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Cloud computing


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Cloud Computing, Data Protection and Geography

Cloud Computing, Data Protection and Geography

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  • 1. Cloud Computing, Data Privacy and Geography Robyn Caplan, 2011
  • 2. What is Cloud Computing?
    • Definitions:
      • Buyya et al., 2008
      • Ward and Sipior, 2010
      • Jaegar et al, 2009
    • Use of Cloud Computing by General Population
      • Growth in popularity
      • http://www. google .com/trends? q=cloud +computing
    • Major Companies:
      • Amazon (EC2), Google App Engine, Microsoft Live Mesh, Sun Microsystems (Sun Grid), Grids Lab (Aneka)
        • (Buyya et al. 2008: 10)
  • 3. Where is the Cloud?
    • Location of data centers dependent on:
      • Physical Space
      • Proximity to high-capacity Internet
      • Affordable electricity
      • Laws, policies and regulations of a Jurisdiction
      • Interesting fact: is hosted in the EU. (
  • 4. Who Uses the Cloud?
    • Corporations
    • Non-Profit Organizations
    • Private Citizens
    • Even Governments…
  • 5. Reasons for the Cloud
    • Result of the large amount of data currently online.
    • Economic reasons for providers and users.
    • Ease and accessibility for storage and retrieval of data.
  • 6. Concerns
    • Major Concerns across the spectrum of users are:
      • Trust and Control of Information
      • Privacy
      • Reliability and Security
            • (Buyya et al. 2008)
  • 7. Jurisdictional Considerations
    • Why does the placement of data centers matter?
        • Environmental effects
        • Taxation
        • Domestic Law regarding data
          • Privacy Policies
    • Jurisdictional Issues:
      • Legal Jurisdiction: Where will cases be adjudicated?
      • Government Intervention: How intrusive is the government where the data centre is located?
      • Costs of Doing Business: The favourability of the business climate
      • Jurisdiction Shopping
        • Problems (Jaegar et al., 2009)
  • 8.  
  • 9. National/International Perspectives
    • Canada
      • Guaranteed Right to Privacy?
      • Office of the Privacy Commissioner and PIPEDA
          • Accusearch, Inc. d/b/a v. Federal Trade Commission
          • Investigation of Google and Facebook
          • LSAC and Fingerprinting Canadian Students
        • Provincial Commissions with Acts on Private Sector
          • British Columbia and the US Patriot Act
            • Intrepretation of the Charter of Rights and Freedoms
          • Also: Quebec, Nova Scotia, and Alberta
  • 10. EU Data Protection Directive
    • Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union
    • Article 8: Protection of personal data
        • 1) Everyone has the right to the protection of personal data concerning him or her.
        • 2) Such data must be processed fairly for specified purposes and on the basis of
        • the consent of the person concerned or some other legitimate basis laid down by
        • law. Everyone has the right of access to data which has been collected concerning
        • him or her, and the right to have it rectified.
        • 3) Compliance with these rules shall be subject to control by an independent
        • authority.
    • Precedence for the EU Data Protection Directive
      • Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
        • Recommendations for Protection of Privacy and Cross-Border Flow of Personal Data
        • Position of U.S.
  • 11. The United States of America
    • Sectoral Approach
    • Federal Bodies
      • Federal Trade Commission: Fair Information Practices
      • National Security Letters
      • Stored Communications Act
      • The Patriot Act
  • 12. International Community Where is everyone?
    • Declaration of Human Rights
      • Article 3: Will this provide for the protection and privacy of data?
    • International Bodies and Organizations
      • Internet Engineering Task Force
      • ICANN
      • WTO
        • Wu, 2006
      • WIPO
      • ITU
  • 13. Proposed Solutions and Models for Regulation
    • Darrel West
      • Cloud Computing as new Tower of Babel
    • The Google Navy
      • International Waters and Cloud Computing
    • Sun Microsystems and “Project Blackbox”
      • Hyper-Localism
    • Meehan, 2008
      • Self-Regulation
      • Neo-Mercantilist Model
      • The Culturist Model
      • The Globalist Model