Robert Scardamalia RLS Demographics, Inc.RLS Demographics, Inc. December 13, 2010
Research Task Survey Respondents How are Group Quarters Data Used Legal and Regulatory Use in New York ObservationsDecember 13, 2010 RLS Demographics, Inc.
Assess the overall importance of group quarters data in the ACS. Who uses GQ data from the ACS? What is it used for? Are there legal/regulatory requirements for the data?December 13, 2010 RLS Demographics, Inc.
Assess use of population components GQ Pop, HH Pop, Total How are the data used? Allocate funds, provide data, program admin & development, research Geographic levels needed National down to tract 89 Survey recipients (25% response) 62 Federal agency (9 – 15%) 11 State agency (7 – 64%) 6 Local/County/Regional (4 – 67%) 8 Academic (2 – 25%) 2 Not-for-ProfitDecember 13, 2010 RLS Demographics, Inc.
Household Data Only Frequently Sometimes Never Allocation of Funds 2 Provide Data 8 3 Policy or Program Admin 7 2 Policy or Program Devel 9 3 Scientific Research 7 5 Group Quarters Data Only Frequently Sometimes Never Allocation of Funds 1 Provide Data 5 Policy or Program Admin 1 4 Policy or Program Devel 1 7 Scientific Research 2 6 Total Population Universe Frequently Sometimes Never Allocation of Funds 2 1 Provide Data 7 3 Policy or Program Admin 6 3 Policy or Program Devel 8 4 Scientific Research 5 4December 13, 2010 RLS Demographics, Inc.
Group Quarters Type Yes No Correctional Facilities for Adults 7 5 Juvenile Facilities 5 6 Nursing Facilities 8 3 Other Health Care Facilities 6 4 College/University Student Housing 7 2 Military Group Quarters 5 4 Other Non-Institutional Facilities 5 4 Geography Yes No Nation 8 1 State 11 1 Cong. Dist. 4 3 Metro Area 10 1 County 9 2 Place/Subcounty 8 3 Tract 5 4December 13, 2010 RLS Demographics, Inc.
Local State Federal Group Quarters Type Govt Govt Govt Academic Correctional Facilities for Adults 1 2 3 1 Juvenile Facilities 2 3 Nursing Facilities 1 3 3 1 Other Health Care Facilities 2 3 1 College/University Student Housing 1 5 1 Military Group Quarters 4 1 Other Non-Institutional Facilities 2 3December 13, 2010 RLS Demographics, Inc.
Do you use ACS group quarters characteristics data? Yes - 10 No - 2 Age (young and old) Geographic location Frailty/disability Family and marital status Developmental disability Country of birth Race/ethnicity Educational attainment Income Occupation Important to note that these characteristics are not reported for the GQ population at all geographic levels – only as a component of the total populationDecember 13, 2010 RLS Demographics, Inc.
Future Use Yes No Do you expect to use in the future? 19 1 Need GQ characteristics in the future? 13 5 Need GQ type in the future? 17 2 Pop estimates and projections Distinction between institutional vs non-institutional GQ type Commuting Local redistricting (prison issue) Program development/need (school, social service) Housing market analysis (nursing homes, colleges) Will only use if ACS data are reliableDecember 13, 2010 RLS Demographics, Inc.
American FactFinder decennial tables State and federal administrative records Calls to specific facilities Dept. of Corrections Dept. of Justice surveys Various – DOD, BJS, GED testing service, IDEA database (?) Field work for population estimates programDecember 13, 2010 RLS Demographics, Inc.
Allocation Provide Program Program Scientific FactFinder Subject Table of Funds Data Admin Devel ResearchAging (total population) 2 9 5 6 4Commuting (workers 16+) 1 7 3 3 3Education (total population) 1 6 3 4 4Poverty (PFWPSD) 3 9 4 7 5Disability (civ. Non-inst) 1 6 4 5 5Veterans (civ. Pop 18+) 1 6 3 5 5Employment (working age 16+) 2 7 4 4 4GQ Characteristics (GQ pop) 1 7 3 3 4Health Insurance (civ. Non-Inst) 2 7 4 4 3 Note: population universe for characteristics may include different components of the group quarters populationDecember 13, 2010 RLS Demographics, Inc.
Search New York State Laws for “census” keyword Eligibility thresholds Defining poverty populations Defining distressed areas NYS Catalog of State and Federal Programs Aiding Local Governments Program eligibility Funding allocationsDecember 13, 2010 RLS Demographics, Inc.
210 Citations General Municipal Education Executive Town and County Environmental Elections State Finance Labor Tax Real Property Public Health 181 (86%) Use ONLY Population Count from the CensusDecember 13, 2010 RLS Demographics, Inc.
29 Citations Require Population Characteristics to determine eligibility or define distress Age Language Spoken at Household or Family Home Income Poverty Rate Ability to Speak Unemployment Rate English 9 Laws require data at the TRACT level using income, poverty, and/or unemploymentDecember 13, 2010 RLS Demographics, Inc.
20 Programs Identified that Require Census Data for Eligibility or Funding – State and Federal (pass through) Funding Dept. of Education Dept. of Labor Housing and Office of Mental Health Community Renewal Office of Temp. and Office for the Aging Disability Assistance Dept. of HealthDecember 13, 2010 RLS Demographics, Inc.
Academic Achievement Special Education Reading First Housing Vouchers Weatherization Senior Support Services Nutritional Services Older Americans Health Services Family Caregiver Support Immunization Lead Poisoning PreventionDecember 13, 2010 RLS Demographics, Inc.
Flow of Funds Federal State Federal to State Federal to State to Local $2.4 billion State to Local $13.0 million $37.7 million State to Not-for-Profit $62.9 millionDecember 13, 2010 RLS Demographics, Inc.
Universes Total Population Population by Age (under 6, 55+, 60+, 75+) Children in Poverty Total Poverty Population Disabled Population Characteristics Ratio of income to poverty Family income Overcrowding RaceDecember 13, 2010 RLS Demographics, Inc.
Would prohibit providing relevant data to clients Cannot accurately measure where older adults are living, impact on caregivers, population needs Impacts development of survey sampling frame Distortion of socio-economic characteristics for communities with large facilitiesDecember 13, 2010 RLS Demographics, Inc.
If idea is to do away with GQ, need explore other options to get college students If not collected, we would need to use old data, less reliable data sources, or simply guess – none of which are good options Will not use GQ data by itself, only as part of the total population Most important program service issues: aging, disability, physical/mental health, substance abuse, correctional issuesDecember 13, 2010 RLS Demographics, Inc.
Reliabilityis questionable – MOE’s are often larger than the estimates The current strategy for collecting GQ data is woefully inadequate. We would not recommend use to others Unless sampling and weighting methods are improved we will recommend using only 2010 CensusDecember 13, 2010 RLS Demographics, Inc.
Are the Group Quarters data used? Yes, though not often by itself. More often as a component of the total population universe. Are the Group Quarters data important? Yes, particularly where impacts are localized and for program planning and development Are there legal and regulatory requirements? Yes, though few relate specifically to the group quarters population Can ACS Group Quarters data be replaced? Counts – yes; Characteristics - no Are the Group Quarters data accurate? Not in its current form.December 13, 2010 RLS Demographics, Inc.
P.O. Box 160 Rensselaerville, NY 12147 (518) 703-0724 (cell) (518) 797-3163 (home) firstname.lastname@example.orgDecember 13, 2010 RLS Demographics, Inc.