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Financial Management
Financial Management
Financial Management
Financial Management
Financial Management
Financial Management
Financial Management
Financial Management
Financial Management
Financial Management
Financial Management
Financial Management
Financial Management
Financial Management
Financial Management
Financial Management
Financial Management
Financial Management
Financial Management
Financial Management
Financial Management
Financial Management
Financial Management
Financial Management
Financial Management
Financial Management
Financial Management
Financial Management
Financial Management
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Financial Management

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The management of the finances of a business / organisation in order to achieve financial objectives.

The management of the finances of a business / organisation in order to achieve financial objectives.

Published in: Business, Economy & Finance
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  • 1. <ul><li>Chapter 1 - An Introduction to Financial Management </li></ul> 2005, Pearson Prentice Hall
  • 2. Goal of the Firm <ul><li>1) Profit Maximization? </li></ul><ul><li>this goal ignores: </li></ul><ul><li>a) TIMING of Returns </li></ul><ul><li>(Time Value of Money - Ch. 5) </li></ul><ul><li>b) UNCERTAINTY of Returns </li></ul><ul><li>(Risk - Ch. 6) </li></ul>
  • 3. Goal of the Firm <ul><li>2) Shareholder Wealth Maximization? </li></ul><ul><li>this is the same as: </li></ul><ul><li>a) Maximizing Firm Value </li></ul><ul><li>b) Maximizing Stock Price </li></ul>
  • 4. Legal Forms of Business <ul><li>1) Sole Proprietorship </li></ul><ul><li>A business owned by a single individual. </li></ul><ul><li>Owner maintains title to the firm’s assets. </li></ul><ul><li>Owner has unlimited liability. </li></ul><ul><li>2) Partnership </li></ul><ul><li>Similar to a sole proprietorship, except that there are two or more owners. </li></ul>
  • 5. <ul><li>2a) General Partnership </li></ul><ul><li>All partners have unlimited liability. </li></ul><ul><li>2b) Limited Partnership </li></ul><ul><li>Consists of one or more general partners, who have unlimited liability. </li></ul><ul><li>One or more limited partners (investors) whose liability is limited to the amount of their investment in the business. </li></ul>Legal Forms of Business
  • 6. <ul><li>2c) Limited Liability Company (LLC) </li></ul><ul><li>Cross between a partnership and a corporation. </li></ul><ul><li>Owners have limited liability, but the firm runs and is taxed like a partnership. </li></ul>Legal Forms of Business
  • 7. <ul><li>3) Corporation </li></ul><ul><li>A business entity that legally functions separate and apart from its owners. </li></ul><ul><li>Owners’ liability is limited to the amount of their investment in the firm. </li></ul><ul><li>Owners hold common stock certificates, and ownership can be transferred by selling the certificates. </li></ul>Legal Forms of Business
  • 8. The Corporation and Financial Markets
  • 9. The Corporation and Financial Markets Corporation
  • 10. The Corporation and Financial Markets Corporation Investors
  • 11. The Corporation and Financial Markets Government Corporation Investors
  • 12. The Corporation and Financial Markets cash Government Corporation Investors
  • 13. The Corporation and Financial Markets cash Government securities Corporation Investors
  • 14. The Corporation and Financial Markets Government cash securities Corporation Investors Secondary markets
  • 15. The Corporation and Financial Markets Government cash securities Corporation Investors Secondary markets
  • 16. The Corporation and Financial Markets Government cash securities Corporation Investors Secondary markets
  • 17. The Corporation and Financial Markets cash Investors Secondary markets Government securities Cash flow Corporation
  • 18. The Corporation and Financial Markets cash Investors Secondary markets Government securities Cash flow tax Corporation
  • 19. The Corporation and Financial Markets cash Investors Secondary markets Government securities Cash flow reinvest tax Corporation
  • 20. The Corporation and Financial Markets cash Investors Secondary markets Government securities Cash flow reinvest tax Corporation dividends, etc.
  • 21. The Corporation and Financial Markets <ul><li>Primary Market </li></ul>
  • 22. <ul><li>Primary Market </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Market in which new issues of a security are sold to initial buyers. </li></ul></ul>The Corporation and Financial Markets
  • 23. <ul><li>Primary Market </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Market in which new issues of a security are sold to initial buyers. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Secondary Market </li></ul>The Corporation and Financial Markets
  • 24. <ul><li>Primary Market </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Market in which new issues of a security are sold to initial buyers. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Secondary Market </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Market in which previously issued securities are traded. </li></ul></ul>The Corporation and Financial Markets
  • 25. <ul><li>Initial Public Offering (IPO) </li></ul>The Corporation and Financial Markets
  • 26. <ul><li>Initial Public Offering (IPO) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The first time the firm’s stock is sold to the general public. </li></ul></ul>The Corporation and Financial Markets
  • 27. <ul><li>Initial Public Offering (IPO) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The first time the firm’s stock is sold to the general public. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Seasoned New Issue </li></ul>The Corporation and Financial Markets
  • 28. <ul><li>Initial Public Offering (IPO) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The first time the firm’s stock is sold to the general public. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Seasoned New Issue </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A new stock offering by a firm that already has stock that is traded in the secondary market. </li></ul></ul>The Corporation and Financial Markets
  • 29. Financial Management Axioms <ul><li>1) Risk - return trade-off. </li></ul><ul><li>2) Time value of money. </li></ul><ul><li>3) Cash - not profits - is king. </li></ul><ul><li>4) Incremental cash flows count. </li></ul><ul><li>5) The curse of competitive markets. </li></ul><ul><li>6) Efficient capital markets. </li></ul><ul><li>7) The agency problem. </li></ul><ul><li>8) Taxes bias business decisions. </li></ul><ul><li>9) All risk is not equal. </li></ul><ul><li>10) Ethical dilemmas are everywhere in finance. </li></ul>

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