SIMPLE PAST TENSE1. Use the Simple Past to express the idea that an action or situation startedand finished at a specific time in the past. We use the simple past tense to talkabout things that are now finished.Past.........X..................................Now...................................................Future He was a writerExamples:Edgar Allan was an American author, poet, editor and literary critic.Edgar Allan Poe lived in the nineteenth century.He wrote poetry.2. You can use the simple past tense with time expressions that refer to thepast (last night, last Monday, last week, last month, last year, last summer, by1982, in the eighteenth century, three years ago, two days ago)Examples:By 1845, he was famousHe died more than one hundred years ago.
SIMPLE PAST TENSE3. The simple past tense of regular verbs is formed by adding (d ) or (ed).Examples:Simple form Simple PastJoin joinedLive livedWork WorkedPlay PlayedThere are often spelling changes when you add –ed to the verb.Examples:Hop HoppedCarry CarriedPrefer Preferred
SIMPLE PAST TENSEMany common verbs are irregular. Their past tense is not formed by adding d ored.ExamplesBe was / wereHave hadGet gotGo wentThink thoughtDrink drankBuy boughtDrive droveTake tookEat ateGive gaveFeel feltKnow knewMake madeDo didWake wokeSay Said
SIMPLE PAST TENSESPELLING RULES FOR THE SIMPLE PAST TENSE OF REGULAR VERBS(Taken form Grammar Express for Self Study and Clasroom Use by Marjorie Fuchs and Margaret Bonner, Longman)1. If the verbs ends in a consonant, add (ed).Return returnedHelp helped2. If the verb ends in (e), add (d)Live livedCreate CreatedDie Died3. In one-syllable words, if the verb ends in a consonant vowel- consonant combinantion (CVC) double the final consonant and add (ed). CVC Hop Hopped Rub RubbedHowever, do not double one-syllable words ending in (w, x or y)Bow BowedMix MixedPlay Played
SIMPLE PAST TENSESPELLING RULES FOR THE SIMPLE PAST TENSE OF REGULAR VERBS(Taken form Grammar Express for Self Study and Clasroom Use by Marjorie Fuchs and Margaret Bonner, Longman)4. In words of two or more syllables that end in a consonant-vowel-consonatcombinantion, double the last consonant only if the last syllable is stressed.Prefer preferred (The last syllable is stressed, so you double the r )Visit visited (The last syllable isn’t stressed, so yo don’t double the t)5. If the verb ends in a consonant + y, change the y to i and add (ed)Worry worriedCarry carried6. If the verb ends in a vowel + y, add (ed). (Don’t change the y to i )Play playedAnnoy annoyedExceptions: Irregular verbspay – paid lay – laid say - said
SIMPLE PAST TENSECONJUGATION OF REGULAR VERBS :Simple past of the Verb WorkAffirmative form Negative Form Yes/ no questions Wh questionsI worked I didn’t work Did I work? Where did you work?you worked You didn’t work Did you work? When did you work?He worked He didn’t work Did he work? Who did you work with?She worked She didn’t work Did she work? Why did you work?It worked It didn’t work Did it work? How did you work?We worked We didn’t work Did we work? What did you work?You worked You didn’t work Did you work?They worked They didn’t work Did they work?Examples:Yesterday, I worked with my boss until 8 pm. AffirmativeYesterday, I didn’t work with my boss. NegativeDid you work with your boss yesterday? Y/N questionWho did your work with yesterday? Wh question
SIMPLE PAST TENSECONJUGATION OF IRREGULAR VERBS :Simple past of verb BeAffirmative form Negative Form Yes/ no questions Wh questionsI was I wasn’t Was I? How was I today?You were you weren’t Were you? Where were you?He was he wasn’t Was he? When was he here?She was she wasn’t Was she? Why was she happy?It was it wasn’t Was it? What was it?We were we weren’t Were we? Who were we with?You were you weren’t Were you?They were They weren’t Were they?Examples:Last night, I was in a very cool party. AffirmativeWe weren’t in London two years ago. NegativeWas that you mother? Y/N questionWhen were your born? Wh question
SIMPLE PAST TENSECONJUGATION OF IRREGULAR VERBS :Simple past of Verb GoAffirmative form Negative Form Yes/ no questions Wh questionsI went I didn’t go Did I go? Where did you go?You went you didn’t go Did you go? Who did you go with?He went he didn’t go Did he go? Why did he go?She went she didn’t go Did she go? How did she go?It went it didn’t go Did it go? When did we go?We went we didn’t go Did we go?You went you didn’t go Did you go?They went they didn’t go Did they go?Examples:Last year I went to Italy. AffirmativeWe didn’t go to the university last fall. NegativeDid you go to the library yesterday evening? Y/N questionWhere did they go? Wh question