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  • http://www.google.com.ph/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=motivating%20the%20adult%20learner&source=web&cd=1&ved=0CCcQFjAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.masaniconsulting.com%2Fupload%2FPRINCIPLES%2520OF%2520ADULT%2520LEARNING.docx&ei=cyBTT7aWM8eaiAenuJjlCw&usg=AFQjCNF06IizPKhC-LOlocbFTfKKJz09YQ&sig2=MBluG407rPKAB51mzygfYQ&cad=rja
  • http://www.grayharriman.com/adult_learning.htm
  • http://mikedesjardins.com/2009/02/25/adult-experiential-learning-cycle/
  • http://www.ncrel.org/sdrs/areas/issues/methods/technlgy/te10lk12.htm


  • 2. Adult Learning…Adult learning is any"post-compulsory"learning.It is a broad term that cancomprise formal collegeeducation; job relatedtraining, communityeducation, or selfimprovement.
  • 3. Andragogy  uses approaches to learning that are problem-based and collaborative rather than didactic  emphasizes more quality between the teacher and learner
  • 4. Theory of Adult EducationAndragogy was originallyused by AlexanderKapp but was laterdeveloped into a theoryof adult education bythe American educatorMalcolm Knowles.
  • 5. Andragogy vs. PedagogyKnowles asserted that andragogy (Greek: "man-leading") should bedistinguished from the more commonly used pedagogy (Greek:"child-leading").
  • 6. Knowles’ AndragogicalAssumptions concept of the learner role of the learner’s experience readiness to learn orientation to learning need to know motivation
  • 7. Types of Education and Settings forLearning Formal  Schools and universities Nonformal  Organized outside the formal system Informal  From everyday interactions
  • 8. Characteristics of Adult Learners  autonomous and self- directed  have accumulated a foundation of life experiences and knowledge  goal-oriented  relevancy-oriented  practical  need to be shown respect
  • 9. Motivating the Adult Learner social relationships external expectations social welfare personal advancement escape/stimulation
  • 10. Barriers lack of time, money, confidence, or interest lack of information about opportunities to learn scheduling problems "red tape" problems with child care transportation motivation factors
  • 11. Critical Elements of Learning  Motivation  Reinforcement  Retention  Transference
  • 12. Adults learn best when… Prior learning is  Mistakes are seen as appreciated and/or opportunities to learn rewarded  Instruction provides Subject matter is relevant opportunity for interaction to their needs  Dialog is part of the learning Full of partial opportunity  Practical/hands-on for self direction is experience is part of the provided learning They can employ critical
  • 13. ExperiencingAdult Revising and Reflection repeating and sharingExperientialLearning Applying InterpretingCycle Generalizing
  • 14. Important Points of Adult Learning Adults will commit to learning when the goals and objectives are considered realistic and important to them. Adults want to be the origin of their own learning and will resist learning activities they believe are an attack on their competence. Adult learning has ego involved. Adults need to participate in small-group activities during the
  • 15. Important Points of AdultLearning  Adults need to receive feedback on how they are doing and the results of their efforts.  Adult learners come to learning with a wide range of previous experiences, knowledge, self-direction, interests, and competencies.  Transfer of learning for adults is not automatic and must be facilitated.