Global english

3,628 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Technology
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
3,628
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
697
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
64
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Global english

  1. 1. WORLD ENGLISH
  2. 2. English as a world language  Who is a native speaker?  Is it important?  What is an error and what is a difference?
  3. 3. KACHRU’S “CIRCLES” THEORY Many varieties of English exist across the globe. Kachru (1992) has classified these as being in the ‘Inner Circle’, ‘Outer Circle’ & ‘Expanding Circle’
  4. 4. Kachru’s Circles Studies suggest that there were (in 2001) an estimated:  375 million users of English in Inner-Circle societies (English as a 1st language)  375 million in Outer-Circle societies (English as a 2nd language)  750-1,000 million in the Expanding Circle (English as a Foreign language) (McArthur, 2001)
  5. 5. The spread of English 1. 2. 3. From the United Kingdom to countries where native English speakers have settled down in large numbers (Kachru’s Inner Circle countries, 1992): Australia, Canada, New Zealand, South Africa, and the United States as a first language for many As a second language (Kachru’s Outer Circle, 1992): Examples - Hong Kong, India, Singapore Or a foreign language (Kachru’s Expanding Circle, 1992): Examples - Germany, Hungary, Poland, China, and Japan
  6. 6. Reasons for the spread (Kandiah, 1998): Colonisation These were countries formerly colonised by the British - e.g. India, Singapore, Malta etc. - English as a language gained importance in the administration of the country English served an official purpose within the country in law, education and government. ‘Global village’  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WZI1EjxxXKw ( David Crystal on Global English)
  7. 7. McArthur’s Circle of World English – a different way of representing the phenomenon of World English. Is there really a ‘World Standard English’?
  8. 8. References    Kachru, B. (1986). The Alchemy of English: The Spread, Functions, and Models of Non-native Englishes. Chicago: University of Illinois Press.  Kandiah, T (1998), ‘Why New Englishes?’ in J A Foley, et al. (eds.), English in New Cultural Contexts: Reflections from Singapore (Singapore: Oxford University Press), pp. 1–40. McArthur, T.(2001). "World English and World Englishes: Trends, tensions, varieties, and standards", Language Teaching Vol. 34: 1.

×