The Latest Open Source Software Available and the Latest Development in ICTName: Rizwan Razman B. Ahmad NozrinClass:4 STAI/C no:940420-08-****Teacher’s Name: Pn. Aenizawati Bt. Abdul Samad
1.0 IntroductionMeaning of Open Source Software (OSS) Open source software (OSS) is defined as computer software for which thesource code and certain other rights normally reserved for copyright holders areprovided under a software license that meets the Open Source Definition or that is inthe public domain. This permits users to use, change, and improve the software, andto redistribute it in modified or unmodified forms.Meaning of Hardware A computers hardware consists of the physical components necessary tooperate and interact with a computer. Since a computers primary language is binary,devices are necessary to convert our input into that language. The binary code comingout of the computer must also be translated into something usable for the operator.Meaning of SoftwareSoftware is often divided into two categories:1. System software: Includes the operating system and all the utilities thatenables the computer to function.2. Application software: Includes programs that do real work for users.For example, word processors, spreadsheets, and database managementsystems fall under the category of applications software.
The Latest Open Source Operating System (OS)2.1 Meaning of Open Source OS Open Source Operating System is the most important program that runs ona computer that is free to use, change, and improve the software, and to redistribute itin modified or unmodified forms. Every general-purpose computer must have anoperating system to run other programs. Operating systems perform basic tasks, suchas recognizing input from the keyboard, sending output to the display screen, keepingtrack of files and directories on the disk, and controlling peripheral devices suchas disk drives and printers.2.2 Examples of Open Source OSubuntu Linux A user friendly operating system based on KDE, the K Desktop Environment.With apredictable 6 month release cycle and part of the Ubuntu project, Kubuntu isthe GNU/Linuxdistribution for everyone. Improved desktop, updated applicationsand increased usability features arejust a few of the surprises with this latest release.Fedora Linux A Linux-based operating system that showcases the latest in free and opensource software. Fedora is always free for anyone to use, modify, and distribute. It isbuilt by people across the globe who work together as a community: the FedoraProject. The Fedora Project is open and anyone is welcomed to join.
3.0 The Latest Open Source Application Software3.1 Meaning of Open Source Application Software Open Source Application Software (also called as end-user programs) includesdatabase programs, word processors, and spreadsheets. It is free to use, change, andimprove the software, and to redistribute it in modified or unmodified forms.3.2 Examples of Open Source Application SoftwareOpen Office An office application set (for word processing, spreadsheet manipulation,picture drawing and data base access) compatible with all other major officeapplication sets such as Office and available for Windows and Mac as well as Linuxand other UNIX systems.Squirrel Mail An email application (for reading and writing email through a web clientprogram) supporting IMAP and SMTP and available for Windows and Mac as well asLinux and other UNIX systems.
4.0The Latest Development in ICT4.1Hardware (Lexmark X8350 and Lexmark X9575 Professional)Lexmark X8350 is a printer that can prints up to 19 ppm colour and up to 25ppm black. This printer also can print, copy, scan, fax, reduce and enlarge photos anddocuments. The exclusive Lexmark Photo Editor Software enhances photos. Besidethat, this printer also can fax with 89 speed dials and 10 groups with 30 numbers pergroup, 5 quick dial buttons, Caller ID and distinctive ring detection. Users also canadjust ringer volume, call waiting disable capability, automatic redial, confirmation,error and activity reports, broadcast transmission and delayed transmission, junk faxblock, auto Answer Button and scan before dial. Fax forwarding & print, BVRP HostFax Solution, Print-to-Fax via Lexmark N4000e or N4050e print server with sendonly. The printer can support Compact Flash Type I & II, Memory Stick, MemoryStick Pro, Memory Stick Duo with adapter, Microdrive, Multi Media, Secure Digital,Mini Secure Digital (Mini SD), SmartMedia and XD cards.Lexmark X9575 Professional let users gain freedom and flexibility withbuilt-in 802.11g wireless technology. Compatible with Wi-Fi certified IEEE802.11g/b/n. High quality printing from virtually anywhere over a secure wirelessnetwork. Share the Lexmark X9575 among multiple computers. In addition, users canfax up to 50-pages capacity Auto Document Feeder (ADF) for multiple page faxingand copying. Standalone black and color faxing with 33.6 Kbps modem speed 99-speed dials, automatic redial, supports caller ID and up to 100-page fax memory. Useralso can view and edit photos as large as 2.4" (6 cm) color display, print directly fromdigital memory card, PictBridge™ compatible digital cameras or USB Flash drive andfast borderless photos on popular photo sizes. Lexmark Productivity Studio Softwaremakes it easy to crop, rotate, resize photos and apply photo effects, plus 1-touch colorfix and red eye reduction. This printer can also scan flatbed scanner with 48-bit colordepth; 16-bit grayscale. The resolution is up to 1200 x 4800 dpi optical resolution. Italso have function that can copy with 1-touch PC-free copying (color or black) 1 to 99copies at a time. This printer also allows users to print fast. It is up to 33 ppm blackand 28 ppm color printing. It also can print Microsoft Office documents and PDFsdirectly from USB Flash drives.
4.2 Software (Adobe Photoshop CS3 and CS4)Adobe Photoshop CS3 is marketed with three main components ofimprovement over previous versions. Adobe Creative Suite 3 (CS3) was announcedon March 27, 2007. It introduced universal binaries for all major programs for theApple Macintosh. It work more productively, edit with unrivalled power, andcomposite with breakthrough tools. New features propagating productivity includestreamlined interface, improved Camera Raw, better control over print options,enhanced PDF support, and better management with Adobe Bridge. Editing tools newto CS3 are the Clone Source palette and nondestructive Smart Filters, and otherfeatures such as the Brightness/Contrast adjustment and Vanishing Point module wereenhanced. The Black and White adjustment option improves users control overmanual grayscale conversions with a dialog box similar to that of Channel Mixer.Compositing is assisted with Photoshops new Quick Selection and Refine Edge toolsand improved Image Stitching Technology. CS3 Extended contains all features of CS3plus tools for editing and importing some 3D graphics file formats, enhancing video,and comprehensive image analysis tools, utilizing MATLAB integration and DICOMfile support.Adobe Photoshop CS4 was announced on September 23, 2008 as thesuccessor to Adobe Creative Suite 3. It was officially released on October 15, 2008.CS4 features additions such as the ability to paint directly on 3D models, wrap 2Dimages around 3D shapes, convert gradient maps to 3D objects, add depth to layersand text, get print-quality output with the new ray-tracing rendering engine, and enjoyexporting to supported common 3D formats, the new Adjustment and Mask Panels,content-aware scaling, and Fluid Canvas Rotation and File display options. On 30April, Adobe released Photoshop CS4 Extended, which includes all the same featuresof Adobe Photoshop CS4 with the addition of capabilities for scientific imaging, 3D,and high end film and video users. The successor to Photoshop CS3, Photoshop CS4,is the first 64-bit Photoshop on consumer computers.
5.0 Pervasive Computing5.1 Meaning The idea that technology is moving beyond the personal computer to everydaydevices with embedded technology and connectivity as computing devices becomeprogressively smaller and more powerful. Also called ubiquitous computing,pervasive computing is the result of computer technology advancing at exponentialspeeds - a trend toward all man-made and some natural products having hardware andsoftware. Pervasive computing goes beyond the realm of personal computers. It is the idea that almost any device, from clothing to tools to appliances tocars to homes to the human body to your coffee mug, can be imbedded with chips toconnect the device to an infinite network of other devices. The goal of pervasivecomputing, which combines current network technologies with wirelesscomputing, voice recognition, Internet capability and artificial intelligence, is tocreate an environment where the connectivity of devices is embedded in such a waythat the connectivity is unobtrusive and always available.5.2 ExamplesSmartphone A smartphone is a mobile phone offering advanced capabilities, often with PC-like functionality. There is no industry standard definition of a smartphone. For some,a smartphone is a phone that runs complete operating system software providing astandardized interface and platform for application developers. For others, asmartphone is simply a phone with advanced features like e-mail, Internet and e-bookreader capabilities, and/or a built-in full keyboard or external USB keyboard andVGA connector. In other words, it is a miniature computer that has phone capability.Personal Digital Assistant (PDA)A personal digital assistant (PDA) is a handheld computer, also known as a palmtopcomputer. Newer PDAs also have both color screens and audio capabilities, enablingthem to be used as mobile phones, web browsers, or portable media players. ManyPDAs can access the Internet via Wi-Fi, or Wireless Wide-Area Networks (WWANs).Many PDAs employ touch screen technology.
6.0 Conclusion Open Source can be used by anyone and because it has no copyright claims, so users are freeto use, change, and improve the software, and to redistribute it in modified orunmodified forms. Pervasive Computing is to make our lives easier because we can interactwith computers. Besides that, we can easily give the computer commands and the computerwill grant your wish.7.0 Referencehttp://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20080719211451AA9NFvshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human-computer_interactionhttp://www.indiana.edu/~ovpit/presentations/ipcres/tsld005.htmhttp://downloadpedia.org/Open_Source_Operating_Systemshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_source_softwarehttp://www.webopedia.com/TERM/S/software.htmlhttp://www.webopedia.com/TERM/H/hardware.htmlhttp://www.ictregulationtoolkit.org/en/PracticeNote.aspx?id=3182