Introduc        ction toCAD/ CAM & CIM
CAD: It can be defined as the use of computersystems to assist in the creation, modification, y                      e    ...
A CIM architecture is an information systemsstructure that enables industrial enterprises                           sinteg...
Introduction toCo omputer Graphics
Impact of ComputerI    t fC      t rs  Moore’s L  M     ’ Law  Power of a CPU doubles e                         every 18 m...
Impact of Video GamI    t f Vid G mes Number of transistors on GP doubles each 6 months                           PU   Thr...
Impact of Video GamI    t f Vid G mes But… But  Video game sales is rough same as Hollywood box                           ...
Future of ConsolesF t     fC     l  33 million PS2s (in 2002)  3.9 million Xboxes (in 2002                            2)  ...
Universe: Games
Universe: Movies
Universe: Industrial                 ial                 i
Universe: Visualization                 zation                 z
Universe: Advertising                 sing                 s
Universe: Fun
Universe: Art
Graphics ApplicatioG   hi A li tions Entertainment: Cinema                         Square: Final Fantasy                  ...
Entertainment E t t i     tFinal Fantasy (Square, USA)
EntertainmentE t t i     tA B ’ Lif (Pixar)  Bug’s Life
Graphics ApplicatioG   hi A li tions Medical Visualization                                              The Visible Human ...
Graphics ApplicatioG   hi A li tions Everyday Use   Microsoft’s OS uses grap                         g aphics   Graphics v...
Everyday useE    d
Everyday use E    dWindow system and large-screen interaction metaphors (François Guimbretière)
Graphics ApplicatioG   hi A li tions Scientific Visualization
Scientific Vi S i tifi Visualizat               li ti                   tion                   tAirflow around a Harrier J...
Graphics ApplicatioG   hi A li tions Computer Aided Design (CAD)
Graphics Applicatio  G   hi A li tions      TrainingDesigning Effective Step-By-Step Assembly In                          ...
GraphicsApplicationsA li ti  Entertainment: Games                                                      GT Racer 3         ...
GamesCircus Atari (Atari)
EducationEd   tiOutside In (Geometry Center, University of Minnesota)                                         f
The B iTh Basics Computer graphics: genera ating 2D images of a 3D world represented in a comp                           p...
Why St d CWh Study Comput G              ter              t Graphics?                    hi ? Graphics   I like to see wha...
PerspectiveP      ti
Light Stage – 2002USC,USC Institute forCreativeTechnologies
Lecture 1 cad [compatibility mode]
Lecture 1 cad [compatibility mode]
Lecture 1 cad [compatibility mode]
Lecture 1 cad [compatibility mode]
Lecture 1 cad [compatibility mode]
Lecture 1 cad [compatibility mode]
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Lecture 1 cad [compatibility mode]

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Lecture 1 cad [compatibility mode]

  1. 1. Introduc ction toCAD/ CAM & CIM
  2. 2. CAD: It can be defined as the use of computersystems to assist in the creation, modification, y e , ,analysis or optimisation of a designCAM: It can be defined as the use of computersystems to plan, manage and control the y p , goperations of a manufacturing plant throughdirect or indirect compputer interface with the pplants production resour rces
  3. 3. A CIM architecture is an information systemsstructure that enables industrial enterprises sintegrate information and business processes It daccomplishes this first by establishing the directionintegration will take; and second, by defining theinterfaces between the us sers and the providers ofthis integration function function.
  4. 4. Introduction toCo omputer Graphics
  5. 5. Impact of ComputerI t fC t rs Moore’s L M ’ Law Power of a CPU doubles e every 18 months / 2 years
  6. 6. Impact of Video GamI t f Vid G mes Number of transistors on GP doubles each 6 months PU Three times Moore’s Law Col. Col Steve Austin Worldwide revenues Retro flashback???$7 Billion Man $5.6 Billion Man 6 Lee Majors
  7. 7. Impact of Video GamI t f Vid G mes But… But Video game sales is rough same as Hollywood box hly office Americans bought $20.2 bbillion in VCRs and DVDs in 2006 Total revenues to movie st tudios is 5 times total video game revenues
  8. 8. Future of ConsolesF t fC l 33 million PS2s (in 2002) 3.9 million Xboxes (in 2002 2) MSFT still losing lots of $$ p console per Predicted 200 million PDA/ /Cell game players in 2005 Do you believe it? y
  9. 9. Universe: Games
  10. 10. Universe: Movies
  11. 11. Universe: Industrial ial i
  12. 12. Universe: Visualization zation z
  13. 13. Universe: Advertising sing s
  14. 14. Universe: Fun
  15. 15. Universe: Art
  16. 16. Graphics ApplicatioG hi A li tions Entertainment: Cinema Square: Final Fantasy q y Pixar: Monster’s Inc.
  17. 17. Entertainment E t t i tFinal Fantasy (Square, USA)
  18. 18. EntertainmentE t t i tA B ’ Lif (Pixar) Bug’s Life
  19. 19. Graphics ApplicatioG hi A li tions Medical Visualization The Visible Human Pro b oject MIT: Image-Guided Surger Project ry
  20. 20. Graphics ApplicatioG hi A li tions Everyday Use Microsoft’s OS uses grap g aphics Graphics visualizations a debuggers and Visualize complex softwa systems are
  21. 21. Everyday useE d
  22. 22. Everyday use E dWindow system and large-screen interaction metaphors (François Guimbretière)
  23. 23. Graphics ApplicatioG hi A li tions Scientific Visualization
  24. 24. Scientific Vi S i tifi Visualizat li ti tion tAirflow around a Harrier Jet (NASA Ames)
  25. 25. Graphics ApplicatioG hi A li tions Computer Aided Design (CAD)
  26. 26. Graphics Applicatio G hi A li tions TrainingDesigning Effective Step-By-Step Assembly In nstructions (Maneesh Agrawala et. al)
  27. 27. GraphicsApplicationsA li ti Entertainment: Games GT Racer 3 Polyphony Digital: Gran Turismo 3, A Spec
  28. 28. GamesCircus Atari (Atari)
  29. 29. EducationEd tiOutside In (Geometry Center, University of Minnesota) f
  30. 30. The B iTh Basics Computer graphics: genera ating 2D images of a 3D world represented in a comp puter. Main tasks: modeling: (shape) creating an representing the geometry nd of objects in the 3D world rendering: (light, perspective) generating 2D images of the objects animation: (movement) describing how objects change in time
  31. 31. Why St d CWh Study Comput G ter t Graphics? hi ? Graphics I like to see what I’m doing I like to show people what I’m doing Im Graphics is interesting Involves simulation, AI, algorit s, architecture… o es s u at o , , a go t thms, a c tectu e I’ll never get an Oscar for m acting my But maybe I’ll get one for my C special effects CG Graphics is fun
  32. 32. PerspectiveP ti
  33. 33. Light Stage – 2002USC,USC Institute forCreativeTechnologies
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