Tses glass development_presentation update


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Long version of our glass project in Namibia.

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Tses glass development_presentation update

  1. 1. See Through It
  2. 2. Global Economic Goals2  Accelerate economic growth.  Achieve full employment and sustained prosperity, but without inflation.  Realize equality of opportunities.  Restore the balance of payment equilibrium. Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13
  3. 3. Namibia Economic Goals3  Transform Namibia into an industrialized economy by 2030.  Improve the quality of life for all Namibians, while competing globally.  Realize equal opportunities for income distribution.  Increased and sustainable economic growth.  Increase the creation of employment opportunities; and  Increased partnership development between government and private sectors. Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13
  4. 4. Glass Industry4  Fundamental factors for rapid industrialization.  Creates sustainable economic development.  Ecosystem’s impact on a macroeconomic level.  Developed economies embrace glass making factories as strategic investments. Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13
  5. 5. Namibia: Population5 Comparison Population (2009 est.) (Millions)   Namibia 2.109 Slovenia 2.007 Kuwait 2.693 Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13
  6. 6. 6 How’s Namibia Doing? GDP 150 100 Item Namibia Slovenia Kuwait 50 0 GDP (2009 est.) Namibia Slovenia Kuwait $Billion Real 9.145 50.13 116.2 60000 50000 GDP per capita 40000 30000 20000 10000 GDP per capita 0 (PPP) $4,336  $27,900  $54,100  Namibia Slovenia Kuwait Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13
  7. 7. Where Are We?7 70 GDP Composition (2009 est.) 60 50 Namibia Slovenia Kuwait 40 agriculture 9.2% 2.0% 0.3% 30 20 industry 34.8% 37.0% 48.3% 10 0 service 56.0% 61.0% 51.4% Namibia Slovenia Kuwait 80 Revenue (2009 est.) 70 60 50 40 Revenue 30 20 ($Billion) 2.45 20.58 70.23 10 0 Namibia Slovenia Kuwait Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13
  8. 8. 8 Electricity Consumption • Wealth creation of a country is directly proportional to electricity production. Electricity usage is the key factor that best measures any country’s aggregate economic growth. Electricity (Tera Watts) (2009 est.)   Namibia 3.2 Slovenia 14.7 Kuwait 40.21 60 40 20 0 Namibia Slovenia Kuwait Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13
  9. 9. GDP Growth to 20309 at Present Rate (Est.) 500 450 400 $Billions 350 300 Namibia 250 Slovenia 200 150 100 50 0 1990 1998 2002 2006 2010 2014 2018 2022 2026 1994 2030 Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13
  10. 10. GDP Growth Needed10 to Catch Slovenia (Est.) 500 450 400 $Billions 350 300 Namibia 250 Slovenia 200 150 100 50 0 1990 1998 2002 2006 2010 2014 2018 2022 2026 1994 2030 Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13
  11. 11. Comparative Advantage11 150 Item Namibia Slovenia Kuwait 100 50 0 GDP (2009 est.) $Billion Real 9.145 50.13 116.2 Namibia Slovenia Kuwait  What are Namibia’s comparative advantages?  How about Slovenia and Kuwait?  How efficiently distributed and applied are capital, technology, and labor in Namibia?  How skilled is the Namibian workforce?  Then what causes Namibia to lag far behind in production output? Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13
  12. 12. Needs and Problems12  No/limited SME development opportunities.  Inadequate Rural-Urban development linkage.  Income inequality and need for fair income distribution.  Inadequate value addition; lack of production processing.  Need for identifying resources and opportunities by regions (comparative advantages).  Developing and mentoring entrepreneurship.  Lack of R&D.  Inadequate business relationship between SMEs Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13
  13. 13. Aggregate Labor Condition13  Current unemployment rate of approximately 54%, and still rising.  Continued graduation of students from secondary and tertiary educational institutions with most of them adding to long unemployment lines and crowded street corners.  Current school dropouts at 50%, most vulnerable. Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13
  14. 14. Monetary and Fiscal Policy14  Can the government impose fiscal conditions such boosting government spending to stimulate the economy and exponentially curb the current high rising unemployment rate?  How about cutting taxes? For who since over half of the population is unemployed?  How about increasing business tax incentives?  How about imposing monetary conditions such as cutting the interest rate to spur the economy?  What other tools can the government use to help spur the economy, create full sustainable and good paying jobs, and still control the inflation? Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13
  15. 15. Industrialization Ecosystem15  Ecosystem anchored by diverse industries to create a powerful, perpetual self-sustained ecosystem.  Economic community supported by a foundation of interacting organizations and individuals - the organisms of the business world.  Producing goods and services of value to customers, who are themselves members of the ecosystem.  Organisms also include suppliers, lead producers, competitors, and other stakeholders.  Over time, they co-evolve their capabilities and roles, and tend to align themselves with the directions set by one or more central companies.  Companies holding leadership roles may change over time, but the function of ecosystem leader is valued by the community because it enables members to move toward shared visions to align their investments, and to Windhoek, Namibia supportive roles. Groot Group, find mutually 03/02/13
  16. 16. History of Process16  Otavi Steel (Pty) Ltd, a Namibia-registered, majority owned and based company for the development of Africa’s largest steel mill in Otavi, Namibia.  Fo und ing s ha re ho ld e rs , e a c h with 1 5 % s ta ke ; - SDS Group - Otavi Town Council - Andre Neethling Family Trust - Groot Group  40% reserved for future strategic investors.  Part of the Groot Group’s Rapid Industrial Ecosystem Development in Namibia. Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13
  17. 17. Otavi Steel (Pty) Ltd17 Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13
  18. 18. Otavi Steel Phases18  Otavi Steel Nanomill, 300,000 tpa rebars products, scrap metals for raw materials.  Nanomill planned construction begins April 2013, commissioning in 22 months.  Otavi Steel Megamill, 10 million tpa short, long and flat products, iron ore for raw materials.  Megamill planned construction begins 2 years later, commissioning in another 2 years later. Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13
  19. 19. Otavi Steel - Planning19 Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13
  20. 20. What’s a Glass?20  One of the most useful materials in the world.  Made chiefly from silicon dioxide, sodium carbonate, and calcium carbonate; all which are abundant in Namibia.  Glass has countless uses; food preservation, glass containers, homes, schools, and office building, motor vehicles, eyeglasses, computing and touch screen devices.  Glass can take many different forms and shapes. Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13
  21. 21. Benefits of using Glass vs.21 plastic  Glass containers retain their crystalline attractiveness forever. Unlike plastic, glass’ non-porous surface doesn’t absorb dyes or colors.  Keeps food safe. Glass is cleaner than plastic. Glass’ non-porous surface doesn’t absorb food and germs and it can be safely washed at high temperatures in your dishwasher.  Enhances food flavor. Glass’ safe, glossy surface repels food odors and residual flavors. And food reheated in glass—whether in a conventional oven or microwave— tastes superior to victuals nuked in plastic.  Helps clean-up the planet. Using glass rather than plastic significantly reduces landfill. It also saves energy on plastic’s inefficient recycling process.  Saves the consumer money. A move to glass storage marks a raised consciousness —arguably glass’ most valuable environmental benefit. Your investment in glass helps you move from a throw-away mind-set to a more sustainable sensibility.  Eases food prep, serving and clean-up. Move effortlessly from freezer to fridge to stove to table.  R ecycling doesn’t compromise glass’ quality or structure and no toxins are produced in it’s recycling. Otavi Steel (Pty) Ltd, Otavi, Namibia
  22. 22. More Glass Benefits…22  Glass is the only packaging material certified generally “regarded as safe” by the U.S. Food & Drug Administration.  Glass bottles have a lwa y s be e n bis p he no l-A(BPA fre e . Hund re d s o f ) s tud ie s ha ve linke d the BPAc he m ic a l fo und in m a ny p la s tic s to c a nc e r, d ia be te s , he a rt d is e a s e a nd o the r he a lth p ro ble m s .  Extensive heat – which is required for sterilization - does not harm glass containers or release toxins into the water.  Glass is nonporous, impermeable and air-tight. This means there are no interactions between the glass packaging and products to affect the taste of beverages.  Glass bottles are made from natural, nontoxic raw materials such as silica, sand, soda ash, limestone… making them one of the most pure containers available.  Glass bottles are 100% recyclable. Unlike plastic, glass does not require the use of petroleum in its manufacturing process. Otavi Steel (Pty) Ltd, Otavi, Namibia
  23. 23. Otavi Steel & Danieli23 Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13
  24. 24. World Market24  Most countries of the world have glass industries.  For many years, Germany was the major world source for optical glass, laboratory glassware, and glass Christmas tree ornaments.  Today, glass manufacturers in many countries produce such objects on a large scale.  Major glass companies spend millions of Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13
  25. 25. Otavi Steel - Technical25 Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13
  26. 26. Tses Glass Manufacturing26 Plant  To become the largest dynamic glass manufacturing factory in the world.  To produce industry leading glass products with the type of float glass, tableware glass, container glass, fiber glass, and ultrathin glass.  To feed the local, regional, and world market in the construction of residential and commercial buildings as well as for automobiles, kitchenware, bottles, touch Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13 screen and smart phones devices.
  27. 27. Ownership27  Tses Glass (Pty) Ltd, a Namibia-registered, majority owned.  For the development of the world’s largest dynamic glass manufacturing plant in Tses, Namibia.  Fo und ing s ha re ho ld e rs , e a c h with 1 5 % s ta ke ; - Nissi Group - SDS Group - Tses Village Council - Groot Group  5% is reserved for the local Traditional Authority in the Berseba area.  35% is reserved for future strategic investors.  Tses Glass is part of the Groot Group’s Rapid Industrial Ecosystem Development in Namibia. Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13
  28. 28. Background - Ownership28  Nissi Group, Natives of Tses; local entrepreneurs, led by Rina da Cruz as Managing-Director, and Alphinius Swartbooi as Director.  SDS Group, a Namibia-owned and registered; strategic, led by Danny Kamunoko as Managing-Director, with Tulongeni Pohamba, Julia Nujoma, and Julius Hambyuka as Directors.  Tses Village Council, a local authority under the Ministry of Regional and Local Government of the Republic of Namibia, with Honorable Brian Gaoseb as Chairperson, and Ivan Vries as CEO.  Groot Group, Namibia based, majority-owned; technical and management, co-founded and led by Simon Kapenda Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13 as CEO and Chairman, and Rauna Haihambo as
  29. 29. Technical Team29  Selected Siemens AG, Germany-based, to provide and supply the needed glass making technology, equipment, and processes for the successful and efficiently development and manufacturing operation flow of the Tses Glass Manufacturing Plant.  Appointed ghs|glass GmbH, Germany-based engineering firm as EPCM for the Tses Glass Manufacturing Plant.  Signed an MoU with ghs glass along with; Siemens, Zippe, Grenzebach and MSK as development partners.  To help rapidly transform the Tses community; to make it one of theGroot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13Southern fastest growing areas in
  30. 30. MoU – Tses Glass & ghs30 glass Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13
  31. 31. Production Volume31  20 million net tons annually as the target goal.  5,000+ construction workers for 4+ years.  Average 430+ workers per ton (if not automated).  47,900+ permanent manufacturing workers in Tses.  240,000+ Indirect employment nationwide.  Average US$525 per ton or US$8 per square meter.  About US$10.5 billion (N$89.3+03/02/13 Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia billion) per
  32. 32. Target Market32  Tses Glass’ target market is Namibia, SADC, East and West Africa, the Middle-East, Europe and the Americas.  Namibia’s population is about 2.2 million while the SADC’s population is about 258 million with more than US$471 billion (N$5.38 trillion) (2010) of aggregate GDP and a potential wealth value of more than US$65 trillion (N$475 trillion) in natural resources.  SADC is rapidly growing in infrastructure and properties development, led by Angola, Mozambique and the DRC.  About 15% or 21.3 million of the SADC population earns more than US$100,000 (N$730,000) in wages with a gross buying power of about US$2.1 trillion (N$15.5 trillion). Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13
  33. 33. Partnership - Development33 Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13
  34. 34. Target Capacity34  Currently fewer tableware glass factories in Africa.  Fast growing regional and international market for the next 30+ years.  Opportunity for Namibia to become the #1 leading glass producing country in the world.  For that, Tses Glass will initially focus on float, container, and tableware glass plants, all in Tses, composed of;  1200 tons per day of Float glass.  1200 tons per day of Tableware glass.  900 tons per day of Container glass.03/02/13 Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia
  35. 35. Glass Containers in action35 Otavi Steel (Pty) Ltd, Otavi, Namibia
  36. 36. Transportation36  The Walvis Bay Corridor Group, a consortium of major Namibian transportation companies and Government Agencies is developing multi-trans highways in Namibia.  Walvisbay, about 600km from Tses is the 2nd best and biggest port in Africa.  Luderitz, about 334km from Tses is being developed as Namibia’s 2nd best and biggest port authority.  Well-developed highways, ports, and rail systems link Namibia to the SADC countries and the world’s market.  Namibia is positioned toWindhoek, Namibia 03/02/13 the world Groot Group, supply Africa and
  37. 37. Glass Production -37 Experience Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13
  38. 38. Tses Community - Impact38  47,900+ of new direct manufacturing jobs in Tses  30,000+ new residential homes to be built in Tses.  100 new (extensions) suburbs to be developed in Tses.  Making Tses the size of Walvisbay and Swakopmund together combined.  Effecting the Village of Tses to become the City of Tses.  More suppliers and developers such as retail stores, banks, hospitals, clinics, tertiary schools, and more to flock to the TsesNamibia to setup new Groot Group, Windhoek, area 03/02/13 businesses offering services and products to the
  39. 39. Glass Production -39 W orkforce Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13
  40. 40. Socioeconomic Impact40  An ecosystem budgeted at about US$5 billion (N$41 billion) in development and construction.  To create more than 47,900 of new direct manufacturing jobs in Tses and more than 240,000 of new indirect jobs throughout Namibia.  Similar to the Otavi Steel Mill in Otavi, Tses Glass is a connected industrial, strategic project.  More suppliers, providers, and developers are expected to flock to the Tses area to setup new businesses to provide services and products for the Tses Glass workers. Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13
  41. 41. Glass Production -41 Technology Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13
  42. 42. Financing42  Debt and equity project financing; 20% equity and 80% debt.  Financing by Southern Africa based banks and foreign banks.  International Economic Development Agencies.  Siemens Credit Finance offered assistance for Tses Glass project financing. Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13
  43. 43. Development - Experience43 Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13
  44. 44. Benefits44  A powerful ecosystem ripple effects.  For our communities, economy, and country.  N$26+ billion in local spending; increased cash circulation for high economic activities.  47,900+ direct sustainable employment in Tses.  240,000+ indirect employment nationwide. Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13 
  45. 45. Experience - Reliability45 Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13
  46. 46. Macroeconomic Impact46  Part of the Groot Group Rapid Industrial Ecosystem.  Partnering with some of the world’s largest companies, providers, and investment powerhouses as well as local entrepreneurs, and the Local and Central Government.  More than 60 different planned industrial projects which includes Groot (an industrial hub), Sitentu Power Plant (a 900 MW CCGT Power Plant), Otavi Steel, Wire and Cable Plant, and more related industrial projects.  To enable a creation ofWindhoek, Namibia 500,000 new Groot Group, more than 03/02/13
  47. 47. Development - Relationship47 Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13
  48. 48. Infrastructure48  Electricity.  Water.  Road.  Sea.  Railway.  Entrepreneurship.  Government. Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13
  49. 49. Glass Production -49 Experience Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13
  50. 50. GDP Growth50 as a Result of the Groot Group Ecosystem 500 450 400 350 $Billions 300 Namibia 250 Slovenia 200 150 100 50 0 1990 1994 2002 2010 2022 2030 1998 2006 2014 2018 Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 2026 03/02/13
  51. 51. Economic Growth51 Post Groot Group Ecosystem? GDP 400 200 Item Namibia Slovenia Kuwait 0 Namibia Slovenia Kuwait GDP (2017 est.) $Billion Real 54.326 138.973 335.043 120000 100000 GDP per capita 80000 60000 40000 20000 0 GDP per capita (PPP) $24,145 $64,639 $104,701 Namibia Slovenia Kuwait Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13
  52. 52. Glass Production - Skills52 Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13
  53. 53. Bank of Namibia53  As Namibia realizes full employment, the aggregate price will rise as well.  Bank of Namibia must act swiftly, perhaps to raise the interest rates, to lower the inflationary pressure.  Since Namibia’s currency is pegged to the South African Rand, Namibia is somehow limited on enacting certain tools to control the inflation.  Working with other regional’s Central Banks could be the solution for Namibia to mind the inflationary pressure, while maintaining full employment.  How far is the idea of integrating the regional monetary union? May be Namibia delinks from the South Africa Rand? Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13
  54. 54. Glass Production -54 Sufficiency Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13
  55. 55. W Tses? hy55  Strategically located in Southern Namibia’s average dense population.  Abundantly endowed with the needed raw materials for the making of glass.  Gateway to Namibia’s southern regions en route to and from South Africa.  Sparsely populated flat area with abundant land suitable for any industrial activities. Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13
  56. 56. W Namibia? hy56  Politically and economically stable.  Democracy, free market enterprise system.  Some of the best roads, industrial and institutional infrastructures in Africa.  Digital fiber-optic network links and telecommunication tools for telephony.  Cable and satellites television programming.  Plenty of land and materials for building.  Abundant mineral resources to meet any demand for energy consumption.  Adequate land space to meet consumption demand in industrial produce. Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13 Groot Group,
  57. 57. W is Groot Group? ho57  Groot Group focuses on implementing applied neuroeconomics and system dynamics solutions to efficiently explore, develop, and manage self- sustained ecosystems for the slow-developing and stagnant economies.  Highly experienced management and entrepreneurs, scientists, engineers and researchers, analysts and economists.  Unmatched expertise in large scale project development, implementation, engineering, construction, and management.  Better linked and Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibiaoutside world. connected to the 03/02/13
  58. 58. Company58  G ro o t G ro up (Pty ) Ltd is a Namibia registered privately owned stock company.  Company Registration #2010/0669.  VAT Registration #5303-362-016.  Formed in February 2010 (registered in October 2010) to plan, develop, and manage the Groot Rapid Industrial Ecosystem in Namibia.  Based in Windhoek with satellite offices in the US. Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13
  59. 59. Groot Executives59 • Simon Kapenda, Economist, PhD (Candidate) in Economics, Serial Entrepreneur, Namibian-born. • Robbie Jena, Engineer, Chemist, Strategist, and former U.S. NASA Rocket Scientist, Indian-born. • Robert Grier, Entrepreneur, Management, American-born. • Rauna Haihambo, Management, Namibian-born. • Sakeus Kapenda, Economist, Namibian-born. • Clement Nyirenda, PhD, UNAM Lecturer, Malawian-born. Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13
  60. 60. Swaziland - Prince Logcogco60 Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13
  61. 61. Namibian Embassy in the USA61 Otavi Steel (Pty) Ltd, Otavi, Namibia
  62. 62. Robbie Jena, Chief Strategist62  Engineer, chemist, strategist, former NASA rocket scientist, and current CEO of KMCI, Louisiana, USA.  Invited to China in early 1980’s to setup the manufacturing operations for ABB.  Hired as Consultant in 1984 by the Chinese government through China Council for the Promotion of International Trade to mentor top Chinese Government Officials.  China implemented Robbie’s manufacturing and engineering strategies the same year.  By end of 1985, China’s economy grew by 11.9%, continued to grow at 8% (real) annually.  China is today the 2nd world’s largest economy, the only country with more than $3 trillion (N$23 trillion) in cash reserve, and it is debt free. Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13
  63. 63. Robbie Effects: China vs.63 India After China, Robbie went to India (his birth country) at end of 1985, tried to teach them the same technique, but they ignored him. Per indexmundi, the following is the results for China and Indias GDP (PPP) numbers in US$Billions. Year India China 1980 $277 $247 1981 $322 $285 1982 $355 $330 1983 $393 $380 1984 $494 $454 1985 $461 $531 1986 $494 $591 1987 $530 $679 2009 $3,528 $8,734 Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13
  64. 64. Peoples Republic of Chinas Nominal Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in Billions Rmb Between 1960 to 2009400003500064 33535 Billion in 20093000025000 B MRf o s nolli B n P D G20000 i15000 i10000 Mr. Jena’s 5000 Background: Work Shanghai, China 0 1997 Asian Financial Crisis Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13
  65. 65. Successful Outcome65  In 1984, China listened to Robbie’s strategy and it worked for them. Why not for Namibia?  In 2012 if Namibia follows suit, it will create a fast growing, robust and self- sustaining economic ecosystem.  It will help reduce Namibia’s current 54% unemployment rate to full employment within 5 years of implementation. Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13
  66. 66. Tses Glass - Government66  Needs government support and blessing for the development of Tses Glass.  Needs government support for infrastructure development.  Not asking the government for financial support to develop the Tses Glass project.  Government’s support and blessing assures comfort and peace of mind for partners and FDI. Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13
  67. 67. Tses Glass – Made in Namibia67 Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13
  68. 68. Forward Plan68  Government support and blessing.  Technical Team; Feasibility Study, EIA  Approval.  Financing.  Tendering.  Construction.  Commissioning.  Production. Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13
  69. 69. Sources69  U.S. State Department, Countries and Regions ( http://www.state.gov/countries).  Grina Technologies LLC, Columbus, Ohio USA (Proprietary Data) (http://www.grinatechnologies.com).  Leticia Industries Ltd, West Hollywood, California USA (Proprietary Data).  Indexmundi (http://www.indexmundi.com).  World Factbook, Economy and People ( https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook ). Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13
  70. 70. W e’re Tses Glass – Namibian70 Pride Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13
  71. 71. Contact71  Simon Kapenda, Managing-Director Tses Glass (Pty) Ltd PO Box 8991 Bachbrecht, Windhoek Namibia Cell: +264-81-250-9027 Email: simon@grootgroup.com Facebook: facebook.com/tsesglass Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13
  72. 72. 72 Thank You The problems that exist in the world today cannot be solved by the level of thinking that created them! - Albert Einstein The most important weapon in the war for economic supremacy in the 21st century will be the organization of knowledge - Alvin Toffler Groot Group, Windhoek, Namibia 03/02/13