Texas City More Than Church Records
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Texas City More Than Church Records Texas City More Than Church Records Presentation Transcript

  • r-e-deb@sbcglobal.net • Robert de Berardinis Texas City Ancestry Searchers More Than Church Records: Colonial Midwest, Mississippi Valley, and Gulf Coast, 1681–1821
  • r-e-deb@sbcglobal.net • Robert de Berardinis The Problem The traditional genealogical source materials for the French and Spanish Provinces of Louisiana, and the British Floridas are (translated) church records, marriage contracts, conveyances, and successions. These traditional genealogical source materials tend to have increasingly more and larger gaps as one goes backwards in time, if the records are still extant. This does not include the problems of faded ink and torn or rodent eaten pages.
  • r-e-deb@sbcglobal.net • Robert de Berardinis The Solution What follows will assume that proposed documents have some sort of relevance of information and adequacy to answer the research question. All research is the [attempted] answering of questions or testing/verification of hypotheses by collection and examination of data or evidence.
    • Consider all documents in the context of who made them and for what purpose were the documents being made.
    • Study the nature of available documents at all layers of government at the point in time being researched, not just the traditional sources.
    • Identify source material groups by priority and ease (including cost) of acquisition before proceeding.
  • r-e-deb@sbcglobal.net • Robert de Berardinis The Solution
    • Identify scholarly writings (on relevant topics) by catalogue and database searches, e.g., OCLC WorldCat, History Abstracts, and OCLC FirstSearch for scholarly articles (just like historians).
    • Follow the footnotes to their ultimate primary source material that the historians used in these scholarly journals and works. Use the bibliographies for additional searching.
    • Reference all source material in finding aids and reference guides by the archive that holds the material in question. This includes special collections at a university or public library all the way to national archives.
    • Always verify!
  • r-e-deb@sbcglobal.net • Robert de Berardinis LOUISIANA NEW SPAIN LAS FLORIDAS THIRTEEN COLONIES BRITISH NORTH AMERICA CANADA Colonial North America, 1600–1762
  • 1. Understanding the Nature of the Available Records 2. Understanding the Governmental Structures 3. The French colonists were not English colonists who spoke a different language • How and when did they get here? 1. Ship passenger lists, Colonies F 5 B , and Colonies G 1 464. 2. Admiralty Records (in France). r-e-deb@sbcglobal.net • Robert de Berardinis French Colonial Louisiana to 1763
  • r-e-deb@sbcglobal.net • Robert de Berardinis French Archival Designations
    • Breaking the Code
    • ANC, C 13 A 27, fol. 38 vo.
    • ANC = A(rchives) N(ationales) C(olonies). There is also a wide number of ministerial sources, including the Navy ( Marine ) and Foreign Ministries ( AE or Affaires Étrangères ). Actually, since 1994, this designation has been incorrect since all Colonies documents were moved to the Archives d’Outre-mer in Aix-en-Provence. Now, correct to use (see Elizabeth Mills):
    • [Document], [Date of document], Archives d’Outre-mer, Colonies C 13 A 27, fol. 38 vo.
    • C 13 A = sous série (subseries) for “Correspondence from colonies;” Louisiana is 13.
    • 27 = registre (bound volume). Sometimes this will refer to a carton (box), e.g., for maps and plans or loose papers.
    • Folio paging — numbered sequentially only on the right hand pages. All left hand pages are the verso of the “right side” folio page.
    • fol. (or fo.) 38 v (or vo. for verso ) = the reverse side of folio page 38.
    • Page numbering — sides numbered sequentially starting from first right hand “side.”
  • r-e-deb@sbcglobal.net • Robert de Berardinis French Archival Designations Major French Archival Letters and Numbers for Colonies A = Acts of the Monarch D 2 A = Enlisted Enrollments B = Correspondence to D 2 C = Payrolls, Fitnesses, etc. Colonies D 2 D = Pensions, etc. C = Correspondence from E = Service dossiers Colonies F 1 A = Treasury Records C 7 = Guadeloupe F 3 = Moreau de St-Méry C 8 = Martinique, WW. F 5 B = Ship passenger lists C 9 = St-Domingue G 1 = États-civils , census, etc. C 10 = Lesser Antilles G 2 = Greffes C 11 = Canada, Acadia G 5 = St-Domingue refugees C 13 = Louisiana Dépôt des Papiers Publics
  • r-e-deb@sbcglobal.net • Robert de Berardinis French Colonial Government King (Absolute) Naval Minister Governor Ordonnateur/ Intendant/Commissaire Superior Council (incl. Gov. & Ord.) Civil Disputes & Civilian Criminal Responsible for Corps de plume Treasurer (Civil Records) Écrivains and Gardes du magasin All military and civil, & property of the King, Corps d’épée The 3 Departments Bursar
  • r-e-deb@sbcglobal.net • Robert de Berardinis French Colonial Government The 3 Departments Lieutenant du Roi Major (Military Commander) Aide-Major (Adjutant) Treasurer (Civil Records) Écrivains and Gardes du magasin The Post & Company Commanders (Captains) To Ordonnateur
  • r-e-deb@sbcglobal.net • Robert de Berardinis Department of New Orleans, 1760 Pearl River Mississippi River Red River West Florida Neutral Strip Sabine River Ouachita Natchitoches Natchez Biloxi Rapides Avoyelles Baton Rouge Pte. Coupée Opelousas St. Martinville New Orleans Pascagoula Caddodoches Les Tunicas (St. Francisville) Les Yazous (Vicksburg) Los Adaës
  • r-e-deb@sbcglobal.net • Robert de Berardinis Department of Illinois, 1760 Ft. Cavignol Ft. d’Orléans Les Missouris Arkansas Post Ft. Vincennes or Ft. Ouiatenon Ft. Cherokee (Ft. Tcheroqui) Cape Girardeau Ste. Geneviève Ft. Chartres Peoria
  • Ft. Tombigbee Ft. Toulouse Mobile (Ft. de St. Louis Dauphine Isle Pensacola r-e-deb@sbcglobal.net • Robert de Berardinis Department of Mobile, 1760 San Marcos (St. Martin) Where is Tanchÿrsahon?
  • r-e-deb@sbcglobal.net • Robert de Berardinis French Colonial Government Naval Infantry Company Ranks Officiers (Officers) Sous Officiers (NCOs) Capitaine—Captain Premier Sergent—First Sergeant Capitaine Reformé Sergent—Sergeant Lieutenant en pied—1 st Lt. Caporal—Corporal Lieutenant Reformé Tambour—Drummer Lieutenant en seconde—2 nd Lt. Anpassade —Lance Corporal Enseigne en pied—1 st Ensign Fusilier—Rifleman or Private Enseigne en seconde—2 nd Ensign Officer Cadets Cadet à l’aguilette Cadet soldat
  • r-e-deb@sbcglobal.net • Robert de Berardinis Colonies F 5 B 56, n.p., 1753 Ship’s list Name of Soldiers Name of father And of mother Place of birth profession claude Lassaigne dead antoine anne pointer grenoble, dauphiné mason jean raffiné jacques marion porte montauban serge tailor bernard rozière françois jeanne Le fort Limoges, Limousin lathe man March Detachment of 40 men from the troops of the 1752 new levies of Monsieur Gignoux, Embarked 21 March 1752 on the navire Le Rhinoceros for Louisiana.
  • r-e-deb@sbcglobal.net • Robert de Berardinis Colonies F 5 B 56, n.p., 1750 Ship’s list
  • r-e-deb@sbcglobal.net • Robert de Berardinis Colonies G 1 464, n.p., 1719 Ship’s list Monsieur de Villardeau Director General of the Louisiana Colony. Sieur Marlot, bookkeeper of Monsieur Villardeau Jean Bard of Paris, valet of Monsieur Villardeau
  • r-e-deb@sbcglobal.net • Robert de Berardinis Colonies G 1 464, n.p. Names and surnames Place of birth Trade Women Kids Jean Charles Tierce Baker from Charleroi Michel Lion Joiner from Grand Riaux Etienne Renesse from Mauberge machine operator
  • r-e-deb@sbcglobal.net • Robert de Berardinis French Colonial Louisiana to 1763 • What did they do here? 3. French civilian personnel, naval infantry, and Swiss soldiers
    • Colonies D 2 A 1–34,
    • Colonies D 2 C 2, 3, 4, 16–19, 41, 43–5, 50–2, 54, 59, & 222,
    • Colonies D 2 D 1, 10, & 13–5.
    • Colonies E, (Service Dossiers!)
    • Marine C 2 ,
    • Marine C 7 , and
    • Marine C 8 .
  • r-e-deb@sbcglobal.net • Robert de Berardinis Colonies D 2 A 3, n.p., Enlisted Men Enrollment Records from the Île de Ré Michel Maigret dit L’amoureux (called the lover), native of Nantes en Brittany, aged 21 years, height [5 feet, 5.544 inches], chestnut hair, fat oval face, blue eyes, house building carpenter by profession, Hired Jan. 27, 1725./. Uniforms and arms and advance pay, id 22.10.—
  • r-e-deb@sbcglobal.net • Robert de Berardinis Colonies D 2 C 51, fo. 88, 1732 Officers’ Fitness Reports from Governor Perier Report of the infantry officers that Ought to command the eight companies of Infantry held in Louisiana and of the reformed officers who serve following the said companies. Notes in the margin in the hand of Monsieur Perier
  • r-e-deb@sbcglobal.net • Robert de Berardinis Colonies D 2 C 51, fo. 88, 1732 Officers’ Fitness Reports from Governor Perrier Served perfectly well in the taking of Natchez Served very well in the Guarding of the provisional fort That was made in Natchez I have sent him to command In the Balize
  • r-e-deb@sbcglobal.net • Robert de Berardinis Colonies D 2 C 222, n.p., “Alphabet” Lafillard, officer service briefs or rélévés
  • r-e-deb@sbcglobal.net • Robert de Berardinis Colonies D 2 D 13, fo. 139, 1777 Colonial Officers, Officials, and Widows Pensions {Widow Louis Doussin, former {Master cannoneer in Louisiana {for the same for the same… 150. . 12 July 1777 paid {Demoiselle Aubry, niece of Sieur To her 6 for {Chevalier Aubry, here before us commander 1777. {in Louisiana for the same for the same..1200
  • r-e-deb@sbcglobal.net • Robert de Berardinis Colonies D 2 D 14, fo. 115, 1770 Colonial Officers, Officials, and Widows Pensions
  • r-e-deb@sbcglobal.net • Robert de Berardinis Colonies E, Dossier Borda, Antoine To Sieur Borda, surgeon in the post of Tombigbee for his appointment on the eighth last day of November until the last day of December 1763 at the rate of 600 livres per year, The Sum of Sixty-three livres, six sols, eight deniers here… 63. 6. 8.
  • • Local Records 4. French Superior Council Records. 5. Randolph and St. Clair County (Illinois) Collections. 6. Ste. Genevieve County (Missouri) Records. 7. Natchitoches, Pointe Coupée, and St. Charles Parish Records. r-e-deb@sbcglobal.net • Robert de Berardinis French Colonial Louisiana to 1763
  • r-e-deb@sbcglobal.net • Robert de Berardinis Index to French Superior Council, WPA, FHL # 1,276,247: de Aamelin—Doza
  • r-e-deb@sbcglobal.net • Robert de Berardinis French Superior Council, WPA French Doc No. 9880 1766
  • r-e-deb@sbcglobal.net • Robert de Berardinis French Superior Council, # 1762030602, 6 March 1762 Déclaration of C. Horn
  • r-e-deb@sbcglobal.net • Robert de Berardinis French Colonial Louisiana to 1763 • Government Records (incl. Company of the Indies) 8. Colonies A 22–3, Colonies F 1 A 4–58, Colonies F 3 24, 25, and 44, Colonies G 1 412, 464, and 465 • Government Correspondence 9. Béxar County Archives and Spanish Missions. 10. Vaudreuil Papers. 11. The three “indexed” sources, Colonies B, Colonies C 11 , and Colonies C 13 .
  • Colonies G 1 412, fol. 104 vo., 1729 État-civil for New Orleans, Baptisms r-e-deb@sbcglobal.net • Robert de Berardinis 29 December 1729, I baptized Estienne Dalcour son of Sieur Estienne Dalcour and Marie Josephe Trudeau 1 June 1729, there was a solemn baptism of a negro slave Louis Théodore belonging to Sieur de Bienville
  • r-e-deb@sbcglobal.net • Robert de Berardinis Colonies F 1 A 31, fo. 83 vo., 1733 Mobile To Sieur Dartaguiette Diron, Lieutenant du Roy, For his appointment as the said, given the sum of… 2000 livres To Sieur Beauchamp another major for his appointment taking 3 months 23 days since 8 September until the last day of December at 1200 livres per year… 376.13.4
  • r-e-deb@sbcglobal.net • Robert de Berardinis Colonies C 13 A 6, fo. 159, 1721 Workers Wagonneers Cobblers Barrel Maker
  • r-e-deb@sbcglobal.net • Robert de Berardinis Colonies C 13 A 9, fo. 83, 1725 Yazous
  • r-e-deb@sbcglobal.net • Robert de Berardinis “ Signalement Des Soldats Cy Desus Mentionnez,” 6 Sep. 1752, 2 pp., Vaudreuil Papers, Loudoun Collection, Huntington Library and Art Museum, San Marino, Calif. The Named Nicolas Allain Dit La feulliade, Soldier of Moncharveaux’s Company, Native Of faubourg St. Antoine of Paris, parish of St. Marguerite, son of Nicolas Albain And of Marie Françoise Le Cour, His father And Mother, age thirty years, height is Five feet 3.9 inches, Chestnut Hair And Eyebrows, Long Face, blue eyes, Serving in the rank of Soldier In the Colony since The year [1737]. made at Kaskaskia, September 6, [1752]://: What’s This? Let’s See
  • r-e-deb@sbcglobal.net • Robert de Berardinis Colonies C 13 A 9, fo. 83, 1725 Yazous “ Signalement Des Soldats Cy Desus Mentionnez,” 6 Sep. 1752, 2 pp., Vaudreuil Papers, Loudoun Collection, Huntington Library and Art Museum, San Marino, Calif. The Here Attached Named Wishing to settle Himself Was Conceded a piece of land at Ste. Genevieve where He has been working For One year And Already has several animals.
  • r-e-deb@sbcglobal.net • Robert de Berardinis British Colonial Florida, 1763–1783 Arkansas Post Charleston Savannah St. Augustine Ft. Toulouse Ft. Tombigbee New Orleans Pointe Coupée Baton Rouge Natchez Mobile Pensacola Apalachicola River was the boundary line betw. E. & W.
  • r-e-deb@sbcglobal.net • Robert de Berardinis British Colonial Florida, 1763–1783 Crown Colonies to 1785 Proprietary Colonies to 1785 Board of Trade Board of Trade Colony Colony Parliament Parliament Monarch Monarch Archdiocese of Canterbury Archdiocese of Canterbury Required to obey Contractual & voluntary
  • r-e-deb@sbcglobal.net • Robert de Berardinis A. Understanding the Nature of the Available Records B. Understanding the Governmental Structures C. These are English colonists! West Florida , 1763–1781 1. CO 5/574–581, Correspondence, Original - Board of Trade, 1763–1782. 2. CO 5/582–598, Correspondence, Original - Secretary of State, 1712–1783. 3. CO 5/599–622, Entry Books of Letters, Commissions, Instructions, Warrants, etc., 1763–1781. 4. CO 5/623–624, Acts, 1766–1783. 5. CO 5/625–635, Sessional Papers, 1764–1780. British Colonial Florida, 1763–1783
  • r-e-deb@sbcglobal.net • Robert de Berardinis British Colonial Florida, 1763–1783 East Florida , 1763–1783 1. CO 5/540–547, Correspondence, Original - Board of Trade, 1763–1783. 2. CO 5/548–562, Correspondence, Original - Secretary of State, 1746–1789. 3. CO 5/563–569, Entry Books of Letters, Commissions, Instructions, Warrants, etc., 1763–1783. 4. CO 5/570–572, Sessional Papers, 1764–1781. 5. CO 5/573, Shipping Returns, 1765–1769.
  • r-e-deb@sbcglobal.net • Robert de Berardinis Entry Books of Letters, Grants, Warrants, Instructions, etc. CO 5/599 Commissions, Instructions, etc., A, 1763–1769 CO 5/600 Commissions, Instructions, etc., B, 1769–1782 CO 5/601 Grants of Land, Mortgages, Conveyances, etc., 1764–1768 CO 5/602 Grants of Land, Mortgages, Conveyances, etc.,1765–1767 CO 5/603 Grants of Land, Instructions to Surveyors, Certificates, 1765–1768 CO 5/604 Grants of Land, Instructions to Surveyors, Certificates, 1765–1768 CO 5/605 Grants of Land; Mortgages, Conveyances, etc., 1768–1772 CO 5/606 Grants of Land (Printed), 1769–1770 CO 5/607 Grants of Land, 1772–1778 CO 5/608 Grants of Land (Printed), 1772–1780 CO 5/609 Index to Vol, 608 CO 5/610 Grants of Land, Town–lots, 1777–1779 CO 5/611 Grants of Land, Town–lots, 1778–1780 CO 5/612 Mortgages, 1770–1779 CO 5/613 Powers of Attorney, Bills of Sale, etc., 1771–1779 CO 5/614 Conveyances, 1772–1773 CO 5/615 Conveyances, 1773–1774 CO 5/616 Conveyances, 1776–1781 CO 5/617 Conveyances, 1777–1780
  • r-e-deb@sbcglobal.net • Robert de Berardinis CO 5/601, Index to Grants, 1764–1768
  • r-e-deb@sbcglobal.net • Robert de Berardinis CO 5/601, p. 96, Carminida Grant
  • r-e-deb@sbcglobal.net • Robert de Berardinis CO 5/608, Index to CO 5/609, ‘K’ [detail]
  • r-e-deb@sbcglobal.net • Robert de Berardinis CO 5/608, Kearny & Kirk Grants
  • r-e-deb@sbcglobal.net • Robert de Berardinis Spanish Luisiana, 1763–1820 EAST FLORIDA UK-1763–1783 WEST FLORIDA UK-1763–1781 TÉJAS NEW SPAIN LUISIANA BRITISH NORTH AMERICA UNITED STATES
  • r-e-deb@sbcglobal.net • Robert de Berardinis Spanish Colonial Government A. Understanding the Nature of the Available Records B. Understanding the Governmental Structures and History C. More than Church Records, Marriage Contracts, and Translations: The Spanish colonists were neither English nor French colonists who spoke a different language. • How and when did they get here? A. Spanish ship passenger lists (Archivo general de Indias) and French ship passenger lists . • What did they do here? ( Archivo general de Simancas ) B. Military Service Records ( Hojas de Servicio ), 2:L:7291–2 . C Military Records online, legajos 2:XL:6912–32 . URL for PARES (Portal de archivos españoles): http://www.pares.mcu.es
  • r-e-deb@sbcglobal.net • Robert de Berardinis Spanish Colonial Government King (absolute) Minister of Indies Council of Indies (to 1790) Committees VICEROY Audiencia de Santo Domingo (Appeals/Admiralty) Captain-General of Cuba Governor Intendant Post Commanders Judicial Council (New Orleans) (member) Other Treasury Officials & Warehouse Guards Military Units Complicated isn’t it?
  • r-e-deb@sbcglobal.net • Robert de Berardinis Legajo 7992, C 1, Captain Olivier, Pedro
  • r-e-deb@sbcglobal.net • Robert de Berardinis Spanish Colonial Government • Local Records D. Alabama, Arkansas , Florida , Louisiana , Missouri , and Illinois . E. Spanish Judicial Council records and Cabildo records . F. Sebastien Vincente Pintado & Juan Morales papers . G. East Florida Archives . H. Archives of the Spanish Government of West Florida . I. Natchez Trace Collection . J. Panton, Leslie & Co. , other trade houses. Index Index Index Index Index Index Index Index Index
  • r-e-deb@sbcglobal.net • Robert de Berardinis Pintado Papers, Baton Rouge Survey
  • r-e-deb@sbcglobal.net • Robert de Berardinis Pintado Papers, Bogue Chitto Survey
  • r-e-deb@sbcglobal.net • Robert de Berardinis Spanish Colonial Government • Federal Records K. American State Papers, Public Lands (often refer to Spanish claims). L. Territorial Papers of the United States . M. American State Papers, Public Claims , the largest constituency until 1832! • French, British, Spanish, and United States N. St-Domingue (Haiti) refugees : letters and claims
  • r-e-deb@sbcglobal.net • Robert de Berardinis Spanish Colonial Government • Spanish Government Records O. Papeles procedentes de Cuba or the “Cuban” Papers. P. Audiencia de Santo Domingo , Audiencia de Méjico , & Audiencia de Guadalajara . Q. “Texas” Records— what’s the difference? • Béxar and Nacogdoches County Archives . • Béxar , Laredo , and Nacogdoches Archives . • University Special Collections R. LSU, Tulane University, University of Michigan, University of Florida.
  • r-e-deb@sbcglobal.net • Robert de Berardinis Legajo 2363, 1793 New Madrid Census
  • r-e-deb@sbcglobal.net • Robert de Berardinis Legajo 2363, 1793 New Madrid Census
  • r-e-deb@sbcglobal.net • Robert de Berardinis More than Church Records THE END Applause Wildly Questions?