Spain is surrounded by water (6000 kmof coastline):• Bay of Biscay (770km of coastline)• Atlantic Ocean - Galician (442km of coastline) - Andalusian (294 km of coastline)• Mediterranean Sea. (1663 km of coastline)
CANTABRIAN COAST FRANCEATLANTIC COAST MEDITERRANEAN COAST STRAIT OF GIBRALTER
CANTABRIAN COAST It extends from the border ofFrance to Punta de la Estaca deBares, in Galicia. It is steep and rocky and hasmany cliffs and rias.
ATLANTIC COAST The Atlantic Coast is divided into two areas:• The Galician Coast in the north•The AndalusianCoast in the south
GALICIAN ATLANTIC COAST It extends from Punta de la Estaca de Bares to Portugal. It is high, rocky and has many capes and rias.
ANDALUSIAN ATLANTIC COAST It extends from Portugal tothe Strait of Gibraltar. It is low and sandy and hasmany beaches, salt marshes anddunes.
MEDITERRANEAN COASTIt extends from the border with France to the Strait ofGibraltar. Catalan Coast: has both steep and rocky parts, and flat and sandy parts. Levante coast: is mainly flat and sandy. Andalusian Coast: has steep and rocky parts and flat, sandy parts.
CANTABRIAN WATERSHED The rivers that flow into the Bay of Biscay areshort as they start in the mountains near the coast. Their flow is regular and high due to abundant rainfall.
ATLANTIC WATERSHED• The rivers are long and carry high volumes of water that flow into the Atlantic Ocean.
Rivers that flow into the Atlantic Ocean can be divided into: • Short with high flow due toGalician Rivers abundant rainfall.Rivers that cross • Long with high but the Meseta irregular flow. Andalusian • Usually long with very low Rivers flow.
MEDITERRANEAN WATERSHED• Most of the rivers that carry water to the Mediterranean Sea are short and have limited and irregluar water flow, except the Ebro.
XALLAS RIVER Xallas River is a rare example in Europe: it dies as a waterfallwhen it flows into the sea. Unfortunally, an energy company keeps the river to itself andthere is almost no water in the fall. The company delights us "opening"the waterfall 2 or 3 hours on weekends and during the summer.
Spain is home to almost all of Europes saline steppe wetlands.
Tablas de Daimiel. Ciudad RealGroundwater extraction for irrigated agriculture has almost led to theloss of the internationally important wetland of the Tablas de Damiel marshes.
Doñana (Huelva) is one of the largest and most important remaining wetlands in Europe.In April 1998 there was an accidental spillage of toxic mining waste, whichcontaminated a large area of these wetlands.
“Water is lifes matter andmatrix, mother and medium. Thereis no life without water.” Albert Szent-Gyorgvi (Hungarian Biochemist 1937) THE END