Captive biomass energy plantations


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Captive biomass energy plantations

  2. 2. About Us A Safer, Better and Healthier Planet Delivering Green Value Innovative, Sustainable, Enhanced       India focused Renewable Energy Advisory and Management Organization. NG sustainable value added business models are in areas of Solar, Biomass and green projects Concept to Commissioning - Advisory, Consulting, Technology, PPA, EPC, Equity & Debt Funding, Turnkey Biomass Plantation Set-up and Management Largest India focused renewable and solar energy forums on LinkedIn  Renewable Energy and Cleantech – India  Solar Energy Professionals – India. Our articles on Renewable Energy and Power are published across varied Industry leading journals, websites and magazines Our Blog is one of the most read on Solar Confidential
  3. 3. Introduction What is Biomass Energy? Biomass energy is energy from the sun captured in organic materials derived from plants or animals. Sources of biomass include:  Forestry residues, green waste from landfills, sawmill & other wood waste  Agricultural crops grown for energy purposes and other agricultural waste  Woody construction and debris waste  Animal waste  Sugarcane waste (bagasse)  Municipal solid waste (sewage sludge or other landfill organics)  Other industrial waste (i.e. paper sludge from paper recycling processes) Biomass power generation facilities harness the energy stored in such organic materials to produce clean, renewable power. Biomass power plants use this material for fuel, burning it under controlled, low emissions conditions to generate electricity. Biomass energy can be generated by gasification, pyrolysis, anaerobic digestion or direct combustion (100% biomass combustion or co-firing with coal at existing coal plants). It is often said that Biomass power is the only power still available when the wind is not blowing & the sun is not shining! It provides 24 hour baseload power and at the same time, is green & cheap. Confidential
  4. 4. Biomass Power is Carbon Neutral Biomass to electrical power facilities are also considered to be carbon neutral as CO2 emissions generated by combustion are generally offset by the CO2 emissions consumed during the lifecycle of the plant or tree. By comparison, the CO2 emissions released from the combustion of fossil fuels (such as coal, oil and natural gas) add to the imbalance of carbon emissions in our atmosphere, which contributes to global warming. Furthermore, today’s biomass facilities are fitted with state-of-the-art pollution control equipment to reduce other air pollutants such as particulate matter and nitrogen oxides (“NOx”) that would otherwise result from the open burning of biomass or from forest fires. Confidential
  5. 5. Current State of Biomass Power in India        Most biomass power plants in India have either shut down or are running at very low capacities due to nonavailability of feedstock. A 1 MW plant would need, depending on calorific value, between 8000-10,000 tons of biomass feedstock p.a. Biomass power plants are facing severe competition from industries which are switching to use of biomass as fuel in boilers. Industries can afford to pay a higher price for biomass procurement as this biomass is used as a replacement to Furnace Oil / LDO / Diesel, prices of which have soared in the new millennium. This has driven biomass prices from approx. Rs. 800 / ton 3 years back to as high as Rs. 6000 / ton today. Biomass power plants cannot afford to buy biomass above Rs. 2500 – Rs. 3000 / ton as their Power Purchase Rates with the State Electricity Boards are capped. Some biomass power producers, struggling to pay off bank loans, have resorted to significant use of cheaper coal as fuel defeating the whole purpose.  This has led to a situation where biomass power plant licenses are up for sale for which there are no buyers.  Certain states have stopped issuing new biomass power plant licenses.  Biomass power producers are lobbying hard for further increase in PPA rates. Confidential
  6. 6. What is the Solution?  Captive Biomass Energy Plantations i.e. growing your own biomass (such as fast growing trees / grasses etc.) on wastelands for cost-effective feedstock security. Biomass Tree characteristics:  Extremely high yield of <50 tons per acre p.a.  Grows in both tropical & sub-tropical zones  Drought tolerant  Suitable for even marginal lands  Fast growing  High headed tree, hence allows inter-cropping  Amenable for high density planting  Protocol for tissue culture already developed  Technology available for boosting growth & increasing yield  Can be harvested after either 6 months, 2 years or 4 years depending on species selected  Amenable for coppicing i.e. plant once and keep harvesting at regular intervals for 7-30 years depending on species  Free from serious pests & diseases  High calorific value of timber Confidential
  7. 7. Edge over other Renewables Parameters Wind Hydro Solar Captive Plantationbased Biomass Availability Seasonal Fluctuating Day time 24 hours Site specific Site specific Anywhere Anywhere Location Fuel cost Nil Nil Nil Low Capital cost / MW 6.5 Crores 6-8 Crores 7 Crores 6-7 Crores By-product Nil Nil Nil Charcoal / Activated Carbon / Biochar Employment potential Low Low Low Very high PLF 20-30% 45% 20% 85% Confidential
  8. 8. Benefits of Biomass Plantations  Unutilized land will be used productively  Land quality and fertility to increase over the long run        Employment generation at the grassroots and village level – can reverse the migration of people to cities by providing opportunities in rural areas close to their homes Decentralized power generation leading to better grid efficiencies High Plant Load Factor (PLF) of 85% assists the government to overcome its severe problem of power shortage esp. during peak hours – unlike wind and solar which are irregular and unreliable. Generation of 100% Clean, Green, Renewable Energy – leaving a better world for our future generations Most secure fully integrated power plant model in India. Its like having your own “GREEN” coal mine. This will avoid the problems being faced by Thermal Power Projects in India currently as supply of fuel will never run out. Biomass parks can be created in clusters of 2000 acres generating employment & revenues on previously unused lands Green power will help meet RPO (Renewable Purchase Obligation) targets Confidential
  9. 9. From this… Confidential
  10. 10. To this… Confidential
  11. 11. Tree Plantation pictures - Nursery Confidential
  12. 12. Field Layout Confidential
  13. 13. Drip Irrigation Confidential
  14. 14. Intercropping possible Confidential
  15. 15. Monitoring growth of Trees Confidential
  16. 16. 150 days old Plantation Confidential
  17. 17. 180 days old Plantation Confidential
  18. 18. 1 year old Plantation Confidential
  19. 19. 18 months old Plantation Confidential
  20. 20. Dimensions 2 YEAR OLD TREE DIAMETER - 19.5 Cm D.O.P – 10.10.2007 Confidential
  21. 21. Harvested Plantation & Coppicing Confidential
  22. 22. Harvested Biomass Confidential
  23. 23. Side Branches – 20 kg / tree Confidential
  24. 24. Underground Biomass – End of tree life Confidential
  25. 25. Grass Plantations – Land preparation Confidential
  26. 26. Planting & Growth after 25 Days Confidential
  27. 27. After 40 & 50 days Confidential
  28. 28. After 60 & 70 Days Confidential
  29. 29. Standing Grass Plantations Confidential
  30. 30. Standing Grass Plantations Confidential
  31. 31. Yours truly at the site. Note the Grass Height. Confidential
  32. 32. Harvested Clumps from where Grass is already re-growing Confidential
  33. 33. Harvested Clumps from where Grass is already re-growing Confidential
  34. 34. Is there enough Land?? Parameters India Africa Population 1.2 Bn. 1 Bn. Thermal Power Installed Capacity 1,30,000 MW 1,30,000 MW* (assumed) Land Area (Sq. Km.) 3 Mn. 30 Mn. Land required to completely replace 0.16 Mn. Sq. Km. i.e. Less than 0.5% of the Total current capacity @ 150 acres / MW Combined Land Area of 33 Mn. Imp. to note that even this 0.5% land is technically always “available” and can be freed up for alternate uses in future i.e. it is not “locked” up permanently as is the case with any other industry. • * For simplicity’s sake, it is assumed that Africa will also have the same power requirement as India, considering the population. Confidential
  35. 35. World Scenario Parameters World Population 7.1 Bn. Thermal Power Installed Capacity 17,59,000 MW (2010) Land Area 14,89,40,000 Sq. Km. Land required to completely replace current thermal power capacity @ 150 acres / MW 10,68,218 Sq. Km. i.e. Less than 0.72% of total land area CO2 saved p.a. for INFINITY * 12.5 Bn. Tons Reduction in fly ash generation p.a. for INFINITY ** 500 Mn. Tons Savings in Healthcare costs ?? Increase in Rainfall / Water Resources ?? • • * IEA, 2010 ** Coal ash content assumed at an average of 20% while biomass ash content ranges from 5-10%. We have assumed 10% for biomass. Confidential
  36. 36. Coal Thermal Power Plant Pollution Pics courtesy: Confidential
  37. 37. Coal Thermal Power Plant Pollution Pics courtesy: Confidential
  38. 38. Coal Thermal Power Plant Pollution Pics courtesy: Confidential
  39. 39. What if Coal was replaced 100% with Biomass?     Caveat: Other renewables will also be a part of the global power generation mix but biomass is the only renewable fuel that can replace coal in today’s power plants which cannot be simply discarded. No incremental or new emissions of carbon dioxide (burning of coal releases stored CO2 whereas CO2 released by burning biomass is absorbed by the next biomass plantation growth cycle CO2 emissions from Fossil Fuel use (57%) and Deforestation-related activities (17%) can be eliminated through large scale biomass plantations We are able to manufacture everything barring fuel. Its time to remedy that by growing fuel. That is energy security in the truest sense.  India could save precious foreign exchange by replacing coal / oil imports with home grown biomass  Drastic reduction in air pollution and particulate matter  Improved health and well being of the human race  Large scale employment generation at the grassroots level  Living in harmony with nature instead of plundering it  Focus on creation rather than destruction which has been our bane so far  Sustainable and predictable fuel supply and prices  More equitable distribution of revenues from fuel compared to current scenario where Coal, Oil & Gas reserves are concentrated in few countries – a more level playing field Confidential
  40. 40. The Possible Future?? BEFORE & AFTER Pics courtesy: Confidential
  41. 41. The Possible Future?? BEFORE & AFTER Pics courtesy: Confidential
  42. 42. The Possible Future?? BEFORE & AFTER Pics courtesy: Confidential
  43. 43. The Possible Future?? BEFORE & AFTER Pics courtesy: Bill Bishop, Confidential
  44. 44. Is all this possible? Yes !!!  Need to change our priorities  Move from paying lip service to climate change to actual work on the ground Confidential
  45. 45. Contact Jai S Rathod Director – Business Development Natural Energy Solutions Pvt. Ltd. Tel: +91-9820669110 Mumbai, India Confidential