Payment of wages
e.g. ratio analysis
Preparation and monitoring
of internal financial
information (e.g. budgets)
Role and importance of financial
Vitally important to success or failure of an
organisation. Efficient financial management has to:
Ensure funds available to achieve objectives e.g.
pay bills - materials, electricity, advertising
pay wages and salaries
develop new products
Ensure costs are controlled
Ensure adequate cash flow
Establish and control profitability levels
In your own words, explain the role and
importance of financial management to a
manufacturer whose objective is to improve
to make sure there are sufficient funds for the organisation to
buy all the resources it needs to achieve its objectives i.e.
appropriate quality of raw materials, correctly trained staff,
well maintained machinery (1)
to make sure there is enough money to recruit and train
appropriately skilled staff to satisfy the objective of improving
to make sure that all the costs/expenses are under control (1)
to make sure that the organisation is performing profitably and
efficiently without compromising quality (1)
to reduce costs of raw materials by ensuring the best value for
money from suppliers. (1)
Outline 2 reasons why the marketing and
financial departments may face conflicts of
interest within an organisation
Marketing department may require cash in order to
carry out promotional activities e.g. advertising,
Marketing may wish to discount price
Marketing may wish to use techniques like BOGOF
All of the above are costs to the business and may
result in reduced profits.
Payment of wages & salaries
Work closely with HR department to calculate
Use information held by HR Dept. to calculate wages e.g.
name, address, bank account details, sick days, hours
worked etc. before payment takes place.
Most organisations use Bank Automated Credit System
No need for large sums of money to be kept on business
No need for large sums of money to be transported to the
Cheaper for the business
Payment of accounts
Accounts fall into CASH or CREDIT categories.
Normally paid to companies or individuals that the business
doesn’t deal with on a regular basis.
Normally paid using petty cash.
Imprest used to meet daily cash expenses of the business.
Business receive goods or services and pay at a later date.
Amount and timescale dependent on ‘credit history’
Distinguish between a cash account and a
Describe the advantages of using the BACS
system to pay wages.
A cash account is normally paid using petty
cash whereas a credit account is where a
business receive goods or services and pay
at a later date.
Maintenance of financial records
Companies must maintain financial records - a history of
the business’s activities.
Inland Revenue require businesses to retain financial
records for a period of 6 years for possible investigation.
Limited companies must comply with Companies Act of
1985 & 1989 which states that it is an offence not to
maintain proper financial records.
Managers and decision makers can make
informed judgements and decisions based on
financial information identified by the finance
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