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Bergamo 2013-2014 Lectures. 7. Our places are geographic

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Bergamo 2013-2014 Lectures. 7. Our places are geographic

Bergamo 2013-2014 Lectures. 7. Our places are geographic

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  • 1. Università degli Studi di Bergamo Area didattica di Lingue e Letterature straniere Progettazione e gestione dei sistemi turistici / Planning and Management of Tourism Systems Centro Studi per il Turismo e l'Interpretazione del Territorio (CeSTIT) Our places are geographic. Georeference, GPS, Google Maps, Open Street Maps, Foursquare, LBS Roberto Peretta UniBg 44111 2013-2014 .:. IT for Tourism Managers Lecture #7. Wednesday, December 11, 2013
  • 2. Databases and social networks: the Web 2.0 What are we talking about? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Georeference GPS Google Maps vs. Open Street Maps Foursquare LBS UniBg 44111 2013-2014 .:. IT for Tourism Managers .:. Roberto Peretta .:. #4 UniBg 44111 2013-2014 .:. IT for Tourism Managers .:. Roberto Peretta .:. #7 2
  • 3. Mobility, GPS, and maps Georeference According to Wokipedia, “to georeference something means to define its existence in physical space.” UniBg 44111 2013-2014 .:. IT for Tourism Managers .:. Roberto Peretta .:. #7 3
  • 4. Mobility, GPS, and maps Longitude and latitude According to Wokipedia, “a geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on the Earth to be specified by a set of numbers or letters.” UniBg 44111 2013-2014 .:. IT for Tourism Managers .:. Roberto Peretta .:. #7 4
  • 5. Mobility, GPS, and maps A longitude and a latitude Any place can be defined by its longitude and latitude. UniBg 44111 2013-2014 .:. IT for Tourism Managers .:. Roberto Peretta .:. #7 5
  • 6. Mobility, GPS, and maps POIs Positions detected through satellites (again just coordinates: longitude and latitude) are “read” by data systems where thousands of coordinates of Points of Interest (POIs) have been previously stored – like for Google Maps or Nokia phones . UniBg 44111 2013-2014 .:. IT for Tourism Managers .:. Roberto Peretta .:. #7 6
  • 7. Mobility, GPS, and maps The Global Positioning System The Global Positioning System (GPS) is a space-based global navigation satellite system (GNSS) that provides location and time information in all weather, anywhere on or near the Earth, where there is an unobstructed line of sight to four or more GPS satellites. It is maintained by the United States government and is freely accessible by anyone with a GPS receiver. Current GPS-based devices include in car navigation system (like Tom Tom) and – increasingly – smartphones like the iPhone or Android-based mobile phones. UniBg 44111 2013-2014 .:. IT for Tourism Managers .:. Roberto Peretta .:. #7 7
  • 8. Mobility, GPS, and maps or GPS UniBg 44111 2013-2014 .:. IT for Tourism Managers .:. Roberto Peretta .:. #7 8
  • 9. Mobility, GPS, and maps Coordinates on Google Maps Coordinates can be read through Google Maps (though there are many coordinate systems, so that coordinates for a location differ in different systems…) UniBg 44111 2013-2014 .:. IT for Tourism Managers .:. Roberto Peretta .:. #7 9
  • 10. Mobility, GPS, and maps Google Maps, Open Street Map Google Maps, currently the most diffused proprietary map system, and – and somehow opposed to – Open Street Map, an open source map system. UniBg 44111 2013-2014 .:. IT for Tourism Managers .:. Roberto Peretta .:. #7 10
  • 11. Mobility, GPS, and maps Foursquare Foursquare, a social network for mobile users. UniBg 44111 2013-2014 .:. IT for Tourism Managers .:. Roberto Peretta .:. #7 11
  • 12. Mobility, GPS, and maps Foursquare sample - 1 UniBg 44111 2013-2014 .:. IT for Tourism Managers .:. Roberto Peretta .:. #7 12
  • 13. Mobility, GPS, and maps Foursquare sample - 2 UniBg 44111 2013-2014 .:. IT for Tourism Managers .:. Roberto Peretta .:. #7 13
  • 14. Mobility, GPS, and maps Location-Based Services Indeed, there are seamless connections among  locations – tourist locations, too! –  their geographical representation on the Web (on Google Maps, or on Foursquare …)  and your customers’ mobile phones. This is very interesting from a tourist point of view. 1.Your website can use Google Maps to provide your customers with drive directions to your business. 2.Destinations can provide location-based information on their heritage and tourist services. 3.Destinations can provide such location-based info through mobile devices like smartphones. UniBg 44111 2013-2014 .:. IT for Tourism Managers .:. Roberto Peretta .:. #7 14
  • 15. Mobility, GPS, and maps Proximity, Language, and Speech  There’s more to be considered.  Proximity. Tourists equipped with up-to-date smartphones can get relevant information on the POIs they are physically approaching (museums, hotels, etc.), by the very fact they are approaching them.  Language. Pieces of text designed to deliver information through smartphones should be devised and written in order to be easily – perhaps automatically – translatable under different cultures.  Speech. Due to ergonomic limits that are part and parcel with smartphones, information is likely to be delivered less as readable text than as voice. In the tourist information world, too, Text-to-Speech may become more popular than it is today.  (Tablets, however, may be offering a solution to the question posed by ergonomic limits.) UniBg 44111 2013-2014 .:. IT for Tourism Managers .:. Roberto Peretta .:. #7 15