What is OSH MP 15


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Updates from DOSH on Safety & Health plans for the next 9 years, till 2020.

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What is OSH MP 15

  1. 1. Legislation and OSH MP 15 by DOSH Malaysia
  2. 2. 1890 2010 2020 EMPOWERING RESPONSIBLITY What have we got here? GOVERNMENT What did happen here? Formulate, Enforcement Ownership, Implementation INDUSTRY
  3. 3. DEVELOPMENT OF OSH LEGISLATION 1914 1951 1970 1994 > 1994 <ul><li>The Perak Order In Council, </li></ul><ul><li>Selangor Boiler Enactment </li></ul><ul><li>Negeri Melayu Bersekutu has been enforced by Perak Order Council </li></ul><ul><li>Machinery Enactment of 1913 </li></ul><ul><li>Machinery Enactment of 1932 under Mineral Department. </li></ul><ul><li>The Machinery Ordinance has been enforced. </li></ul>1890 1892 1908 1913 1932 1953 1967 Factory & Machinery Act1967 (By Department of Factory & Machinery – JKJ) Boiler safety 1994 Occupational Safety & Health Act 1994 Boiler safety + Machinery safety Boiler + Machinery + Industrial safety Boiler + Machinery + Industrial + hygiene safety Occupational Safety and Health
  4. 4. Source: Malaysian Economic Planning Unit (EPU) and Department of Statistic (MDS), 2008 SUMMARY ON LABOUR FORCE IN MALAYSIA Population 27,700,000 100% Population at working age(15-64 yr) 17,603,800 63.55% Population outside working age’ (< 15 or 64 > yr) 10,096,200 36.45% Labour Force 11,028,100 39.8% penduduk Outside Labour force 6,575,700 23.7% drp penduduk Employed 10,659,600 96.66% Unemployed 368,500 3.34%
  5. 5. PERCENTAGE OF TOTAL ECONOMICALLY ACTIVE POPULATION Source: Department of Statistic (MDS), 2008
  6. 6. PERCENTAGE EMPLOYED ACCORDING TO SECTOR Source: Department of Statistics Malaysia, 2008
  7. 7. Occupational Safety and Health Legislative Framework Constitutional Provisions Federal Provisions <ul><li>Major Laws on Occupational Safety and Health </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Occupational Safety & Health Act 1994 (Act 514) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Factories & Machinery Act 1967 (Act 139) </li></ul><ul><li>Petroleum Act (Safety Measures) 1984 (Act 302) </li></ul>Laws related to Occupational Safety and Health <ul><ul><ul><li>Wages Council Act 1947 (Act 195) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Human Resource Development Berhad Act 2001 (Act 612) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Industrial Relations Act 1967 (Act 177) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Employment Information Act 1953 (Act 159) </li></ul><ul><li>Private Employment Agencies Act 1981 (Act 246) </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Quality Act 1974 (Act 127) </li></ul><ul><li>Atomic Energy Licensing Act 1984 (Act 304) </li></ul><ul><li>Gas Supply Act 1993 (Act 501) </li></ul><ul><li>Fire Services Act 1988 (Act 341) </li></ul><ul><li>Uniform Building by Laws 1984 </li></ul><ul><li>Electricity Supply Act 1990 (Act 447) </li></ul><ul><li>Pesticides Act 1974 (Act 149) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Employment Act 1955 (Act 265) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Labor Ordinance of Sarawak (Amendment) Act 2005 (Act A1237) </li></ul><ul><li>Labor Ordinance of Sabah (Amendment) Act 2005 (Act A1238) </li></ul><ul><li>Children and Young Persons (Employment) Act 1966 (Act 350) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Employees Provident Fund Act 1991 (Act 452) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Employees’ Social Security Act 1969 (Act 4) </li></ul><ul><li>Workmen’s Compensation Act 1952 (Act 273) </li></ul><ul><li>Workers’ Minimum Standards of Housing and Amenities Act 1990 (Act 446) </li></ul>
  8. 8. 2 nd Phase 1 st Phase OUTCOME: OSH OWNERSHIP [DOSH 2005-2010] 1 st Phase (2005-2010) <ul><ul><li>National policy framework on OSH </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Enhance tripartite cooperation </li></ul><ul><li>Promote preventive culture </li></ul><ul><li>New skill & competencies are acquired and developed </li></ul><ul><li>Strategic alliance at regional level </li></ul><ul><li>Increase enforcement activities </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on soft issue, ergonomic, stress & etc. </li></ul><ul><li>R&D – structured & defined </li></ul><ul><li>Enhancing leadership (employers/Union) </li></ul><ul><li>OSH MS in place </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enhance public awareness on OSH </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Self regulation become a practice </li></ul><ul><li>National policy & framework on OSH established </li></ul><ul><li>Promote preventive culture & well practice </li></ul><ul><li>Create an expert group in various field & skill </li></ul><ul><li>Strategic alliance at international level </li></ul><ul><li>Increase enforcement activities </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on new emerging hazards </li></ul><ul><li>R&D – research outcomes driven </li></ul><ul><li>Enhancing leadership (Social Partner & Public) </li></ul><ul><li>OSH MS as part of business </li></ul>OUTCOME: OSH OWNERSHIP OUTCOME: SELF REGULATION OUTCOME: PREVENTIVE CULTURE SAFETY CULTURE <ul><ul><li>Standard Setting </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Enforcement </li></ul><ul><li>Promotion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Standard Setting </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Enforcement </li></ul><ul><li>Promotion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Standard Setting </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Enforcement </li></ul><ul><li>Promotion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enhance competencies of officers &OSH practitioners </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Strategic alliance </li></ul><ul><li>Increase enforcement activities </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on critical sectors (SME,BC, Agriculture, Transportation & School) </li></ul><ul><li>Conduct R&D </li></ul><ul><li>Enhancing leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Regulate OSH MS </li></ul>3rd Phase (2015-2020) 2 nd Phase (2010-2015) STRATEGIC DRIVER
  9. 9. Occupational Safety and Health Structure Function and Organizations in Malaysia
  11. 11. OSH Education Programs from Public and Private Institute of Higher Learning
  12. 12. Data for indicators of SHO OSH Profile 2009 No. Sector Total Employed Workers Total SHO Ratio 1 Utilities 1,535,700 300 1 : 5119 2 Construction And Engineering 908,900 697 1 : 1304 3 Manufacturing 2,082,800 963 1 : 2163 4 Mining And Quarry 42,000 144 1 : 292 5 Hotel And Restaurants 721,300 12 1 : 60108 6 Wholesale And Retail Trade 1,650,500 25 1 : 66020 7 Agriculture, Forestry, Fishery 1,503,500 24 1 : 62645 8 Public Services & Statutory Body 257,100 127 1 : 2024 9 Transportation/ Storage/ Communication 539,700 59 1 : 9147 10 Finance, Insurance, Real Estate & Business Services 750,700 10 1 : 75070 TOTAL 9,992,200 2361 1 : 4230
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  15. 16. Globally Harmonised System (GHS) National Excellent OSH Award MS ISO 9001:2000 MS 1722 OHSAS 1800 Regional Meeting on CWC Malaysian Technical Cooperation Prog. ILO National OSH Std. Com’ttee National OSH Body
  16. 17. 1890 2010 2020 OWNERSHIP SELF-REGULATE CULTURE EMPOWERING RESPONSIBLITY Expectation.. & How to get there? Formulate, Enforcement Ownership, Implementation Self Regulation, Safety Culture Facilitator AGENDA TOWARD THE SAFETY CULTURE GOEVERNMENT INDUSTRY
  17. 18. <ul><li>OSH leadership by both government and industry complemented by community engagement will by then drive and direct the development of workplace safety and health initiatives </li></ul>EXPECTATION… <ul><li>N ational Framework with maximum cooperation between all Key Stakeholders and Country Social Partners in OSH. </li></ul><ul><li>Safer, healthier and more productive pool of human capital </li></ul><ul><li>Self-regulation / preventive safety culture would have been fully ingrained into the working culture of all workplaces. </li></ul>
  18. 19. <ul><li>THE GOVERMENT </li></ul>HOW TO GET THERE… BIGGER ROLE BY <ul><li>As policy maker, regulator, enforcer and as OSH role models for the rest of the country to aspire to. </li></ul><ul><li>NCOSH </li></ul><ul><li>NIOSH </li></ul><ul><li>DOSH </li></ul><ul><li>OTHER AGENCIES </li></ul><ul><li>MP, ADUN </li></ul>
  19. 20. <ul><li>SOCIAL PARTNERS </li></ul>HOW TO GET THERE… BIGGER ROLE BY <ul><li>Proactively inculcating among partners: employers, employees, OSH practitioner the importance of good OSH practices and standards, and cultivating a preventive culture among partners </li></ul><ul><li>Employers </li></ul><ul><li>Employees </li></ul><ul><li>GLC Special Roles </li></ul><ul><li>OSH Practitioners </li></ul><ul><li>Insurance Industry </li></ul><ul><li>Higher Learning Ind. </li></ul>
  20. 21. PACKAGING AND LABELLING OF THE NEW INITIATIVES : THE GOV’. COMMITMENT “ Now, we are in action mode, whereby we must identify the kinds of actions and methods we should adopt or do. I want this mentality to be translated into seriousness and commitment on out part in order to realize the people’s needs and bring about a major transformation to our country.” … PM 04/08/2009 NST
  21. 22. Main salient agenda: OSH MP 15 – HOW WE DO IT… <ul><li>Strategies and Expected Outcome </li></ul><ul><li>The Role of Key Stakeholders </li></ul><ul><li>– Renewing The Paradigm. </li></ul>
  22. 23. Strategy 1: Fostering and Enhancing Government Leadership and Practices Strategic 2: Preventive Work place Safety Cultures Strategic 3: Industry Leadership and Community Engagement Strategic 4: Develop strong partnerships locally and internationally STRATEGIES OSH MP15 Government promotes a high level of workplace health and safety performance, and has excellent health and safety practices in its own workplaces (13 PROGRAMS) Reducing Work-related fatality and injury rate down by 20% and 30% in 2015. (6 PROGRAMS) Industries lead improvements in workplace health and safety practices, and there is strong support for workplace health and safety in the wider community. (7 PROGRAMS) Internally there will be strong correlation between/amongst OSH practitioners and the Government. Externally, more bilateral agreements on OSH will be implemented. (3 PROGRAMS)
  23. 24. Government promotes a high level of workplace health and safety performance, and has excellent health and safety practices in its own workplaces <ul><ul><li>Work-related fatality rate down by 20% from 12.4 fatalities per 100,000 workers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Work-related injury rate down by 30% from 6.1 injuries per 1,000 workers </li></ul>Industries lead improvements in workplace health and safety practices, and there is strong support for workplace health and safety in the wider community. Internally there will be strong correlation between/amongst OSH practitioners and the Government. Externally, more bilateral agreements on OSH will be implemented. OSH MP 15 Government Leadership and Practices Preventive Workplace Culture Industry Leadership and Community Engagement Strong Partnership Locally and Internationally <ul><li>Enhance the legal and policy framework for OSH </li></ul><ul><li>Provide compliance support to OSH legislation </li></ul><ul><li>Implement an effective enforcement </li></ul><ul><li>Launch special programmes and new approaches to improve OSH. </li></ul><ul><li>Compilation of OSH best practices </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthen the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitate OSH training and information services. </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthen the capacity of government to influence OHS outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitate, develop and encourage OSH R&D </li></ul><ul><li>Incentive and recognition scheme for good OSH performer </li></ul><ul><li>Punitive scheme for bad OSH performer (SOCSO/workmen compensation Scheme) </li></ul><ul><li>Ratification of ILO conventions and directives </li></ul><ul><li>Promote a Safety Culture </li></ul><ul><li>Prevent occupational disease more effectively </li></ul><ul><li>Eliminate hazards at the design stage </li></ul><ul><li>Design and develop safe environments, systems and products </li></ul><ul><li>Advance injury prevention knowledge and information </li></ul><ul><li>Increase quantity and quality of OSH practitioners </li></ul><ul><li>Enhancing the capabilities of the NCOSH. </li></ul><ul><li>Enhancing inter–agency collaboration and intervention activities </li></ul><ul><li>Develop local OSH experts to sit in international committee and bodies </li></ul><ul><li>Enhance the collaboration amongst Asean OSHNET Plus Three </li></ul><ul><li>Exporting OSH expertise to other region </li></ul>
  24. 25. SMEs : COMLIANCE SUPPORT Special Initiative to promote and enhance OSH
  25. 26. We, the Stakeholders and Social Partners in OSH in Malaysia hereby pledge our commitment to implement this Occupational Safety and Health Master Plan for Malaysia 2015 (OSH-MP 15). In relation to that, we acknowledge and affirm our respective roles in the creation, cultivation and sustenance of a safety and health culture in all organizations throughout Malaysia The PLEDGE Our pledge – OSH MP15