Training $ methods of training Presented by Krishn ballabh rathore M.B.A. II. Sem. (ALRI) university of mysore
Meaning of TrainingTraining enables an employeeto do his present job more efficiently andprepare himself for a higher level job.Training is a art of increasing knowledge,skills, & capacity of a person.
Definitions of TrainingEdwin Flippo, “the purpose of training is toachieve a change in the behaviour of thosetrained and to enable them to do their jobbetter”KnowledgeSkillsAttitude
Objectives of Training• Benefits to Organisation – Higher Productivity – Better Organisational Climate – Lesser Supervision – Prevents Manpower Obsolescence – Economical Use of Material – Prevents Accidents – Improves Quality – Greater Loyalty to Organisation – Fulfill Future Personnel Needs 5
Objectives of Training• Benefits to Employees – Personal Growth – Development of New Skills – Higher Earning Capacity – Helps Cope with Changing Technology – Increases Safety 5
Training Methods• Broadly, the training and development methods can be classified into the following two categories: On-the-job Off-the-job Methods Methods• Coaching Conference• Special Assignments Lecture method• Live projects Seminar• Mentoring Role-Playing• Job –rotation mgnt Games
On the job training: Refers to new or inexperienced employees learning through observing peers or managers performing the job and trying to imitate their behavior.
Coaching:(Training by immediate supervisor)Coaching refers to the activity of a coachin developing the abilities of coaches orclients.Coaching methods includes boththeoretical and practical sections. Wheremotivational speeches are donetheoretically, workshop, seminars comeunder practical methods.
Job-Rotation:(Move from job to job)Job rotation is an approach to managementdevelopment where an individual is movedthrough a schedule of designed to give him orher a breadth of exposure to the entireoperation.Job rotation is also practiced to allow qualifiedemployees to gain more insights into theprocesses of a company, and to reduceboredom and increase job satisfaction & skillenhancement through job variation.
Job-instruction-technique.(jit)Step by step structured training method inwhich a trainer(1) prepares a trainee with an overview ofthe job its purpose, and the resultsdesired, (2) demonstrates the task or the skill tothe trainee,(3) allows the trainee to mimic thedemonstration on his or her own(4) employee does the job independently(5)follows up to provide feedback andhelp.
Off-The-Job Training• Off the job training involves employees taking training courses away from their place of work. This is often also referred to as "formal training".• Off the job training courses might be run by the business training department or by external providers.• - Use of specialist trainers and accommodation.
Role Plays:Trainees act out characters assigned tothem.Information regarding the situation isprovided to the trainees.Focus on interpersonal responses.Outcomes depend on the emotional (andsubjective) reactions of the other trainees.The more meaningful the exercise, thehigher the level of participant focus andintensity.
Lecture:Training is basically incomplete withoutlecture. When the trainer begins the trainingsession by telling the aim, goal, agenda,processes, or methods that will be used intraining that means the trainer is using thelecture methodMain Features of Lecture Method: Inability to identify and correctmisunderstandingsLess expensiveCan be reached large number of people atonceKnowledge building exercise Less effective because lectures requirelong periods of trainee inactivity
Vestibule training:The purpose of vestibule training is toreproduce an actual work setting and placeit under the trainers control to allow forimmediate and constructive feedback.Training vestibules are useful because theyallow trainees to practice while avoidingpersonal injury and damage to expensiveequipment without affecting production.