Inference

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INFERENCE
English language learners: This is an eighteen-slide presentation to help you better understand inference, so you can become a stronger reader and writer. (Created by Rita Zuba Prokopetz / G&R Languages – September, 2013).

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Inference

  1. 1. Inference Definition Process Purpose Topic: Inference - Open Educational Resources (OER) Audience: English language learners Published by: G&R Languages – September, 2013 Images courtesy of ClipArt Photos courtesy of ClipArt and RZP Uhmm… 1
  2. 2. Inference • What is it? • How do we learn about it? • Why is it important? 2
  3. 3. Inference What is it? • Observation? • Reasoning? • Prediction? 3
  4. 4. Inference It is NOT • Observation It is NOT • Prediction 4
  5. 5. Inference Observation: to recognize a fact or occurrence Prediction: to recognize a possible future occurrence Inference: to reason, to make an intelligent guess, to imply http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/observation http://www.learnersdictionary.com/search/prediction 5
  6. 6. Inference Definition • Process of reaching a conclusion based on facts or evidence http://www.learnersdictionary.com/search/inference 6 Aha!
  7. 7. Inference Conclusion based on facts This must be either a new pencil or one which has not been used a lot. http://www.learnersdictionary.com/search/inference Fact: a long pencil with an eraser 7
  8. 8. Inference Questions to discuss • Why do you think this is a new pencil? • What makes you think that it has not been used a lot? 8
  9. 9. Inference Conclusion based on facts • This must be either an old pencil or one which has been used a lot. http://www.learnersdictionary.com/search/inference Fact: a small pencil without an eraser 9
  10. 10. Inference Questions to discuss • Why do you think this is an old pencil? • What makes you think that it has been used a lot? 10
  11. 11. Inference How do we learn about it? Observation = what we see Inference = what we imply 11
  12. 12. Inference How do we learn about it? • It does not come in a box • It is not clearly displayed • It requires you to think • It requires you to deduce 12
  13. 13. Inference Process • Observe • Think critically • Propose questions • Draw conclusions Figure out! 13
  14. 14. Inference Observation • The boy is crying • The boy is hurt Inference based on facts • The boy must have fallen Figure out! 14
  15. 15. Inference Observation • He is tired • The baby is asleep Inference based on facts • The baby may have taken a while to fall asleep Figure out! 15
  16. 16. Inference Purpose Critical thinking Comprehension Conclusion 16
  17. 17. Inference It helps you: Learn to think critically Reflect on how you think Read at a higher level Write stronger paragraphs Figure out! If 2 + Y = 6 Y = 6 – 2 Then Y = 4 17
  18. 18. Inference Think critically Figure out Imply Topic: Inference - Open Educational Resources (OER) Audience: English language learners Published by: G&R Languages – September, 2013 Images courtesy of ClipArt Photos courtesy of ClipArt and RZP References used: Tereza Diaz: Making Inferences with Text -SlideShare http://www.slideshare.net/tdiaz4/making-inferences-ppt-lesson Emily Kissner: Making Inferences, Making Meaning -SlideShare http://www.slideshare.net/elkissn/making-inferences-5569878 18

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