Details available at http://www.wreaf.org/Kamestastin.html
WREAF 2008 Lake Kamestastin Expedition
September 29 – October 18, 2008
With the Smithsonian Institution’s Arctic Studies Center
and the Innu Tshikapisk Foundation
Sponsored by the Canadian Wildlife Federation
Prepared by Rob Mullen, November 10, 2008; photos by Rob Mullen
In January of this year, with an introduction from Dr. Stephen Loring, I received an invitation from
the Tshikapisk Foundation to send crews to their nascent eco-tourism facility at Lake Kamestastin
for the spring and autumn Woodland Caribou migrations. On October 18 we returned to Montreal
from our first expedition to this critical region for the George River caribou herd.
Lake Kamestastin sits in the bottom of a 38 million year old meteorite crater. That primordial
cataclysm instantly exterminated the luxuriant sub-tropical Oligocene flora and fauna for many
miles around yet ironically today is an island of diversity in the “Barrens”. The ancient crater
provides enough shelter from the near incessant wind to allow a large island of Boreal Forest to
thrive along the south shore of the lake; the resulting food and shelter creating a wildlife magnet.
For untold thousands of years the caribou herds of the Labrador/Quebec peninsula have funneled
through on their way between the forest to the south and the lower predator density tundra for both
the rut in autumn and calving in spring; and for thousands of years the Innu have awaited them at
Our goals were to:
1. Intercept the George River caribou herd migration
2. Establish a working relationship with the Tshikapisk Foundation
3. Explore the area in preparation for future work
4. Rendezvous with Dr. Loring’s archaeological field team and Innu families.
The first four goals of the expedition were met and surpassed. The rendezvous with Dr. Loring’s
field team and Innu families at the encampment was short-circuited due to the vagaries of weather
and caribou. Dr. Loring’s team had to abort their archaeological survey early due to prolonged
high wind and associated issues and the Innu families we had expected to meet at the lake were
still about 40 miles south of us at Border Beacon. Even so we met with Dr. Loring and a key
member of his crew, Tony Jenkinson, co-founder of the Tshikapisk Foundation. Tony is one of the
principals behind the effort to create the Innu eco-tourism facility at Lake Kamestastin and he
joined us along with his 10-year old granddaughter for the duration of our stay. His wide-ranging
expertise contributed enormously to all aspects of the expedition and the mutual respect and
friendship that built during our two weeks at the lake will be invaluable in the future.
Our focus on Woodland Caribou flows from our work with Dr. Loring and the Arctic Studies
Center. His more than thirty years of research in the area led him to suggest WREAF’s George
River expeditions as part of developing our Smithsonian Boreal Forest exhibition proposal.
Woodland Caribou are dependant on old-growth Boreal Forest and as such are a good indicator
species: if they are doing well then the underlying ecosystem is doing well. Caribou have great
artistic appeal and can capture the imagination of viewers across a broad spectrum in a way
porcupines cannot. In addition to their ecological significance and artistic qualities, caribou have
been a central aspect of Innu culture for thousands of years and provide a cultural, anthropological
and even archaeological insight into the Boreal Forest and the people who have called it home
since the glaciers retreated.
On October 1 after a three day drive from Montreal we arrived in Goose Bay and met with Dr.
Loring and Tony Jenkinson. On the morning of October 2 our crew of 10 (including Tony)
boarded an Innu Mikun Twin Otter for the 215 mile flight to Lake Kamestastin.
The expedition planned to spend twelve days at Lake Kamestastin in order to maximize our
chances of encountering significant numbers of caribou. The necessity of an extended period of
time was underscored by the near total lack of caribou for the first six days. That posed no
immediate problem. We saw enormous bears, distant wolves, ptarmigan, crossbills, Golden Eagles,
Gyr-falcons, Golden-eye and Harlequin Ducks, Canada Geese and a host of other birds; all of this
in an awe-inspiring landscape; a mosaic of rock and shrub tundra, bogs, ponds and forests with
rivers wending their way toward distant snow-capped peaks. This land has a beauty that can
absorb you and which feels wondrously timeless - liberating and peaceful - yet the wind carries an
undercurrent of ominous threat too - this place is truly wild in a way you can feel in your bones.
Some of us traveled alone at times but only with the greatest care and respect.
Tony showed us all a few archaeological sites and conducted several days of archaeological
fieldwork accompanied by photographer Gary McGuffin. He explained many of the tools the Innu
used, how they were made and why the absence of Ramah chert at one site indicated a probably
very ancient age. There are dated excavations at Kamestastin that are possibly over 7,500 years
old. As I sat on a ridge overlooking the lake one afternoon, it struck me how timeless an activity
watching for caribou here was and I felt a connection with those who had done this before me;
wildlife artist or ancient Innu hunter, the basics were unchanged despite the obvious superficial
differences (binoculars for one).
Then the caribou arrived.
On the morning of October 8, continuing to gain a feel for the land and traveling in it, John Pitcher
and I headed NE to investigate a possible portage route to the Kogaluk that Stephen Loring had
suggested. Along the way we intended to scout for caribou sign along the Kamestastin River to
determine if they were crossing east of the lake. A few miles out while taking a short break to
glass the countryside and discern our route I spotted part of what turned out to be a large herd of
caribou about half a mile east of us. We headed to intercept them. The first group eluded a close
enough encounter for good photography but to our excited delight many more were following
them. Over the course of the day we saw over 500 caribou, many at very close range with fine
bulls and all in peak condition. Upon our return to camp it turned out that everyone had seen
caribou through the day; they had indeed arrived.
While the herd was not yet coming through in the massive numbers quite often encountered at
Kamestastin in early October, the several thousand that did pass through provided an awe inspiring
spectacle for the crew. Two ecstatic artists returning from the field one evening described one
encounter that day as the “…best wildlife experience…” of their lives; this from artists who have
traveled the world. The following day was
equally impressive and then the climax came
early two days later as a thousand caribou
crossed the lake near camp. Caribou were
everywhere for the next several days and no
one missed out on inspirational encounters set
against stunning panoramas in beautiful light.
Part of a herd crossing a mountain ridge SE of the lake under
the rising moon.
The crew contributed a day and a half of labor to help prepare the camp for winter; repairing gaps
in shingles, cleaning buildings and grounds, inventory of supplies, stowing building supplies and
shoring up a roof. We then moved our heavy gear to the airstrip in preparation for our return flight
on October 14th
. On the 14th
the wind, rain and dropping ceiling made the flight too risky and we
cancelled via satellite phone. The wind picked up dramatically on the 15th
with a full gale blowing
40 – 50 mph sustained and with gusts to 60 – 70 mph. We cancelled again. When I called at 7am
on the 16th
to confirm our pick up time I was told the flight was already in the air and expecting to
land in 30 minutes. Since we were over a mile from the airstrip with some of the crew still in bed
it made for an exciting morning. Tony was a great help in dealing with Innu Mikun.
In discussions with Tony Jenkinson and Dr. Loring we are already planning for further work at
Kamestastin, including coordinating a first ever bird census (it is a major flyway stopover for
uncounted waterfowl, shorebirds, raptors and passerines and is a breeding ground for Harlequin
ducks) and direct work in the field with the Innu and Dr. Loring.
In conjunction with the base camp at Lake Kamestastin next autumn we are planning a canoe
expedition with Innu youth that in addition to our artistic and scientific goals, ties into an on-going
long-term goal of the Tshikapisk Foundation to reconnect Innu young people with the land and
their heritage. This 350 mile wilderness expedition will cross Labrador from Schefferville,
Quebec to Nain on the coast, traversing the Mushua-Innu home ground and include the near sacred
Mushua-Shipu (George River) and a rendezvous at Lake Kamestastin along the way. Tshikapisk
looks to such efforts combined with facilities such as at Lake Kamestastin to not only reinvigorate
Innu heritage but to incorporate it profitably into the modern cash economy thus contributing to
preserving both the land and the Innu way of life.
2008 Lake Kamestastin Labrador Crew:
Linda Besse SAA, AFC; Washington: (www.besseart.com) nationally known wildlife artist, an
exhibitor at the Safari Club International show in Reno, NV; new WREAF member
Cole Johnson SAA; New York: (www.colejohnsonart.com) nationally known wildlife artist
known for his masterly graphite works; new WREAF member
Jay Johnson SAA, AFC; Massachusetts: (www.jayjjohnson.com) nationally known wildlife
artist who serves on the board of directors for the Society of Animal Artists; new WREAF member
Gary McGuffin; Ontario: (www.garyandjoaniemcguffin.com) acclaimed nature photographer,
conservationist and world-class canoeist
Rob Mullen SAA, AFC; Vermont: (www.paintnpaddlestudio.com) nationally known wildlife
artist, founder of WREAF
Steve Oliver; Pennsylvania: (http://steveoliverart.com/) nationally known wildlife artist; new
John Pitcher SAA; Vermont: (www.goldleafstudiosinc.com) leading US wildlife artist for over
30 years, an inveterate field artist and naturalist
Sue Westin SAA; Vermont: (www.goldleafstudiosinc.com) nationally known wildlife artist who
also specializes in human portraiture; new WREAF member
Tony Jenkinson; Labrador: (www.tshikapisk.ca) expatriate English health expert who co-
founded the Tshikapisk Foundation and works closely with the Smithsonian’s Dr. Stephen Loring
of the Arctic Studies Center; new WREAF member
Jordana Bedoen; Labrador: Tony’s 10 year old granddaughter, our unofficial Innu guide
Photo at left is a young bull (part of a herd of several hundred) walking past
the Tshikapisk’s unfinished lodge. We stayed in the smaller cabins.
The lodge is part of the Tshikapisk Foundation’s effort to create an eco-tourism
facility to enable Innu to incorporate their ancient heritage and knowledge of the
land into our modern cash economy.
Wilderness River Expedition Art Foundation
The Wilderness River Expedition Art Foundation incorporated February 11, 2005 in response to
the increasing cost and complexity of our expeditions after the involvement of the Smithsonian
Institution. Our overall goal is to raise public awareness of wildlife and wilderness conservation
issues. By combining art and science with adventure in a variety of media WREAF works to stir
the public’s imagination as well its intellect. To do that we provide artists of the highest caliber
with intimate, intense and “real” experience of wilderness to inspire their work and the strength of
numbers and prestigious venues in which to exhibit that work within a cutting edge scientific
WREAF’s current focus is the Boreal Forest ecosystem, the largest intact forest on Earth. Critical
for climate, fresh water, wildlife habitat, native culture, timber, minerals and energy, it is nearby,
unappreciated, and threatened by unsustainable development making it one of the greatest and
most pressing conservation opportunities anywhere.
WREAF members include world-class artists, paddlers, writers and researchers. All of our
painters are nationally/internationally known full-time professionals, most notably including
Robert Bateman. Other members of WREAF are equally first rate including renowned canoeists,
conservation writers/photographers Gary and Joanie McGuffin, Dr. Stephen Loring, anthropologist
(Smithsonian Institution's Arctic Studies Center; ASC) and World Whitewater Freestyle Kayak
Champion Ken Whiting.
WREAF’s overarching near-term goal is to gain final approval of our exhibition proposal at the
Smithsonian’s National Museum of Natural History (NMNH) which houses the Arctic Studies
Center (ASC). That proposal was at the final stage in the approval process; the Outreach Advisory
Committee (OAC, formerly the Public Outreach Committee; POC) when we left for Labrador.
This exhibition idea builds on the ground-breaking one-man show of Robert Bateman’s work at
the NMNH in 1987; the most attended show in the museum’s history.
In November 2005 ASC anthropologist Dr. Stephen Loring, ASC Director Dr. William Fitzhugh
and I met with and secured a commitment from the Exhibition Director at the Smithsonian’s
National Museum of Natural History (NMNH) to host an exhibit of work from all the expeditions
to date within the Boreal Forest ecosystem at the NMNH.
That NMNH Exhibition Director abruptly left the museum in 2006. That was followed shortly by
the resignation under pressure of Smithsonian Secretary Lawrence Small in March 2007 which
plunged the Smithsonian into a crisis and cast the status of our exhibition adrift.
I re-worked the proposal and Dr. Loring resubmitted to the new administration and it has slowly
wound its way through the new approval process even as that process was evolving. The process
continues to evolve; as of last week I learned of a new committee (Nature and Art Advisory
Committee) at the NMNH that our proposal needs to be reviewed by at their first meeting later this
month before going to the OAC.
One silver lining to these delays is that we have been able to successfully run this first Kamestastin
expedition which will provide some additional luster to our proposal. A major consideration of the
OAC is relevance to NMNH research interests. Our George River expeditions tied in with Dr.
Loring’s research already, but working directly with the Innu and Dr. Loring in the field in
Labrador adds substantially to that. In addition to Dr. Loring’s research in Labrador, museum
interest in the region goes back over one hundred years with extensive collections. Dr. Loring’s
research, (which prominently includes efforts to confirm the existence of Grizzlies in Labrador
until early in the 20th
Century), currently is centered on Lake Kamestastin and he works directly
with the Tshikapisk Foundation and Tony Jenkinson.
Painting: “Misurtuq Gold” Golden Eagle over the George River
24”x 34” acrylic by Rob Mullen
Board of Directors:
Executive Director: Rob Mullen firstname.lastname@example.org
Director: Gary McGuffin
Director: Joanie McGuffin
Director: Buff Grubb
Director: Dr. James Evans
Contacts for further information and background:
Rob Mullen: email@example.com (802) 881-8259
Executive Director WREAF
Gary and Joanie McGuffin: firstname.lastname@example.org (705) 649-0671
WREAF Board members
Stephen Loring: email@example.com (202) 633-1902
Tony Jenkinson: firstname.lastname@example.org (709) 497-8398
Co-founder of the Tshikapisk Foundation
Buff Grubb: email@example.com (800) 390-0819 ext 310
Brand Manager of Mad River Canoe Company
Tshikapisk Foundation: www.tshikapisk.ca
Northern Lights over camp on the George River. Photo by Gary McGuffin