Teaching Approaches


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Educators: This is a 10-slide presentation with information about teaching and learning, so you can revisit key concepts. (Created by Rita Zuba Prokopetz / G&R Languages – December, 2013)

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Teaching Approaches

  1. 1. Inductive “Noticing” “Sticky teaching” Deductive Prepared by RZP for RRC Winter, 2014 CAE - CI Works cited are courtesy of: Dr. Olenka Bilash, Dr. Richard M. Felder, Dr. John Biggs and others. 1
  2. 2. Teaching Approaches Deductive Teacher-centered • Introduce • Explain • Practice Inductive Student-centered • View examples • Identify rules • Give examples • Practice Source: http://www.educ.ualberta.ca/staff/olenka.bilash/best%20of%20bilash/inductivedeductive.html Courtesy of Dr. Olenka Bilash (email from December 29, 2013) 2
  3. 3. Instructional Approaches Advantages to both approaches Role of teacher differs Deductive Evidence of learning From rules To examples Inductive From examples To rules In language learning (SlideShares): http://www.slideshare.net/RitaProkopetz/presentations ‘Notice’ how concept is to be applied / Email instructor to show how 3
  4. 4. Instructional Approaches Teacher Give prompt responses to learners’ questions, concerns, remarks Photos courtesy of RZP. Images courtesy of: https://www.google.ca/search?q=learning+styles Student Be cognizant of one’s learning process and preferences 4
  5. 5. “Noticing” / “Sticky Teaching” Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Made_to_Stick 5
  6. 6. “Sticky teaching” Receptive Productive Source: http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/pdf/pub/language-benchmarks.pdf 6
  7. 7. Choice of Methods Identify learning outcomes and class composition before choosing or use both • • • • Faster to teach large number of facts Easier to teach concrete concepts Draws on prior learning experiences Learning experience must be structured • • • • Engagement of learner / content Students need to understand more Students need to remember more Self-directed learning experience “i” before “e” except after “c” Retrieve Believe Priest Chief Receive Conceive Perceive Both methods are effective 7
  8. 8. Constructivism Meaning is constructed and co-constructed “An individual’s reactions to experiences lead to (or fail to lead to) learning” “An individual’s interaction with others has a significant role in the construction of meaning from experience” “Individuals actively construct and reconstruct their own reality in an effort to make sense of their experience” (p.4) Source: http://www4.ncsu.edu/unity/lockers/users/f/felder/public/Papers/InductiveTeaching.pdf Courtesy of Dr. Richard M. Felder (email from December 29, 2013 re: Learning Styles Inventory) 8
  9. 9. Constructive Alignment “Constructivism used as a framework to guide decision-making in all stages of instructional design” Start with outcomes. Align teaching and assessment to these outcomes explain key concepts and methods* Course Implementation module one* create an artifact to demonstrate understanding of key concepts write a blog entry to explain diagram and reflect on the learning process “Constructive alignment is an example of outcomes-based education (OBE) with focus on improving teaching and learning.” Source: http://www.johnbiggs.com.au/academic/constructive-alignment/ Courtesy of Dr. John Biggs (email from December 30, 2013) 9
  10. 10. Inductive “Noticing” “Sticky teaching” Deductive Prepared by RZP for RRC Winter, 2014 CAE - CI Reference: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Made_to_Stick http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Noticing_hypothesis http://www.educ.ualberta.ca/staff/olenka.bilash/best%20of%20bilash/inductivedeductive.html http://www4.ncsu.edu/unity/lockers/users/f/felder/public/Papers/InductiveTeaching.pdf http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/3448076?uid=3739408&uid=2&uid=3737720&uid=4&sid=21103271102983 10
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