The components of the Human DigestivesystemAuthor: Dr. Robert D. Craig, Ph.DAim: What are the components of the Human Dige...
Teacher Guide(Say aloud)       The digestive system is comprised of a group of organs working together to break downfoods ...
• Small Intestine 275 inches• Large Intestine 60 inches• TOTAL 353 inches (almost 30 feet)Assessment:Students will have a ...
HARLEM CENTER FOR EDUCATION: Digestive systemName:________________________ Period:______________ Date:_________What is Mec...
Student Handout:Digestive systemMouthMechanical Digestion Teeth: 4 Types Molars, Pre-molars, canines and tricuspids       ...
HARLEM CENTER FOR EDUCATION        Name: ________________________________________Period: ___________________________    1....
Across                                                  Down2. A long folded tube inside the body attached to the   1. Aft...
Assessment:Name:________________________ Period:______________ Date:_________   1.   What enzymes are need for digestion? ...
Name:________________________ Period:______________ Date:_________Please define the following:Pancreas:___________________...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Digestivesystem lessonpla nnew

398 views
288 views

Published on

Digestion is the mechanical and chemical breakdown of food into smaller components that are more easily absorbed into a blood stream, for instance. Digestion is a form of catabolism: a breakdown of large food molecules to smaller ones.

When food enters the mouth, its digestion starts by the action of mastication, a form of mechanical digestion, and the contact of saliva. Saliva, which is secreted by the salivary glands, contains salivary amylase, an enzyme which starts the digestion of starch in the food. After undergoing mastication and starch digestion, the food will be in the form of a small, round slurry mass called a bolus. It will then travel down the esophagus and into the stomach by the action of peristalsis. Gastric juice in the stomach starts protein digestion. Gastric juice mainly contains hydrochloric acid and pepsin. As these two chemicals may damage the stomach wall, mucus is secreted by the stomach, providing a slimy layer that acts as a shield against the damaging effects of the chemicals

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
398
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
1
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Digestivesystem lessonpla nnew

  1. 1. The components of the Human DigestivesystemAuthor: Dr. Robert D. Craig, Ph.DAim: What are the components of the Human Digestive system?Learning objective: to investigate components of the Human Digestive SystemLearning standards: 1. Students will describe the overall function of the digestive system 2. Students will describe organs and functions: Mouth, esophagus, stomach, liver, gall 3. Describe how plants and animals, maintain cell homeostasis. 4. Compare the way cell structure is related to basic life functions and maintain dynamic equilibrium. 5. Describe the flow of energy and matter through the cell membrane.Materials: Handouts, Colored Markers, Colored yarnProcedure:Teacher will Handout Do Nows. Teacher will illicit student response. A vocabulary sheet as well asa worksheet will be completed by students. Students will cut out yarn to correspond to the differentorgans of the digestive system
  2. 2. Teacher Guide(Say aloud) The digestive system is comprised of a group of organs working together to break downfoods into a form usable by the human body.This system is composed of organs through which the food passes (alimentary canal) and organssuch as the liver, pancreas, and gall bladder that provide chemical substances such as enzymesneeded for chemical digestion. The organs that make up the alimentary canal are the mouth,esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, and anus.Digestion begins in the mouth, where mechanical (digestion such as the tearing, cutting, andgrinding of food by the teeth) and chemical (type of digestion that breaks down large moleculesinto molecules small enough to dissolve in water and pass through cell membranes) digestionoccurs. From here the food is then moved down the esophagus by a process called peristalsis(the wavelike contraction of the walls of the esophagus that forces the food through theesophagus). Once food leaves the esophagus, it enters the stomach through the cardiacsphincter (a circular valve of muscle that works like a drawstring on a sack).The stomach, a jshaped organ, continues the chemical and mechanical digestion of food. Digestiveenzymes secreted by the gastric glands in the lining of the stomach continue the further chemicaldigestionof food. Once the food has been changed into a thick liquid known as chyme, it moves fromthe stomach through the pyloric sphincter into the small intestine. Secretions from the pancreas andliver aid in completing the chemical digestion.The capillaries located in the villi of the smallintestine absorb nutrients (digestive foods). Materialsnot absorbed by the villi will then enter the large intestines, where reabsorption of water occurs,producing semisolid feces. Waste will then be eliminated from the body through the anus.Demo procedure:How Long is the Digestive System? Have students cut a piece of yarn according to the followingmeasurements. Allow students to use different color yarn to represent different organs. After theyarn has been cut tie the pieces together.• Esophagus 10 inches• Stomach 8 inches
  3. 3. • Small Intestine 275 inches• Large Intestine 60 inches• TOTAL 353 inches (almost 30 feet)Assessment:Students will have a discussion and complete the following questions:
  4. 4. HARLEM CENTER FOR EDUCATION: Digestive systemName:________________________ Period:______________ Date:_________What is Mechanical Digestion? (give two examples)1.__________________________________________________2.__________________________________________________What is Chemical Digestion? (give two examples)1.__________________________________________________2.__________________________________________________
  5. 5. Student Handout:Digestive systemMouthMechanical Digestion Teeth: 4 Types Molars, Pre-molars, canines and tricuspids Hold, Tear, and Chew Food Tongue: Moves food mass “bolus” to rear of mouthChemical Digestion: Saliva - Enzyme: Amylase Amylase: Breaks down starches to disaccharides Enzyme: a protein that acts as biological catalystEsophagus: Food tubeEpiglottis: closes over trachea to prevent food from going down air way.Peristalsis: contractions of smooth muscle surrounding the esophagus.When you bite into apple, what teeth do you use
  6. 6. HARLEM CENTER FOR EDUCATION Name: ________________________________________Period: ___________________________ 1. Class Room Teacher: _____________________________________________________________________________ 1 Find the digestive system words below in the grid to the left.2 3 4 5 6 78 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
  7. 7. Across Down2. A long folded tube inside the body attached to the 1. After being swallowed, food goes to this placestomach where nutrients in the food are absorbed. where it is mixed with acid.6. A part of your throat that acts like a gateway 3. The tube after the small intestine where liquid issending air into the lungs and food down into the absorbed.stomach. 4. These are used to chew food.7. The place where waste is stored before it leaves 5. The good things in food.the body. 9. A slippery liquid that makes food easy to swallow8. The part of the food that is not digested. and helps to break the food down.11. The tube that connects the stomach to the 10. The process of breaking down food for use asmouth. energy and building materials for your body.12. A verb that means to push food through your 13. This produces juices (called bile) that go into thepharynx. small intestine and help digest the food.14. Crush food with your teeth.15. Muscle in your mouth that is used for pushingfood around. © 2006 www.bogglesworldesl.com
  8. 8. Assessment:Name:________________________ Period:______________ Date:_________ 1. What enzymes are need for digestion? 2. What is the pH of the Stomach? 3. What is the acid in the stomach
  9. 9. Name:________________________ Period:______________ Date:_________Please define the following:Pancreas:________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Liver:________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Gall Bladder:________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Small Intestine:________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Large Intestine:________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

×