vision of the island Evaluation of Regional Strategy and Design Integration of Top-Down and Bottom-up Key Project Feedback to the Group vision - Adjustment and New Input for Group Vision Adusted Regional Vision Feedback to the lager context Economical, Social, Spatial - Adjustment and New Input for Group Vision
  • 90. central places INTER networks / ACTING IJsselmonde of activitiesLegendsinfrastructure central spatial function central place in island (small scale)existing commerce industry logistics and transportation working central place national highway office national railway creative industry station metro line sports tram line sporting park commercial cental placeproposed recreational park new highway recreation new metro line education central place out island residence new tram line medical facilities central place new recreational route
  • 91. central placesINTERnetworks / ACTING Evaluation on general themesSocial coherenceThe integral approach of new networks and redeveloping central places has the effectthat it becomes more attractive to live in the whole Island of IJsselmonde. Theinhabitants can profit from diverse centralities.Furthermore, a diversity of activities is brought together in one place and attracts adiverse group of people. It provides the possibility for people of the surrounding areasto meet at the centralities.Economic vitalityFirst we can link the social sustainability to the economic vitality. If we create a betterenvironment for people to live, it also becomes more attractive for offices and newinhabitants. This will generate a natural “knock on effect” for investments. Theeconomic activities are concentrated at different centralities, being well representedon both regional and national scale.Water storage (environmental sustainability)By strengthening the centralities, located mostly in the centre of urbanized areas, thesurroundings will focus inwards. This contravenes the urban sprawl, what happenedthe last 30 years in the island. Therefore a coherent framework of open landscape willbe remained. Open areas can be used for water storage.