More than just small scale forest management

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  • 1. More than just « small-scale forest management » Geneviève Michon –IRD Robert Nasi – CIFOR Gérard Balent - INRA
  • 2. Farmers and forests Chestnut forest, Corsica Mosaic of fields and farmers’ forests Small fragmented rural forest, France
  • 3. Argan forest, Marocco Eucalyptus forest, Timor Oak parklands, Corsica
  • 4. Domestic forest for collection, Sumatra, Indonesia e agroforest, West Java, Indonesia Spared forest Dipterocarp; laos Farmers’ forest in S&B area, Sumatra, Indonesia
  • 5. Humanity and naturality • The material part: ecology, local knowledge and practices – « Domesticating »: bringing « nature » into the « domestic » human sphere • Domesticating trees • Domesticating ecosystems • Domesticating landscapes • The immaterial part: the human component of domesticated forests – Economic dimension – Symbolic dimension – Intergenerational linkages: to the ancestors and for the future generations
  • 6. Domesticating trees: the visible processes Grafting selected varieties Planting wildings and varieties Western Chestnut Increasing production through working on the tree form
  • 7. Domesticating trees: the invisible processes Argan (Argana spinosa) tree and oil in Marocco
  • 8. Domesticating ecosystem: manipulating global forest development
  • 9. Domesticating ecosystem: manipulating regeneration « Ingeneering » the ecosystem Ffilling natural or induced gaps
  • 10. Domesticating landscapes: developing infrastructures Terraces Buildings: storing, drying, milling
  • 11. Domesticating landscapes: introducing rights
  • 12. Domesticating landscapes: infrastructures + rights = diversity
  • 13. Belonging to the domesticity Economy: support of livelihood Political dimension Territory Patrimony: transgenerational intentions Symbolism: linking to the immaterial world Identity
  • 14. And the policy framework ??? • The Agriculture / Forest divide: forest or not forest? • Forest policies: do not really acknowledge the multidimensional value of local forests – Production forests? (not intensive timber production areas, too « degraded », timber is minor) – Conservation forests? (not biodiversity sanctuaries: too much humanity: reserve concept not working) – Social forest? (reluctance for full local rights, authority and legitimacy recognition) • Agricultural policies: care for single productions (chestnut, argan oil), not for the maintenance of the forest ecosystem integrity • Conservation policies: do not care for development and modernization • A bit of everything (production + environment + social) • « Sustainable Development »: a more favorable framework?
  • 15. New opportunities, new initiatives • • • • Community forests Local product certification (G.I.) Biodiversity or ethnic products Environmental services
  • 16. But • Long term tendancies and global trade policies Intensive vegetable growing in Marocco Oil palm development in Indonesia
  • 17. Socio-environmental intensification?