UNIVERSIDAD AUTÓNOMA DE CHIAPAS
ESCUELA DE LENGUAS TUXTLA
LICENCIATURA EN LA ENSEÑANZA DEL INGLÉS
DESARROLLO DE LA LENGUA INGLESA
October 29th , 2013
Table of Contents
Name / Location
Widely known natural and touristic places of India
Wildlife of India
Indian Cuisine and Common Ingredients
Languages / English Language in India / Characteristics and Speaking
India is the Seventh-Largest country in South Asia and all
we know about this mystical country came from movies
and news on television. So, it is why in this presentation
we are going to learn more about India; Its origins, natural
features, traditions and making more emphasis to the
arrival and the importance of the English language in the
The Republic of
Original name in Hindi
(Bhārat Gaṇarājya – Republic of
Bhārata, is the self-ascribed
Sanskrit name for the Indian
E=the Bay of Bengal
W= the Arabian Sea
S= Indian Ocean
India is divided in 28 states
7 Union Territories.
The Indian national
flag, represents India's
long struggle for
freedom. It is a
national treasure. It
signifies the status of
India as an
the flag of 1931 was adopted as Indian flag.
India saffron, white, and India green. In the
middle the 'Chakra' (wheel) with 24 spokes in
India is the world's largest democracy. It is a federation with a parliamentary system
governed under the Constitution of India.
The federal government comprises three branches:
Executive. President, Vice-President and Prime Minister
Legislative. the bicameral parliament: the Rajya Sabha ("Council of States") and the
Lok Sabha ("House of the People").
Judicial. The Supreme Court.
Shri Pranab Mukherjee
Shri Mohammad Hamid Ansari
The official currency of the Republic of India is the Indian Rupee.
In denomination of 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 500 and 1000.
Rupee coins are available in denominations of
1, 2, 5, 10, 50, 100, 150 and 1000
Natural and Touristic Places of
It is the highest mountain
system in the planet, and
home to the world's
It is the second largest river in the
Indian subcontinent (2.510 km).
swimming in the Ganges is
believed to clean yourself of sins
and helps to attain salvation.
The Taj Mahal
(Crown of Palaces)
Taj Mahal (Complete Story within 2.5 minutes) :
The main Indian religions
The main Indian religions are linked by a belief in karma. Life is regarded as a continual cycle of birth, life
and re-birth (samasara) and that the deeds or desires of part lives determines ones fate in this and future
Typical dress for women
Worn in special occasions
Pattu Pavadai or
Worn by teenagers and
Ghagra Choli or
Worn in folk dances
Typical dress for Men
Also known as Pagri
Panche or Lungi
Very traditional garment
Worn by men in villages
(turban in the state of Maharashtra)
Worn by kings during formal meetings or festivals
It was popularized by Mahatma Gandhi
The ceremonies that take place before the wedding are:
•Misri, the ring ceremony, takes place several days before the wedding. Seven married women are
called to draw the sign of Lord Ganesha in red powder spread above a bowl of rock sugar, and then
prayers are said by the bride, the groom, and their parents. The bride and the groom proceed to
exchange flowered garlands and gold rings in front of their priest.
•Mehendi takes place the day before the wedding and is an only-ladies ceremony. Patterns drawn with
henna are applied to the bride’s hands and feet which symbolize the deepening of bonds with her
future husband. This ceremony will often merge with Sagri, also known as the ‘acquaintance
party’, where the groom’s female relations visit the bride bearing gifts and flowers to adorn her.
•The Nav-Graha Puja is a ceremony in which the says prayers at the groom
and bride’s homes to the Gods of the “nine planets”,
•The Ghari Puja, is a ceremony which includes a series of prayers combined
with offerings of wheat, coconut, betel nuts, rice and spices for prosperity.
The day of the wedding begins with the Haldi ritual in which the bride is
cleansed at her home with turmeric powder. This is followed by the Swagatam
ceremony, in which her female relatives help her dress in her wedding sari.
What is it about?
It's a popular nickname for the most popular cinema on the planet: the
Hindi-language film industry based in Bombay (AKA Mumbai). Bollywood
films are usually musicals and the plots are often melodramatic.
A 2013 Movie of
Lavani - Full Song | Zapatlela 2 | Adinath Kothare, Sonalee
Wildlife of India
Indian or Asian
Royal Bengal Tiger
Indian Flying Fox
Wildlife of India
India cuisine or Indian food encompasses a wide variety of
regional cuisines native to India. Given the range of diversity
in soil type, climate and occupations, these cuisines vary
significantly from each other and use locally available
spices, herbs, vegetables and fruits. Indian food is also
heavily influenced by religious and cultural choices
Botanical name Murraya
Widely used in South India
World’s largest producer of
curry in India means a sauce
started by the British East
Named ‘Curry’ by the British
Tea Chai and Masala
Sweeten it with sugar and blend it
with milk till it is light brown in color
It is very popular in the southern
When the British levied a heavy tax
the nation-wide beverage (tea) in
the 19th century, this drove the
Indians towards coffee.
History of India
inhabitants, a very
There were constant
invasions from Asia:
The cities of
They came from the
grasslands of central
Asia and thereby
lived a nomadic life
based on cattle
groups battled for
Hindu, Muslim and
British Rule in
• It has been said that the British Empire was picked up
in a "fit of absence of mind." Nowhere was this more
true than in the case of India which gradually came
under British rule, not by the efforts of Britain's
government, but by those of the British East Indies
The British East Indies Company
Founded by a group of
merchants in search of
nothing more than
Portugal was losing
control of the East Asian
British East Indies
Company gained the
right to set up trading
posts along the coast of
Madras, Bombay, and
The Mughal Empire
This dynasty had ruled most of India peacefully and
1500's. However, during the reign of Aurangzeb (16581707) all that changed as he started persecuting
The Seven Years
The Seven Years War (1756-63).
Under the leadership of Robert Clive had virtually ended French
involvement in India.
The Effects of the British
While company employees who survived service in India were making their
fortunes, the company's loose management was costing it a fortune, forcing it
to apply to the Bank of England for a loan in 1773 in order to avoid
bankruptcy. As a result, Parliament exercised increasing control over the
company, establishing governors-general to oversee its activities.
Modern technology (especially
railroads) and business
The growing number
More flexible beliefs of
the Hindu majority and
the strong beliefs of
The Indian National Congress, founded in
1885, led the independence movement. At
first, its goal was to gain more rights for Indians
and more say in the British administration.
The independence movement of Muslims in
India who feared being a minority in a Hindudominated state. They wanted a separate
independent Muslim state in the northwest.
World War I (1914-18) and World War II (193945) further catalyzed India’s push for
independence, since Britain had to rely heavily
on Indian recruits to fill its ranks.
concessions, thus weakening its hold on
India, encouraging more demand by
Indians, and so on.
In 1920, a new leader, Mahatma Gandhi
emerged as the voice of the Indian National
Congress. Educated in both traditional Indian
culture and British schools, Gandhi developed
very effective non-violent tactics of resistance
while protesting British policies.
Finally, in 1947 Britain the region between
Hindu India in the South and Muslim Pakistan in
the Northwest that also controlled a separate
territory, Bangla Desh, in the Northeast.
Mahatma Ghandi (October 2, 1869 – January 30, 1948)
• He’s considered the father of the Indian
• Gandhi spent 20 years in South Africa working to
• Satyagraha, a non-violent way of protesting
• He spent his remaining years working diligently to
both remove British rule from India as well as to
better the lives of India's poorest classes.
Mahatma Gandhi quotes:
Mother Teresa (August 26, 1910 - September 5, 1997)
Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu, now known as Mother
Teresa, founded the Missionaries of Charity, a
Catholic order of nuns dedicated to helping the
poor. Begun in Calcutta, India, the Missionaries of
Charity grew to help the poor, the
dying, orphans, lepers, and AIDS sufferers in over a
hundred countries. Mother Teresa's selfless effort to
help those in need has caused many to regard her as
a model humanitarian.
Kunal Nayyar (April 30, 1981)
London, England, and raised in New
Delhi, India. He is known for his role as Rajesh
Koothrappali on the CBS sitcom The Big Bang
There are 22 different languages that have been recognized by the
Constitution of India, of which Hindi is an Official Language.
Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Guajarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konk
ani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskr
it, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, and Urdu.
Languages in India
English Language in India
• English is an additional co-official language for Government work, also English
has a status of assistant language,
• After Hindi it is the most commonly spoken language in India and probably the
most read and written language.
• English symbolizes in Indians minds, better education, better culture and
• English also serves as the communicator among Indians who speak different
legal, financial, educational, business – in India.
The reason Indians give such importance to English is related to the fact that
India was a British colony
The Distinguishing Characteristics of Indian
• Some Indian English speakers had a tendency to drop the -ed
ending after /k/ and /t/ (ex: walked became walk)
• The consonants /p/, /t/, and /k/ tend to be unaspirated.
• In some regions, /v/ and /w/ are not distinguished (volleyball is
the same as wallyball)
• Suffixes tend to be stressed.
• Indians also pluralize many English mass nouns and end up with
words such as litters, furnitures, and woods.
• Indians also shorten many words to create commonly used
terms (Enthusiasm = enthu) (fundamentals = funda)
“He's a real enthu guy”
“She knows her fundas”
When Indians use English, it is often a mixture of English, Hindi, and other
Some expressions such as general mai (in general) and ek minute (one
minute) are prevalent in Indian English. Other commonly used Hindi terms
and expressions include the following:
Koi bat nahi
Kya hall hai
One who reads a lot
How are you
Okay (lit: it is right)
The Sterotype we have about the English in
Hollywood Stars Indian:
The use of only and itself to emphasize time and place.
“I was in Toledo only” and “Can we meet tomorrow itself?”
Reduplication as a way of emphasizing an action or intensifying or extending
“Come! Come!” and “Sit! Sit” / “hot, hot water” and “long, long hair”
The use of the progressive aspect with habitual actions, completed actions,
and stative verbs.
“I am doing it often” / “I do it often”
“Where are you coming from?” / “Where have you come from?”
“She was having many sarees” / “She had many sarees”
How actually the English of
Kunal Nayyar Wants To Be Hairless As An Olympic Swimmer:
Some phrases and words used in the daily lives of the Hindu people are:
English from India
Going to Shopping
What is your good name?
Asking for your full name
Where are you put up?
Where are you currently staying?
Intimate with someone
Talk an important issue with someone
Out of station
Out of town
As we have seen, the English variety in India is clearly
influenced by the lifestyle, customs and languages of the
Although the recently liberation of India from the British
rule, we should not forget the importance that the Hindu
people give to English language.
It is a remarkable feature in the society: as a linker
between people and as an advanced source of knowledge
in science, technology and medicine.
• Darlington, R. (2012) A Short Guide to the Indian Political System. (Online)
• From Wikipedia the free encyclopedia: India. Retrieved from:
• The President of India Shri Pranab Mukherjee. Retrieved from:
• Vice President of India Shri M. Hamid Ansari. Retrieved from:
• Prime Minster of India: http://www.theunrealtimes.com/wpcontent/uploads/2011/08/manmohan-singh12.jpg
• India Flag (Online). Retrieved from:
• Historical Flags (2013). Retrieved from: http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/inhist.html
• 12 Animals from India (2010). Retrieved from:
• Flower Plants of India (2008). Retrieved from:
• Source: http://india.gov.in/india-glance/profile
• Pictures: http://www.bemoneyaware.com/images/coinscurrency/indian_rupees.jpg
• Indian Rupee. Wikipedia de the free encyclopedia. Retrieved from:
• World touristic attractions (Online). The best 10 touristic attractions in India.
Retrieved from: http://thetouristattractions.blogspot.mx/2012/02/best-10-touristattractions-in-india.html
• Map from:
• Ganges Picture from: http://assets.panda.org/img/original/ganges.gif
• Quick Reference (Online). Indian Religions. Retrieved from:
• Pictures: http://gbgm-umc.org/missionstudies/interfaith/images/symjainism-210.gif
• Indian Cuisine. Wikipedia the free encyclopedia. Retrieved from:
• India: Menu of typical dishes (Online). Retrieved from:
• Abstract of Speakers' Strength of Languages and Mother Tongues – 2001
(2011) Retrieved from:
• Clothing in India. Wikipedia the free enclyclopedia. Retrieved from:
• Biography for Kunal Nayyar(Online) Retrieved from:
• Picture: http://ia.mediaimdb.com/images/M/MV5BMTQzMzQyMTYyM15BMl5BanBnXkFtZTcwNjYyMDI5Mg@@._V
• Source: BW Help: What is Bollywood (Online) Retrieved from:
• Thee guide for clueless fans of hindi films (Online) Retrieved from:
Kunal Nayyar Wants To Be Hairless As An Olympic Swimmer:
Mahatma Gandhi quotes: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q6Fmx5nY5XI
Lavani - Full Song | Zapatlela 2 | Adinath Kothare, Sonalee Kulkarni:
Hollywood Stars Indian: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=olF4kpkiWys
• Taj Mahal (Complete Story within 2.5 minutes) :