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The Smallpox Vaccine
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The Smallpox Vaccine

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A brief slide show about how biotechnology was applied to cure Smallpox.

A brief slide show about how biotechnology was applied to cure Smallpox.

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    The Smallpox Vaccine The Smallpox Vaccine Presentation Transcript

    • The Smallpox Vaccine
    • Smallpox and Biotechnology
      Perhaps one of the greatest examples of biotechnology at work
      Successful application has saved millions of lives
    • What is Smallpox?
      Disease that has existed for at least 3,000 years
      Highly contagious
      Typically fatal
    • Symptoms
      Fever
      Rashes on face, hands, and feet
      Pus-filled pimples develop
      Attacks brain, heart, and lungs
    • Edward Jenner
      Born May 1749
      From Gloucestershire, England
      Studied Anatomy and Surgery at hospital
      Received many smallpox patients in 1788
    • The Theory
      Noted patients who worked with cattle were immune to smallpox
      These patients previously contracted cowpox
      Suggested someone injected with cowpox would be immune to smallpox
    • Testing the Theory
      Extracted liquid from sores of milkmaid with smallpox
      Injected cowpox into young boy
      Boy recovers in 6 weeks, injects him with smallpox
      Experiment was successful; boy was immune to smallpox
    • The Vaccine
      Time-tested and successful
      World Health Organization declared smallpox extinct in 1979
      Excellent example of the application of biotechnology
    • Sources
      Strickland, Jonathan. “What is Agricultural Biotechnology?”. howstuffworks.com. How Stuff Works, n.d. Web. 10 October 2010. <http://www.howstuffworks.com/environmental/life/genetic/agricultural-biotechnology.htm>.
      NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences. "Study Details Structure of Potential Target for HIV and Cancer Drugs." ScienceDaily 11 October 2010. 12 October 2010 <http://www.sciencedaily.com­ /releases/2010/10/101007141110.htm>.
      Peters, Pamela. “What is Biotechnology?”. AccessExcellence.org. C. Brown Publishers, Inc., 1993. Web. 12 October 2010. <http://www.accessexcellence.org/RC/AB/BC/what_is_biotechnology.php>.
      Biotechnology Industry Organization. “About Biotechnology.” Bio.org. BIO.org, n.d. 12 October 2010. <http://www.bio.org/about_biotech/>
      Agenbroad, Larry D. “Mammoths: Resurrecting Extinct Megafauna.” Actionbioscience.org. Action Bioscience, 2005. Web. 10 October 2010. <http://www.actionbioscience.org/biotech/agenbroad.html>
      Agar, Nicholas. “Designer Babies: Ethical Considerations.” Actionbioscience.org. Action Bioscience, 2006. Web. 10 October 2010. <http://www.actionbioscience.org/biotech/agar.html>
      Bianchi, Zoe. “The current Status of Gene Therapy.” Suite101.com. Suite101, 21 Jan 2010. Web. 12 October 2010. <http://www.suite101.com/content/the-current-status-of-gene-therapy-a192095>
      "Edward Jenner." Zephyrus Interactive Education Website. Web. 09 Dec. 2010. <http://www.zephyrus.co.uk/edwardjenner.html>.
      Hoyle, Brian. "Biotechnology." Science Encyclopedia. Net Industries. Web. 09 Dec. 2010. <http://science.jrank.org/pages/917/Biotechnology.html>.
      "Why Do We Do Biotechnology?" Biotechnology Online Home. Web. 09 Dec. 2010. <http://www.biotechnologyonline.gov.au/biotec/whydobiotech.html>.
    • Picture Sources
      Boy with Smallpox. 2009. Photograph. Center for Disease Control Public Health Image Library.
      Meynier, Charles. Charles Meynier "Portrait of Edward Jenner (1749-1823)" 1749. Photograph. Myartprints.co.uk, Institut Pasteur, Musee Pasteur.
      Sorolla Y Bastida, Joaquin. The Milkmaid. Photograph. Paintingmania.com.
      Vial of Smallpox Vaccine. 2009. Photograph. In.com.